Zhōngguó xióng lì yǔzhòu jiān
English: China Heroically Stands in the Universe
中華雄立宇宙間

Former national anthem of China
LyricsYin Chang
MusicWang Lu
Adopted23 May 1915
Relinquished1 July 1921
Audio sample
"China Heroically Stands in the Universe"
China Heroically Stands in the Universe
Traditional Chinese中華雄立宇宙間
Simplified Chinese中华雄立宇宙间
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"China Heroically Stands in the Universe" was the national anthem of China from 1915 to 1921.[1]

History

It was issued by the Ritual Regulations Office (禮制館) in June 1915 as the national anthem of the Republic of China and was adopted on 23 May 1915. Its lyrics were written by Yin Chang (廕昌) and music by Wang Lu (王露).[1]

After Yuan Shikai declared himself Emperor of China in December 1915, the lyrics of the anthem were slightly modified and turned into the national anthem of the Empire of China. The lyrics were abolished again in 1916 after his death and replaced by lyrics written by Zhang Zuolin. The song was no longer the official anthem after 31 March 1921, when Song to the Auspicious Cloud again became the national anthem.

Lyrics

Original Lyrics during the Republic of China (May–Dec. 1915)

Traditional Chinese Pinyin English translation

中國雄立宇宙間,
廓八埏,
華冑來從崑崙巔,
江湖浩蕩山綿連,
五族共和開堯天,
億萬年

Zhōngguó xióng lì yǔzhòu jiān,
Kuò bā yán,
Huá zhòu lái cóng Kūnlún diān,
Jiāng hú hào dàng shān mián lián,
Wǔzú gònghé kāi yáo tiān,
Yì wàn nián.

China heroically stands in the universe,
Extending to the Eight Corners,
Descendants come from Kunlun Peak.
The rivers turn great and the mountains continue.
Five races open up the sky of Yao,
For many years to come.

Lyrics during the Empire of China (1916)

Traditional Chinese Pinyin English translation

中國雄立宇宙間,
廓八埏,
華冑來從崑崙巔,
江湖浩蕩山綿連,
勳華揖讓開堯天,
億萬年。

Zhōngguó xióng lì yǔzhòu jiān,
Kuò bā yán,
Huá zhòu lái cóng Kūnlún diān,
Jiāng hú hào dàng shān mián lián,
Xūn huá Yī Ràng kāi yáo tiān,
Yì wàn nián.

China heroically stands in the universe,
Extending to the Eight Corners,
Descendants come from Kunlun Peak.
The rivers turn great and the mountains continue.
Shanrang* open up the sky of Yao,
For many years to come.

Lyrics during the Republic of China (1916–1921)

Traditional Chinese Pinyin English translation

中華雄立宇宙間,
萬萬年!
保衛人民中不偏,
諸業發達江山固,
四海之內太平年,
萬萬年![1]

Zhōnghuá xióng lì yǔzhòu jiān,
Wàn wàn nián!
Bǎowèi rénmín zhōng bùpiān,
Zhūyè fādá jiāngshān gù,
Sìhǎi zhī nèi tàipíng nián,
Wàn wàn nián![1]

China heroically stands in the universe,
For many years to come.
Defend the people with no bias.
Industries prosper and the nation is solid.
Peace and tranquility within four seas,
For many years to come.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Nielsen, Mads Vesterager (25 February 2021). "One song under Heaven: A history of China's national anthems". The China Project. Retrieved 22 May 2023.
Preceded bySong to the Auspicious Cloud.mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}(1912–1915) China Heroically Stands in the Universe 1915–1921 Succeeded bySong to the Auspicious Cloud(1921–1928)