This is a list of all penalty shoot-outs that have taken place in the final tournaments of the FIFA World Cup.[1]

For knockout matches tied after regulation and extra time, the first editions of the World Cup used the rule of replaying the game. Replacement of the rule was first proposed in 1970 to the IFAB,[2] and penalty shoot-outs were adopted for the World Cup from the 1978 tournament[3] (from 1986 for final matches), although in practice they did not occur before 1982.

Twice, in 1994 and 2006, the World Cup title has been decided by a penalty shoot-out.[4][5] Of the 30 shoot-outs that have taken place in the competition, only two reached the sudden death stage after still being tied at the end of "best of five kicks".

Penalty shoot-outs

2018 World Cup: Eric Dier scores the winning goal in England's first World Cup penalty shoot-out victory. The team had lost three times before.
2018 World Cup: Eric Dier scores the winning goal in England's first World Cup penalty shoot-out victory. The team had lost three times before.
Key
Penalty shoot-outs in the FIFA World Cup
Event Winner F Loser Penalties Winning team Losing team Round Date & Venue R
S M T GK Takers Takers GK
1. 1982,
Spain
 West Germany 3–3  France 5–4 1–2 6–6 Schumacher Kaltz soccer ball with check mark
Breitner soccer ball with check mark
Stielike

Littbarski soccer ball with check mark
Rummenigge soccer ball with check mark

Hrubesch soccer ball with check mark

soccer ball with check mark Giresse
soccer ball with check mark Amoros
soccer ball with check mark Rocheteau
Six

soccer ball with check mark Platini

Bossis

Ettori Semi-finals 8 July,
Seville
(Pizjuán)
[r 1]
2. 1986,
Mexico
 France 1–1  Brazil 4–3 1–2 5–5 Bats Stopyra soccer ball with check mark
Amoros soccer ball with check mark
Bellone soccer ball with check mark
Platini

Fernández soccer ball with check mark
Sócrates

soccer ball with check mark Alemão
soccer ball with check mark Zico
soccer ball with check mark Branco
Júlio César
Carlos Quarter-finals 21 June,
Guadalajara
(Jalisco)
[r 2]
3.  West Germany 0–0  Mexico 4–1 0–2 4–3 Schumacher Allofs soccer ball with check mark
Brehme soccer ball with check mark
Matthäus soccer ball with check mark
Littbarski soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Negrete
Quirarte

Servín
Larios 21 June,
San Nicolás
(Universitario)
[r 3]
4.  Belgium 1–1  Spain 5–4 0–1 5–5 Pfaff Claesen soccer ball with check mark
Scifo soccer ball with check mark
Broos soccer ball with check mark
Vervoort soccer ball with check mark
L. Van der Elst soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Señor
Eloy

soccer ball with check mark Chendo
soccer ball with check mark Butragueño
soccer ball with check mark Víctor
Zubizarreta 22 June,
Puebla
(Cuauhtémoc)
[r 4]
5. 1990,
Italy
 Republic of Ireland 0–0  Romania 5–4 0–1 5–5 Bonner Sheedy soccer ball with check mark
Houghton soccer ball with check mark
Townsend soccer ball with check mark
Cascarino soccer ball with check mark
O'Leary soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Hagi
soccer ball with check mark Lupu
soccer ball with check mark Rotariu
soccer ball with check mark Lupescu
Timofte
Lung Second round 25 June,
Genoa
(Ferraris)
[r 5]
6.  Argentina 0–0  Yugoslavia 3–2 2–3 5–5 Goycochea Serrizuela soccer ball with check mark
Burruchaga soccer ball with check mark
Maradona

Troglio

Dezotti soccer ball with check mark
Stojković

soccer ball with check mark Prosinečki
soccer ball with check mark Savićević
Brnović

Hadžibegić
Ivković Quarter-finals 30 June,
Florence
(Comunale)
[r 6]
7.  Argentina 1–1  Italy 4–3 0–2 4–5 Goycochea Serrizuela soccer ball with check mark
Burruchaga soccer ball with check mark
Olarticoechea soccer ball with check mark
Maradona soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Baresi
soccer ball with check mark R. Baggio
soccer ball with check mark De Agostini
Donadoni

Serena
Zenga Semi-finals 3 July,
Naples
(San Paolo)
[r 7]
8.  West Germany 1–1  England 4–3 0–2 4–5 Illgner Brehme soccer ball with check mark
Matthäus soccer ball with check mark
Riedle soccer ball with check mark
Thon soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Lineker
soccer ball with check mark Beardsley
soccer ball with check mark Platt
Pearce

Waddle
Shilton 4 July,
Turin
(Delle Alpi)
[r 8]
9. 1994,
United States
 Bulgaria 1–1  Mexico 3–1 1–3 4–4 Mihaylov Balakov

Genchev soccer ball with check mark
Borimirov soccer ball with check mark
Lechkov soccer ball with check mark
García Aspe

Bernal

Rodríguez

soccer ball with check mark Suárez
Campos Second round 5 July,
East Rutherford
(Giants)
[r 9]
10.  Sweden 2–2  Romania 5–4 1–2 6–6 Ravelli Mild

K. Andersson soccer ball with check mark
Brolin soccer ball with check mark
Ingesson soccer ball with check mark
R. Nilsson soccer ball with check mark

Larsson soccer ball with check mark

soccer ball with check mark Răducioiu
soccer ball with check mark Hagi
soccer ball with check mark Lupescu
Petrescu

soccer ball with check mark Dumitrescu

Belodedici

Prunea Quarter-finals 10 July,
Stanford
(Stanford)
[r 10]
11.  Brazil 0–0  Italy 3–2 1–3 4–5 Taffarel Santos

Romário soccer ball with check mark
Branco soccer ball with check mark
Dunga soccer ball with check mark
Baresi

soccer ball with check mark Albertini
soccer ball with check mark Evani
Massaro

R. Baggio
Pagliuca Final 17 July,
Pasadena
(Rose Bowl)
[r 11]
12. 1998,
France
 Argentina 2–2  England 4–3 1–2 5–5 Roa Berti soccer ball with check mark
Crespo

Verón soccer ball with check mark
Gallardo soccer ball with check mark
Ayala soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Shearer
Ince

soccer ball with check mark Merson
soccer ball with check mark Owen
Batty
Seaman Second round 30 June,
Saint-Étienne
(Geoffroy-Guichard)
[r 12]
13.  France 0–0  Italy 4–3 1–2 5–5 Barthez Zidane soccer ball with check mark
Lizarazu

Trezeguet soccer ball with check mark
Henry soccer ball with check mark
Blanc soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark R. Baggio
Albertini

soccer ball with check mark Costacurta
soccer ball with check mark Vieri
Di Biagio
Pagliuca Quarter-finals 3 July,
Saint-Denis
(Stade de France)
[r 13]
14.  Brazil 1–1  Netherlands 4–2 0–2 4–4 Taffarel Ronaldo soccer ball with check mark
Rivaldo soccer ball with check mark
Emerson soccer ball with check mark
Dunga soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark F. de Boer
soccer ball with check mark Bergkamp
Cocu

R. de Boer
Van der Sar Semi-finals 7 July,
Marseille
(Vélodrome)
[r 14]
15. 2002,
South Korea &
Japan
 Spain 1–1  Republic of Ireland 3–2 2–3 5–5 Casillas Hierro soccer ball with check mark
Baraja soccer ball with check mark
Juanfran

Valerón

Mendieta soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Robbie Keane
Holland

Connolly

Kilbane

soccer ball with check mark Finnan
Given Second round 16 June,
Suwon
(World Cup St.)
[r 15]
16.  South Korea 0–0  Spain 5–3 0–1 5–4 Lee Woon-jae Hwang Sun-hong soccer ball with check mark
Park Ji-sung soccer ball with check mark
Seol Ki-hyeon soccer ball with check mark
Ahn Jung-hwan soccer ball with check mark
Hong Myung-bo soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Hierro
soccer ball with check mark Baraja
soccer ball with check mark Xavi
Joaquín
Casillas Quarter-finals 22 June,
Gwangju
(World Cup St.)
[r 16]
17. 2006,
Germany
 Ukraine 0–0   Switzerland 3–0 1–3 4–3 Shovkovskyi Shevchenko

Milevskyi soccer ball with check mark
Rebrov soccer ball with check mark
Husyev soccer ball with check mark
Streller

Barnetta

Cabanas
Zuberbühler Second round 26 June,
Cologne
(FIFA WM-Stadion)
[r 17]
18.  Germany 1–1  Argentina 4–2 0–2 4–4 Lehmann Neuville soccer ball with check mark
Ballack soccer ball with check mark
Podolski soccer ball with check mark
Borowski soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Cruz
Ayala

soccer ball with check mark Rodríguez
Cambiasso
Franco Quarter-finals 30 June
Berlin
(Olympiastadion)
[r 18]
19.  Portugal 0–0  England 3–1 2–3 5–4 Ricardo Simão soccer ball with check mark
Viana

Petit

Postiga soccer ball with check mark
Ronaldo soccer ball with check mark
Lampard

soccer ball with check mark Hargreaves
Gerrard

Carragher
Robinson 1 July,
Gelsenkirchen
(FIFA WM-Stadion)
[r 19]
20.  Italy 1–1  France 5–3 0–1 5–4 Buffon Pirlo soccer ball with check mark
Materazzi soccer ball with check mark
De Rossi soccer ball with check mark
Del Piero soccer ball with check mark
Grosso soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Wiltord
Trezeguet

soccer ball with check mark Abidal
soccer ball with check mark Sagnol
Barthez Final 9 July,
Berlin
(Olympiastadion)
[r 20]
21. 2010,
South Africa
 Paraguay 0–0  Japan 5–3 0–1 5–4 Villar Barreto soccer ball with check mark
Barrios soccer ball with check mark
Riveros soccer ball with check mark
Valdez soccer ball with check mark
Cardozo soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Endō
soccer ball with check mark Hasebe
Komano

soccer ball with check mark Honda
Kawashima Second round 29 June,
Pretoria
(Loftus Versfeld)
[r 21]
22.  Uruguay 1–1  Ghana 4–2 1–2 5–4 Muslera Forlán soccer ball with check mark
Victorino soccer ball with check mark
Scotti soccer ball with check mark
M. Pereira

Abreu soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Gyan
soccer ball with check mark Appiah
Mensah

Adiyiah
Kingson Quarter-finals 2 July,
Johannesburg
(Soccer City)
[r 22]
23. 2014,
Brazil
 Brazil 1–1  Chile 3–2 2–3 5–5 Júlio César David Luiz soccer ball with check mark
Willian

Marcelo soccer ball with check mark
Hulk

Neymar soccer ball with check mark
Pinilla

Sánchez

soccer ball with check mark Aránguiz
soccer ball with check mark Díaz
Jara
Bravo Second round 28 June,
Belo Horizonte
(Mineirão)
[r 23]
24.  Costa Rica 1–1  Greece 5–3 0–1 5–4 Navas Borges soccer ball with check mark
Ruiz soccer ball with check mark
González soccer ball with check mark
Campbell soccer ball with check mark
Umaña soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Mitroglou
soccer ball with check mark Lazaros
soccer ball with check mark Holebas
Gekas
Karnezis 29 June,
Recife
(Pernambuco)
[r 24]
25.  Netherlands 0–0  Costa Rica 4–3 0–2 4–5 Krul Van Persie soccer ball with check mark
Robben soccer ball with check mark
Sneijder soccer ball with check mark
Kuyt soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Borges
Ruiz

soccer ball with check mark González
soccer ball with check mark Bolaños
Umaña
Navas Quarter-finals 5 July,
Salvador
(Fonte Nova)
[r 25]
26.  Argentina 0–0  Netherlands 4–2 0–2 4–4 Romero Messi soccer ball with check mark
Garay soccer ball with check mark
Agüero soccer ball with check mark
Rodríguez soccer ball with check mark
Vlaar

soccer ball with check mark Robben
Sneijder

soccer ball with check mark Kuyt
Cillessen Semi-finals 9 July,
São Paulo
(Corinthians)
[r 26]
27. 2018,
Russia
 Russia 1–1  Spain 4–3 0–2 4–5 Akinfeev Smolov soccer ball with check mark
Ignashevich soccer ball with check mark
Golovin soccer ball with check mark
Cheryshev soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Iniesta
soccer ball with check mark Piqué
Koke

soccer ball with check mark Ramos
Aspas
De Gea Second round 1 July,
Moscow
(Luzhniki)
[r 27]
28.  Croatia 1–1  Denmark 3–2 2–3 5–5 Subašić Badelj

Kramarić soccer ball with check mark
Modrić soccer ball with check mark
Pivarić

Rakitić soccer ball with check mark
Eriksen

soccer ball with check mark Kjær
soccer ball with check mark Krohn-Dehli
Schöne

N. Jørgensen
Schmeichel 1 July,
Nizhny Novgorod
(Nizhny Novgorod)
[r 28]
29.  England 1–1  Colombia 4–3 1–2 5–5 Pickford Kane soccer ball with check mark
Rashford soccer ball with check mark
Henderson

Trippier soccer ball with check mark
Dier soccer ball with check mark
soccer ball with check mark Falcao
soccer ball with check mark Ju. Cuadrado
soccer ball with check mark Muriel
Uribe

Bacca
Ospina 3 July,
Moscow
(Otkritie)
[r 29]
30.  Croatia 2–2  Russia 4–3 1–2 5–5 Subašić Brozović soccer ball with check mark
Kovačić

Modrić soccer ball with check mark
Vida soccer ball with check mark
Rakitić soccer ball with check mark
Smolov

soccer ball with check mark Dzagoev
Fernandes

soccer ball with check mark Ignashevich
soccer ball with check mark Kuzyayev
Akinfeev Quarter-finals 7 July,
Sochi
(Fisht)
[r 30]

Statistics

By team

Penalty shoot-out statistics by team
Team Played Win Loss % Win Win Year Loss Year
 Argentina 5 4 1 80% 1990 (x2), 1998, 2014 2006
 Germany[b] 4 4 0 100% 1982, 1986, 1990, 2006 -
 Brazil 4 3 1 75% 1994†, 1998, 2014 1986
 France 4 2 2 50% 1986, 1998 1982, 2006†
 Italy 4 1 3 25% 2006† 1990, 1994†, 1998
 Spain 4 1 3 25% 2002 1986, 2002, 2018
 England 4 1 3 25% 2018 1990, 1998, 2006
 Netherlands 3 1 2 33% 2014 1998, 2014
 Croatia 2 2 0 100% 2018 (x2) -
 Republic of Ireland 2 1 1 50% 1990 2002
 Costa Rica 2 1 1 50% 2014 2014
 Russia 2 1 1 50% 2018 2018
 Mexico 2 0 2 0% - 1986, 1994
 Romania 2 0 2 0% - 1990, 1994
Team Played Win Loss % Win Win Year Loss Year
 Belgium 1 1 0 100% 1986 -
 Bulgaria 1 1 0 100% 1994 -
 Sweden 1 1 0 100% 1994 -
 South Korea 1 1 0 100% 2002 -
 Portugal 1 1 0 100% 2006 -
 Ukraine 1 1 0 100% 2006 -
 Uruguay 1 1 0 100% 2010 -
 Paraguay 1 1 0 100% 2010 -
 Yugoslavia 1 0 1 0% - 1990
  Switzerland 1 0 1 0% - 2006
 Ghana 1 0 1 0% - 2010
 Japan 1 0 1 0% - 2010
 Chile 1 0 1 0% - 2014
 Greece 1 0 1 0% - 2014
 Colombia 1 0 1 0% - 2018
 Denmark 1 0 1 0% - 2018

By tournament

Before the introduction of penalty shoot-outs in 1978:

Penalty shoot-outs by tournaments
Year Teams Knock-out
matches
Matches with
extra time
Penalty
shoot-outs
Percentage of
extra time
matches
Percentage of
matches with
penalties
Penalties
scored
Penalty
attempts
Penalty
score
rate
1978 16 2 1 0 50.0% 0.0% - - -
1982 24 4 1 1 25.0% 25.0% 9 12 75.0%
1986 24 16 5 3 31.3% 18.8% 21 27 77.8%
1990 24 16 8 4 50.0% 25.0% 28 38 73.7%
1994 24 16 4 3 25.0% 18.8% 18 29 62.1%
1998 32 16 4 3 25.0% 18.8% 20 28 71.4%
2002 32 16 5 2 31.3% 12.5% 13 19 68.4%
2006 32 16 6 4 37.5% 25.0% 21 33 63.6%
2010 32 16 4 2 25.0% 12.5% 14 18 77.8%
2014 32 16 8 4 50.0% 25.0% 26 36 72.2%
2018 32 16 5 4 31.2% 25.0% 26 39 66.7%
Total 150 51 30 34.0% 20.0% 196 279 70.25%

Highest values in bold.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Since the introduction of shoot-outs as tiebreakers in 1978.
  2. ^ a b c d Includes records by  West Germany.
  3. ^ Includes saves, shots onto the bar, and shots wide.

References

  1. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™". FIFA.com. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). ssbra.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "World Cup penalty shootout rules: How it works, ABBA system or ABAB". 11 July 2018.
  4. ^ "FIFA world cup penalty kicks continue as part of soccers history". The Guardian. July 2014. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
  5. ^ McCarra, Kevin (10 July 2006). "Italy strike gold as Zidane sees red". the Guardian. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  6. ^ Sen, Debayan (7 July 2018). "By the numbers: Back-to-back shootout wins for Croatia, record penalty saves for Subasic". www.espn.com. ESPN. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
Match reports
  1. ^ "1982 FIFA World Cup Spain ™ - Matches - Germany FR-France". FIFA.com. 8 July 1982. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  2. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Brazil-France". FIFA.com. 21 June 1986. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  3. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Germany FR-Mexico". FIFA.com. 21 June 1986. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  4. ^ "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico ™ - Matches - Spain-Belgium". FIFA.com. 22 June 1986. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  5. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Republic of Ireland-Romania". FIFA.com. 25 June 1990. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  6. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Yugoslavia-Argentina". FIFA.com. 30 June 1990. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  7. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Italy-Argentina". FIFA.com. 3 July 1990. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  8. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup Italy ™ - Matches - Germany FR-England". FIFA.com. 4 July 1990. Archived from the original on 8 December 2017. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  9. ^ "1994 FIFA World Cup USA ™ - Matches - Mexico-Bulgaria". FIFA.com. 5 July 1994. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  10. ^ "1994 FIFA World Cup USA ™ - Matches - Romania-Sweden". FIFA.com. 10 July 1994. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  11. ^ "1994 FIFA World Cup USA ™ - Matches - Brazil-Italy". FIFA.com. 17 July 1994. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  12. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France ™ - Matches - Argentina-England". FIFA.com. 30 June 1998. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  13. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France ™ - Matches - Italy-France". FIFA.com. 3 July 1998. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  14. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France ™ - Matches - Brazil-Netherlands". FIFA.com. 7 July 1998. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  15. ^ "2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan ™ - Matches - Spain-Republic of Ireland". FIFA.com. 16 June 2002. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  16. ^ "2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan ™ - Matches - Spain-Republic of Ireland". FIFA.com. 16 June 2002. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  17. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - Switzerland-Ukraine". FIFA.com. 26 June 2006. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  18. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - Germany-Argentina". FIFA.com. 30 June 2006. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  19. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - England-Portugal". FIFA.com. 1 July 2006. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  20. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany ™ - Matches - Italy-France". FIFA.com. 9 July 2006. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  21. ^ "2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™ - Matches - Paraguay-Japan". FIFA.com. 29 June 2010. Archived from the original on 21 July 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  22. ^ "2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa™ - Matches - Uruguay-Ghana". FIFA.com. 2 July 2010. Archived from the original on 5 July 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  23. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Brazil-Chile". FIFA.com. 28 June 2014. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  24. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Costa Rica-Greece". FIFA.com. 29 June 2014. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  25. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Netherlands-Costa Rica". FIFA.com. 5 July 2014. Archived from the original on 10 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  26. ^ "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™ - Matches - Netherlands-Argentina". FIFA.com. 9 July 2014. Archived from the original on 12 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  27. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Spain - Russia". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  28. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Croatia - Denmark". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 27 June 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  29. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Colombia - England". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  30. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Russia - Croatia". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on 2 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.

Further reading