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KSNB-TV
KSNBNBC4.png
CityYork, Nebraska
Channels
BrandingLocal 4 (general)
Local 4 News (newscasts)
MeTV Nebraska (on DT2)
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
Owner
KOLN/KGIN, KNHL, KCWH-LD, WOWT, KNOP-TV, KNPL-LD, KIIT-CD
History
First air date
October 1, 1965 (56 years ago) (1965-10-01)
(in Superior, Nebraska; license moved to York in 2022)
Former call signs
KHTL-TV (1965–1974)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 4 (VHF, 1965–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 34 (UHF, 2004–2009)
  • 4 (VHF, 2009–2022)
  • ABC (1965–1996)
  • Fox (1994–2009; secondary until 1996)
  • Dark (2009–2011)
  • 3ABN (2011–2012)
  • Antenna TV (2012–2013)
  • MyNetworkTV (April 2013–2014; now on DT2)
  • MeTV (September 2013–2014; now on DT2)
  • Both secondary:
  • UPN (1996–1998, 2000–2005)
  • Ion Television (2000s)[specify]
Call sign meaning
Kansas Nebraska[4]
Superior, Nebraska
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID21161
ERP260 kW[1][2][3]
HAAT429.7 m (1,410 ft)[1][2][3]
Transmitter coordinates40°48′11″N 97°10′53″W / 40.80306°N 97.18139°W / 40.80306; -97.18139[1][2][3]
Translator(s)KGIN-DT 11.2 (VHF) Grand Island
Links
Public license information
Websitewww.ksnblocal4.com

KSNB-TV (channel 4) is a television station licensed to York, Nebraska, United States, serving southeastern and central Nebraska as an affiliate of NBC. It is owned by Gray Television alongside Lincoln-licensed CBS affiliate KOLN, channel 10 (and its semi-satellite KGIN, channel 11, in Grand Island) and low-power CW+ affiliate KCWH-LD (channel 18). KSNB-TV's transmitter is located near Beaver Crossing, Nebraska. Its news operations are primarily based at a studio located north of Hastings on US 281 that housed the area's former NBC affiliate, KHAS-TV (channel 5, now dual MyNetworkTV/MeTV affiliate and KSNB-TV satellite station, KNHL); with a secondary news bureau and sales office on West State Street in Grand Island. Master control and some internal operations are based at KOLN's facilities on North 40th Street in Lincoln. In addition to its own digital signal, KSNB-TV is simulcast in high definition on the second digital subchannel of KGIN.

KSNB is officially part of the Lincoln–Hastings–Kearney market, which spans 42 counties in Nebraska—almost two-thirds of the state's land—and four counties in Kansas. Until recently, the market had no basis in television reality and was only fully realized on the local DirecTV and Dish Network feeds. However, with the conversion of KSNB to NBC, the market now shares all major network affiliates except for ABC, as the western, central and northern parts of the market receive ABC from KHGI-TV (channel 13) while Lincoln and the eastern portion of the market receives ABC from KLKN (channel 8).

History

Early history

KSNB signed on the air on October 1, 1965,[5] as KHTL-TV, and was part of the ABC-affiliated Nebraska Television Network (NTN, subsequently rebranded to NTV) alongside KHOL-TV (channel 13, now KHGI-TV) in Kearney, KHPL-TV (channel 6, now KWNB-TV) in Hayes Center and KHQL-TV (channel 8) in Albion (later joined by K13VO, now KHGI-CD, in North Platte).[6] NTV Enterprises acquired the NTV stations from original owner Bi-States Company in 1974 for $1.9 million.[7] On June 3, the new owners changed channel 4's call letters to KSNB-TV, as its signal reached parts of Kansas in addition to Nebraska.[4][8]

Joseph Amaturo bought the NTV stations in 1979 in an $8.5 million deal funded by the sale of KQTV in St. Joseph, Missouri.[9] KCNA was split off from NTV on November 1, 1983, to become an independent station under the call letters KBGT-TV;[10] Amaturo Group sold KSNB-TV, KHGI-TV, and KWNB-TV to Gordon Broadcasting for $10 million in 1985;[11] the sale separated the NTV stations from KBGT, which was separately sold a year later to Citadel Communications and became KCAN, a satellite of Sioux City, Iowa station KCAU-TV. Citadel later moved KCAN to Lincoln as a stand-alone station, KLKN.

Gordon Broadcasting planned to sell the NTV stations to Sterling Communications for $11 million in 1989.[12] However, later that year, the stations were placed into receivership;[13] initially overseen by former owner Joseph Amaturo,[14] Joseph Girard was appointed successor receiver in 1991.[15] Under Girard, who operated NTV through Girard Communications, KSNB-TV, KHGI-TV, and KWNB-TV were sold to Fant Broadcasting, owner of WNAL-TV in Gadsden, Alabama, for $2 million in 1993.[13]

On April 1, 1994, Fant took over the operations of Hill Broadcasting Company's KTVG (channel 17), an upstart independent station in Grand Island in the process of joining Fox, under a local marketing agreement (LMA), making it a sister station to the NTV stations.[16] Concurrently with KTVG's primary Fox affiliation, KSNB-TV, KHGI-TV, and KWNB-TV took on a secondary Fox affiliation to carry the network's NFL coverage.[17][18] In July 1995, Fant announced a deal to sell KSNB, KHGI, and KWNB to Blackstar, LLC, a minority-controlled company in which nonvoting equity interests were held by Fox Television Stations and Silver King Communications, for $13 million;[19][20][21] although the deal, which would have seen the NTV stations switch to a full-time Fox affiliation,[19] was approved by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on December 15, 1995,[21] Fant cited delays in FCC approval in walking away from the deal in May 1996.[22]

Fox affiliation

In July 1996, Fant agreed to sell KSNB-TV, KHGI-TV, and KWNB-TV to Pappas Telecasting for $12.75 million.[23] Pappas immediately assumed control of the NTV stations through a local marketing agreement that began on July 1, and that September broke KSNB off from NTV and made it a Fox affiliate as a satellite of KTVG; the two served as the Fox affiliate for the western portion of the sprawling market. KHGI and KWNB remained ABC affiliates.[16] In 1997, Pappas sold its right to acquire KSNB to Colins Broadcasting Company for $10 (with Colins paying $333,333 to Fant), as channel 4's signal overlapped with Pappas' Omaha station, KPTM; Pappas also entered into an LMA with Colins to continue operating KSNB.[24][25] The sales of KHGI and KWNB to Pappas and KSNB to Colins were approved by the FCC on February 17, 1999, and completed on May 24.[26][27]

Former logo for KSNB/KTVG until the relaunch of KFXL in July 2009.
Former logo for KSNB/KTVG until the relaunch of KFXL in July 2009.

KSNB-TV and KTVG dropped a secondary affiliation with UPN in January 1998;[28] however, the network's programming returned in late 2000,[29] and would remain until KOLN and KGIN channel 11 launched a UPN-affiliated subchannel on September 1, 2005.[30] The network shut down a year later in favor of The CW, which was picked up by KCWL-TV (channel 51), owned by the Omaha World-Herald and operated by Pappas. Also in 2000, KSNB and KTVG added a secondary affiliation with Pax,[29] renamed i: Independent Television on July 1, 2005, and Ion Television on January 29, 2007. The Ion affiliation was later discontinued.

Prior to June 2009, the stations were identified on-air as "Nebraska Fox 4 & 17." KSNB and KTVG began broadcasting network programming in high-definition on January 1, 2009, prior to the broadcast of the Orange Bowl.

KSNB was hampered by opting to return to channel 4 after the June 12, 2009, transition date (its digital signal had broadcast on UHF channel 34 before then), as the issue of lower VHF frequencies not transmitting well in digital (along with KSNB being one of the few stations digitally on channel 4 in the country) meant the station's coverage area was less than what had been mapped, and the lack of viewers with VHF-optimized digital antennas further complicated the situation. This likely led Pappas to switch Lincoln's KCWL from The CW to Fox as KFXL-TV, in order to maintain Fox service to southern Nebraska in a way that KSNB could not. When KFXL became a Fox station, KTVG and KSNB became its satellites. All three stations became branded as "KFXL, Fox Nebraska."

Shutdown and transition

The time brokerage agreement between Pappas Telecasting and Colins Broadcasting expired on November 30, 2009. As a result, KSNB and its two translators were removed from the Fox Nebraska network and shut down on December 1 (a third Colins-owned translator, K17CI in Beatrice, Nebraska, had left the air on June 12, 2009).[31] KTVG soon followed in April 2010, leaving KFXL as the market's sole Fox station.

In 2010, Colins put the dormant KSNB license up for sale.[32][33] The station was broadcasting intermittently as an affiliate of the Three Angels Broadcasting Network.[34] On June 23, 2011, Colins Broadcasting filed an application with the FCC[35] to increase the ERP of the station to 23.5 kW, moving the transmitter site to the existing tower of FM radio station KTMX, near York, roughly 50 miles (80 km) northeast of the original site and closer to Lincoln.

Sale to Gray Television and MyNetworkTV affiliation

On November 21, 2012, it was announced that Gray Television, the owners of KOLN/KGIN, would acquire KSNB for $1.25 million. The Lincoln–Hastings–Kearney market has only five full-power stations (KOLN/KGIN and KHGI/KWNB are both counted as single stations for ratings and regulatory purposes), not enough to legally permit a duopoly. Colins and Gray sought a "failed station" waiver to allow the acquisition to move forward.[36] The station deal included Lincoln translators K18CD and KWAZ-LP. On February 15, 2013, the FCC granted the assignment of the license to Gray, with the sale officially completed on February 25.[37][38]

KSNB aired programming from Antenna TV in the interim on channels 4.1 and 4.2 from the newly licensed facilities near York, as well as on its digital K18CD-D and analog KWAZ-LP translators in Lincoln. The affiliation agreement with Antenna TV was exclusively intended for the station's second digital subchannel, but was carried on the primary digital channel as well while the station ownership changed hands. On April 1, 2013, the station took the MyNetworkTV affiliation previously held by the second digital subchannels of both KOLN and KGIN under the moniker "10/11 Central Nebraska."[39][40] It also resumed a general entertainment programming schedule and introduced increased local programming, including the expected addition of local high school sports coverage.[41] The second digital subchannel eventually began to also carry the same programming as the main channel, replacing Antenna TV. On September 2, 2013, KSNB became an affiliate of MeTV;[42] the network provides the majority of the station's schedule, with MyNetworkTV programming airing from 12:00 to 2:00 a.m. Tuesday through Saturday. Soon after KSNB returned to the air full-time, it was added to all cable systems on the Lincoln side of the market as part of the retransmission consent compensation for carrying KOLN.

NBC affiliation

On June 11, 2014, Hastings-based KHAS-TV (channel 5), the longtime NBC affiliate for the western part of the Lincoln market, announced on its website and Facebook page that it would leave the air at midnight on June 13. KHAS' owner, Hoak Media, had recently merged with Gray, and original plans called for it to be sold to Excalibur Broadcasting to satisfy duopoly rules. Gray would have operated the station under an LMA. However, increased FCC scrutiny of LMAs prompted Gray to shut down KHAS. On the day KHAS-TV shut down, its NBC affiliation, syndicated programming, and news department moved to KSNB and the second subchannels of KOLN and KGIN. KSNB's MyNetworkTV and MeTV programming moved to its second digital subcarrier, as well as a third digital channel on KOLN and KGIN, with all channels being broadcast in high definition.[43][44] Over-the-air viewers actually benefited from the switch, as it gave NBC a full-market affiliate for the first time ever. For most of the broadcasting era, KMTV and WOWT in Omaha (a sister station to KSNB and KOLN/KGIN) had doubled as Lincoln's NBC affiliate as well.

With the change, Charter Spectrum's Lincoln system (and surrounding smaller systems near Lincoln) carries the 4.2 subchannel on the channels occupied by KSNB and the primary 4.1 channel on the channels formerly occupied by Omaha-based WOWT. WOWT was moved to a standard-definition digital tier channel position following KSNB's NBC affiliation and later dropped altogether. Lincoln-area cable systems historically have never carried KHAS, instead opting to carry WOWT.[45] As of August 2014 other Lincoln-area cable systems including Zito Media have continued to carry WOWT as the default local NBC affiliate.

KSNB briefly retained KHAS-TV's former branding, "News 5." It rebranded to "NBC Nebraska" on October 1, 2014, and then to "Local 4" on October 25, 2017.

On May 21, 2018, Gray agreed to acquire KNHL from Legacy Broadcasting for $475,000; in filing for FCC approval of the purchase in September 2018, Gray proposed to operate the station as a satellite of KSNB.[46] The FCC approved the sale on February 12, 2019,[47][48][49] and the sale was finalized on March 1.[50]

Changes to KSNB/KOLN

On August 4, 2020, Gray announced that it would merge the separate KSNB-TV and KOLN towers into a new site near Beaver Crossing, about 15 miles (24 km) closer to Lincoln. On August 23, 2021, the FCC granted KSNB's request to change its city of license from Superior to York, and move from VHF to UHF channel 24.[1][2][3] In March 2022, the station launched its new transmitter from its new location near Beaver Crossing.[51][52]

Newscasts

With the sale to Gray Television, KSNB began to air two half-hour daily newscasts produced by KOLN: an early evening broadcast at 5:30 p.m. on weeknights and a nightly prime time newscast at 9:00 p.m. Both newscasts, which debuted on April 1, 2013, are broadcast in high definition and originate from KOLN's studios on North 40th Street on the northeast side of Lincoln.[40] With the move of KHAS-TV's programming to KSNB-TV's primary channel, the station inherited KHAS' separate news operation and newscasts;[44][45] the second digital subchannel continued to air the two KOLN-produced newscasts, though the 5:30 and 9:00 newscasts have since been dropped.

Technical information

Subchannels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect Short name Programming[53]
4.1 720p 16:9 KSNB HD Main KSNB-TV programming / NBC
4.2 480i MeMy MeTV and MyNetworkTV
4.3 ION Ion

Analog-to-digital conversion

KSNB-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 4, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 34 to VHF channel 4.[54]

Translators

KSNB-TV formerly repeated its programming on one translator station, K18CD-D, licensed to Lincoln. On October 20, 2017, the broadcast tower for the Lincoln translator collapsed, rendering the translator out of commission.[55] It returned to the air September 26, 2018[56] as CW affiliate KCWH-LD.[57]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Ellis, Jon (August 4, 2020). "Gray TV Seeks to Move Nebraska Station to UHF, Go Closer to Lincoln". Northpine.com. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "KSNB-TV Petition for Rulemaking" (PDF). Gray Television. July 27, 2020. Retrieved August 5, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Report and Order", Media Bureau, Federal Communications Commission, 24 August 2021, Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  4. ^ a b "New owners change call letters on NTV stations". The Columbus Telegram. Associated Press. June 5, 1974. Retrieved February 23, 2015. KHTL-TV, channel 4, Superior, has become KSNB-TV. The call letters represent the Kansas-Nebraska area served by the station.
  5. ^ Broadcasting Yearbook 1975 (PDF). 1975. p. C-83. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  6. ^ "Fates & Fortunes" (PDF). Broadcasting. November 8, 1965. p. 76. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  7. ^ "Changing hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. February 25, 1974. p. 34. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  8. ^ "For the Record" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 24, 1974. p. 70. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  9. ^ "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 11, 1979. p. 39. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  10. ^ "On its own" (PDF). Broadcasting. October 17, 1983. p. 76. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  11. ^ "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 16, 1985. p. 119. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  12. ^ "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 30, 1989. p. 68. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  13. ^ a b "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting. February 8, 1993. p. 50. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  14. ^ "Application Search Details (KSNB-TV, 1)". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  15. ^ "Application Search Details (KSNB-TV, 2)". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  16. ^ a b "Response of Pappas Telecasting of Central Nebraska, Hill Broadcasting Company, Inc., and Fant Broadcasting Company of Nebraska, Inc. Regarding Local Marketing Agreements" (PDF). Electronic Comment Filing System. Federal Communications Commission. July 8, 1997. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  17. ^ McClellan, Steve (April 18, 1994). "Fox's latest four add up to 96%" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. p. 16. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
  18. ^ "NTV to Carry Fox Football". Omaha World-Herald. May 28, 1994. p. 57. Retrieved February 25, 2015. (preview of subscription content)
  19. ^ a b Wharton, Dennis (July 17, 1995). "Blackstar deal tests FCC". Variety. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  20. ^ "Blackstar makes first buy" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. July 17, 1995. p. 68. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  21. ^ a b "Silver King Communications, Inc. Form 8-K". July 2, 1996. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  22. ^ "Fant Cancels Its Proposal to Sell NTV to Blackstar". Omaha World-Herald. May 4, 1996. p. 63. Retrieved February 25, 2015. (preview of subscription content)
  23. ^ "Changing Hands" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. July 15, 1996. p. 31. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  24. ^ "Sale, sort of" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. February 17, 1997. p. 16. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  25. ^ "Correction" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. March 3, 1997. p. 14. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  26. ^ "Application Search Details (KHGI-TV, 1)". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  27. ^ "Application Search Details (KSNB-TV, 3)". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved February 25, 2015.
  28. ^ Brodesser, Claude; Freeman, Michael; Katz, Richard (July 21, 1997). "UPN gets leap-frogged". Mediaweek. pp. 2–3. …split-affiliate KTVG in Lincoln-Hastings-Kearney, Neb., a Hill Broadcasting station, will drop UPN in January to become a full-fledged Fox affiliate.
  29. ^ a b Smith, Doug (January 2001). "TV News" (PDF). VHF-UHF Digest. p. 15. Retrieved February 27, 2015.
  30. ^ Korbelik, Jeff (July 13, 2005). "KOLN/KGIN-TV to launch UPN channel". Lincoln Journal Star. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  31. ^ "KSNB-TV signs off for final time". The Superior Express. December 1, 2009. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  32. ^ northpine.con Broadcasting News, December 28, 2010.
  33. ^ FCC records: "KSNB-TV, Superior, Nebraska (Facility ID No. 21161), STA – Exhibit, December 2010"
  34. ^ FCC: COLINS BROADCASITNG CORPORATION, KSNB-DT TV4, Superior, Nebraska, Quarterly List of Issue – Responsive Programming (Third Quarter 2012 – July 1, 2012 thru September 30, 2012)
  35. ^ "CDBS Print".
  36. ^ Gray Lines Up 2nd Station In Lincoln, NE, TVNewsCheck, November 26, 2012.
  37. ^ Consent to Assignment Application
  38. ^ Consummation Notice
  39. ^ Gray TV Plans to Add MyNet to KNSB Lincoln, Broadcasting & Cable, November 28, 2012.
  40. ^ a b Gray Television Buys KSNB Lincoln, Neb., TVNewsCheck, February 25, 2013.
  41. ^ FCC Purchase Agreement, November 21, 2012.
  42. ^ "FCC 398 Children's Television Programming Report". KidVid Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. October 1, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2014. KSNB-TV switched to the MeTV Network effective 9/2.
  43. ^ "KHAS TV – KSNB TV Statement". khastv.com/. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  44. ^ a b "KHAS 5.1 Signal Moving to KSNB 4.1". 1011now.com. June 12, 2014. Archived from the original on June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  45. ^ a b Korbelik, Jeff (June 12, 2014). "KSNB-TV to become an NBC affiliate". Lincoln Journal-Star. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  46. ^ "Application for Consent to Assignment of Broadcast Station Construction Permit or License". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. September 12, 2018. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  47. ^ "Letter", "CDBS Public Access", Federal Communications Commission, February 12, 2019, Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  48. ^ "Notice of Consent to Assignment", CDBS Public Access, Federal Communications Commission, February 12, 2019, Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  49. ^ "Gray Gets OK For Legacy Plan In Nebraska", rbr.com, February 12, 2019, Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  50. ^ "Consummation Notice" CDBS Public Access, Federal Communications Commission, 20 March 2019, Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  51. ^ "Expect channel lineup changes Thursday due to broadcast tower upgrade", KSNB-TV, 11 March 2022, Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  52. ^ "Nebraska NBC Affiliate Completes Move Closer to Lincoln", northpine.com, 18 March 2022, Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  53. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KSNB
  54. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  55. ^ "500-foot communications tower collapses in north Lincoln".
  56. ^ "Resumption of Operations of a LPTV Station Application". Licensing and Management System. Federal Communications Commission. September 27, 2018. Retrieved October 2, 2018.
  57. ^ Pluhacek, Zach (October 1, 2018). "CW affiliates coming to Lincoln, central Nebraska". Lincoln Journal Star. Retrieved October 2, 2018.