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Vali
Ramayana character
Vali, the Monkey King killed by Rāma..jpg
Vali, the Monkey King killed by Rama
In-universe information
TitleMaharaja
Family
SpouseTara and Ruma
ChildrenAngada
NationalityKishkindha

Vali (Sanskrit: वाली, nominative singular of the stem वालिन् (Valin)), also known as Bali, was a king of Kishkindha in the Hindu epic Ramayana. He was the husband of Tara, the biological son of Vriksharaja, the elder brother of Sugriva, and father of Angada. He was killed by Rama, an avatar of Vishnu. Vali was invincible during theTreta Yuga. Vali defeated some of the greatest warriors like Ravana. He was blessed with the ability to obtain half the strength of his opponent. Rama killed Vali by hiding behind the trees. However, during his first attempt, Rama could not recognise between Vali and Sugriva due to their resemblance. Thus, during the next attempt, Sugriva wore a garland of red flowers and went to battle with Vali. This time, Rama could recognise Vali and shot an arrow that killed him.[citation needed]

Early life

Vali was the husband of Tara. As one myth goes, fourteen types of gem or treasure were produced from the churning of the ocean during the time of Kurma avatar. One gem is that various apsaras (divine nymphs) were produced and Tara was an apsara produced from the churning of the ocean. Vali who was with his father Indra, helping them in the churning of ocean, took Tara and married her.[citation needed]

Vali was very courageous. This can be understood from the fact that, when Tara tried to stop him and begged him not to go to fight Sugriva, by saying that it is Rama who is helping Sugriva and has come to Sugriva's rescue; Vali replied to Tara that even if he is fighting against God he cannot ignore a challenge for a fight and remain quiet. He adds that even if the caller for the fight had been his own son Angada, he would still go to fight.[1]

The Quarrel

According to the Ramayana, a raging demon known as Mayavi came to the doors of Kishkindha and challenged Vali to a fight. Vali accepted the challenge. When he came forth, the demon got terrified and ran into a cave. Vali entered the cave and told Sugriva to wait outside. When Vali did not return and he heard demonic voices from inside the cave and blood oozing from inside the cave, Sugriva mistakenly concluded that Vali was dead. He closed the cave with a large boulder and presumed kingship over Kishkindha. However, inside the cave, Vali killed the demon and returned home. Upon seeing Sugriva act as a king, Vali thought his brother had betrayed him. Sugriva tried to explain his actions, but Vali didn't listen. Sugriva ran off to Rishyamuka mountain, the only place Vali would be unable to enter because of the curse of the sage Matanga.[2]

Vali's boon

Vali was granted a boon by Brahma after sitting in penance. Vali asked Brahma for a boon such that in any duel, Vali's opponent would lose half his strength to Vali. Brahma granted the boon happily. Already Vali was extremely powerful with his power almost equal to that of 75000000 elephants. Thus, Vali became invincible. It was said that no one could defeat Vali in head-on battle.[3]

War with Ravana

Ravana learns about Vali and his strengths through Narada. Hearing Narada praising Vali, Ravana became extremely arrogant and went to Kishkinda. There Vali was in meditation. Ravana challenged Vali to come and fight. First Sugriva fought with Ravana and was defeated. Ravana then reached Vali and challenged him. Vali and Ravana then fought a fierce battle. Vali defeated Ravana and tied him with his tail (carried him on his shoulders in some other versions). Vali then arrested Ravana. Vali started carrying Ravana under his armpit for years.[4] Ravana could not bear the insult and asked Vali for friendship.[5] Immediately Vali released Ravana, thus demonstrating that Vali was the greatest and most powerful being on the Earth.[6]

Rama meets Sugriva

Wandering in the forest with his brother Lakshmana in search of his wife Sita – kidnapped by the rakshasa king Ravana, Rama meets rakshasa Kabandha and kills him, freeing him from a curse. The freed Kabandha advises Rama to seek the help of Sugriva to find Sita.[7]

Continuing on his journey, Rama meets Hanuman and is impressed by his intelligence and skills as an orator. This also boosts Rama's confidence in Sugriva. Sugriva tells him the story of how Vali became his enemy. In Sugriva's version, he is entirely innocent and Rama believes him.[8]

Sugriva is very scared of Vali and he is full of doubts that Rama could kill him. He tells him many remarkable stories of Vali's power. As proof, he shows Rama a hole in a saal tree which Vali had made in one shot. When it is Rama's turn, he penetrates seven saal trees in a row with one arrow. After going through the trees, the arrow even makes a strike on a huge rock and splits it into pieces. Sugriva is happy and says, "O Rama, you are great."

Rama asks Sugriva to challenge Vali and bring him outside Kishkindha. As Rama explains later, for 14 years he cannot enter a city. Moreover, Rama does not want any unnecessary bloodbath of Vali's army with whom he wants to maintain friendly relations. Despite this, killing Vali would not be impossible for Rama as Sugriva and Vali were identical twins. Just a few days before, Rama had killed Khara and Dushana and their army of 14,000 rakshasas.

Sugriva formed an alliance with Rama. Rama had been travelling the length of India in search of his kidnapped wife, Sita. Sugriva asked Rama's help in return for his help in defeating Ravana and rescuing Sita. The two hatched a plan to topple Vali from the throne.

"Vali and Sugriva Fighting"; page from an illustrated manuscript of the Ramayana. Northern India (Punjab Hills, Jammu area), c. 1700 – 1710
"Vali and Sugriva Fighting"; page from an illustrated manuscript of the Ramayana. Northern India (Punjab Hills, Jammu area), c. 1700 – 1710
A stone bas relief at Banteay Srei in Cambodia depicts the combat between Vali and Sugriva. In the middle, the two brothers are shown fighting. To the right, Rama fires his bow. To the left, Vali lies dying in the arms of another monkey.
A stone bas relief at Banteay Srei in Cambodia depicts the combat between Vali and Sugriva. In the middle, the two brothers are shown fighting. To the right, Rama fires his bow. To the left, Vali lies dying in the arms of another monkey.

Sugriva challenged Vali to a fight. When Vali sallied forth to meet the challenge, Rama emerged from the forest to shoot and kill him with an arrow from behind a tree.

The dying Vali told Rama, "If you are searching for your wife you should have come to me for help and friendship. Whoever took Sita, be it Ravana himself, I would have defeated them and would have brought them to your feet, to your mercy."[9]

Vali asked the following questions:[10]

Rama makes the following replies to Vali:

Killing of Vali
Killing of Vali

After Vali's Death

After death of Vali, Sugriva recaptures his kingdom and regains his wife Ruma. Angada, son of Vali and Tara, is made Yuvaraja, or the crown prince.[3]

Rama's slaying of Vali had a special significance. In the beginning, Vali argued with Rama about his assassination performed in a cowardly way. Rama explained to him about the various purusharthas and how everything was pre-ordained according to the kalachakra and granted him moksha. Vali was then convinced and also asked his son Angada to stand by his uncle Sugriva and assist in the divine work of Rama.[citation needed]

Vali's son, Angada, joined Rama's army and was given important responsibilities in Rama's war against Ravana.[11]

The miniature panel in Pullamangai, Pasupathi Koil, Thanjavur captures the scene of Vali's death. Tara his wife, Angada his son, his brother Sugreeva and other Vanaras are lamenting his death.
The miniature panel in Pullamangai, Pasupathi Koil, Thanjavur captures the scene of Vali's death. Tara his wife, Angada his son, his brother Sugreeva and other Vanaras are lamenting his death.

Rebirth as Jara

Because Rama had killed Vali while hiding, Rama blessed Vali to kill him when he took the incarnation of Krishna. Later on born as Jara the hunter in Dvapara Yuga to kill Krishna, the next avatar of Vishnu, in same way he got killed by Rama. He was searching for hunt in forest and he saw a deer but it actually was Krishna's bare foot. He shot an arrow with an iron piece of mace attached to it.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ Silas, Sandeep (27 May 2012). "By myself in Bali". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  2. ^ Bhat, Rama (September 2006). The Divine Anjaneya: Story of Hanuman. iUniverse. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-595-41262-4.
  3. ^ a b "Dussehra Special: Why and how did Ram kill Kishkindha's King Bali? How did Bali avenge his death? - FYI News". India Today. 15 October 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  4. ^ नवभारतटाइम्स.कॉम (25 July 2019). "भगवान राम के अलावा इन चार योद्धाओं से भी हार चुका था रावण". नवभारत टाइम्स (in Hindi). Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  5. ^ "ramayana - How did Vali defeat Ravana? What's the story?". Hinduism Stack Exchange. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  6. ^ "- YouTube". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2021. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  7. ^ "Episode 173 – Hanuman nurtures friendship between Rama and Sugriva!!!". The Indian Dharma. 23 September 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Lasting friendship". The Hindu. 1 April 2012. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Friendship of Śrī Rāma & Sugreeva, and Vāli Vadh by Śrī Rāma". lordrama.co.in. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  10. ^ "Valmiki Ramayana - Kishkindha Kanda". www.valmikiramayan.net. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  11. ^ "Who was Angad? What is Angad's role in Ramayana?". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 21 August 2020.