1966 FIFA World Cup qualification
Tournament details
Dates24 May 1964 – 29 December 1965
Teams74 (from 5 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played127
Goals scored393 (3.09 per match)
Top scorer(s)Portugal Eusébio (7 goals)
1962
1970

The 1966 FIFA World Cup qualification was a series of tournaments organised by the five FIFA confederations. The 1966 FIFA World Cup featured 16 teams with one place reserved for the host nation, England, and one reserved for defending champions Brazil. The remaining 14 places were determined by a qualification process in which the other 72 entered teams, from the five FIFA confederations, competed. UEFA, CONCACAF and CONMEBOL qualification was determined within the confederations, whilst AFC and CAF teams (alongside Australia) competed for one place at the tournament.

Of the 72 teams, 51 competed; Guatemala, Congo-Brazzaville and the Philippines had their entries rejected.

In the Africa/Asia/Oceania zone, South Africa were disqualified after being suspended by FIFA due to apartheid, while all 15 African nations withdrew in protest after FIFA, citing competitive and logistical issues, confirmed there would be no direct qualification for an African team (Syria, who were grouped in Europe, withdrew in support of the African teams). South Korea were later forced to withdraw due to logistical issues after the Asia/Oceania tournament was moved from Japan to Cambodia.

The first qualification match, between Netherlands and Albania, was played on 24 May 1964 and the first goal in qualification was a penalty, scored by Dutch defender Daan Schrijvers. Qualification ended on 29 December 1965, when Bulgaria eliminated Belgium in a group tiebreaker to become the final qualifier for the World Cup.

There were 393 goals scored over 127 games, for an average of 3.09 goals per game and 51 teams played in qualification.[1]

Qualified teams

.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Country qualified for World Cup   Country failed to qualify   Country did not enter World Cup   Country not a FIFA member
  Country qualified for World Cup
  Country failed to qualify
  Country did not enter World Cup
  Country not a FIFA member

[1]

Team Method of
qualification
Date of
qualification
Finals
appearance
Streak Previous best
performance
 England Hosts 22 August 1960 5th 5 Quarter-finals (1954, 1962)
 Brazil Defending champions 17 June 1962 8th 8 Winners (1958, 1962)
 Mexico CONCACAF Final Group Winners 16 May 1965 6th 5 Group stage (1930, 1950, 1954, 1958, 1962)
 Uruguay CONMEBOL Group 1 Winners 13 June 1965 5th 2 Winners (1930, 1950)
 Argentina CONMEBOL Group 3 Winners 22 August 1965 5th 3 Runners-up (1930)
 Hungary UEFA Group 6 Winners 9 October 1965 6th 4 Runners-up (1938, 1954)
 Chile CONMEBOL Group 2 Winners[a] 12 October 1965 4th 2 Third place (1962)
 Soviet Union UEFA Group 7 Winners 17 October 1965 3rd 3 Quarter-finals (1958, 1962)
 Portugal UEFA Group 4 Winners 31 October 1965 1st 1
 France UEFA Group 3 Winners 6 November 1965 6th 1 Third place (1958)
 Spain UEFA Group 9 Winners[a] 10 November 1965 4th 2 Fourth place (1950)
 West Germany UEFA Group 2 Winners 14 November 1965 6th 4 Winners (1954)
 North Korea Asia / Oceania First Round Winners[b] 24 November 1965 1st 1
  Switzerland UEFA Group 5 Winners 24 November 1965 6th 2 Quarter-finals (1934, 1938, 1954)
 Italy UEFA Group 8 Winners 7 December 1965 6th 2 Winners (1934, 1938)
 Bulgaria UEFA Group 1 Winners[a] 29 December 1965 2nd 2 Group stage (1962)
  1. ^ a b c Group ended with two teams tied on points, so a play-off was required
  2. ^ Due to the withdrawal of all CAF nations, the final round was not played and North Korea progressed to the final tournament

Qualification process

The 16 spots available in the 1966 World Cup were distributed among the continental zones as follows:

UEFA, CONMEBOL and CONCACAF had a guaranteed number of places, whereas the CAF and AFC had to contest a play-off to determine which confederation would be represented.

After the first round of 1966 FIFA World Cup finals, the percentage of teams from each confederation that passed through to the Quarter-finals was as follows:[2]

Summary of qualification

FIFAmembers.png
Confederation Teams started Teams that secured qualification Teams that were eliminated Total places in finals Qualifying start date Qualifying end date
AFC, CAF and Oceania 21 1 20 1 21 November 1965 24 November 1965
CONCACAF 10 1 9 1 16 January 1965 22 May 1965
CONMEBOL 9+1 3+1 6 3+1 16 May 1965 12 October 1965
UEFA[a] 32+1 9+1 23 9+1 24 May 1964 29 December 1965
Total 72+2 14+2 58 14+2 24 May 1964 29 December 1965
  1. ^ Syria and Israel, although members of AFC, competed in European qualification.

Tiebreakers

For FIFA World Cup qualifying stages using a league format, the method used for separating teams level on points was the same for all Confederations. If teams were even on points at the end of group play, the tied teams played a play-off at a neutral ground.

Confederation qualification

AFC and Oceania

Main article: 1966 FIFA World Cup qualification (Africa, Asia and Oceania)

Five teams from AFC applied to take part in qualification, but the entry of the Philippines was rejected.[1] Australia took part in this section of qualification, although they were not a member of a confederation at the time: the OFC was not founded until 1966.

The qualification process began with four national teams split between two sections for qualification: Israel and Syria competed in European qualification for geographical reasons, whilst North Korea and South Korea were to take part in a group alongside Australia and South Africa. The winner of this group would then go on to play three group winners from the second round of CAF qualifiers.

Problems arose, however, as all 15 members of CAF withdrew to protest against the allocation of places, while South Africa was disqualified after being suspended by FIFA, and South Korea withdrew due to logistical difficulties following the tournament's move from Japan to Cambodia.[1][3]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1  North Korea 2 2 0 0 9 2 +7 4
2  Australia 2 0 0 2 2 9 −7 0
 South Africa (D) 0 0
 South Korea (W) 0 0
Source:[citation needed]
(D) Disqualified; (W) Withdrew

CAF

Main article: 1966 FIFA World Cup qualification (Africa, Asia and Oceania)

17 teams from Africa entered the qualification, but Congo-Brazzaville had their application rejected, and South Africa, who had been expelled from CAF in 1958 due to the country's apartheid regime,[4][1] were placed with the Asian and Oceanian teams.

Qualification for the 15 remaining teams saw them sorted in to six groups, three groups of two and three groups of three. The winners of these groups were then to play a two-legged tie in the following combinations: Group 1 winners v Group 5 winners, Group 2 winners v Group 4 winners and Group 3 winners v Group 6 winners, with the winners advancing to play in the final group with each and the victor of the Asia/Oceania group.[3]

African boycott

The African nations were aggrieved their second-round winners needed to enter a final round against the winners of the Asian and Oceanian zone in order to qualify for the final tournament. They protested that their zone was not represented in the tournament, and against the readmission of South Africa to FIFA.

South Africa was subsequently disqualified after being suspended again in 1965 due to pressure from African nations.

After FIFA declined to change the qualifying format or the allocation of places, citing logistical and competitive issues, all fifteen African teams withdrew in protest, and CAF refused to participate in future until at least one African team had an automatic place in the World Cup. This was agreed to for the 1970 World Cup.[4]

CONCACAF

Main article: 1966 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)

10 teams initially entered, but the entry of Guatemala was rejected.[1]

The remaining nine teams were placed in to three groups of three, with the winner of each group proceeding to a final group. The winner of this group would go on to the final tournament.[5]

Legend
Country that directly qualified for the 1966 World Cup
Final positions (Final Round)
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Mexico 4 3 1 0 12 2 +10 7
 Costa Rica 4 1 2 1 8 2 +6 4
 Jamaica 4 0 1 3 3 19 −16 1
Source:[citation needed]

CONMEBOL

Main article: 1966 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONMEBOL)

As Brazil has already qualified as reigning champions, the remaining nine CONMEBOL teams were split in to three groups of 3, playing each other twice (home and away). The top team from each group qualified.[6]

Legend
Countries that directly qualified for the 1966 World Cup
Countries that took part in a group play-off

Final positions (Group Stage)

Group 1
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  Uruguay 8 4 4 0 0
2  Peru 4 4 2 0 2
3  Venezuela 0 4 0 0 4
Group 2
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1=  Chile 5 4 2 1 1
1=  Ecuador 5 4 2 1 1
3  Colombia 2 4 1 0 3
Group 3
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  Argentina 7 4 3 1 0
2  Paraguay 3 4 1 1 2
3  Bolivia 2 4 1 0 3

Group B play-off

12 October 1965 Chile  2–1  Ecuador Lima, Peru
Sánchez 16'
Marcos 40'
Report Gómez 89' Stadium: Estadio Nacional
Attendance: 44,864
Referee: Goicoechea (Argentina)

UEFA

Main article: 1966 FIFA World Cup qualification (UEFA)

England qualified automatically as hosts and a further 30 European teams took part in qualification. They were joined by Israel and Syria, although Syria then withdrew in support of the African teams. The teams were divided into 9 groups - four groups of 3 and five groups of 4. Syria's withdrawal meant that group 9 only contained two teams.[7]

Legend
Countries that directly qualified for the 1966 World Cup
Countries that took part in a group play-off

Final positions (Group Stage)

Group 1
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1=  Belgium 6 4 3 0 1
1=  Bulgaria 6 4 3 0 1
3  Israel 0 4 0 0 4
Group 2
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  West Germany 7 4 3 1 0
2  Sweden 5 4 2 1 1
3  Cyprus 0 4 0 0 4
Group 3
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  France 10 6 5 0 1
2  Norway 7 6 3 1 2
3  Yugoslavia 7 6 3 1 2
4  Luxembourg 0 6 0 0 6
Group 4
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  Portugal 9 6 4 1 1
2  Czechoslovakia 7 6 3 1 2
3  Romania 6 6 3 0 3
4  Turkey 2 6 1 0 5
Group 5
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1   Switzerland 9 6 4 1 1
2  Northern Ireland 8 6 3 2 1
3  Netherlands 6 6 2 2 2
4  Albania 1 6 0 1 5
Group 6
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  Hungary 7 4 3 1 0
2  East Germany 4 4 1 2 1
3  Austria 1 4 0 1 3
Group 7
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  Soviet Union 10 6 5 0 1
2  Wales 6 6 3 0 3
3  Greece 5 6 2 1 3
4  Denmark 3 6 1 1 4
Group 8
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1  Italy 9 6 4 1 1
2  Scotland 7 6 3 1 2
3  Poland 6 6 2 2 2
4  Finland 2 6 1 0 5
Group 9
Rank Team Pts Pld W D L
1=  Spain 2 2 1 0 1
1=  Republic of Ireland 2 2 1 0 1
Syria Syria withdrew

Group play-offs

The group play-offs were contested for groups 1 and 9, as the top two teams in both groups were level on points.

10 November 1965 Spain  1–0  Republic of Ireland Paris, France
Ufarte 79' Report Stadium: Parc des Princes
Attendance: 35,731
Referee: Schwinte (France)
29 December 1965 Bulgaria  2–1  Belgium Florence, Italy
Asparuhov 18', 19' Report Vutsov 75' (o.g.) Stadium: Stadio Comunale
Attendance: 11,659
Referee: Sbardella (Italy)

Goalscorers

7 goals
6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
1 own goal

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. 27 July 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  2. ^ "1966 FIFA World Cup England". FIFA.com. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Miscellaneous Qualifiers for the World Cup 1966". Score Shelf. Archived from the original on 12 July 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b "How Africa boycotted the 1966 World Cup". BBC News. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  5. ^ "CONCACAF Qualifiers for the World Cup 1966". Score Shelf. Archived from the original on 13 July 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  6. ^ "CONMEBOL Qualifiers for the World Cup 1966". Score Shelf. Archived from the original on 12 July 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  7. ^ "UEFA Qualifiers for the World Cup 1966". Score Shelf. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2017.