Angada
Ramayana character
Angada shows his strenght.jpg
Angada shows his strength
In-universe information
SpeciesVanara
AffiliationKing of Vanara
Family
Reign
PredecessorSugriva

Angada (Sanskrit: अङ्गदः, IAST: aṅgada) is a vanara who helped Rama find his wife Sita and fight her abductor, Ravana, in Ramayana. For the most part of his life, he was the prince of Kishkindha and later crowned the king of Kishkindha.[2]

Life

Angada was a son of the powerful vanara king Vali and his wife Tara. He was the nephew of Sugriva. After Rama and Sugriva killed his father, Angada joins Rama's forces to rescue Sita from Ravana's captivity.

Angada and Tara are instrumental in reconciling Rama and his brother, Lakshmana, with Sugriva after Sugriva fails to fulfill his promise to help Rama find and rescue his wife. Together they are able to convince Sugriva to honor his pledge to Rama instead of spending his time carousing and drinking.[3] Sugriva then arranges for vanaras to help Rama and organises the monkey army that will battle Ravana's demonic host. Angada led the particular search party which consisted of Hanuman and Jambavant and was able to find Sita, Rama's wife.[4]

Angada in Ravana's court
Angada in Ravana's court

A legend goes by that no one could move Angada's leg. Just before the war, Rama sent Angada to Ravana's court as a peace messenger to give him one last chance to send Sita back to him and stop the war or in simpler words to save himself from his own downfall. Angada went to Ravana's court and gave him a last warning but Ravana instead offered him to join him stating that his father Vali, was his friend. Angada however rejected Ravana's offers and retorted by saying that there was nothing as divine as serving Shri Rama and then proceeded to mock Ravana for his foolishness and false pride, in front of the entire court. He then challenged the present courtiers that if anyone of them could move his leg then he on behalf of Shri Rama would take the entire army back and forget about rescuing Mata Sita. Almost all courtiers thought the task very easy and took turns to move his leg, but failed to even give it a budge. Even Indrajit, the most powerful son of Ravana could not do the needful. Seeing Indrajit defeated, Ravana got up in fury and proceeded to execute the challenge, when Angada moved his leg out of the way and Ravana's crown fell off. He quickly stooped low and picked the crown and then spoke to the furious demon, 'O, foolish Ravana, why do you touch my leg, if you want to touch someone's leg then go and touch the Lord Shri Rama's leg, there you will be forgiven of your sins. ' He then threw the crown with such force that it went straight and landed in Shri Rama's feet and then flew away before Ravana could seize him. Lord Rama was very pleased of Angada.[5]

In the Ramayana war that took place, Angada killed many great warriors from Lanka, including, Ravana's son Narantaka and chief general of Ravana's army Mahaparshva.[6]
Angada was married to the eldest daughter of the Vanara Mainda, and had a son, Dhruva.[7]

When his uncle Sugriva decided to retire from the earth and return to his father Surya, he crowned Angada as the next king of Kishkindha and of the Vanaras.[8]

Characterization

Personality

Angada is portrayed as a virtuous character and a brave warrior

A miniature panel capturing the scene of Ankathan(Angad) along with other Vanaras lamenting Bali's death in Pullamangai, Pasupathi Koil, Thanjavur
A miniature panel capturing the scene of Ankathan(Angad) along with other Vanaras lamenting Bali's death in Pullamangai, Pasupathi Koil, Thanjavur

Angada is shown to be very intelligent in both reasoning and coordinating others. Being a Vanara, Angad possessed superhuman strength to lift large mountains and speed with a high durability rate.

References

  1. ^ "Dhruva, Dhruvā: 33 definitions". 29 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Who was Angad? What is Angad's role in Ramayana?". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  3. ^ Narayan, R. K. (29 August 2006). The Ramayana: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic. Penguin. ISBN 978-1-4406-2327-1.
  4. ^ Subramaniam, Neela (2005). Ramayana for Children. Sura Books. ISBN 978-81-7478-489-6.
  5. ^ Sah, Anusuya (23 November 2019). Valmiki's Ramayana- The Saga of a Scion Born in Ayodhya. Blue Rose Publishers.
  6. ^ Mittal, J. P. (2006). History Of Ancient India (a New Version) : From 7300 Bb To 4250 Bc. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. ISBN 978-81-269-0615-4.
  7. ^ "Angada, Aṅgada: 25 definitions". 29 June 2012.
  8. ^ "Who was Angad? What is Angad's role in Ramayana?".