2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA 월드컵 한국/일본 (Korean)
2002 FIFA Woldeu Keop Hanguk/Ilbon
2002 FIFAワールドカップ 韓国/日本 (Japanese)
2002 FIFA Waarudo Kappu Kankoku/Nippon
2002 FIFA World Cup.png
Tournament details
Host countriesSouth Korea
Japan
Dates31 May – 30 June 2002
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)20 (in 20 host cities)
Final positions
Champions Brazil (5th title)
Runners-up Germany
Third place Turkey
Fourth place South Korea
Tournament statistics
Matches played64
Goals scored161 (2.52 per match)
Attendance2,705,198 (42,269 per match)
Top scorer(s)Brazil Ronaldo Nazário (8 goals)
Best player(s)Germany Oliver Kahn
Best young playerUnited States Landon Donovan
Best goalkeeperGermany Oliver Kahn
Fair play award Belgium
1998
2006

The 2002 FIFA World Cup, also branded as Korea Japan 2002, was the 17th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial football world championship for men's national teams organized by FIFA. It was held from 31 May to 30 June 2002 at sites in South Korea and Japan, with its final match hosted by Japan at International Stadium in Yokohama.

A field of 32 teams qualified for this World Cup, which was the first to be held in Asia, the first to be held outside of the Americas or Europe, as well as the first to be jointly-hosted by more than one nation. China, Ecuador, Senegal, and Slovenia made their World Cup debuts.

The tournament had several upsets and surprise results, which included the defending champions France being eliminated in the group stage after earning a single point without scoring a goal and second favourites Argentina also being eliminated in the group stage. South Korea managed to reach the semi-finals, beating Poland, Portugal, Italy and Spain en route. They became the first team from outside of the UEFA, CONMEBOL, and CONCACAF regions to reach the semi-finals of a World Cup. However, the most potent team at the tournament, Brazil, prevailed, winning the final against Germany 2–0, making them the first and only country to have won the World Cup five times.[1] The victory qualified Brazil for the 2003 and subsequently 2005 FIFA Confederations Cups, its fourth and fifth Confederations Cup appearance in a row. In the third place play-off match against South Korea, Turkey won 3–2, taking third place in only their second ever FIFA World Cup, and scored the fastest goal in the FIFA World Cup history (10.8 seconds after kick-off).[2]

The 2002 World Cup was also the last one to use the golden goal rule and the last one to use the same ball for all matches. Starting in 2006 and continuing to the present, a ball with the same technical specifics but different colors has been used in the final.

Host selection

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts

Korean Air Boeing 747 adorned with 2002 World Cup livery marking South Korea as co-hosts
Korean Air Boeing 747 adorned with 2002 World Cup livery marking South Korea as co-hosts
Japanese 10,000 yen coin for the 2002 FIFA World Cup
Japanese 10,000 yen coin for the 2002 FIFA World Cup

South Korea and Japan were selected as hosts by FIFA on 31 May 1996. Initially, South Korea, Japan and Mexico presented three rival bids. South Korea's entry into the race was seen by some as a response to the bid of political and sporting rival Japan.[3] FIFA leaders were split on whom to favor as host as politics within the world governing body held sway.[4] With Mexico regarded as a long shot, the battle to host the tournament came down to South Korea and Japan. The two Asian rivals went on a massive and expensive PR blitz around the world, prompting Sultan Ahmad Shah, the head of the Asian Football Confederation, to step in.[3] FIFA boss João Havelange had long backed the Japanese bid,[4] but his rival in FIFA, UEFA chief Lennart Johansson, sought to undermine Havelange's plans.[4] UEFA and the AFC viewed co-hosting between the two Asian rivals as the best option.[4] South Korea and Japan were finally faced with a choice of having no World Cup or a shared World Cup and they reluctantly chose to go along with co-hosting.[4] South Korea and Japan were chosen unanimously as co-hosts in preference to Mexico.[5] This was the first World Cup to be hosted by more than one country, the second being the 2026 World Cup, which will be hosted by the United States, Mexico and Canada. This is also the first ever World Cup to be hosted in Asia, the other being the 2022 World Cup, hosted by Qatar, twenty years later. The general secretary of South Korea's bidding committee, Song Young-shik, stated that FIFA was interested in staging some matches in North Korea in order to aid Korean reunification, but it was ruled out.[6]

At the time the decision was made, Japan had never qualified for a World Cup finals (although the Japanese did subsequently qualify for the 1998 competition). The only other countries to have been awarded a World Cup without previously having competed in a final tournament are Italy in 1934 and Qatar in 2022 (Uruguay hosted the first World Cup in 1930 so there was no prior tournament; they were defending Olympic champions from 1928).

The unusual choice of host proved an issue for football fans in Europe, used to watching international matches on or close to their time zone.[7] With games taking place in the European morning, some schools and businesses chose to open late on match days or set up communal watching events before the start of work.[8][9]

Qualification

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification

199 teams attempted to qualify for the 2002 World Cup. The qualification process began with the preliminary draw held in Tokyo on 7 December 1999. Defending champions France and co-hosts South Korea and Japan qualified automatically and did not have to play any qualification matches. This was the final World Cup in which the defending champions qualified automatically.[10]

14 places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia) and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central America and the Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and UEFA and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania). Four nations qualified for the finals for the first time: China, Ecuador, Senegal and Slovenia. As of 2022, this was the last occasion on which the Republic of Ireland, Turkey and China qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time that Australia and Switzerland failed to qualify.

Turkey qualified for the first time since 1954, Poland and Portugal both qualified for the first time since 1986 and Costa Rica and Uruguay qualified for the first time since 1990. Sweden, Russia and the Republic of Ireland also returned after missing the 1998 World Cup. 1998 semi-finalists the Netherlands, three-time participants in the 1990s Romania and Colombia, and Bulgaria, Morocco and Norway, who had participated in the previous two finals tournaments, alongside Chile, Scotland and Iran which participated in the latest edition, failed to qualify, while South Korea set a record by appearing in a fifth successive finals tournament, the first nation from outside Europe or the Americas to achieve this feat.

All seven previous World Cup-winning nations (Argentina, Brazil, England, France, Germany, Italy, and Uruguay) qualified, which broke the record of most previous champions at a tournament before the record was broken again in 2014. The highest ranked team not to qualify for the finals was Colombia (ranked 4th), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was China PR (ranked 50th).

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings,[11] qualified for the final tournament:

Venues

South Korea and Japan each provided 10 venues, the vast majority of them newly built for the tournament. Groups A–D played all their matches in South Korea and Groups E–H played all their matches in Japan.[12] The stadiums in Daegu, Suwon, Yokohama and Saitama all hosted 4 matches each, while the other 16 stadiums hosted 3 matches each. Notably, no matches were played in Tokyo, making it the first capital of a host country not to have a World Cup venue.[a]

South Korea South Korea
Daegu Seoul Busan Incheon Ulsan
Daegu World Cup Stadium Seoul World Cup Stadium Busan Asiad Stadium Incheon World Cup Stadium Ulsan Munsu Football Stadium
Capacity: 68,014[13][b] Capacity: 63,961[14][c] Capacity: 55,982[15][d] Capacity: 52,179[16][e] Capacity: 43,550[17][f]
Suwon Gwangju Jeonju Seogwipo Daejeon
Suwon World Cup Stadium Gwangju World Cup Stadium Jeonju World Cup Stadium Jeju World Cup Stadium Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Capacity: 43,188[18][g] Capacity: 42,880[19][h] Capacity: 42,391[20][i] Capacity: 42,256[21][j] Capacity: 40,407[22][k]

South Korea

Japan

Japan Japan
Yokohama Saitama Shizuoka Osaka Miyagi
International Stadium Yokohama Saitama Stadium Shizuoka Stadium ECOPA Nagai Stadium Miyagi Stadium
Capacity: 72,327[23][l] Capacity: 63,000[24][m] Capacity: 50,600[25][n] Capacity: 50,000[26][o] Capacity: 49,000[27][p]
Ōita Niigata Kashima Kobe Sapporo
Ōita Stadiumdagger Niigata Stadium Kashima Stadium Kobe Wing Stadium Sapporo Domedagger
Capacity: 43,000[28][q] Capacity: 42,300[29][r] Capacity: 42,000[30][s] Capacity: 42,000[31][t] Capacity: 42,000[32][u]

Match officials

There was much controversy over the refereeing in the tournament.[33] Questionable decisions in the match between Italy and South Korea resulted in 400,000 complaints, and featured in ESPN's 10 most fabled World Cup controversies.[34] The match between Spain and South Korea featured two controversially disallowed Spanish goals, which Iván Helguera referred to as "a robbery" and led to Spanish press brandishing the officials "thieves of dreams", though FIFA dismissed the incident as human error.[35][36]

Squads

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup squads

This was the first World Cup that featured squads of 23 players, an increase from 22 previously. Of the 23 players, three must be goalkeepers.

Draw

Further information: 2002 FIFA World Cup seeding

The FIFA Organising Committee announced the eight seeded teams on 28 November 2001. The historic tradition to seed the hosts (Japan and South Korea) and holders (France) was upheld; while the remaining five seeds were granted to the other five of the top six teams, ranked by their results in the last three FIFA World Cups (ratio 3:2:1) and their FIFA World Ranking position in the last month of the past three years (equal ratio).[37]

For the draw, the 32 teams were allocated into four pots; the eight top-seeded teams, were allocated in pot 1 and would be drawn/selected into the first position of the eight groups playing in the group stage. The remaining 24 unseeded teams, were allocated into three pots based on geographical sections, with the: 11 European teams in pot 2; two Asian teams and three South American teams in pot 3; three North American teams and five African teams in pot 4.[38]

The general principle was to draw one team from each pot into the eight groups, although with special combined procedures for pot 2 and pot 3, due to comprising more/less than eight teams - but sixteen teams in total. At the same time, the draw also needed to respect the geographical limitation, that each group could not feature more than one team from each confederation, except for the European teams where the limitation was maximum two per group. Finally, special limitations were also stipulated to evenly distribute the presence of teams from each confederation between the groups playing respectively in Korea (group A-D) and Japan (group E-H); while China for political considerations only could be drawn for one of the groups playing in Korea.[38]

Pot 1
Top-seeded teams
(DC + hosts + top 6 seeds)
Pot 2
Europe
(UEFA)
Pot 3
Asia & South America
(AFC & CONMEBOL)
Pot 4
Africa & North America
(CAF & CONCACAF)

The FIFA Organising Committee decided ahead of the draw, to place the defending champions (France) in Group A; while the co-hosts South Korea and Japan were placed respectively in Group D and Group H. The procedure for the draw comprised the following six steps:[38][39]

  1. Pot 1 was used to draw, in alphabetic group order, the remaining five top-seeded teams for the first position of groups B, C, E, F and G; while respecting the restriction that one of the two South American seeds (Brazil and Argentina) had to play in a group played in South Korea (B/C) and the other had to play in a group played in Japan (E/F/G).
  2. Pot 2 was used to draw one European team to each of the eight groups (drawing unrestricted in the alphabetic order from A to H).
  3. As per the FIFA rule of only allowing a maximum of two European teams in each group, the remaining three European teams from Pot 2, was subject to a second draw, to be put in either of the four groups containing a top-seeded South American team or Asian team. This was done by first drawing the European team from Pot 2, and then drawing which seeded opponent the European team should be paired with, from a special bowl with four blue balls containing the names of Brazil, Argentina, Japan and South Korea.
  4. Pot 3 was used to draw one team to each of the five groups with an empty third slot (drawing in alphabetical order from A to H); while respecting the geographical restrictions, that:
    1. None of the unseeded South American teams (Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay) from pot 3, could be drawn into a group with a seeded South American team (Brazil and Argentina).
    2. None of the unseeded Asian teams (Saudi Arabia and China) from pot 3, could be drawn into a group with a seeded Asian team (South Korea and Japan in Group D and H); along with the overall rule that China had to play in South Korea (meaning either group A, B or C) and that Saudi Arabia had to play in Japan (meaning either group E, F or G).
  5. Pot 4 was used to draw one team to each of the eight groups (drawing in the alphabetic order from A to H); while respecting the restrictions that:
    1. Minimum one North American team and minimum two African teams should be drawn to a group located in South Korea (Group A/B/C/D)
    2. Minimum one North American team and minimum two African teams should be drawn to a group located in Japan (Group E/F/G/H)
  6. To decide the match schedules, the exact group position number for the un-seeded teams in each group (2, 3 or 4), were also drawn immediately from eight special group bowls, after each respective team had been drawn from pot 2, 3 and 4.

Besides of drawing the teams, the event also featured American vocalist Anastacia giving a debut public performance of the official song of the World Cup: Boom.[40][41]

Draw results and group fixtures

The draw resulted in the following eight groups:[39]

Group A (Korea)
Pos Team
A1  France
A2  Senegal
A3  Uruguay
A4  Denmark
Group B (Korea)
Pos Team
B1  Spain
B2  Slovenia
B3  Paraguay
B4  South Africa
Group C (Korea)
Pos Team
C1  Brazil
C2  Turkey
C3  China
C4  Costa Rica
Group D (Korea)
Pos Team
D1  South Korea
D2  Poland
D3  United States
D4  Portugal


Group E (Japan)
Pos Team
E1  Germany
E2  Saudi Arabia
E3  Republic of Ireland
E4  Cameroon
Group F (Japan)
Pos Team
F1  Argentina
F2  Nigeria
F3  England
F4  Sweden
Group G (Japan)
Pos Team
G1  Italy
G2  Ecuador
G3  Croatia
G4  Mexico
Group H (Japan)
Pos Team
H1  Japan
H2  Belgium
H3  Russia
H4  Tunisia

In each group, the teams played three matches, one against each of the other teams. Victories were granted 3 points, while a draw was equal to 1 point. After completion of the Group stage, the best two teams of each group advanced to the Round of 16 in the knockout stage, in a way so all group winners started out meeting a runner-up from one of the other groups. This format was identical with the tournament structure being used in 1998. A total of 64 games were played, including the final and a bronze medal game between the two semifinale losers.

Group F was considered the group of death, as it brought together Argentina, England, Nigeria and Sweden.[40]

The fixtures for the Group stage were decided based on the draw results, as follows:

Group stage schedule
Matchday Dates Matches
Matchday 1 31 May – 5 June 2002 1 v 2, 3 v 4
Matchday 2 5–10 June 2002 1 v 3, 4 v 2
Matchday 3 11–14 June 2002 4 v 1, 2 v 3

Group stage

All times are Korea Standard Time and Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)

  Champion   Runner-up    Third place   Fourth place    Quarter-finals   Round of 16    Group stage

Groups A, B, C and D based in South Korea. Groups E, F, G and H based in Japan.

In the following tables:

The teams in the group play were ranked upon

In the original version of the rules for the final tournament, the ranking criteria were in a different order, with head-to-head results taking precedence over total goal difference. The rules were changed to the above in advance of the tournament, but older versions were still available on the FIFA and UEFA websites, causing some confusion among those trying to identify the correct criteria.[42]

Group A

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group A

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Denmark 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Senegal 3 1 2 0 5 4 +1 5
3  Uruguay 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1 2
4  France 3 0 1 2 0 3 −3 1
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
France 0–1 Senegal
Report Bouba Diop 30'
Uruguay 1–2 Denmark
Rodríguez 47' Report Tomasson 45', 83'
Munsu Cup Stadium, Ulsan
Attendance: 30,157
Referee: Saad Mane (Kuwait)

Denmark 1–1 Senegal
Tomasson 16' (pen.) Report Diao 52'
France 0–0 Uruguay
Report
Busan Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
Attendance: 38,289
Referee: Felipe Ramos (Mexico)

Denmark 2–0 France
Rommedahl 22'
Tomasson 67'
Report
Senegal 3–3 Uruguay
Fadiga 20' (pen.)
Bouba Diop 26', 38'
Report Morales 46'
Forlán 69'
Recoba 88' (pen.)

Group B

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group B

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Spain 3 3 0 0 9 4 +5 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Paraguay 3 1 1 1 6 6 0 4
3  South Africa 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4
4  Slovenia 3 0 0 3 2 7 −5 0
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
Paraguay 2–2 South Africa
Santa Cruz 39'
Arce 55'
Report T. Mokoena 63'
Fortune 90+1' (pen.)
Spain 3–1 Slovenia
Raúl 44'
Valerón 74'
Hierro 87' (pen.)
Report Cimirotič 82'

Spain 3–1 Paraguay
Morientes 53', 69'
Hierro 83' (pen.)
Report Puyol 10' (o.g.)
South Africa 1–0 Slovenia
Nomvethe 4' Report

South Africa 2–3 Spain
McCarthy 31'
Radebe 53'
Report Raúl 4', 56'
Mendieta 45+1'
Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon
Attendance: 31,024
Referee: Saad Mane (Kuwait)
Slovenia 1–3 Paraguay
Ačimovič 45+1' Report Cuevas 65', 84'
Campos 73'
Jeju World Cup Stadium, Seogwipo
Attendance: 30,176
Referee: Felipe Ramos (Mexico)

Group C

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group C

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Brazil 3 3 0 0 11 3 +8 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Turkey 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 4
3  Costa Rica 3 1 1 1 5 6 −1 4
4  China 3 0 0 3 0 9 −9 0
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
Brazil 2–1 Turkey
Ronaldo 50'
Rivaldo 87' (pen.)
Report Hasan Şaş 45+2'
China 0–2 Costa Rica
Report Gómez 61'
Wright 65'

Brazil 4–0 China
Roberto Carlos 15'
Rivaldo 32'
Ronaldinho 45' (pen.)
Ronaldo 55'
Report
Jeju World Cup Stadium, Seogwipo
Attendance: 36,750
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)
Costa Rica 1–1 Turkey
Parks 86' Report Emre B. 56'
Incheon Munhak Stadium, Incheon
Attendance: 42,299
Referee: Coffi Codjia (Benin)

Costa Rica 2–5 Brazil
Wanchope 39'
Gómez 56'
Report Ronaldo 10', 13'
Edmílson 38'
Rivaldo 62'
Júnior 64'
Turkey 3–0 China
Hasan Şaş 6'
Bülent 9'
Davala 85'
Report
Seoul World Cup Stadium, Seoul
Attendance: 43,605
Referee: Óscar Ruiz (Colombia)

Group D

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group D

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  South Korea (H) 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  United States 3 1 1 1 5 6 −1 4
3  Portugal 3 1 0 2 6 4 +2 3
4  Poland 3 1 0 2 3 7 −4 3
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
(H) Host
South Korea 2–0 Poland
Hwang Sun-hong 26'
Yoo Sang-chul 53'
Report
Busan Asiad Main Stadium, Busan
Attendance: 48,760
Referee: Óscar Ruiz (Colombia)
United States 3–2 Portugal
O'Brien 4'
J. Costa 29' (o.g.)
McBride 36'
Report Beto 39'
Agoos 71' (o.g.)
Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon
Attendance: 37,306
Referee: Byron Moreno (Ecuador)

South Korea 1–1 United States
Ahn Jung-hwan 78' Report Mathis 24'
Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
Attendance: 60,778
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)
Portugal 4–0 Poland
Pauleta 14', 65', 77'
Rui Costa 88'
Report

Portugal 0–1 South Korea
Report Park Ji-sung 70'
Poland 3–1 United States
Olisadebe 3'
Kryszałowicz 5'
Żewłakow 66'
Report Donovan 83'
Daejeon World Cup Stadium, Daejeon
Attendance: 26,482
Referee: Lu Jun (China)

Group E

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group E

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Germany 3 2 1 0 11 1 +10 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Republic of Ireland 3 1 2 0 5 2 +3 5
3  Cameroon 3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 4
4  Saudi Arabia 3 0 0 3 0 12 −12 0
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
Republic of Ireland 1–1 Cameroon
Holland 52' Report M'Boma 39'
Niigata Stadium, Niigata
Attendance: 33,679
Referee: Toru Kamikawa (Japan)
Germany 8–0 Saudi Arabia
Klose 20', 25', 70'
Ballack 40'
Jancker 45+1'
Linke 73'
Bierhoff 84'
Schneider 90+1'
Report
Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
Attendance: 32,218
Referee: Ubaldo Aquino (Paraguay)

Germany 1–1 Republic of Ireland
Klose 19' Report Robbie Keane 90+2'
Cameroon 1–0 Saudi Arabia
Eto'o 66' Report
Saitama Stadium, Saitama
Attendance: 52,328
Referee: Terje Hauge (Norway)

Cameroon 0–2 Germany
Report Bode 50'
Klose 79'
Ecopa Stadium, Shizuoka
Attendance: 47,085
Referee: Antonio López Nieto (Spain)
Saudi Arabia 0–3 Republic of Ireland
Report Robbie Keane 7'
Breen 61'
Duff 87'

Group F

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group F

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Sweden 3 1 2 0 4 3 +1 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  England 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 5
3  Argentina 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 4
4  Nigeria 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2 1
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
Argentina 1–0 Nigeria
Batistuta 63' Report
England 1–1 Sweden
Campbell 24' Report Alexandersson 59'
Saitama Stadium, Saitama
Attendance: 52,721
Referee: Carlos Simon (Brazil)

Sweden 2–1 Nigeria
Larsson 35', 63' (pen.) Report Aghahowa 27'
Wing Stadium, Kobe
Attendance: 36,194
Referee: René Ortubé (Bolivia)
Argentina 0–1 England
Report Beckham 44' (pen.)
Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
Attendance: 35,927
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

Sweden 1–1 Argentina
A. Svensson 59' Report Crespo 88'
Nigeria 0–0 England
Report
Nagai Stadium, Osaka
Attendance: 44,864
Referee: Brian Hall (United States)

Group G

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group G

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Mexico 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Italy 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4
3  Croatia 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 3
4  Ecuador 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
Croatia 0–1 Mexico
Report Blanco 60' (pen.)
Niigata Big Swan Stadium, Niigata
Attendance: 32,239
Referee: Lu Jun (China)
Italy 2–0 Ecuador
Vieri 7', 27' Report
Sapporo Dome, Sapporo
Attendance: 31,081
Referee: Brian Hall (United States)

Italy 1–2 Croatia
Vieri 55' Report Olić 73'
Rapaić 76'
Kashima Soccer Stadium, Ibaraki
Attendance: 36,472
Referee: Graham Poll (England)
Mexico 2–1 Ecuador
Borgetti 28'
Torrado 57'
Report Delgado 5'
Miyagi Stadium, Miyagi
Attendance: 45,610
Referee: Mourad Daami (Tunisia)

Mexico 1–1 Italy
Borgetti 34' Report Del Piero 85'
Ōita Big Eye Stadium, Ōita
Attendance: 39,291
Referee: Carlos Simon (Brazil)
Ecuador 1–0 Croatia
Méndez 48' Report

Group H

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup Group H

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Japan (H) 3 2 1 0 5 2 +3 7 Advance to knockout stage
2  Belgium 3 1 2 0 6 5 +1 5
3  Russia 3 1 0 2 4 4 0 3
4  Tunisia 3 0 1 2 1 5 −4 1
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Tie-breaking criteria
(H) Host
Japan 2–2 Belgium
Suzuki 59'
Inamoto 67'
Report Wilmots 57'
Van Der Heyden 75'
Saitama Stadium, Saitama
Attendance: 55,256
Referee: William Mattus (Costa Rica)
Russia 2–0 Tunisia
Titov 59'
Karpin 64' (pen.)
Report
Kobe Wing Stadium, Kobe
Attendance: 30,957
Referee: Peter Prendergast (Jamaica)

Japan 1–0 Russia
Inamoto 51' Report
Tunisia 1–1 Belgium
Bouzaiene 17' Report Wilmots 13'
Ōita Big Eye Stadium, Ōita
Attendance: 39,700
Referee: Mark Shield (Australia)

Tunisia 0–2 Japan
Report Morishima 48'
H. Nakata 75'
Nagai Stadium, Osaka
Attendance: 45,213
Referee: Gilles Veissière (France)
Belgium 3–2 Russia
Walem 7'
Sonck 78'
Wilmots 82'
Report Beschastnykh 52'
Sychev 88'

Knockout stage

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup knockout stage

South Koreans watching their country playing in a knock out game on the big screens in Seoul Plaza
South Koreans watching their country playing in a knock out game on the big screens in Seoul Plaza

For the second round, quarter-finals and semi-finals, the qualifiers from Groups A, C, F and H played their games in Japan while the qualifiers from Groups B, D, E and G played their games in South Korea. Daegu, South Korea, hosted the third-place match while Yokohama, Japan, hosted the final.

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
15 June – Seogwipo
 
 
 Germany1
 
21 June – Ulsan
 
 Paraguay0
 
 Germany1
 
17 June – Jeonju
 
 United States0
 
 Mexico0
 
25 June – Seoul
 
 United States2
 
 Germany1
 
16 June – Suwon
 
 South Korea0
 
 Spain (p)1 (3)
 
22 June – Gwangju
 
 Republic of Ireland1 (2)
 
 Spain0 (3)
 
18 June – Daejeon
 
 South Korea (p)0 (5)
 
 South Korea (a.s.d.e.t.)2
 
30 June – Yokohama
 
 Italy1
 
 Germany0
 
15 June – Niigata
 
 Brazil2
 
 Denmark0
 
21 June – Shizuoka
 
 England3
 
 England1
 
17 June – Kobe
 
 Brazil2
 
 Brazil2
 
26 June – Saitama
 
 Belgium0
 
 Brazil1
 
16 June – Ōita
 
 Turkey0 Third place
 
 Sweden1
 
22 June – Osaka29 June – Daegu
 
 Senegal (a.s.d.e.t.)2
 
 Senegal0 South Korea2
 
18 June – Miyagi
 
 Turkey (a.s.d.e.t.)1  Turkey3
 
 Japan0
 
 
 Turkey1
 

Round of 16

In the round of 16, Germany beat Paraguay 1–0 with a late goal by Oliver Neuville in Seogwipo. England defeated Denmark in Niigata 3–0, with all goals occurring in the first half of the game. Sweden and Senegal faced off in Ōita and finished 1–1 in regular time and it took a golden goal from Henri Camara in extra time to settle the game for Senegal 2–1, which lead to Senegal becoming only the second African team to reach the last eight (after Cameroon in 1990). Spain and the Republic of Ireland played in Suwon, where Spain led most of the match 1–0 until a late penalty kick scored by Robbie Keane made the match go to extra time, where Spain emerged victorious in a penalty shoot-out. The United States beat CONCACAF rivals Mexico 2–0 in Jeonju with Brian McBride and Landon Donovan scoring the goals. Brazil defeated Belgium 2–0 in Kobe, with an amazing volley by Rivaldo and a splendid counter-attack goal by Ronaldo. Turkey ended co-hosts Japan's run with a 1–0 win in Miyagi, thanks to an Ümit Davala goal in the 12th minute. The other co-hosts, South Korea, defeated Italy 2–1 in extra time in Daejeon with a goal by Ahn Jung-hwan in the 117th minute.[43] South Korea's win ensured that, for the very first time in the Cup's history, teams from five continents – Europe, North America, South America, Africa and Asia – reached the quarter-finals of the same tournament.

Germany 1–0 Paraguay
Neuville 88' Report

Denmark 0–3 England
Report Ferdinand 5'
Owen 22'
Heskey 44'
Big Swan Stadium, Niigata
Attendance: 40,582
Referee: Markus Merk (Germany)

Sweden 1–2 (a.e.t.) Senegal
Larsson 11' Report Camara 37', gold-colored soccer ball 104'
Big Eye Stadium, Ōita
Attendance: 39,747
Referee: Ubaldo Aquino (Paraguay)

Spain 1–1 (a.e.t.) Republic of Ireland
Morientes 8' Report Robbie Keane 90' (pen.)
Penalties
Hierro soccer ball with check mark
Baraja soccer ball with check mark
Juanfran soccer ball with red X
Valerón soccer ball with red X
Mendieta soccer ball with check mark
3–2 soccer ball with check mark Robbie Keane
soccer ball with red X Holland
soccer ball with red X Connolly
soccer ball with red X Kilbane
soccer ball with check mark Finnan
Suwon World Cup Stadium, Suwon
Attendance: 38,926
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)

Mexico 0–2 United States
Report McBride 8'
Donovan 65'

Brazil 2–0 Belgium
Rivaldo 67'
Ronaldo 87'
Report
Kobe Wing Stadium, Kobe
Attendance: 40,440
Referee: Peter Prendergast (Jamaica)

Japan 0–1 Turkey
Report Ümit Davala 12'
Miyagi Stadium, Rifu
Attendance: 45,666
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

South Korea 2–1 (a.e.t.) Italy
Seol Ki-Hyeon 88'
Ahn Jung-Hwan gold-colored soccer ball 117'
Report Vieri 18'

Quarter-finals

In the quarter-finals, England and Brazil squared off in Shizuoka, where Ronaldinho scored a free-kick goal over England's David Seaman early in the second half as Brazil won 2–1.[44] The United States lost to Germany 1–0 in Ulsan by a Michael Ballack goal in the 39th minute, but controversy surrounded the game when United States demanded the referee give a penalty for a goal-line handball by Torsten Frings in the 49th minute, but the referee did not award the penalty. South Korea got another success in Gwangju in a controversial manner, overcoming Spain 5–3 on penalties after a 0–0 draw in which the Spaniards twice thought they had scored while onside; however, the efforts were disallowed by the referee with controversial decisions.[45][46] While the decisions were marginal, in both incidents the Korean players stopped playing after seeing the flag raised, allowing the goals to be scored. The hosts became the first team in the Asian Football Confederation to reach the semi-finals of the World Cup, eclipsing the record of their North Korean counterparts who reached the quarter-finals in 1966. They also became the first World Cup semi-final team not from UEFA or CONMEBOL since the United States did it in the first World Cup in 1930. Turkey defeated Senegal 1–0 in Osaka, with a golden goal scored by İlhan Mansız in the 94th minute.

England 1–2 Brazil
Owen 23' Report Rivaldo 45+2'
Ronaldinho 50'
Stadium Ecopa, Shizuoka
Attendance: 47,436
Referee: Felipe Ramos (Mexico)

Germany 1–0 United States
Ballack 39' Report
Munsu Cup Stadium, Ulsan
Attendance: 37,337
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)

Spain 0–0 (a.e.t.) South Korea
Report
Penalties
Hierro soccer ball with check mark
Baraja soccer ball with check mark
Xavi soccer ball with check mark
Joaquín soccer ball with red X
3–5 soccer ball with check mark Hwang Sun-hong
soccer ball with check mark Park Ji-sung
soccer ball with check mark Seol Ki-hyeon
soccer ball with check mark Ahn Jung-hwan
soccer ball with check mark Hong Myung-bo

Senegal 0–1 (a.e.t.) Turkey
Report İlhan gold-colored soccer ball 94'
Nagai Stadium, Osaka
Attendance: 44,233
Referee: Óscar Ruiz (Colombia)

Semi-finals

The semi-finals saw 1–0 games; the first semi-final, played in Seoul, saw Michael Ballack's goal suffice for Germany to eliminate South Korea. However, Ballack had already received a yellow card during the match before, which forced him to miss the final based on accumulated yellow cards.[47] The next day in Saitama saw Ronaldo score a goal early in the second half, his sixth of the competition for Brazil, to defeat Turkey in a replay of their Group C encounter.[48][49]

Germany 1–0 South Korea
Ballack 75' Report
Seoul World Cup Stadium, Seoul
Attendance: 65,256
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

Brazil 1–0 Turkey
Ronaldo 49' Report
Saitama Stadium, Saitama
Attendance: 61,058
Referee: Kim Milton Nielsen (Denmark)

Third place play-off

In the third-place match in Daegu, Turkey beat the South Koreans 3–2, their first goal coming from Hakan Şükür straight from the opening kick-off (even though South Korea kicked off) in 10.8 seconds, the fastest ever goal in World Cup history.[50]

South Korea 2–3 Turkey
Lee Eul-yong 9'
Song Chong-gug 90+3'
Report Şükür 1'
İlhan 13', 32'
Daegu World Cup Stadium, Daegu
Attendance: 63,483
Referee: Saad Mane (Kuwait)

Final

Main article: 2002 FIFA World Cup final

In the final match held in Yokohama, Japan, two goals from Ronaldo secured the World Cup for Brazil as they claimed victory over Germany.[51] Ronaldo scored twice in the second half and, after the game, won the Golden Shoe award for the tournament's leading scorer with eight goals.[52] This was the fifth time Brazil had won the World Cup, cementing their status as the most successful national team in the history of the competition. Brazil became the only team since Argentina in 1986 to win the trophy without needing to win a penalty shoot-out at some stage during the knockout phase and the total number of penalty shoot-outs (2) was the lowest since the four-round knockout format was introduced in 1986. Brazil also became the first team to win every match at a World Cup since 1970 and set a new record for highest aggregate goal difference (+14) for a World Cup winner. Brazil's captain Cafu, who became the first player to appear in three successive World Cup finals, accepted the trophy on behalf of the team.

Germany 0–2 Brazil
Report Ronaldo 67', 79'

Statistics

Goalscorers

Ronaldo won the Golden Shoe after scoring eight goals. In total, 161 goals were scored by 109 players, with three of them credited as own goals. Two of those own goals were in the same match, marking the first time in FIFA World Cup history that own goals had been scored by both teams in the same match.

Disciplinary statistics

Awards

Golden Boot[55] Golden Ball[55] Yashin Award[55] Best Young Player[55] FIFA Fair Play Trophy[55] Most Entertaining Team[55]
Brazil Ronaldo Germany Oliver Kahn1 Germany Oliver Kahn United States Landon Donovan  Belgium  South Korea

1Oliver Kahn is the only goalkeeper to have won the Golden Ball in FIFA World Cup history.[56]

All-star team

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Germany Oliver Kahn
Turkey Rüştü Reçber

England Sol Campbell
Spain Fernando Hierro
South Korea Hong Myung-bo
Turkey Alpay Özalan
Brazil Roberto Carlos

Germany Michael Ballack
United States Claudio Reyna
Brazil Rivaldo
Brazil Ronaldinho
South Korea Yoo Sang-chul

Senegal El Hadji Diouf
Germany Miroslav Klose
Brazil Ronaldo
Turkey Hasan Şaş

Source: USA Today, 29 June 2002

Final standings

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 2002 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[57]

Pos Grp Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Result
1 C  Brazil 7 7 0 0 18 4 +14 21 1st
2 E  Germany 7 5 1 1 14 3 +11 16 2nd
3 C  Turkey 7 4 1 2 10 6 +4 13 3rd
4 D  South Korea 7 3 2 2 8 6 +2 11 4th
5 B  Spain 5 3 2 0 10 5 +5 11 Eliminated in the quarter-finals
6 F  England 5 2 2 1 6 3 +3 8
7 A  Senegal 5 2 2 1 7 6 +1 8
8 D  United States 5 2 1 2 7 7 0 7
9 H  Japan 4 2 1 1 5 3 +2 7 Eliminated in the round of 16
10 A  Denmark 4 2 1 1 5 5 0 7
11 G  Mexico 4 2 1 1 4 4 0 7
12 E  Republic of Ireland 4 1 3 0 6 3 +3 6
13 F  Sweden 4 1 2 1 5 5 0 5
14 H  Belgium 4 1 2 1 6 7 −1 5
15 G  Italy 4 1 1 2 5 5 0 4
16 B  Paraguay 4 1 1 2 6 7 −1 4
17 B  South Africa 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4 Eliminated in the group stage
18 F  Argentina 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 4
19 C  Costa Rica 3 1 1 1 5 6 −1 4
20 E  Cameroon 3 1 1 1 2 3 −1 4
21 D  Portugal 3 1 0 2 6 4 +2 3
22 H  Russia 3 1 0 2 4 4 0 3
23 G  Croatia 3 1 0 2 2 3 −1 3
24 G  Ecuador 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
25 D  Poland 3 1 0 2 3 7 −4 3
26 A  Uruguay 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1 2
27 F  Nigeria 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2 1
28 A  France 3 0 1 2 0 3 −3 1
29 H  Tunisia 3 0 1 2 1 5 −4 1
30 B  Slovenia 3 0 0 3 2 7 −5 0
31 C  China 3 0 0 3 0 9 −9 0
32 E  Saudi Arabia 3 0 0 3 0 12 −12 0
Source:[citation needed]

Marketing

Sponsorship

The sponsors of the 2002 FIFA World Cup are divided into three categories: FIFA World Cup Sponsors and South Korea and Japan Supporters.[58][59]

Ticket sales problem

The original domestic ticket allocation had fully sold out and the organising committee completed sales of tickets returned from the international allocation by the end of April. However, there were a significant number of empty seats at the opening matches.[75] It was gradually revealed that the World Cup Ticketing Bureau (WCTB) still had unsold tickets in its possession. After FIFA agreed to sell this inventory, JAWOC undertook sales over telephone and WCTB handled the internet sales.[76] For the second round Japan vs. Turkey match in Miyagi in particular, although it was reported by both parties that all tickets had been sold, some 700 seats remained empty.

Symbols

Ato, Kaz and Nik were the 2002 World Cup mascots.
Ato, Kaz and Nik were the 2002 World Cup mascots.

Mascot

The official mascot of this World Cup was "Ato, Kaz, and Nik" (The Spheriks), orange, purple, and blue (respectively) futuristic, computer-generated creatures. Collectively, members of a team of "Atmosball" (a fictional football-like sport), Ato is the coach while Kaz and Nik are players. The three individual names were selected from shortlists by users on the Internet and at McDonald's outlets in the host countries.[77]

Match ball

Main article: Adidas Fevernova

The official match ball was "Fevernova", manufactured by Adidas.[78]

Music

The official song was "Boom".[79] The official local song of this World Cup was "Let's Get Together Now". The official anthem was "Anthem".

Cultural event

In Search of Fresh Air. Banner by Ray L. Burggraf.
In Search of Fresh Air. Banner by Ray L. Burggraf.

The official FIFA cultural event of the 2002 World Cup was a flag festival called Poetry of the Winds.[80] Held in Nanjicheon Park, an area of the World Cup Park close to Seoul World Cup Stadium,[81][82] Poetry of the Winds was exhibited from 29 May to 25 June in order to wish success upon the World Cup and promote a festive atmosphere. During the flag art festival, hand-painted flags from global artists were displayed as a greeting to international guests in a manner that was designed to promote harmony (2002 Flag Art Festival Executive Committee).[80]

Concerns

The World Cup was originally going to be hosted either in Japan or in South Korea, but in the end both rivals had decided to share the hosting duties thus making this World Cup the first to have multiple host nations. However, there were concerns regarding the selection of hosts due to logistical issues caused by fans traveling across two separate sovereign nations as well as whether some of the 20 stadiums to be constructed for the World Cup would be ready in time for it or not. While political and infrastructural problems were eventually overcome, there still remained the issue of East Asia's wet season which could disrupt the play. The timing of the tournament thus had been altered to mitigate as much as possible against such issues, with the tournament kicking off on May 31 and due to run until June 30, the earliest date for a World Cup final since 1986.[83]

The time difference caused issues for fans worldwide especially in Europe, where people had to go to work when matches were played.[84]

Aftermath and legacy

The tournament had a major economic impact on both South Korea and Japan, generating an estimated US$1.3 billion in revenue.[85] Spending from World Cup tourists in South Korea created US$307 million in direct income and US$713 million in valued added.[85] Japan spent an estimated US$5.6 billion on preparations for the event, which had a US$24.8 billion impact on the Japanese economy and accounted for 0.6% of their GDP in 2002.[86]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Brazil crowned world champions". BBC Sport. 30 June 2002. Archived from the original on 14 April 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  2. ^ "Turkey finish in style". BBC Sport. 29 June 2002.