1998 FIFA World Cup
Coupe du Monde – France 98 (French)
1998 FIFA World Cup.svg
Tournament details
Host countryFrance
Dates10 June – 12 July 1998
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)10 (in 10 host cities)
Final positions
Champions France (1st title)
Runners-up Brazil
Third place Croatia
Fourth place Netherlands
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored171 (2.67 per match)
Attendance2,785,100 (43,517 per match)
Top scorer(s)Croatia Davor Šuker (6 goals)
Best player(s)Brazil Ronaldo
Best young playerEngland Michael Owen
Best goalkeeperFrance Fabien Barthez
Fair play award England
 France
1994
2002

The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the football world championship for men's national teams. The finals tournament was held in France from 10 June to 12 July 1998. The country was chosen as the host nation by FIFA for the second time in the history of the tournament, defeating Morocco in the bidding process. It was the second time that France staged the competition (the first was in 1938) and the ninth time that it was held in Europe. Spanning 32 days, it is the longest World Cup tournament ever held.

Qualification for the finals began in March 1996 and concluded in November 1997. For the first time in the competition, the group stage was expanded from 24 teams to 32, with eight groups of four. 64 matches were played in 10 stadiums in 10 host cities, with the opening match and final staged at the newly built Stade de France in the Parisian commune of Saint-Denis.

The tournament was won by host country France, who beat defending champions Brazil 3–0 in the final. France won their first title, becoming the seventh nation to win a World Cup, and the sixth (after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina) and as of 2022 the most recent to win the tournament on home soil. Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa made their first appearances in the finals.

Host selection

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts

France was awarded the 1998 World Cup on 2 July 1992 by the executive committee of FIFA during a general meeting in Zürich, Switzerland. They defeated Morocco by 12 votes to 7.[1][2] Switzerland withdrew, due to being unable to meet FIFA's requirements. This made France the third country to host two World Cups, after Mexico and Italy in 1986 and 1990 respectively. France previously hosted the third edition of the World Cup in 1938. England, who hosted the competition in 1966 and won it, were among the original applicants, but later withdrew their application in favour of an ultimately successful bid to host UEFA Euro 1996.

Voting results[3]
Country Round 1
France 12
Morocco 7

Bribery and corruption investigations

On 4 June 2015, while co-operating with the FBI and the Swiss authorities, Chuck Blazer confirmed that he and other members of FIFA's executive committee were bribed during the 1998 and 2010 World Cups host selection process. Blazer stated that "we facilitated bribes in conjunction with the selection of the host nation for the 1998 World Cup". Since France won the selection process it was initially thought the bribery came from its bid committee. It eventually transpired that the bribe payment was from the failed Moroccan bid.[4][5][6]

Qualification

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification

The qualification draw for the 1998 World Cup finals took place in the Musée du Louvre, Paris on 12 December 1995.[7] As tournament hosts, France was exempt from the draw as was defending champion Brazil, but it was also France's first World Cup since 1986. 174 teams from six confederations participated, 24 more than in the previous round. Fourteen countries qualified from the European zone (in addition to hosts France). Ten were determined after group play – nine group winners and the best second-placed team; the other eight group runners-up were drawn into pairs of four play-off matches with the winners qualifying for the finals as well.[8] CONMEBOL (South America) and CAF (Africa) were each given five spots in the final tournament, while three spots were contested between 30 CONCACAF members in the North and Central America and the Caribbean zone. The winner of the Oceanian zone advanced to an intercontinental play-off against the runner-up of the Asian play-off, determined by the two best second-placed teams.

Four nations qualified for the first time: Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa. The last team to qualify was Iran by virtue of beating Australia in a two-legged tie on 29 November 1997.[9] It marked their first appearance in the finals since 1978, the last time Tunisia also qualified for the tournament. Chile qualified for the first time since 1982, after serving a ban that saw them miss out on the two previous tournaments. Paraguay and Denmark returned for the first time since 1986. Austria, England, Scotland and Yugoslavia returned after missing out on the 1994 tournament, with the Balkan team now appearing under the name of FR Yugoslavia. Among the teams who failed to qualify were two-time winners Uruguay (for the second successive tournament); Portugal (their last absence as of 2022); Sweden, who finished third in 1994; Russia (who failed to qualify for the first time since 1978 after losing to Italy in the play-off round); and the Republic of Ireland, who had qualified for the previous two tournaments.[10] The highest-ranked team not to qualify was the UEFA Euro 1996 runners-up the Czech Republic (ranked 3rd), while the lowest-ranked team that did qualify was Nigeria (ranked 74th).

As of 2022, this was the last time Austria, Bulgaria, Norway, Romania and Scotland qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, and the only time Jamaica have qualified.

List of qualified teams

See also: 1998 FIFA World Cup seeding

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings,[11] qualified for the final tournament.

Venues

France's bid to host the World Cup centered on a national stadium with 80,000 seats and nine other stadiums located across the country.[13] When the finals were originally awarded in July 1992, none of the regional club grounds were of a capacity meeting FIFA's requirements – namely being able to safely seat 40,000.[13] The proposed national stadium, colloquially referred to as the 'Grand stade', met with controversy at every stage of planning; the stadium's location was determined by politics, finance and national symbolism.[14] As Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac successfully negotiated a deal with Prime Minister Édouard Balladur to bring the Stade de France, as it was now called, to the commune of Saint-Denis just north of the capital city.[14] Construction on the stadium started in December 1995 and was completed after 26 months of work in November 1997 at a cost of ₣2.67 billion.[15]

The choice of stadium locations was drafted from an original list of 14 cities.[16] FIFA and CFO monitored the progress and quality of preparations, culminating in the former providing final checks of the grounds weeks before the tournament commenced. Montpellier was the surprise inclusion from the final list of cities because of its low urban hierarchy in comparison to Strasbourg, who boasted a better hierarchy and success from its local football team, having been taken over by a consortium. Montpellier however was considered ambitious by the selecting panel to host World Cup matches. The local city and regional authorities in particular had invested heavily into football the previous two decades and were able to measure economic effects, in terms of jobs as early as in 1997.[17] Some of the venues used for this tournament were also used for the previous World Cup in France in 1938. The Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, the Stade Municipal in Toulouse, the Gerland in Lyon, the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux and the Parc des Princes in Paris received the honour of hosting World Cup matches once again in 1998 as they had all done in 1938.

10 stadiums in total were used for the finals; in addition to nine matches being played at the Stade de France (the most used stadium in the tournament), a further six matches took place in Paris Saint-Germain's Parc des Princes, bringing Paris's total matches hosted to 15. France played four of their seven matches in the national stadium; they also played in the country's second and third largest cities, Marseille (hosting 7 total matches) and Lyon (hosting 6 total matches), as well as a Round of 16 knockout match in the northern city of Lens (also hosting 6 total matches). Nantes, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpellier and Saint-Etienne also hosted 6 matches in total; all of the stadiums used also hosted knockout round matches.

Saint-Denis Marseille Paris Lyon
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc des Princes Stade de Gerland
48°55′28″N 2°21′36″E / 48.92444°N 2.36000°E / 48.92444; 2.36000 (Stade de France) 43°16′11″N 5°23′45″E / 43.26972°N 5.39583°E / 43.26972; 5.39583 (Stade Vélodrome) 48°50′29″N 2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°E / 48.84139; 2.25306 (Parc des Princes) 45°43′26″N 4°49′56″E / 45.72389°N 4.83222°E / 45.72389; 4.83222 (Stade de Gerland)
Capacity: 80,000 Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 48,875 Capacity: 44,000
Finale Coupe de France 2010-2011 (Lille LOSC vs Paris SG PSG).jpg
Vue du virage Depé.jpg
Paris-Parc-des-Princes.jpg
Stade-Gerland-RWC2007.JPG
Lens
Stade Félix-Bollaert
50°25′58.26″N 2°48′53.47″E / 50.4328500°N 2.8148528°E / 50.4328500; 2.8148528 (Stade Félix-Bollaert)
Capacity: 41,300
Stade Felix-Bollaert.jpg
Nantes
Stade de la Beaujoire
47°15′20.27″N 1°31′31.35″W / 47.2556306°N 1.5253750°W / 47.2556306; -1.5253750 (Stade de la Beaujoire)
Capacity: 39,500
Stade de la Beaujoire.jpg
Toulouse Saint-Étienne Bordeaux Montpellier
Stadium de Toulouse Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Parc Lescure Stade de la Mosson
43°34′59.93″N 1°26′2.57″E / 43.5833139°N 1.4340472°E / 43.5833139; 1.4340472 (Stadium de Toulouse) 45°27′38.76″N 4°23′24.42″E / 45.4607667°N 4.3901167°E / 45.4607667; 4.3901167 (Stade Geoffroy-Guichard) 44°49′45″N 0°35′52″W / 44.82917°N 0.59778°W / 44.82917; -0.59778 (Parc Lescure) 43°37′19.85″N 3°48′43.28″E / 43.6221806°N 3.8120222°E / 43.6221806; 3.8120222 (Stade de la Mosson)
Capacity: 37,000 Capacity: 36,000 Capacity: 35,200 Capacity: 34,000
Stadium TFC LOSC mai2013 2.JPG
Stade-GeoffroyGuichard-RWC2007.JPG
Stade Chaban-Delmas.jpg
Australie-Fidji.4.JPG

Innovations

Technologies

This was the first FIFA World Cup where fourth officials used electronic boards, instead of cardboard.[18]

Rule changes

This was the first World Cup since the introduction of golden goals,[18] banning of tackles from behind that endanger the safety of an opponent[19] and allowance of three substitutions per game.[20]

Match officials

34 referees and 33 assistants officiated in the 1998 World Cup.[21] As a result of the extension to 32 teams in the finals, there was an increase of 10 referees and 11 officials from the 1994 World Cup.[21]

CAF (5)
AFC (4)
UEFA (15)
CONCACAF (3)
OFC (1)
CONMEBOL (6)

Draw

Further information: 1998 FIFA World Cup seeding

The FIFA Organising Committee announced the eight seeded teams on 3 December 1997. The historic tradition to seed the hosts (France) and holders (Brazil) was upheld; while the remaining six seeds were granted for the other top7-ranked teams, based on their results obtained in the last three FIFA World Cups (ratio 3:2:1, counting in total 60%) and their FIFA World Ranking position in the last month of the past three years (equal ratio, counting in total 40%).[22][23]

For the draw, the 32 teams were allocated into four pots. The eight top-seeded teams were allocated in pot A and would be drawn/selected into the first position of the eight groups playing in the group stage. The remaining 24 unseeded teams were allocated into three pots based on geographical sections, with the: Nine European teams in pot B; four Asian teams and three South American teams in pot C; five African teams and three North American teams in pot D.[24]

The general principle was to draw one team from each pot into the eight groups, although with special combined procedures for pot B and pot C, due to comprising more/less than eight teams - but sixteen teams in total. At the same time, the draw also needed to respect the geographical limitation, that each group could not feature more than one team from each confederation, except for the European teams where the limitation was maximum two per group.[24]

Pot A
Top-seeded teams
(DC + Host + Top7 seeds)
Pot B
Europe
(UEFA)
Pot C
Asia & South America
(AFC & CONMEBOL)
Pot D
Africa & North America
(CAF & CONCACAF)

For the first time in history, the draw event took place in a football stadium, with 38,000 spectators and an estimated 1 billion TV viewers. The draw was officiated by FIFA secretary general Sepp Blatter. Teams were drawn by football legends Franz Beckenbauer, Carlos Alberto Parreira, George Weah and Raymond Kopa.[25]

Organiser Michel Platini, who later became president of UEFA, admitted in 2018 that the draw for the group stage of the competition had been fixed so that France and Brazil were kept apart until the final, telling France Bleu Sport: "We did a bit of trickery. When we were organising the schedule. We did not spend six years organising the World Cup to not do some little shenanigans".[26]

The statement from Platini referred to the fact that, shortly before the World Cup finals draw took place, the FIFA Organising Committee had met to finalise the draw process. At this meeting, the committee had approved the proposal to assign host nation France to group position C1 and defending champions Brazil to group position A1 ahead of the draw. As the tournament structure was also predetermined so that the winners of Groups A, D, E and H, and the runners-up of Groups B, C, F and G would be kept apart from the group winners of B, C, F and G, and the runners-up of Group A, D, E and H until the final; thus, France and Brazil could avoid meeting each other until the final if both teams finished in the same position in the top two of their respective groups.[27]

Procedure for the draw:[24]

  1. Pot A was used to draw the remaining six top-seeded teams for the first position of groups B, D, E, F, G and H.
  2. Pot D was used to draw one team to each of the eight groups (drawing in the alphabetic order from A to H).
  3. Pot B was used to draw one team to each of the eight groups (drawing in the alphabetic order from A to H).
  4. As per the FIFA rule of only allowing a maximum of two UEFA teams in each group, the remaining ninth team from Pot B, was subject to a second draw, to be put in either of the groups containing a top-seeded South American (CONMEBOL) team.
  5. Pot C was used to draw one team to each of the seven groups with an empty spot (drawing in alphabetical order from A to H). However, as each group could only contain one South American (CONMEBOL) team, the first Asian (AFC) team drawn would not be drawn into a group in alphabetical order, but instead be drawn into the remaining open group with a top-seeded South American (CONMEBOL) team.
  6. To decide the match schedules, the exact group position number for the un-seeded teams in each group (2, 3 or 4), were also drawn immediately from eight special group bowls, after each respective team had been drawn from pot D, B and C.

Draw results and group fixtures

The draw resulted in the following eight groups:[24]

In each group, the teams played three matches, one against each of the other teams. Three points were awarded for each win, while a draw was worth one point. After completion of the group stage, the two teams with the most points in each group would advance to the knockout stage, with each group winner facing the runner-up from one of the other groups in the round of 16. This was a new format for the World Cup, following the expansion from 24 teams in 1994. A total of 64 games were played, including the final and a third-place play-off between the losers of the two semi-finals.

The fixtures for the group stage were decided based on the draw results, as follows:

Group stage schedule
Matchday Dates Matches
Matchday 1 10–15 June 1998 1 v 2, 3 v 4
Matchday 2 16–22 June 1998 1 v 3, 2 v 4
Matchday 3 23–26 June 1998 4 v 1, 2 v 3

Squads

Further information: 1998 FIFA World Cup squads

As with the preceding tournament, each team's squad for the 1998 World Cup finals consisted of 22 players. Each participating national association had to confirm their final 22-player squad by 1 June 1998.

Out of the 704 players participating in the 1998 World Cup, 447 were signed up with a European club; 90 in Asia, 67 in South America, 61 in Northern and Central America and 37 in Africa.[28] 75 played their club football in England – five more than Italy and Spain. Barcelona of Spain was the club contributing to the most players in the tournament with 13 players on their side.[28]

The average age of all teams was 27 years, 8 months – five months older than the previous tournament.[29] Samuel Eto'o of Cameroon was the youngest player selected in the competition at 17 years, 3 months, while the oldest was Jim Leighton of Scotland at 39 years, 11 months.[29]

Group stage

  Champion   Runner-up    Third place   Fourth place    Quarter-finals   Round of 16    Group stage

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)

Group A

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group A

Defending champions Brazil won Group A after only two matches as the nation achieved victories over Scotland (2–1) and Morocco (3–0). Heading into the third game, Brazil had nothing to play for but still started its regulars against Norway, who was looking to upset Brazil once again. Needing a victory, Norway overturned a 1–0 deficit with 12 minutes remaining to defeat Brazil 2–1, with Kjetil Rekdal scoring[30] the winning penalty to send Norway into the knockout stage for the first time.[31]

Norway's victory denied Morocco a chance at the Round of 16, despite winning 3–0 against Scotland. It was only Morocco's second ever victory at a World Cup, having recorded its first previous win 12 years earlier on 11 June 1986.

Scotland managed only one point, coming in a 1–1 draw against Norway, and failed to get out of the first round for an eighth time in the FIFA World Cup, a record that stands to this date.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Brazil 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6 Advance to knockout stage
2  Norway 3 1 2 0 5 4 +1 5
3  Morocco 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4
4  Scotland 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
Source: FIFA
Brazil 2–1 Scotland
César Sampaio 5'
Boyd 74' (o.g.)
Report Collins 38' (pen.)
Morocco 2–2 Norway
Hadji 37'
Hadda 60'
Report Chippo 45+1' (o.g.)
Eggen 61'

Scotland 1–1 Norway
Burley 66' Report H. Flo 46'
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: László Vágner (Hungary)
Brazil 3–0 Morocco
Ronaldo 9'
Rivaldo 45+2'
Bebeto 50'
Report

Scotland 0–3 Morocco
Report Bassir 23', 85'
Hadda 46'
Brazil 1–2 Norway
Bebeto 78' Report T. A. Flo 83'
Rekdal 89' (pen.)

Group B

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group B

Italy and Chile progressed to the second round, while Austria failed to win for the first time since 1958 and Cameroon failed to get out of the group stage for the second time in a row.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Italy 3 2 1 0 7 3 +4 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Chile 3 0 3 0 4 4 0 3
3  Austria 3 0 2 1 3 4 −1 2
4  Cameroon 3 0 2 1 2 5 −3 2
Source: FIFA
Italy 2–2 Chile
Vieri 10'
R. Baggio 84' (pen.)
Report Salas 45+3', 50'
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Lucien Bouchardeau (Niger)
Cameroon 1–1 Austria
Njanka 77' Report Polster 90+1'

Chile 1–1 Austria
Salas 70' Report Vastić 90+2'
Italy 3–0 Cameroon
Di Biagio 7'
Vieri 75', 89'
Report

Italy 2–1 Austria
Vieri 48'
R. Baggio 90'
Report Herzog 90+2' (pen.)
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 80,000
Referee: Paul Durkin (England)
Chile 1–1 Cameroon
Sierra 20' Report Mboma 56'

Group C

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group C

France, the host nation, swept Group C when the start of their path to their first FIFA World Cup trophy culminated with their 2–1 win over Denmark, who despite their loss, progressed to the second round. Saudi Arabia, after a good performance four years earlier, finished bottom with only one point. Debutant South Africa grabbed two points and also exited at the group stage.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  France (H) 3 3 0 0 9 1 +8 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Denmark 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
3  South Africa 3 0 2 1 3 6 −3 2
4  Saudi Arabia 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
Source: FIFA
(H) Host
Saudi Arabia 0–1 Denmark
Report Rieper 69'
France 3–0 South Africa
Dugarry 36'
Issa 77' (o.g.)
Henry 90+2'
Report

South Africa 1–1 Denmark
McCarthy 51' Report A. Nielsen 12'
France 4–0 Saudi Arabia
Henry 37', 78'
Trezeguet 68'
Lizarazu 85'
Report

France 2–1 Denmark
Djorkaeff 12' (pen.)
Petit 56'
Report M. Laudrup 42' (pen.)
Stade Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)
South Africa 2–2 Saudi Arabia
Bartlett 18', 90+3' (pen.) Report Al-Jaber 45+2' (pen.)
Al-Thunayan 74' (pen.)
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Mario Sánchez (Chile)

Group D

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group D

Nigeria and Paraguay advanced to the Round of 16 after a surprise elimination of top seed Spain, while Bulgaria failed to repeat their surprise performance from the previous tournament.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Nigeria 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 6 Advance to knockout stage
2  Paraguay 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 5
3  Spain 3 1 1 1 8 4 +4 4
4  Bulgaria 3 0 1 2 1 7 −6 1
Source: FIFA
Paraguay 0–0 Bulgaria
Report
Spain 2–3 Nigeria
Hierro 21'
Raúl 47'
Report Adepoju 24'
Zubizarreta 73' (o.g.)
Oliseh 78'

Nigeria 1–0 Bulgaria
Ikpeba 28' Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Mario Sánchez Yantén (Chile)
Spain 0–0 Paraguay
Report

Nigeria 1–3 Paraguay
Oruma 11' Report Ayala 1'
Benítez 58'
Cardozo 86'
Spain 6–1 Bulgaria
Hierro 6' (pen.)
Luis Enrique 18'
Morientes 55', 81'
Bachev 88' (o.g.)
Kiko 90+4'
Report Kostadinov 58'

Group E

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group E

The Netherlands and Mexico advanced with the same record, with the former placing first on goal difference. Belgium and eventual 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts South Korea failed to advance.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Netherlands 3 1 2 0 7 2 +5 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Mexico 3 1 2 0 7 5 +2 5
3  Belgium 3 0 3 0 3 3 0 3
4  South Korea 3 0 1 2 2 9 −7 1
Source: FIFA
South Korea 1–3 Mexico
Ha Seok-ju 27' Report Peláez 50'
Hernández 75', 84'
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Günter Benkö (Austria)
Netherlands 0–0 Belgium
Report
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

Belgium 2–2 Mexico
Wilmots 42', 47' Report García Aspe 55' (pen.)
Blanco 62'
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)
Netherlands 5–0 South Korea
Cocu 37'
Overmars 41'
Bergkamp 71'
Van Hooijdonk 80'
R. de Boer 83'
Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Ryszard Wójcik (Poland)

Netherlands 2–2 Mexico
Cocu 4'
R. de Boer 18'
Report Peláez 75'
Hernández 90+4'
Belgium 1–1 South Korea
Nilis 7' Report Yoo Sang-chul 72'

Group F

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group F

Germany and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia advanced, each with 7 points (Germany took 1st through goal differential tiebreak). Iran and 1994 host United States failed to advance.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Germany 3 2 1 0 6 2 +4 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  FR Yugoslavia 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 7
3  Iran 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
4  United States 3 0 0 3 1 5 −4 0
Source: FIFA
FR Yugoslavia 1–0 Iran
Mihajlović 73' Report
Germany 2–0 United States
Möller 9'
Klinsmann 65'
Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Said Belqola (Morocco)

Germany 2–2 FR Yugoslavia
Mihajlović 72' (o.g.)
Bierhoff 78'
Report Mijatović 13'
Stojković 52'

Main article: United States v Iran (1998 FIFA World Cup)

United States 1–2 Iran
McBride 87' Report Estili 40'
Mahdavikia 84'
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

Germany 2–0 Iran
Bierhoff 50'
Klinsmann 57'
Report
United States 0–1 FR Yugoslavia
Report Komljenović 4'

Group G

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group G

Romania and England became Group G top finishers as Colombia and Tunisia were unable to reach the last 16, despite Colombia having one win.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Romania 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  England 3 2 0 1 5 2 +3 6
3  Colombia 3 1 0 2 1 3 −2 3
4  Tunisia 3 0 1 2 1 4 −3 1
Source: FIFA
England 2–0 Tunisia
Shearer 42'
Scholes 89'
Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 54,587
Referee: Masayoshi Okada (Japan)
Romania 1–0 Colombia
Ilie 45+1' Report
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Lim Kee Chong (Mauritius)

Colombia 1–0 Tunisia
Preciado 82' Report
Romania 2–1 England
Moldovan 46'
Petrescu 90'
Report Owen 81'
Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Attendance: 33,500
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

Colombia 0–2 England
Report Anderton 20'
Beckham 29'
Romania 1–1 Tunisia
Moldovan 71' Report Souayah 12' (pen.)
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Eddie Lennie (Australia)

Group H

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup Group H

Argentina finished at the top of Group H against three debutants. Croatia took the runners up spot while Jamaica and Japan failed to advance.

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Argentina 3 3 0 0 7 0 +7 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Croatia 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 6
3  Jamaica 3 1 0 2 3 9 −6 3
4  Japan 3 0 0 3 1 4 −3 0
Source: FIFA
Argentina 1–0 Japan
Batistuta 28' Report
Jamaica 1–3 Croatia
Earle 45' Report Stanić 27'
Prosinečki 53'
Šuker 69'

Japan 0–1 Croatia
Report Šuker 77'
Argentina 5–0 Jamaica
Ortega 31', 55'
Batistuta 73', 78', 83' (pen.)
Report
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Rune Pedersen (Norway)

Argentina 1–0 Croatia
Pineda 36' Report
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Said Belqola (Morocco)
Japan 1–2 Jamaica
Nakayama 74' Report Whitmore 39', 54'
Stade Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Günter Benkö (Austria)

Knockout stage

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup knockout stage

The knockout stage comprised the 16 teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time; if scores were still level, there was a penalty shoot-out to determine who progressed to the next round. Golden goal comes into play if a team scores during extra time, thus becoming the winner which concludes the game.

The first games were played on 27 June 1998 and the final took place on 12 July 1998 in Paris.

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
27 June – Paris
 
 
 Brazil4
 
3 July – Nantes
 
 Chile1
 
 Brazil3
 
28 June – Saint-Denis
 
 Denmark2
 
 Nigeria1
 
7 July – Marseille
 
 Denmark4
 
 Brazil (p)1 (4)
 
29 June – Toulouse
 
 Netherlands1 (2)
 
 Netherlands2
 
4 July – Marseille
 
 FR Yugoslavia1
 
 Netherlands2
 
30 June – Saint-Étienne
 
 Argentina1
 
 Argentina (p)2 (4)
 
12 July – Saint-Denis
 
 England2 (3)
 
 Brazil0
 
27 June – Marseille
 
 France3
 
 Italy1
 
3 July – Saint-Denis
 
 Norway0
 
 Italy0 (3)
 
28 June – Lens
 
 France (p)0 (4)
 
 France (a.s.d.e.t.)1
 
8 July – Saint-Denis
 
 Paraguay0
 
 France2
 
29 June – Montpellier
 
 Croatia1 Third place
 
 Germany2
 
4 July – Lyon11 July – Paris
 
 Mexico1
 
 Germany0 Netherlands1
 
30 June – Bordeaux
 
 Croatia3  Croatia2
 
 Romania0
 
 
 Croatia1
 

Round of 16

Italy 1–0 Norway
Vieri 18' Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Bernd Heynemann (Germany)

Brazil 4–1 Chile
César Sampaio 11', 26'
Ronaldo 45+3' (pen.), 72'
Report Salas 70'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

France 1–0 (a.e.t.) Paraguay
Blanc gold-colored soccer ball 114' Report

Nigeria 1–4 Denmark
Babangida 77' Report Møller 3'
B. Laudrup 12'
Sand 58'
Helveg 76'
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

Germany 2–1 Mexico
Klinsmann 74'
Bierhoff 86'
Report Hernández 47'

Netherlands 2–1 FR Yugoslavia
Bergkamp 38'
Davids 90+2'
Report Komljenović 48'

Romania 0–1 Croatia
Report Šuker 45+2' (pen.)
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Javier Castrilli (Argentina)

Argentina 2–2 (a.e.t.) England
Batistuta 5' (pen.)
Zanetti 45+1'
Report Shearer 9' (pen.)
Owen 16'
Penalties
Berti soccer ball with check mark
Crespo soccer ball with red X
Verón soccer ball with check mark
Gallardo soccer ball with check mark
Ayala soccer ball with check mark
4–3 soccer ball with check mark Shearer
soccer ball with red X Ince
soccer ball with check mark Merson
soccer ball with check mark Owen
soccer ball with red X Batty

Quarter-finals

Italy 0–0 (a.e.t.) France
Report
Penalties
R. Baggio soccer ball with check mark
Albertini soccer ball with red X
Costacurta soccer ball with check mark
Vieri soccer ball with check mark
Di Biagio soccer ball with red X
3–4 soccer ball with check mark Zidane
soccer ball with red X Lizarazu
soccer ball with check mark Trezeguet
soccer ball with check mark Henry
soccer ball with check mark Blanc
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)

Brazil 3–2 Denmark
Bebeto 10'
Rivaldo 25', 59'
Report M. Jørgensen 2'
B. Laudrup 50'

Netherlands 2–1 Argentina
Kluivert 12'
Bergkamp 90'
Report López 17'

Germany 0–3 Croatia
Report Jarni 45+3'
Vlaović 80'
Šuker 85'
Stade de Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Rune Pedersen (Norway)

Semi-finals

Brazil 1–1 (a.e.t.) Netherlands
Ronaldo 46' Report Kluivert 87'
Penalties
Ronaldo soccer ball with check mark
Rivaldo soccer ball with check mark
Emerson soccer ball with check mark
Dunga soccer ball with check mark
4–2 soccer ball with check mark F. de Boer
soccer ball with check mark Bergkamp
soccer ball with red X Cocu
soccer ball with red X R. de Boer

France 2–1 Croatia
Thuram 47', 70' Report Šuker 46'

Third place play-off

Croatia beat the Netherlands to earn third place in the competition. Davor Šuker scored the winner in the 36th minute to secure the golden boot.[32]

Netherlands 1–2 Croatia
Zenden 22' Report Prosinečki 14'
Šuker 36'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Epifanio González (Paraguay)

Final

Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup final

The final was held on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis. France defeated holders Brazil 3–0, with two goals from Zinedine Zidane and a stoppage time strike from Emmanuel Petit. The win gave France their first World Cup title, becoming the sixth national team after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina to win the tournament on their home soil. They also inflicted the second-heaviest World Cup defeat on Brazil,[33] later to be topped by Brazil's 7–1 defeat by Germany in the semi-finals of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[34]

The pre-match build up was dominated by the omission of Brazilian striker Ronaldo from the starting lineup only to be reinstated 45 minutes before kick-off.[35] He managed to create the first open chance for Brazil in the 22nd minute, dribbling past defender Thuram before sending a cross out on the left side that goalkeeper Fabien Barthez struggled to hold onto. France however took the lead after Brazilian defender Roberto Carlos conceded a corner from which Zidane scored via a header. Three minutes before half-time, Zidane scored his second goal of the match, similarly another header from a corner. The tournament hosts went down to ten men in the 68th minute as Marcel Desailly was sent off for a second bookable offence. Brazil reacted to this by making an attacking substitution and although they applied pressure France sealed the win with a third goal: substitute Patrick Vieira set up his club teammate Petit in a counterattack to shoot low past goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel.[36]

French president Jacques Chirac was in attendance to congratulate and commiserate the winners and runners-up respectively after the match.[37] Several days after the victory, winning manager Aimé Jacquet announced his resignation from the French team with immediate effect.[38][39]

Brazil 0–3 France
Report Zidane 27', 45+1'
Petit 90+3'
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 75,000
Referee: Said Belqola (Morocco)

Statistics

Goalscorers

Davor Šuker received the Golden Boot for scoring six goals. In total, 171 goals were scored by 112 players:

6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Awards

Golden Ball Award Golden Shoe Award Yashin Award FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Brazil Ronaldo Croatia Davor Šuker France Fabien Barthez  England
 France
 France

Players who were red-carded during the tournament

All-star team

The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 16 most impressive players at the 1998 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group.[40]

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

France Fabien Barthez
Paraguay José Luis Chilavert

Brazil Roberto Carlos
France Marcel Desailly
France Lilian Thuram
Netherlands Frank de Boer
Paraguay Carlos Gamarra

Brazil Dunga
Brazil Rivaldo
Denmark Michael Laudrup
France Zinedine Zidane
Netherlands Edgar Davids

Brazil Ronaldo
Croatia Davor Šuker
Denmark Brian Laudrup
Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1998 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition and overall results.[41]

R Team G P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1  France C 7 6 1 0 15 2 +13 19
2  Brazil A 7 4 1 2 14 10 +4 13
3  Croatia H 7 5 0 2 11 5 +6 15
4  Netherlands E 7 3 3 1 13 7 +6 12
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5  Italy B 5 3 2 0 8 3 +5 11
6  Argentina H 5 3 1 1 10 4 +6 10
7