Alas Purwo National Park
Taman Nasional Alas Purwo
Banteng (Bos javanicus) in the national park
Map showing the location of Alas Purwo National Park
Map showing the location of Alas Purwo National Park
Alas Purwo NP
Location in Java
LocationEast Java, Indonesia
Nearest cityBanyuwangi
Coordinates8°41′S 114°28′E / 8.683°S 114.467°E / -8.683; 114.467
Area434.20 km2 (167.65 sq mi)
Visitors14,720 (in 2006[1])
Governing bodyMinistry of Environment and Forestry

Alas Purwo National Park is situated on Blambangan Peninsula in the Banyuwangi Regency, at the southeastern tip of East Java province. The park is famous for its wild Banteng and surfing location at Grajagan Bay.

The park's name means first forest or ancient forest,[2] following a Javanese legend that says the earth first emerged from the ocean here.


The park is located in Blambangan Peninsula at the southeastern tip of Java island, along the shore of the strait across Bali.

With an area of 434 km2, the park is made up of mangroves, savanna, lowland monsoon forests, and coral-fringed beaches. An internationally renowned surf break peels along the edge of the park at Plengkung on Grajagan Bay. Mount Linggamanis (322m) is also located in this national park.

Flora and fauna

The flora protected in this national park include Terminalia catappa, Calophyllum inophyllum, Sterculia foetida, Barringtonia asiatica, and Manilkara kauki.[3]

It is home to some of Java’s endangered species, such as the banteng (Bos javanicus). In April 2004, there were only 57 bantengs found in the savanna of Sadengan, while the population in the previous year was estimated to be 80 to 100,[4] but in August 2010, the scientists found 73 bantengs in the 80-hectare savanna area, a big increase in 6 years, although they faced threats of poaching and loss of habitat.[5] Herds of bantengs usually come to Sadengan in the morning and afternoon in search of plants.

The biggest threat to the bantengs are humans. Poachers set traps outside the park during the dry season to snare bantengs wandering outside the park in search of water. The bantengs are slaughtered and the meat is sold.

Other threatened animal species protected in Alas Purwo include the dhole, Javan langur, green peafowl, red junglefowl, olive ridley, hawksbill turtle, and green turtle.[3]


See also: G-Land

Between the months of March and November, thousands of surfers from all over the world visit the park for its surf break. The destination is Plengkung Beach in Grajagan Bay, also known as G-Land, which is about half a day's travel from Bali.

The beach is considered one of the best surfing spots in Asia.[6] With rideable waves up to 5 meters, it is considered a spot for experienced surfers only. The place is listed as Quicksilver World Tour Circuit.[7]


  1. ^ "Forestry statistics of Indonesia 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  2. ^ Joshua Eliot; Liz Capaldi; Jane Bickersteth (2001). Indonesia handbook, Volume 3. Footprint Travel Guides. ISBN 978-1-900949-51-4.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Forestry: Alas Purwo National Park Archived 2009-11-10 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved 10-December-2009
  4. ^ Banteng di Ujung Timur Pulau Jawa. KOMPAS, Sunday, May 30, 2004. Retrieved on August 27, 2007 (in Indonesian)
  5. ^ Desy Nurhayati (September 9, 2010). "Ox population in East Java park increases despite threats". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  6. ^ Oey, Eric (2001). Java. Tuttle Publishing. p. 395. ISBN 962-593-244-5.
  7. ^ Backshall, Stephen (2003). The Rough Guide to Indonesia. Rough Guides. p. 336. ISBN 978-1-85828-991-5.