Amal
RegionSandaun Province and East Sepik Province
Native speakers
830 (2003)[1]
Sepik
Language codes
ISO 639-3aad
Glottologamal1242
ELPAmal

Amal is a language spoken along the border of Sandaun Province and East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, along the Wagana River near the confluence with Wanibe Creek.[2] Foley (2018) classifies Amal as a primary branch of the Sepik languages, though it is quite close to Kalou.

Pronouns

Pronouns are:[3]

Amal pronouns
sg pl
1 ŋan nut
2 in kun
3 may ilum

Cognates

Amal cognates with Sepik languages are:[3]

Foley (2018) notes that there appears to be somewhat more lexical similarities between Amal and the Tama languages, but does not consider them to form a group with each other.

Vocabulary

The following basic vocabulary words of Amal are from Laycock (1968),[4] as cited in the Trans-New Guinea database:[5]

gloss Amal
head makələ
ear marj
eye nai
nose yimeʔ
tooth pu
tongue lal
leg
louse ŋin
dog wun
bird yok
egg yen
blood niːp
bone nəŋolak
skin puːk
breast m
tree piːt
man wul
woman tal
sun mwak
moon yimal
water iːp
fire waː
stone tipal
two kila

References

  1. ^ Amal at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "Papua New Guinea languages". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (22nd ed.). Dallas: SIL International.
  3. ^ a b Foley, William A. (2018). "The Languages of the Sepik-Ramu Basin and Environs". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. Vol. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 197–432. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  4. ^ Laycock, Donald C. 1968. Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea. Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66.
  5. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.