1934 FIFA World Cup qualification
Tournament details
Dates11 June 1933 – 24 May 1934
Teams27
Tournament statistics
Matches played27
Goals scored141 (5.22 per match)
Top scorer(s)Spain Isidro Lángara
Cuba Mario López
Mexico Dionisio Mejía
(7 goals each)
1938

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup for which teams had to qualify, after the finalists in the inaugural 1930 World Cup had participated by invitation from FIFA. With 32 teams having entered the 1934 competition, FIFA organized qualification rounds to select 16 teams for the finals.[1] Even Italy, the host of the World Cup, had to earn its spot, the only time this has been the case.[1][a] The previous champion Uruguay refused to defend its title because many European nations had declined to take part in the 1930 World Cup, held in Uruguay.[1][2]

A total of 27 teams played at least one qualifying match. The first match, between Sweden and Estonia, took place in Stockholm on 11 June 1933, with Swedish player Knut Kroon scoring the first goal.[b] The last match was played in Rome only three days before the start of the tournament, as late entrant United States beat Mexico to become the final team to qualify.

Format

Chile, Peru and Turkey all withdrew before qualifying began.[1]

The 32 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:

The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:

Key:

Groups

Group 1

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Sweden 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2  Estonia 1 0 0 1 2 6 0.33 0
3  Lithuania 1 0 0 1 0 2 0.00 0
Sweden 6–2 Estonia
Kroon 7'
L. Bunke 10'
Ericsson 13', 70'
T. Bunke 43'
Andersson 79' (pen)
Report Kass 47'
Kuremaa 61'
Stockholm Olympic Stadium, Stockholm, Sweden
Attendance: 8,123
Referee: Reidar Randers-Johansen (Norway)

Lithuania 0–2 Sweden
Report Hansson 55', 65'
Kariuomenės Stadionas, Kaunas, Lithuania
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: August Silber (Estonia)

Estonia v Lithuania was not played since neither team could qualify with a win.[3]

Sweden qualified.

Group 2

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Spain 2 2 0 0 11 1 11.0 4
2  Portugal 2 0 0 2 1 11 0.09 0
Spain 9–0 Portugal
González 3'
Lángara 13', 14' (pen.), 46', 71', 85'
Regueiro 65', 70'
Ventolrà 68'
Report
Estadio Chamartín, Madrid, Spain
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Raphael van Praag (Belgium)

Portugal 1–2 Spain
Silva 10' Report Lángara 12', 25'
Estádio do Lumiar, Lisbon, Portugal
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Raphael van Praag (Belgium)

11–1 on aggregate; Spain qualified.

Group 3

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Italy 1 1 0 0 4 0 4.00 2
2  Greece 1 0 0 1 0 4 0.00 0
Italy 4–0 Greece
Guarisi 40'
Meazza 44', 71'
Ferrari 69'
Report
San Siro, Milan, Italy
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: René Mercet (Switzerland)

Italy qualified, as Greece declined to play the second match.[1][2]

Group 4

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Hungary 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2  Austria 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3  Bulgaria 3 0 0 3 3 14 0.21 0
Bulgaria 1–4 Hungary
Baikushev 27' Report Sárosi 29'
Szabó 61' (pen.)
Toldi 88'
Markos 89'
A.S. 23 Stadium, Sofia, Bulgaria
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Denis Xifando (Romania)

Austria 6–1 Bulgaria
Horvath 19', 22', 33'
Zischek 59'
Viertl 62'
Sindelar 67'
Report Lozanov 66'

Hungary 4–1 Bulgaria
Szabó 9', 58'
Solti 60', 73'
Report Todorov 61'
Hungária-körút, Budapest, Hungary
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Hans Frankenstein (Austria)

Bulgaria withdrew, and the remaining matches were not played since Hungary and Austria were already assured of the top two spots.[1]

Hungary and Austria qualified.

Group 5

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Czechoslovakia 2 2 0 0 4 1 4.00 4
2  Poland 2 0 0 2 1 4 0.25 0
Poland 1–2 Czechoslovakia
Martyna 52' (pen) Report Silný 33'
Pelcner 77'
Polish Army Stadium, Warsaw, Poland
Attendance: 16,000
Referee: Denis Xifando (Romania)

Czechoslovakia 2–0
awarded[c]
 Poland

Czechoslovakia qualified.[4]

Group 6

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Romania 2 1 1 0 4 3 1.33 3
2   Switzerland 2 0 2 0 4 4 1.00 2
3  Yugoslavia 2 0 1 1 3 4 0.75 1
Yugoslavia 2–2  Switzerland
Kragić 50'
Marjanović 61'
Report Frigerio 76'
Jäggi 80'
Stadion BSK, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
Attendance: 17,000
Referee: Alois Beranek (Austria)

Switzerland  2–2[d] Romania
Hufschmid 75'
Hochstrasser 80' (pen.)
Report Sepi 18'
Dobay 67'
Wankdorf Stadion, Bern, Switzerland
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Hans Boekmann (Netherlands)

Romania 2–1 Yugoslavia
Schwartz 38'
Dobay 74'
Report Kragić 71'
Stadionul ONEF, Bucharest, Romania
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: John Langenus (Belgium)

Romania and Switzerland qualified.

Group 7

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Netherlands 2 2 0 0 9 4 2.25 4
2  Belgium 2 0 1 1 6 8 0.75 1
3  Irish Free State 2 0 1 1 6 9 0.67 1
Irish Free State 4–4 Belgium
Moore 27', 48', 56', 75' Report Capelle 15'
S. Vanden Eynde 30'
F. Vanden Eynde 47', 60'
Dalymount Park, Dublin, Irish Free State
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Thomas Crewe (England)

Netherlands 5–2 Irish Free State
Smit 41', 85'
Bakhuys 67', 78'
Vente 83'
Report Squires 44'
Moore 57'

Belgium 2–4 Netherlands
Grimmonprez 51'
Voorhoof 71'
Report Smit 60'
Bakhuys 62', 84'
Vente 64'
Bosuil Stadion, Antwerp, Belgium
Attendance: 42,000
Referee: Stanley Rous (England)

Netherlands and Belgium qualified (Belgium finished above the Irish Free State on goal average).[1]

Group 8

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Germany 1 1 0 0 9 1 9.00 2
2  France 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3  Luxembourg 2 0 0 2 2 15 0.13 0
Luxembourg 1–9 Germany
Mengel 27' Report Rasselnberg 2', 35', 57', 89'
Wigold 12'
Albrecht 24'
Hohmann 30', 52', 53'
Stade Municipal, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Attendance: 14,500
Referee: Jan de Wolf (Netherlands)

Luxembourg 1–6 France
Speicher 47' Report Aston 3'
Nicolas 26', 67', 85', 89' (pen.)
Liberati 80'
Stade Municipal, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Marc Turfkruyer (Belgium)

Germany v France was not played since both teams were already assured of the top two spots.[3]

Germany and France qualified.

Group 9

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Brazil
2  Peru Withdrew

Peru withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.[1]

Group 10

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Argentina
2  Chile Withdrew

Chile withdrew, so Argentina qualified automatically.[1]

Group 11

First round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Cuba 3 2 1 0 10 2 5.00 5
2  Haiti 3 0 1 2 2 10 0.20 1
Haiti 1–3 Cuba
St. Fort 85' (pen.) Report López 20' (pen.)
H. Socorro 61'
Martínez 64'
Parc Leconte, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti 1–1 Cuba
St. Fort 25' (pen.) Report López 85'
Parc Leconte, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti 0–6 Cuba
Report H. Socorro 5'
López 18', 86'
F. Socorro 37'
Ferrer 62'
Soto 78'
Parc Leconte, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

10–2 on aggregate; Cuba advanced to the Second Round.

Second round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Mexico 3 3 0 0 12 3 4.00 6
2  Cuba 3 0 0 3 3 12 0.25 0
Mexico 3–2 Cuba
Mejía 12', 14', 16' Report López 40', 63'

Mexico 5–0 Cuba
Sota 24'
Mejía 31', 40', 79'
Rosas 72'
Report

Mexico 4–1 Cuba
Alonso 32', 75'
Ruvalcaba 41'
Marcos 55'
Report López 15'

12–3 on aggregate; Mexico advanced to the Final Round.

Final round

The match to decide whether USA or Mexico would qualify was played in Italy only three days before the start of the final tournament, as the USA team submitted their entry too late. Thus, the match was played on Italian ground, so that the winner would effectively stay for the tournament.[1]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  United States 1 1 0 0 4 2 2.00 2
2  Mexico 1 0 0 1 2 4 0.50 0
United States 4–2 Mexico
Donelli 28', 32', 74', 87' Report Alonso 25'
Mejía 75'
Stadio Nazionale, Rome, Italy
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Yossouf Mohammed (Egypt)

United States qualified.

Group 12

The Palestine football team consisted exclusively of Jewish and British players.[8] FIFA states in reference to the 1930s Palestine Mandate team that the 'Palestine team' that had participated in previous competitions in the 1930s was actually the forerunner of today's Israel team and as such bears no relation to the national team of the Palestinian authority.[9] However, the region currently known as Palestine is considered "one of the first Asian teams to compete in the FIFA World Cup qualifiers".[10]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Egypt 2 2 0 0 11 2 5.50 4
2  Mandatory Palestine 2 0 0 2 2 11 0.18 0
 Turkey withdrew
Egypt 7–1 Mandatory Palestine
El-Tetsh 11', 35', 51'
Taha 21', 79'
Latif 43', 87'
Report Nudelmann 61'
British Army Ground, Cairo, Egypt
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Stanley Wells (England)

Mandatory Palestine 1–4 Egypt
Sukenik 54' Report Latif 2'
El-Tetsh 7', 22'
Fawzi 35'
Palms Ground, Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine/Land of Israel
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Frederick Goodsby (England)

11–2 on aggregate; Egypt qualified.

Qualified teams

Only six of the teams qualifying for the final competition – Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, France, Romania, and the USA – had already attended the World Cup in 1930.[1]

1934 FIFA World Cup qualification participants
1934 FIFA World Cup qualification participants
Qualifying countries
Qualifying countries
Team Finals Appearance Streak Last Appearance
 Argentina 2nd 2 1930
 Austria 1st 1
 Belgium 2nd 2 1930
 Brazil 2nd 2 1930
 Czechoslovakia 1st 1
 Egypt 1st 1
 France 2nd 2 1930
 Germany 1st 1
 Hungary 1st 1
 Italy 1st 1
 Netherlands 1st 1
 Romania 2nd 2 1930
 Spain 1st 1
 Sweden 1st 1
  Switzerland 1st 1
 United States 2nd 2 1930

Goalscorers

7 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

Footnotes

  1. ^ 2010 host South Africa and 2022 host Qatar also participated in the respective World Cup qualification because those tournaments doubled as continental qualifiers, but those teams were guaranteed spots in the World Cups and were only vying for places in the continental finals.
  2. ^ Some sources report it as an own goal by Estonian goalkeeper Evald Tipner instead.
  3. ^ Poland were unable to travel to Prague for the second match as the Polish government denied the team visas for political reasons (see: Zaolzie and Polish–Czechoslovak border conflicts).[4] The match was awarded as 2–0 to Czechoslovakia.[5]
  4. ^ FIFA reports a 2–2 draw.[5] According to some sources FIFA later awarded the match as 2–0 to Switzerland as a result of Romania having fielded ineligible player Iuliu Baratky.[6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. FIFA. July 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b Hart, Jim (27 July 2016). "When the World Cup rolled into fascist Italy in 1934". These Football Times. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "FIFA World Cup, 1934 - qualifying". 11v11.com. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  4. ^ a b "World Cup 1934 - Qualifying". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  5. ^ a b "1934 FIFA World Cup Italy - Qualifiers - Europe". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 8 March 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  6. ^ "World Cup 1934 Qualifying". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  7. ^ Seal, Brian (29 May 2015). "29 October 1933 – When Crossing The Border Crosses The Line". This Day In Football History. Archived from the original on 17 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  8. ^ Rake, Julian (24 October 2008). "A long wait for a home game". Reuters. Archived from the original on 25 October 2008. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  9. ^ "FIFA Fact Sheet: History of the FIFA World Cup (TM) Preliminary Competition (see page 43)" (PDF). FIFA.com. FIFA. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  10. ^ "Palestine (PLE)". FIFA.com. FIFA. Archived from the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2011.