|Dates||11 June 1933 – 24 May 1934|
|Goals scored||141 (5.42 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)|| Isidro Lángara|
(7 goals each)
The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup for which teams had to qualify, after the finalists in the inaugural 1930 World Cup had participated by invitation from FIFA. With 32 teams having entered the 1934 competition, FIFA organized qualification rounds to select 16 teams for the finals. Even Italy, the host of the World Cup, had to earn its spot, the only time this has been the case.[a] The previous champion Uruguay refused to defend its title because many European nations had declined to take part in the 1930 World Cup, held in Uruguay.
Of the 32 teams which entered,
The first match, between Sweden and Estonia, took place in Stockholm on 11 June 1933, with Swedish player Knut Kroon scoring the first goal.[b] The last match was played in Rome only three days before the start of the tournament, as late entrant United States beat Mexico to become the final team to qualify.
The 32 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:
The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:
L. Bunke 10'
Ericsson 13', 70'
T. Bunke 43'
Andersson 79' (pen)
|Report||Hansson 55', 65'|
Estonia v Lithuania was not played since neither team could qualify with a win.
Lángara 13', 14' (pen.), 46', 71', 85'
Regueiro 65', 70'
|Silva 10'||Report||Lángara 12', 25'|
11–1 on aggregate; Spain qualified.
Meazza 44', 71'
Italy qualified, as Greece declined to play the second match.
|Baikushev 27'||Report||Sárosi 29'
Szabó 61' (pen.)
|Horvath 19', 22', 33'
|Szabó 9', 58'
Solti 60', 73'
Bulgaria withdrew, and the remaining matches were not played since Hungary and Austria were already assured of the top two spots.
Hungary and Austria qualified.
|Martyna 52' (pen)||Report||Silný 33'
Hochstrasser 80' (pen.)
Romania and Switzerland qualified.
|3||Irish Free State||2||0||1||1||6||9||0.67||1|
|Irish Free State||4–4||Belgium|
|Moore 27', 48', 56', 75'||Report||Capelle 15'
S. Vanden Eynde 30'
F. Vanden Eynde 47', 60'
|Netherlands||5–2||Irish Free State|
|Smit 41', 85'
Bakhuys 67', 78'
Bakhuys 62', 84'
Netherlands and Belgium qualified (Belgium finished above the Irish Free State on goal average).
|Rasselnberg 2', 35', 57', 89'
Hohmann 30', 52', 53'
|Speicher 47'||Report||Aston 3'
Nicolas 26', 67', 85', 89' (pen.)
Germany v France was not played since both teams were already assured of the top two spots.
Germany and France qualified.
Peru withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.
Chile withdrew, so Argentina qualified automatically.
|St. Fort 85' (pen.)||Report||López 20' (pen.)
H. Socorro 61'
|St. Fort 25' (pen.)||Report||López 85'|
|Report||H. Socorro 5'
López 18', 86'
F. Socorro 37'
10–2 on aggregate; Cuba advanced to the Second Round.
|Mejía 12', 14', 16'||Report||López 40', 63'|
Mejía 31', 40', 79'
|Alonso 32', 75'
12–3 on aggregate; Mexico advanced to the Final Round.
The match to decide whether USA or Mexico would qualify was played in Italy only three days before the start of the final tournament, as the USA team submitted their entry too late. Thus, the match was played on Italian ground, so that the winner would effectively stay for the tournament.
|Donelli 28', 32', 74', 87'||Report||Alonso 25'
United States qualified.
The Palestine football team consisted exclusively of Jewish and British players.
FIFA states, in reference to the 1930s Palestine Mandate team, that the 'Palestine team' that participated in previous competitions in the 1930s was actually the forerunner of today's Israel team, and as such bears no relation to the modern-day Palestine national team. However, the region currently known as Palestine is considered one of the first Asian teams to compete in the FIFA World Cup qualifiers.
|2||Palestine, British Mandate||2||0||0||2||2||11||0.18||0|
|Egypt||7–1||Palestine, British Mandate|
|El-Tetsh 11', 35', 51'
Taha 21', 79'
Latif 43', 87'
|Palestine, British Mandate||1–4||Egypt|
El-Tetsh 7', 22'
11–2 on aggregate; Egypt qualified.
Only six of the teams qualifying for the final competition – Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, France, Romania, and the USA – had already attended the World Cup in 1930.
|Team||Finals Appearance||Streak||Last Appearance|
The modern Palestine, an Arab State, has no connection with the Jewish delegation from Palestine (at the time a British Mandate) who were the first Jewish national team, and as such the forerunner of Israel.