KALB-TV
KALB logo 2014.png

KALB-DT2 Logo.png
AlexandriaPineville, Louisiana
United States
CityAlexandria, Louisiana
ChannelsDigital: 35 (UHF)
Virtual: 5
BrandingKALB NewsChannel 5
CBS 2 (on DT2)
Programming
Affiliations5.1: NBC
5.2: CBS
5.3: CW+
Ownership
OwnerGray Television
(Gray Television Licensee, LLC)
History
First air date
September 29, 1954 (67 years ago) (1954-09-29)
Former channel number(s)
Analog:
5 (VHF, 1954–2009)
Secondary:
DuMont (1954–1955)
ABC (1954–1982)
CBS (1954–1957)
PBS (per program, 1970–1971)
Call sign meaning
Know Alexandria, Louisiana Better
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID51598
ERP820 kW
HAAT481 m (1,578 ft)
Transmitter coordinates31°2′16″N 92°29′45″W / 31.03778°N 92.49583°W / 31.03778; -92.49583
Translator(s)K25PZ-D (25.1 for 5.3 CW+)
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Websitewww.kalb.com

KALB-TV (channel 5) is a television station in Alexandria, Louisiana, United States, affiliated with NBC, CBS and The CW Plus. Owned by Gray Television, the station maintains studios on Washington Street in downtown Alexandria, and its transmitter is located in Forest Hill.

History

KALB began broadcasting on September 29, 1954 with NBC's airing of the 1954 World Series. It aired an analog signal on VHF channel 5. The station has been an NBC affiliate from day one, although it also carried programs from the classic big four networks, until DuMont folded in 1955 and cable penetration in the early 1960s provided various network affiliates from Lafayette, Baton Rouge, and Shreveport. The original owners were W. H. Allen and Shreveport businessman T. B. Lanford. In 1957, Lanford purchased Allen's stake in the station as well as its radio partners, and he owned it via his company, Red River Valley Broadcasting, making KALB a sister station to fellow NBC affiliate KPLC in Lake Charles (which coincidentally signed on the same day as KALB) until that station was sold in 1964. KALB also aired programming from ABC, such as Happy Days, on a secondary basis from 1954 until the early 1980s, shortly before independent station (and future ABC affiliate) KLAX-TV (channel 31) signed on.[citation needed] Furthermore, KALB also aired Sesame Street for a brief period of time from December 1970 until December 1971; the show was removed to much viewer backlash, but over-the-air viewers could receive the program via WBRZ and later KLTM prior to KLPA's sign on.[1]

The station was a major beneficiary of a quirk in the FCC's plan for allocating stations. In the early days of broadcast television, there were twelve VHF channels available and 69 UHF channels (later reduced to 55 in 1983). The VHF bands were more desirable because they carried longer distances. Since there were only twelve VHF channels available, there were limitations as to how closely the stations could be spaced.

After the FCC's Sixth Report and Order ended the license freeze and opened the UHF band in 1952, it devised a plan for allocating VHF licenses. Under this plan, almost all of the country would be able to receive two commercial VHF channels plus one noncommercial channel. Most of the rest of the country ("1/2") would be able to receive a third VHF channel. Other areas would be designated as "UHF islands" since they were too close to larger cities for VHF service. The "2" networks became CBS and NBC, "+1" represented non-commercial educational stations, and "1/2" became ABC (which was the weakest network usually winding up with the UHF allocation where no VHF was available).

However, Alexandria was sandwiched between Shreveport (channels 3, 6, and 12) and MonroeEl Dorado (channels 8, 10, and 13) to the north, Lafayette (channels 3 and 10), Lake Charles (channel 7), and Baton Rouge (channels 2 and 9) to the south, Northwestern Mississippi (channel 6), New Orleans (channels 4, 6, 8, and 12), HoumaMorgan City southwest of New Orleans and their now-defunct channel 11, and Jackson (channels 3 and 12) to the east. This created a large "doughnut" in Central Louisiana where there could be only one VHF license. (When cable arrived in the market in the 1970s, companies supplemented the area with stations from cities immediately surrounding the doughnut.) KALB was fortunate enough to gain that license, and consequently was the only television station to be based in Alexandria until KLAX and KLPA (channel 25) signed on in 1983.

KALB began broadcasting in stereo on November 28, 1986.[2] Park Communications purchased KALB in 1993 and merged with Media General in 1997. KALB was Media General's first station west of the Mississippi River and the only station to hold that title until its purchase of Spartan Communications in 2000. On September 29, 1997, KALB began calling itself "Newschannel 5" and adopted a logo modeled after that company's flagship station, WFLA.[3] The station launched its digital signal in 2002.

Regnal Wallace, the late public relations director of the Louisiana Farm Bureau Federation who created the television series This Week in Louisiana Agriculture, was from 1962 to 1969 a sportscaster at KALB.[4]

For more than two decades, Ethma Odum, who hosted The Ethma Odum Show weekdays on KALB, was the most recognized regional television personality in Central Louisiana. She sometimes interviewed area politicians as well as actors and other celebrities passing through Alexandria. She often invited local singing groups to perform on the show. Her annual "Letters to Santa" program and her reading of Charles Tazewell's The Littlest Angel, were particularly popular. Various episodes had Odum milking a cow, visiting a shooting range, or interviewing a clown.[5] Mainly, however, Odum geared the program to the homemaker. On closing each broadcast, she urged her viewers to obtain vital cancer screenings. Widely recognized from her lifetime of broadcasting, Odum retired from the station in 2002. She also did occasional "Special Reports" for the evening newscast.[6]

From 1960 to 1966, Leverne Perry (1932–2016) hosted KALB's Leverne Perry and the Little Wranglers. He organized the Horses and Handicaps Program and was active in area rodeo events. He owned an Alexandria shoe store, was an elected member and former president of the Rapides Parish Police Jury, and in 1987 became the executive director of the Louisiana Quarter Horse Breeders Association.[7]

Former logo in 2008-2014
Former logo in 2008-2014

In January 2007, KALB launched a CBS affiliate on its second subchannel, then branded as CBS Alexandria. This gave Central Louisiana full service programming from the Big Four networks for the first time. Prior to that, CBS programming was provided on local cable by KLFY-TV in Lafayette, KNOE-TV in Monroe, or WAFB in Baton Rouge. The subchannel is now branded as CBS 2 given it is carried on Suddenlink channel 2 and also uses the fictitious callsign NALB. Suddenlink carried both NALB and KLFY in Alexandria before dropping the latter on May 1, 2015.

On October 29, 2007, Media General announced it was exploring the sale of KALB. On March 14, 2008, the company reached an agreement to sell the station and sister outlet WMBB in Panama City, Florida to Hoak Media. The deal was closed on July 16. KALB continued to use elements of its Media General-era presentation while owned by Hoak Media, keeping the news theme until 2011 and versions of the arc logo until 2014 (KALB made slight modifications to its logo and news theme in July 2012 upon launching its newscasts in high definition) On February 17, 2009, it turned off its analog signal on channel 5 and now only operates in digital on channel 35. However, through PSIP, digital tuners show the virtual channel as the former analog channel.

Originally, KALB aired a digital signal from a transmitter at its facilities in Downtown Alexandria. KALB is one of the country's most dominant stations in part because it was the only commercial station in town until KLAX-TV signed-on in 1983.

On November 20, 2013, Hoak announced the sale of most of its stations, including KALB-TV, to Gray Television.[8] The sale was completed on June 13, 2014. At the end of 2014, the station adopted its current logo; aside from continuing to refer to itself as Newschannel 5, KALB's on-air look no longer included elements from the era of Media General ownership.[9]

CW affiliation

On December 15, 2015, Gray Television came to terms on an extension of their existing CW stations and subchannels throughout their chain; the press release announcing the extension also revealed Gray also agreed to place The CW on a new third digital subchannel of KALB-TV in the fall of 2016. This saw KBCA (channel 41) lose its affiliation at that time to KALB-DT3 after their existing agreement expired.[10][11] In mid-2021, Gray launched a low powered station, K25PZ (digital channel 25, virtual channel 3), to bring a high definition feed of the CW back to Central Louisiana after the network moved to KALB.

Programming

Syndicated programming

Syndicated programming on KALB-DT1 includes Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy!, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, and The Rachael Ray Show, among others. Syndicated programming on KALB-DT2 includes Dr. Phil, Pawn Stars, Daily Mail TV, Live with Kelly and Ryan, and The Doctors among others.

News operation

KALB operates a relatively large news department compared with other Big Three affiliates in markets of its size. This results in a higher-quality product than conventional wisdom would suggest for such a small market. It is one of the country's most dominant stations largely because it had the area more or less to itself until KLAX launched in 1983.

The Jambalaya morning newscast was expanded to a two-hour broadcast in January 2012. Unlike some NBC affiliates in the Central Time Zone, there is no early evening local newscast on Sundays. On weeknights, KALB-DT2 airs CBS 2 News Second Look with the CBS Evening News airing at 6:00 p.m. This is unlike most affiliates in the Central Time Zone, which normally air the broadcast at 5:30 p.m. The morning news/weather updates and weekend newscasts are simulcast on both CBS 2 and News Channel 5. The weekend broadcasts are co-branded with the title Weekend Edition.

During weather forecast segments, KALB features a live NOAA National Weather Service weather radar feed from a site on the south side of Alexandria International Airport. On-air, this is known as "Sky Warn 5 Live Doppler". Additionally, KALB has a partnership with Radio Maria, AM 580 KJMJ in Alexandria, to simulcast its newscasts during severe weather or other emergencies. KALB's meteorologists also provide daily weather updates for Radio Maria and its network of stations.

The station also produces numerous live and recorded locally originated programs such as live coverage of the Komen Alexandria Race for the Cure and live political debates during election season.

The 5th Quarter airs from 10:05–10:35 p.m. on Friday nights during high school football season, featuring highlights and scores from schools throughout Central Louisiana.[12] The three also host the weekly show Sportsnite, recapping local and national sports news.[13]

Notable former on-air staff

Technical information

Subchannels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP short name Programming [14]
5.1 1080i 16:9 KALBNBC Main KALB-TV programming / NBC
5.2 720p KALBCBS KALB-DT2 / CBS
5.3 480i KALB CW Central Louisiana CW

K25PZ-D subchannel

Channel Video Aspect Short name Programming[15]
3.1 720p 16:9 K25PZ HD simulcast of KALB-DT3 / The CW

See also

References

  1. ^ Broadcaster Comments on Sesame St. Hassle, Alexandria Daily Town Talk, February 6, 1972, Section A Page 10
  2. ^ Alexandria Town Talk, November 8, 1986, Page C-22
  3. ^ "Tomorrow, Newscentral 5 will go off the air. Forever.," The Town-Talk, September 28, 1997, Page 25 advertisement.
  4. ^ Greg Hilburn (April 15, 2016). "La.'s original 'Voice of Agriculture' dies". The Monroe News-Star. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  5. ^ "Ethma Odum Collection". Northwestern State University in Natchitoches, Louisiana. Archived from the original on July 22, 2010. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  6. ^ "Ethma Ewing Odum, March 22, 2009". Alexandria Town Talk. Archived from the original on June 2, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  7. ^ "Leverne Perry". The Alexandria Town Talk. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  8. ^ "Gray Buying Hoak, Prime Stations For $342.5M". TVNewsCheck. November 20, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  9. ^ Gray closes Hoak deal; completes refinancing., rbr.com, Retrieved 13 June 2014.
  10. ^ Kuperberg, Jonathan (15 December 2015). "Gray TV, The CW Ink Affiliate Agreement Extension, Add 4 New Stations". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Gray Renews, Expands CW Affiliations". TVNewsCheck. December 15, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  12. ^ "5th Quarter". www.kalb.com. Retrieved 2021-02-22.
  13. ^ "Sportsnite". www.kalb.com. Retrieved 2021-02-22.
  14. ^ "RabbitEars.Info". www.rabbitears.info. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  15. ^ "RabbitEars.Info".