This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Tune of Li Zhongtang" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2024) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
Lǐ Zhōng táng Yuè
Tune of Li Zhongtang

Unofficial anthem of Qing Dynasty
LyricsWang Jian
MusicLi Hongzhang, 1896
Preceded byPu Tian Yue
Succeeded byPraise the Dragon Flag

The Tune of Li Zhongtang (simplified Chinese: 李中堂乐; traditional Chinese: 李中堂樂; pinyin: Lǐ Zhōng táng Yuè) is the first semi-official national song of China, written by Li Hongzhang in 1896 during the Qing dynasty. As an unofficial anthem for the dynasty, it was so named because "Zhongtang" was a bureaucratic title meaning viceroy or grand secretary.[1]


In 1896, (the 22nd year of Guangxu), Li Hongzhang (李鴻章), Minister of Beiyang and Governor of Zhili, paid a diplomatic visit to Western Europe and Russia. As a national anthem was requested for the welcome ceremony, Li Hongzhang adopted a Tang dynasty poem by Wang Jian for the event.

As a former commander of the Beiyang Fleet, Li also wrote an anthem for it to the same tune.[1]


Simplified Chinese


Traditional Chinese


Hanyu Pinyin

Jīndiàn dāng tóu zǐgè chóng,
Xiānrén zhǎng shàng yù fúróng,
Taìpíng Tiānzǐ cháo tiān rì,
Wǔ sè yúnchē jià liù lóng.

English translation

In the Golden Palace, amongst the overlapping purple pavilions,
Like a jade lotus flower in an immortal's palm,
The Son of Heaven of Supreme Peace pays tribute to Heaven's sun,
In its five-colour chariot of clouds, drawn by six dragons.

See also


  1. ^ a b Nielsen, Mads Vesterager (2021-02-25). "One song under Heaven: A history of China's national anthems". The China Project. Retrieved 2024-02-03.