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There have been 21 editions of the FIFA World Cup which is an international association football tournament established in 1930. It is contested by the men's national teams which are members of FIFA, the sport's global governing body. The tournament has taken place every four years since its inauguration, apart from 1942 and 1946 due to World War II. The last tournament was hosted in Russia, which was won by France in 2018.

The World Cup final match is the last of the competition, and the result determines which country is declared world champions. If after 90 minutes of regular play the score is a draw, an additional 30-minute period of play, called extra time, is added. If such a game is still tied after extra time, it is then decided by a penalty shoot-out. The team winning the penalty shoot-out are then declared champions.[1] The tournament has been decided by a one-off match on every occasion except 1950, when the tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by four teams (Uruguay, Brazil, Sweden, and Spain). Uruguay's 2–1 victory over Brazil was the decisive match (and one of the last two matches of the tournament) that put them ahead on points and ensured that they finished top of the group as world champions. Therefore, this match is regarded by FIFA as the de facto final of the 1950 World Cup.[2]

Each final is hosted at usually the host nation's largest stadium, as the final attracts the largest crowds and the most attention. Two stadiums have hosted multiple finals, these being the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City, Mexico and the Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Alongside those two cities, Rome, Italy has also hosted multiple finals. These were held at the Stadio Nazionale PNF and the Stadio Olimpico. Île-de-France has also hosted two finals, them being at the Stade Olympique de Colombes in Paris and the Stade de France in Saint-Denis.

List of stadiums

Past venues
Image Stadium Location Final(s) hosted
Estadio Centenario Montevideo, Uruguay 1930 FIFA World Cup Final (Uruguay 4–2 Argentina)
Stadio Nazionale PNF Rome, Italy 1934 FIFA World Cup Final (Italy 2–1 Czechoslovakia)
Stade Olympique de Colombes Paris, France 1938 FIFA World Cup Final (Italy 4–2 Hungary)
Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1950 FIFA World Cup Decisive Match (Uruguay 2–1 Brazil)
2014 FIFA World Cup Final (Germany 1–0 Argentina)
Wankdorf Stadium Bern, Switzerland 1954 FIFA World Cup Final (West Germany 3–2 Hungary)
Råsunda Stadium Solna, Sweden 1958 FIFA World Cup Final (Brazil 5–2 Sweden)
Estadio Nacional Santiago, Chile 1962 FIFA World Cup Final (Brazil 3–1 Czechoslovakia)
The old Wembley Stadium (cropped).jpg
Wembley Stadium London, England 1966 FIFA World Cup Final (England 4–2 West Germany)
Estadio Azteca Mexico City, Mexico 1970 FIFA World Cup Final (Brazil 4–1 Italy)
1986 FIFA World Cup Final (Argentina 3–2 West Germany)
Olympiastadion Munich, West Germany 1974 FIFA World Cup Final (West Germany 2–1 Netherlands)
Estadio Monumental Buenos Aires, Argentina 1978 FIFA World Cup Final (Argentina 3–1 Netherlands)
Santiago Bernabéu Madrid, Spain 1982 FIFA World Cup Final (Italy 3–1 West Germany)
Stadio Olimpico Rome, Italy 1990 FIFA World Cup Final (West Germany 1–0 Argentina)
Rose Bowl Pasadena, United States 1994 FIFA World Cup Final (Brazil 0–0 [3–2 pso] Italy)
Stade de France Saint-Denis, France 1998 FIFA World Cup Final (France 3–0 Brazil)
International Stadium Yokohama, Japan 2002 FIFA World Cup Final (Brazil 2–0 Germany)
Olympiastadion Berlin, Germany 2006 FIFA World Cup Final (Italy 1–1 [5–3 pso] France)
Soccer City Johannesburg, South Africa 2010 FIFA World Cup Final (Spain 1–0 Netherlands)
Luzhniki Stadium2.jpg
Luzhniki Stadium Moscow, Russia 2018 FIFA World Cup Final (France 4–2 Croatia)
Upcoming venues
Image Stadium Location Final(s) hosted
Lusail Iconic Stadium Lusail, Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup Final

See also

References

  1. ^ "Laws of the Game" (PDF). FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 6, 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
  2. ^ "FIFA World Cup Finals since 1930" (PDF). FIFA.com (Fédération Internationale de Football Association). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 29, 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2009.