Allen Parish
Allen Parish Courthouse in Oberlin (near sunset)
Allen Parish Courthouse in Oberlin (near sunset)
Official seal of Allen Parish
Map of Louisiana highlighting Allen Parish
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Map of the United States highlighting Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°40′N 92°50′W / 30.66°N 92.83°W / 30.66; -92.83
Country United States
State Louisiana
Founded1912
Named forHenry Watkins Allen
SeatOberlin
Largest cityOakdale
Area
 • Total766 sq mi (1,980 km2)
 • Land762 sq mi (1,970 km2)
 • Water4.1 sq mi (11 km2)  0.5%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total22,750
 • Density30/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.allenparish.com

Allen Parish (French: Paroisse d'Allen) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2020 census, the population was 22,750.[1] The parish seat is Oberlin and the largest city is Oakdale.[2] Allen Parish is in southwestern Louisiana, southwest of Alexandria.

Allen Parish is named for former Confederate States Army general and Governor of Louisiana Henry Watkins Allen. It was separated in 1912 from the larger Calcasieu Parish to the southwest.

Leatherwood Museum

On September 27, 2008, the Allen Parish Tourist Commission opened Leatherwood Museum in Oakdale in a two-story house which served during the early 20th century as a hospital where women waited on the second-floor balcony to deliver their babies.[3]

The museum focuses on the history of agriculture and timber.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 766 square miles (1,980 km2), of which 762 square miles (1,970 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (11 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent parishes

Waterways

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
192018,382
193015,261−17.0%
194017,54014.9%
195018,8357.4%
196019,8675.5%
197020,7944.7%
198021,3902.9%
199021,226−0.8%
200025,44019.9%
201025,7641.3%
202022,750−11.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010[9]

2020 census

Allen Parish racial composition[10]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 15,146 66.58%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 4,016 17.65%
Native American 525 2.31%
Asian 183 0.8%
Pacific Islander 7 0.03%
Other/Mixed 980 4.31%
Hispanic or Latino 1,893 8.32%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 22,750 people, 7,925 households, and 5,566 families residing in the parish.

2000 census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 25,440 people, 8,102 households, and 5,930 families residing in the parish. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13 people/km2). There were 9,157 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the parish was 71.90% White, 24.60% Black or African American, 1.72% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 4.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 6.22% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 4.68% speak Spanish.[12]

There were 8,102 households, out of which 36.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 15.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the parish the population was spread out, with 24.60% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 33.40% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 126.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 133.50 males.

The median income for a household in the parish was $27,777, and the median income for a family was $33,920. Males had a median income of $32,371 versus $17,154 for females. The per capita income for the parish was $13,101. About 17.90% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.60% of those under age 18 and 21.50% of those age 65 or over.

The most populated city as of the 2000 census was Oakdale, LA.

Politics

Allen was a strongly Democratic parish in Presidential and Congressional elections; the last Republican to win a majority in the parish before 2000 was Richard Nixon in 1972. Starting in 2000, when George W. Bush narrowly won the parish, Allen has become a Republican stronghold; John McCain won nearly two-thirds of the parish's vote in 2008.

Allen is part of Louisiana's 4th congressional district, held by Republican Mike Johnson. In the Louisiana House of Representatives Allen is part of the 32nd district, held by Republican R. DeWitt Carrier. In the Louisiana Senate Allen is part of the 28th district, held by Republican Heather Cloud.

United States presidential election results for Allen Parish, Louisiana[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,574 77.21% 2,108 21.49% 128 1.30%
2016 6,867 74.28% 2,106 22.78% 272 2.94%
2012 6,495 69.79% 2,617 28.12% 195 2.10%
2008 6,333 66.90% 2,891 30.54% 243 2.57%
2004 5,140 56.33% 3,791 41.55% 193 2.12%
2000 4,035 48.66% 3,914 47.20% 343 4.14%
1996 2,589 29.27% 4,930 55.74% 1,325 14.98%
1992 3,069 30.64% 5,626 56.16% 1,322 13.20%
1988 3,674 40.87% 5,204 57.89% 111 1.23%
1984 4,474 47.69% 4,842 51.61% 66 0.70%
1980 3,328 34.80% 6,057 63.33% 179 1.87%
1976 2,080 27.11% 5,373 70.02% 220 2.87%
1972 3,581 59.41% 2,029 33.66% 418 6.93%
1968 1,004 13.83% 2,026 27.91% 4,229 58.26%
1964 2,704 41.66% 3,787 58.34% 0 0.00%
1960 1,676 26.97% 3,719 59.84% 820 13.19%
1956 2,469 50.46% 2,284 46.68% 140 2.86%
1952 1,461 28.02% 3,754 71.98% 0 0.00%
1948 241 7.49% 1,996 62.01% 982 30.51%
1944 336 13.22% 2,205 86.78% 0 0.00%
1940 277 9.65% 2,592 90.35% 0 0.00%
1936 324 12.80% 2,207 87.20% 0 0.00%
1932 130 5.89% 2,075 93.93% 4 0.18%
1928 725 35.66% 1,308 64.34% 0 0.00%
1924 410 28.83% 1,012 71.17% 0 0.00%
1920 242 19.36% 1,008 80.64% 0 0.00%
1916 81 10.24% 708 89.51% 2 0.25%

Education

Residents are zoned to Allen Parish Schools[14]

It is in the service area of Sowela Technical Community College.[15]

National Guard

Detachment 1, B Company 3-156TH Infantry Battalion of the 256TH IBCT resided in Oakdale, Louisiana. This unit deployed twice to Iraq in 2004-5 and 2010. Armory was closed, elements moved to Camp Beauregard.

Communities

Map of Allen Parish, Louisiana With Municipal Labels

City

Towns

Village

Unincorporated communities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Allen Parish, Louisiana". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 21, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Sumrall, Bill (September 27, 2008). "A step into past: Museum showcases history of Allen Parish". The Town Talk.[dead link]
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 29, 2021.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ "Language Map Data Center". apps.mla.org.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  14. ^ Board, Allen Parish School. "Allen Parish School Board - Home". www.allen.k12.la.us.
  15. ^ "Our Colleges". Louisiana's Technical and Community Colleges. Retrieved June 3, 2021.

Geology

30°40′N 92°50′W / 30.66°N 92.83°W / 30.66; -92.83