All in the Family
GenreSitcom
Created byNorman Lear
Based onTill Death Us Do Part by Johnny Speight
Developed byNorman Lear and Bud Yorkin
Starring
Theme music composerLee Adams (lyrics),
Charles Strouse (music), Roger Kellaway (ending theme)
Opening theme"Those Were the Days"
Performed by Carroll O'Connor and Jean Stapleton
Ending theme"Remembering You"
by Roger Kellaway, (music) and Carroll O'Connor (additional lyrics added in 1971; instrumental version)
Country of originUnited States
No. of seasons9
No. of episodes205 (list of episodes)
Production
Production locationsCBS Television City
Hollywood, California (1971–75)
Metromedia Square
Hollywood, California (1975–79)
Running time25–26 minutes
Production companyTandem Productions
DistributorSony Pictures Television
Release
Original networkCBS
Picture formatColor
Original releaseJanuary 12, 1971 (1971-01-12) –
April 8, 1979 (1979-04-08)
Chronology
Followed byArchie Bunker's Place
704 Hauser
Related shows

All in the Family is an American sitcom television series that was originally broadcast on the CBS television network for nine seasons, from 1971 to 1979. Afterwards, it was continued with the spin-off series Archie Bunker's Place, which picked up where All in the Family had ended and ran for four more seasons through 1983.

Based on the British sitcom Till Death Us Do Part,[1][2] All in the Family was produced by Norman Lear and Bud Yorkin. It starred Carroll O'Connor, Jean Stapleton, Sally Struthers, and Rob Reiner. The show revolves around the life of a working-class man and his family. The show broke ground in its depiction of issues previously considered unsuitable for a US network television comedy, such as racism, antisemitism, infidelity, homosexuality,[3] women's liberation, rape, religion, miscarriages, abortion, breast cancer, the Vietnam War, menopause, and impotence. Through depicting these controversial issues, the series became arguably one of television's most influential comedic programs, as it injected the sitcom format with more dramatic moments and realistic, topical conflicts.[4]

All in the Family is often regarded in the United States as one of the greatest television series in history.[5] Following a lackluster first season, the show soon became the most watched show in the United States during summer reruns[6] and afterwards ranked number one in the yearly Nielsen ratings from 1971 to 1976.[7] It became the first television series to reach the milestone of having topped the Nielsen ratings for five consecutive years. The episode "Sammy's Visit" was ranked number 13 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time.[8] TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time ranked All in the Family as number four. Bravo also named the show's protagonist, Archie Bunker, TV's greatest character of all time.[9] In 2013, the Writers Guild of America ranked All in the Family the fourth-best written TV series ever.[10]

Premise

All in the Family is about a working-class white family living in Queens, New York. Its patriarch is Archie Bunker (O'Connor), an outspoken, narrow-minded man, seemingly prejudiced against everyone who is not like him or his idea of how people should be. Archie's wife Edith (Jean Stapleton) is sweet and understanding, though somewhat naïve and uneducated; her husband sometimes disparagingly calls her "dingbat". Their one child, Gloria (Sally Struthers), is generally kind and good-natured like her mother, but displays traces of her father's stubbornness and temper; unlike them, she's a feminist. Gloria is married to graduate student Michael Stivic (Reiner)–referred to as "Meathead" by Archie–whose values are likewise influenced and shaped by the counterculture of the 1960s. The two couples represent the real-life clash of values between the Greatest Generation and Baby Boomers. For much of the series, the Stivics live in the Bunkers' home to save money, providing abundant opportunity for them to irritate each other.

The show is set in the Astoria section of Queens, with the vast majority of scenes taking place in the Bunkers' home at 704 Hauser Street. Occasional scenes take place in other locations, especially during later seasons, such as Kelsey's Bar, a neighborhood tavern that Archie spends a good deal of time in and eventually purchases, and the Stivics' home after Mike and Gloria move out.

Supporting characters represent the changing demographics of the neighborhood, especially the Jeffersons, a black family, who live in the house next door in the early seasons.

Cast

Main characters

The Bunkers and the Stivics: standing, Gloria (Sally Struthers) and Michael (Rob Reiner); seated, Archie (Carroll O'Connor) and Edith (Jean Stapleton) with baby Joey
The Bunkers and the Stivics: standing, Gloria (Sally Struthers) and Michael (Rob Reiner); seated, Archie (Carroll O'Connor) and Edith (Jean Stapleton) with baby Joey

Supporting characters

When Archie visits a local blood bank to make a donation, he meets his neighbor, Lionel Jefferson, who is there to do the same thing.
When Archie visits a local blood bank to make a donation, he meets his neighbor, Lionel Jefferson, who is there to do the same thing.

Recurring characters

History and production

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The show came about when Norman Lear read an article in Variety magazine on Till Death Us Do Part and its success in the United Kingdom.[18] He immediately knew it portrayed a relationship just like the one between his father and himself.[19]

Lear bought the rights to the show and incorporated his own family experiences with his father into the show. Lear's father would tell Lear's mother to "stifle herself" and she would tell Lear's father "you are the laziest white man I ever saw" (two "Archieisms" that found their way onto the show).

The original pilot was titled Justice for All[20] and was developed for ABC. Tom Bosley, Jack Warden, and Jackie Gleason were all considered for the role of Archie Bunker. In fact, CBS wanted to buy the rights to the original show and retool it specifically for Gleason, who was under contract to them, but producer Lear beat out CBS for the rights and offered the show to ABC. Mickey Rooney was offered the role but turned it down as he felt the character was "un-American".

In the pilot, Carroll O'Connor and Jean Stapleton played Archie and Edith Justice. Kelly Jean Peters played Gloria and Tim McIntire played her husband, Richard. It was taped in October 1968 in New York City. After screening the first pilot, ABC gave the producers more money to shoot a second pilot, titled Those Were the Days,[21] which Lear taped in February 1969 in Hollywood. Candice Azzara played Gloria and Chip Oliver played Richard. D'Urville Martin played Lionel Jefferson in both pilots.

After stations' and viewers' complaints caused ABC to cancel Turn-On (a sketch comedy series developed by Laugh-In's George Schlatter) after only one episode in February 1969, the network became uneasy about airing a show with a "foul-mouthed, bigoted lead" character, and rejected the series[22][23] at about the time Richard Dreyfuss sought the role of Michael. Rival network CBS was eager to update its image and was looking to replace much of its then popular "rural" programming (Mayberry R.F.D., The Beverly Hillbillies, Petticoat Junction and Green Acres) with more "urban", contemporary series and was interested in Lear's project; by this point, Gleason was no longer under contract to CBS (his own show was among those eliminated), allowing Lear to keep Carroll O'Connor on as the lead. CBS bought the rights from ABC and retitled the show All in the Family. The pilot episode CBS developed had the final cast and was the series' first episode.

Lear wanted to shoot in black and white as Till Death Us Do Part had been. While CBS insisted on color, Lear had the set furnished in neutral tones, keeping everything relatively devoid of color. As costume designer Rita Riggs described in her 2001 Archive of American Television interview, Lear's idea was to create the feeling of sepia tones, in an attempt to make viewers feel as if they were looking at an old family album.

All in the Family was the first major American series to be videotaped in front of a live studio audience. In the 1960s, most sitcoms had been filmed in the single-camera format without audiences, with a laugh track simulating an audience response. Lear employed the multiple-camera format of shooting in front of an audience, but used tape, whereas previous multiple-camera shows like The Mary Tyler Moore Show had used film. Due to the success of All in the Family, videotaping sitcoms in front of an audience became a common format for the genre during the 1970s, onward. The use of videotape also gave All in the Family the look and feel of early live television, including the original live broadcasts of The Honeymooners, to which All in the Family is sometimes compared.

For the show's final season, the practice of being taped before a live audience changed to playing the already taped and edited show to an audience and recording their laughter to add to the original sound track, and the voice-over during the end credits were changed from Rob Reiner's voice to Carroll O'Connor's (typically, the audience was gathered for a taping of One Day at a Time, and got to see All In the Family as a bonus.). Throughout its run, Norman Lear took pride in the fact that canned laughter was never used (mentioning this on many occasions); the laughter heard in the episodes was genuine.

Theme song

The series' opening theme song "Those Were the Days", was written by Lee Adams (lyrics) and Charles Strouse (music).[24] It was presented in a way that was unique for a 1970s series: Carroll O'Connor and Jean Stapleton were seated at a console or spinet piano (played by Stapleton) and sang the tune together on-camera at the start of every episode, concluding with applause from a studio audience. (The song dates back to the first Justice For All pilot filmed in 1968, although on that occasion O'Connor and Stapleton performed the song off-camera and at a faster tempo than the series version.) Six different performances were recorded over the run of the series, including one version that includes additional lyrics. The song is a simple, pentatonic melody (that can be played exclusively with black keys on a piano) in which Archie and Edith wax nostalgic for the simpler days of yesteryear. A longer version of the song was released as a single on Atlantic Records, reaching number 43 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and number 30 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart in early 1972; the additional lyrics in this longer version lend the song a greater sense of sadness and make poignant reference to social changes taking place in the 1960s and early 1970s.

A few perceptible drifts can be observed when listening to each version chronologically. In the original version, the lyric "Those Were The Days" was sung over the tonic (root chord of the song's key), and the piano strikes a dominant 7th passing chord in transition to the next part, which is absent from subsequent versions. Jean Stapleton's screeching high note on the line "And you knew who you WEEERRE then" became louder, longer, and more comical, although only in the original version did the line draw a laugh from the audience. Carroll O'Connor's pronunciation of "welfare state" added more of Archie's trademark whining enunciation, and the closing lyrics (especially "Gee, our old LaSalle ran great") were sung with increasingly deliberate articulation, as viewers had complained that they could not understand the words. Also in the original version, the camera angle was shot slightly from the right side of the talent as opposed to the straight on angle of the next version. Jean Stapleton performed the theme song without glasses beginning in season 6.

In addition to O'Connor and Stapleton singing, footage is also shown beginning with aerial shots of Manhattan, and continuing to Queens, progressively zooming in, culminating with a still shot of a lower middle-class semidetached home, presumably representing the Bunkers' house in Astoria, suggesting that the visit to the Bunkers' home has begun. The house shown in the opening credits is actually located at 89–70 Cooper Avenue in the Glendale section of Queens, New York.[25][26] A notable difference exists, between the Cooper Avenue house and the All in the Family set: the Cooper Avenue house has no porch, while the Bunkers' home featured a front porch. Since the footage used for the opening had been shot back in 1968 for the series' first pilot, the establishing shot of the Manhattan skyline was completely devoid of the World Trade Center towers, which had not yet been built. When the series aired two years later, the Trade Center towers, although under construction, had still not yet risen high enough to become a prominent feature on the Manhattan skyline (this did not happen until the end of 1971). Despite this change in the Manhattan skyline, the original, somewhat grainy 1968 footage continued to be used for the series opening until the series transitioned into Archie Bunker's Place in 1979. At that time, a new opening with current shots of the Manhattan skyline were used with the Trade Center towers being seen in the closing credits. This opening format – showing actual footage of the cities and neighborhoods in which the show was set – became the standard for most of Norman Lear's sitcoms, including others in the All in the Family franchise – Maude, Good Times, and The Jeffersons.

At the end of the opening, the camera then returns to a last few seconds of O'Connor and Stapleton, as they finish the song. At the end of the original version, Edith smiles at Archie and Archie smiles off at a slight distance. In the longest running version (from season 2 to season 5), Edith smiles blissfully at Archie, and Archie puts a cigar in his mouth and returns a rather cynical, sheepish look to Edith. From season six through eight, Edith smiles and rests her chin on Archie's shoulder. In the final season, Edith hugs Archie at the conclusion. Additionally, in the first three versions of the opening, Archie is seen wearing his classic trademark white shirt. In the final version of the opening for the series' ninth season, Archie is seen wearing a grey sweater-jacket over his white shirt. In all versions of the opening, the song's conclusion is accompanied by applause from the studio audience.

In interviews, Norman Lear explained that the idea for the piano song introduction was a cost-cutting measure. After completion of the pilot episode, the budget would not allow an elaborate scene to serve as the sequence played during the show's opening credits. Lear decided to have a simple scene of Archie and Edith singing at the piano.

The closing theme (an instrumental) was "Remembering You", played by its composer Roger Kellaway, with lyrics later added by Carroll O'Connor. It was played over footage of the same row of houses in Queens as in the opening (but moving in the opposite direction down the street), and eventually moving back to aerial shots of Manhattan, suggesting the visit to the Bunkers' home has concluded. O'Connor recorded a vocal version of "Remembering You" for a record album, but though he performed it several times on TV appearances, the lyrics (about the end of a romance) were never heard in the actual series. In July 1986, vocalist Helen Merrill's contrastingly jazz-flavored rendition, accompanied by a Kellaway-led trio and introduced by O'Connor, was featured on the Merv Griffin Show.[27][28][29]

Except for some brief instances in the first season, scenes contained no background or transitional music.

Setting and location

The house featured in the opening credits sequence, as it appeared in late 2013
The house featured in the opening credits sequence, as it appeared in late 2013

Lear and his writers set the series in the Queens neighborhood of Astoria. The location of the Bunkers' house at 704 Hauser Street is fictitious (no Hauser Street exists in Queens). The address is not presented the way addresses are given in Queens: most address numbers are hyphenated, identifying the number of the nearest cross street. Nevertheless, many episodes reveal that the Bunkers live near the major thoroughfare Northern Boulevard, which was the location of Kelsey's Bar and later Archie Bunker's Place.

The exterior of the house shown at the show opening is a home located at 89–70 Cooper Avenue, Glendale, Queens, New York, across from St. John Cemetery (40°42′45″N 73°51′39″W / 40.712492°N 73.860784°W / 40.712492; -73.860784).[25]

Many real Queens institutions are mentioned throughout the series. Carroll O'Connor, a Queens native from Forest Hills, said in an interview with the Archive of American Television that he suggested to the writers many of the locations to give the series authenticity. For example, Archie is said to have attended Flushing High School, a real school in Flushing, Queens (although in the "Man Of The Year" episode of Archie Bunker's Place, Archie attended Bryant High School in nearby Long Island City). As another example, the 1976 episode "The Baby Contest" deals with Archie entering baby Joey in a cutest-baby contest sponsored by the Long Island Daily Press, a then-operating local newspaper in Queens and Long Island.

The writers of All in the Family continued throughout the series to have the Bunkers and other characters use telephone exchange names when giving a telephone number (most other series at the time, such as The Mary Tyler Moore Show, were using the standard fictitious 555 telephone exchange) at a time when the Bell System was trying to discontinue them. At different times throughout the series, the exchanges Ravenswood and Bayside – both valid in the area – were used for the Bunkers' telephone number. Actual residents of the Bunkers' age continued using exchange names into the early 1980s, which is referred to in the 1979 episode "The Appendectomy", in which Edith gets confused between the two versions of a number she is dialing.

Episodes

Main article: List of All in the Family episodes

SeasonEpisodesOriginally airedRankRating
First airedLast aired
Pilots219681969N/AN/A
113January 12, 1971 (1971-01-12)April 6, 1971 (1971-04-06)3418.9
224September 18, 1971 (1971-09-18)March 11, 1972 (1972-03-11)134.0
324September 16, 1972 (1972-09-16)March 24, 1973 (1973-03-24)133.3
424September 15, 1973 (1973-09-15)March 16, 1974 (1974-03-16)131.2
523September 14, 1974 (1974-09-14)March 8, 1975 (1975-03-08)130.2
624September 8, 1975 (1975-09-08)March 8, 1976 (1976-03-08)130.1
725September 22, 1976 (1976-09-22)March 12, 1977 (1977-03-12)1222.9
824October 2, 1977 (1977-10-02)March 19, 1978 (1978-03-19)424.4[a]
924September 24, 1978 (1978-09-24)April 8, 1979 (1979-04-08)924.9[b]
  1. ^ Tied with 60 Minutes and Charlie's Angels
  2. ^ Tied with Taxi

"Sammy's Visit", first broadcast in February 1972, is a particularly notable episode, whose famous episode-ending scene produced the longest sustained audience laughter in the history of the show. Guest star Sammy Davis Jr. plays himself. Archie is moonlighting as a cab driver and Davis visits the Bunker home to retrieve a briefcase he left in Archie's cab earlier that day. After hearing Archie's bigoted remarks, Davis asks for a photograph with him. At the moment the picture is taken, Davis suddenly kisses a stunned Archie on the cheek. The ensuing laughter went on for so long that it had to be severely edited for network broadcast, as Carroll O'Connor still had one line ("Well, what the hell — he said it was in his contract!") to deliver after the kiss. (The line is usually cut in syndication.)[30]

Syndication

During the show's sixth season, starting on December 1, 1975, CBS began airing reruns on weekdays at 3 p.m. (EST), replacing long-running soap opera The Edge of Night, which moved to ABC. The show would later move to 3:30 p.m. and in September 1978, 10 a.m. This lasted until September 1979, when Viacom distributed the reruns to the off-network market where many stations picked up the show. In 1991, Columbia Pictures Television began syndicating the show, and Columbia's successor companies have continued to do so.

Since the late 1980s, All in the Family has been rerun on various cable and satellite networks including TBS (although it held the rights locally in Atlanta, as well), TV Land, Nick at Nite, and Sundance TV. From January 3, 2011, to December 31, 2017, the show aired on Antenna TV. As of January 1, 2018, the show began to air on GetTV.

The cast forfeited their residual rights for a cash payout early in the production run.[31]

Ratings

All in the Family is one of three television shows (The Cosby Show and the reality music competition American Idol being the others) that have been number one in the Nielsen ratings for five consecutive TV seasons. The show remained in the top 10 for seven of its nine seasons.

Season Time Nielsen ratings
Rank Rating Households
1 (1970–71) Tuesday at 9:30–10:00 pm on CBS No. 34 18.9 11,358,900[32]
2 (1971–72) Saturday at 8:00–8:30 pm on CBS No. 1 34.0 21,114,000[33]
3 (1972–73) 33.3 21,578,400[34]
4 (1973–74) 31.2 20,654,400[35]
5 (1974–75) 30.2 20,687,000[36]
6 (1975–76) Monday at 9:00–9:30 pm on CBS 30.1 20,949,600[37]
7 (1976–77) Wednesday at 9:00–9:30 pm on CBS (September 22 – October 27, 1976)
Saturday at 9:00–9:30 pm on CBS (November 6, 1976 – March 12, 1977)
No. 12 22.9 16,304,800[38]
8 (1977–78) Sunday at 9:00–9:30 pm on CBS No. 4 24.4 (tied with 60 Minutes and Charlie's Angels) 17,787,600[39]
9 (1978–79) Sunday at 9:00–9:30 pm on CBS (September 24 – October 1, 1978)
Sunday at 8:00–8:30 pm on CBS (October 8, 1978 – April 8, 1979)
No. 9 24.9 (tied with Taxi) 18,550,500 [40]

The series finale was seen by 40.2 million viewers.[41]

Spin-offs

As of 2009, All in the Family has the most spin-offs for a prime-time television series, directly spawning five other shows, three of which were very successful, as well as two of those spin-offs each having a spin-off of their own.[42]

Specials

Main article: Live in Front of a Studio Audience

At the height of the show's popularity, Henry Fonda hosted a special one-hour retrospective of All in the Family and its impact on American television. It included clips from the show's most memorable episodes up to that time. It was titled The Best of "All in the Family", and aired on December 21, 1974.

On February 16, 1991, CBS aired a 90-minute retrospective, All in the Family 20th Anniversary Special, hosted by Norman Lear to commemorate the show's 20th anniversary. It featured a compilation of clips from the show's best moments, and interviews with the four main cast members. The special was so well received by the viewing audience CBS aired reruns of All in the Family during its summer schedule in 1991, garnering higher ratings than the new series scheduled next to it, Norman Lear's sitcom Sunday Dinner.[44] The latter was Lear's return to TV series producing after a seven-year absence, and was cancelled after the six-week tryout run due to being poorly received by audiences.[45][46]

On May 22, 2019, ABC broadcast Live in Front of a Studio Audience: Norman Lear's All in the Family and The Jeffersons, produced by Lear and Jimmy Kimmel and starring Woody Harrelson,[47] Marisa Tomei,[48] Jamie Foxx, Wanda Sykes, Ike Barinholtz, Kerry Washington and Ellie Kemper.[49]

A second Live in Front of A Studio Audience special was announced in early November 2019 to air on Wednesday December 18, this time pairing the show with Good Times.[50][51]

Home media

Sony Pictures Home Entertainment (formerly Columbia TriStar Home Entertainment) released the first six seasons of All in the Family on DVD in Region 1 between 2002 and 2007. No further seasons were released, because the sales figures did not match Sony's expectations.

On June 23, 2010, Shout! Factory announced that it had acquired the rights to the series, and has since released the remaining three seasons.[52][53][54][55]

On October 30, 2012, Shout! Factory released All in the Family – The Complete Series on DVD in Region 1. The 28-disc boxed set features all 208 episodes of the series, as well as bonus features.[56]

On February 6, 2018, Sony released All in the Family- Seasons 1–5 on DVD in Region 1. The 15-disc set features all episodes from the first five seasons.[57]

Vincent Gardenia (before becoming a regular cast member as Frank Lorenzo) and Rue McClanahan played a "wife-swapping" couple who meet the unsuspecting Bunkers in a 1972 episode. L-R: McClanahan, Carroll O'Connor, Jean Stapleton, and Gardenia.[58]
Vincent Gardenia (before becoming a regular cast member as Frank Lorenzo) and Rue McClanahan played a "wife-swapping" couple who meet the unsuspecting Bunkers in a 1972 episode. L-R: McClanahan, Carroll O'Connor, Jean Stapleton, and Gardenia.[58]
DVD Name Ep # Release date
The Complete First Season 13 March 26, 2002
The Complete Second Season 24 February 4, 2003
The Complete Third Season 24 July 20, 2004
The Complete Fourth Season 24 April 12, 2005
The Complete Fifth Season 25 January 3, 2006
The Complete Sixth Season 24 February 13, 2007
The Complete Seventh Season 25 October 5, 2010
The Complete Eighth Season 24 January 11, 2011
The Complete Ninth Season 24 May 17, 2011
The Complete Series 208 October 30, 2012

Cultural impact

Archie and Edith Bunker's chairs on display in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History
Archie and Edith Bunker's chairs on display in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History

As one of US television's most acclaimed and groundbreaking programs, All in the Family has been referenced or parodied in countless other forms of media. References on other sitcoms include That '70s Show and The Simpsons.

Popular T-shirts, buttons, and bumper stickers showing O'Connor's image and farcically promoting "Archie Bunker for President" appeared around the time of the 1972 presidential election. In 1998, All in the Family was honored on a 33-cent stamp by the USPS.[59]

Archie and Edith Bunker's chairs are on display in the Smithsonian National Museum of American History.[60] The originals had been purchased by the show's set designer for a few dollars at a local Goodwill thrift store, and were given to the Smithsonian (for an exhibit on American television history) in 1978. It cost producers thousands of dollars to create replicas to replace the originals.

Then-US President Richard Nixon can be heard discussing the show (specifically the 1971 episodes "Writing the President" and "Judging Books by Covers") on one of the infamous Watergate tapes.[61][62]

Rapper Redman has made references to Archie Bunker in a few of his songs, specifically his smoking of large cigars.[63]

Awards and nominations

All in the Family is the first of four sitcoms in which all the lead actors (O'Connor, Stapleton, Struthers, and Reiner) won Primetime Emmy Awards. The other three are The Golden Girls, Will and Grace and Schitt's Creek.

Primetime Emmy awards and nominations

1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979

Golden Globe Awards and Nominations

1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980

TCA Heritage Award

In 2013, the Television Critics Association honored All in the Family with its Heritage Award for its cultural and social impact on society.[65]

See also

References

  1. ^ Brooks, Tim; Earle Marsh (2007). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present: Ninth Edition. New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-49773-4.
  2. ^ "6 American Sitcoms Based on British Originals". BBC America. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2020.
  3. ^ "Richard Nixon Tapes: Archie Bunker & Homosexuality". Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2020 – via www.youtube.com.
  4. ^ "All in the Family TV Show – Videos, Actors, Photos and Episodes from the Classic Television Show". Archived from the original on November 10, 2014.
  5. ^ "All-Time 100 TV Shows". Time. Archived from the original on August 23, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2016.
  6. ^ Cowan, Geoffrey (March 28, 1980). See No Evil. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0671254117 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Leonard, David J.; Guerrero, Lisa (April 23, 2013). African Americans on Television: Race-ing for Ratings. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0275995157. Archived from the original on January 12, 2021. Retrieved October 15, 2020 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ "Special Collector's Issue: 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time". TV Guide (June 28 – July 4). 1997.
  9. ^ "The 100 Greatest TV Characters at Bravo.com". Archived from the original on January 10, 2009.
  10. ^ "101 Best Written TV Series List". Writers Guild of America. Archived from the original on April 29, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  11. ^ This is an allusion to an early 20th-century comic strip, The Dingbat Family, by cartoonist George Herriman.
  12. ^ Lear, Norman (June 5, 2013). "Norman Lear Pens New Personal Tribute to Jean Stapleton". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  13. ^ "Gloria Bunker-Stivic". ShareTV.org. Archived from the original on October 9, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
  14. ^ "Rob Reiner". TV.com. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  15. ^ Revealed in "Stretch Cunningham, Goodbye" episode.
  16. ^ Source: The end credits of season three episodes, and onward, mention Tommy Kelsey as the character playing the bar owner.
  17. ^ "All in the Family 08 13 Edith's Crisis of Faith 1". YouTube. Archived from the original on February 7, 2016. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  18. ^ Nussbaum, Emily (April 7, 2014). "The Great Divide: Norman Lear, Archie Bunker, and the Rise of the Bad Fan". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on July 29, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  19. ^ "Norman Lear credits the British TV sitcom Till Death Do Us Part as being the inspiration for All in the Family". YouTube. Archived from the original on September 17, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  20. ^ Justice for All Archived October 28, 2020, at the Wayback Machine (unaired pilot #1) on YouTube
  21. ^ Those Were the Days Archived December 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine (unaired pilot #2) on YouTube
  22. ^ Neuwirth, Allan (2006). They'll never put that on the air: an oral history of taboo-breaking TV comedy. Allworth Communications, Inc. pp. 132–133. ISBN 978-1581158489. Archived from the original on September 9, 2021. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  23. ^ Gitlin, Todd (January 4, 2000). Inside Prime Time. University of California Press. p. 212. ISBN 978-0520217850. turn-on abc 1969.
  24. ^ "Songfacts.com". Archived from the original on November 17, 2019. Retrieved November 17, 2019.
  25. ^ a b Yee, Vivian (June 2, 2013). "Stifled by Time's Passage, Fewer Fans Visit the Bunkers' TV Home". The New York Times. p. A16. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  26. ^ "Location of the target house: 89-70 Cooper Ave". Google Maps. January 1, 1970. Archived from the original on September 16, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
  27. ^ Feather, Leonard (June 8, 1986). "Merrill's Ship Comes In—From Europe". The Los Angeles Times. Calendar section, pp. 58, 59. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  28. ^ Times staff (July 11, 1986). "Tonight on TV". The Los Angeles Times. Pt. VI, p. 26. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
  29. ^ "Helen Merrill, Roger Kellaway, Remembering You, All in the Family, 1986 TV". YouTube. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
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Further reading

Preceded by
Raid on Entebbe
1977
All in the Family
Super Bowl lead-out program
1978
Succeeded by
Brothers and Sisters
1979