Districts of the Czech Republic
  • Also known as:
  • Okresy České republiky
LocationCzech Republic
Found inRegions of the Czech Republic (13+1)
Created
  • 1960
Abolished
  • 2003 (as administrative units)
Number76 (as of 2023)
Possible status
  • still exist as territorial units
Additional status
Subdivisions
  • Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence (205)

Districts of the Czech Republic are territorial units, formerly used as second-level administrative divisions of the Czech Republic. After their primary administrative function has been abolished in 2003, they still exist for the activities of specific authorities and as statistical units. Their administrative function was moved to selected municipalities.

Establishment

In 1960, Czechoslovakia was re-divided into districts (okres, plural okresy) often without regard to traditional division and local relationships. In the area of the Czech Republic, there were 75 districts; the 76th Jeseník District was split from Šumperk District in 1996. Three consisted only of statutory cities Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň which gained the status of districts only in 1971; Ostrava and Plzeň districts were later expanded. The capital city of Prague has a special status, being considered a municipality and region at the same time and not being a part of any district, but ten districts of Prague (obvody) were in some ways equivalent to okres.

Municipalities with extended competence

A reform in effect since January 2003 replaced the districts with 205 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Extended Competence (abbreviated AD MEC; správní obvody obcí s rozšířenou působností, abbreviated SO ORP), also called third-level municipalities, or unofficially "little districts". These municipalities took over most of the administration of the former district authorities. The old districts still exist as territorial units and remain as seats of some of the offices, especially courts, police and archives.

In 2007 the borders of the districts were slightly adjusted and 119 municipalities were moved into different districts.[1] In 2021 another reform was made and 18 municipalities were moved between districts or between administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence.[2]

After the 2021 reform, borders of AD MECs respect borders of districts, with only exception granted by law being AD MEC of Turnov, which is partly in districts of Semily, Jablonec nad Nisou and Liberec. The reasons are the vastness of this territory and different requirements of the territory's population.[2]

Municipalities with commissioned local authority

Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence are further divided into 393 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Commissioned Local Authority (abbreviated AD CLA; správní obvody obcí s pověřeným obecním úřadem, abbreviated SO POÚ), also called "second-level municipalities"). A municipality with commissioned local authority is a municipality to which the state delegates part of its powers, but not to the extent that it delegates it to a municipality with extended competence.

Maps of districts

Map of districts (borders as of 2016)
Map of administrative districts of municipalities with extended competences (borders as of 2016)

List of districts

Region District Area
(km2)[3]
Population
(2023)[4]
Mun.
Prague

Administrative districts of Prague

Prague 496 1,357,326 1
Central Bohemian Region

Districts of Central Bohemian Region

Benešov 1,475 102,228 114
Beroun 704 100,517 85
Kladno 720 168,708 100
Kolín 748 107,268 90
Kutná Hora 917 78,072 88
Mělník 701 113,100 69
Mladá Boleslav 1,023 133,876 120
Nymburk 846 105,463 86
Prague-East 755 198,312 110
Prague-West 580 158,235 79
Příbram 1,563 117,554 120
Rakovník 896 56,058 83
South Bohemian Region

Districts of South Bohemian Region

České Budějovice 1,638 200,426 109
Český Krumlov 1,614 62,038 46
Jindřichův Hradec 1,944 90,401 106
Písek 1,127 72,525 75
Prachatice 1,377 51,444 65
Strakonice 1,032 71,571 112
Tábor 1,326 103,898 110
Plzeň Region

Districts of Plzeň Region

Domažlice 1,052 55,796 76
Klatovy 1,946 86,853 94
Plzeň-City 261 201,517 15
Plzeň-North 1,287 83,069 98
Plzeň-South 1,068 70,989 99
Rokycany 657 50,258 68
Tachov 1,378 56,906 51
Karlovy Vary Region

Districts of Karlovy Vary Region

Cheb 1,046 92,636 40
Karlovy Vary 1,511 114,995 55
Sokolov 754 85,964 38
Ústí nad Labem Region

Districts of Ústí nad Labem Region

Chomutov 936 124,035 44
Děčín 909 127,269 52
Litoměřice 1,032 119,357 105
Louny 1,121 87,040 70
Most 467 108,116 26
Teplice 469 127,681 34
Ústí nad Labem 405 118,839 23
Liberec Region

Districts of Liberec Region

Česká Lípa 1,073 103,344 57
Jablonec nad Nisou 439 92,908 35
Liberec 989 179,921 59
Semily 662 73,004 64
Hradec Králové Region

Districts of Hradec Králové Region

Hradec Králové 892 166,989 104
Jičín 887 80,578 111
Náchod 852 110,322 78
Rychnov nad Kněžnou 982 80,186 80
Trutnov 1,147 117,192 75
Pardubice Region

Districts of Pardubice Region

Chrudim 993 106,398 108
Pardubice 880 179,537 112
Svitavy 1,379 104,576 116
Ústí nad Orlicí 1,267 138,250 115
Vysočina Region

Districts of Vysočina Region

Havlíčkův Brod 1,265 95,176 120
Jihlava 1,199 116,041 123
Pelhřimov 1,290 74,133 120
Třebíč 1,463 110,393 167
Žďár nad Sázavou 1,579 119,034 174
South Moravian Region

Districts of South Moravian Region

Blansko 862 110,046 116
Břeclav 1,038 117,576 63
Brno-City 230 396,101 1
Brno-Country 1,499 231,056 187
Hodonín 1,099 152,119 82
Vyškov 869 94,274 79
Znojmo 1,590 116,028 144
Olomouc Region

Districts of Olomouc Region

Jeseník 719 36,991 24
Olomouc 1,608 237,940 97
Přerov 854 128,180 105
Prostějov 777 108,717 97
Šumperk 1,313 119,974 78
Zlín Region

Districts of Zlín Region

Kroměříž 796 104,522 79
Uherské Hradiště 991 141,496 78
Vsetín 1,131 142,180 59
Zlín 1,045 192,333 91
Moravian-Silesian Region

Districts of Moravia-Silesian Region

Bruntál 1,537 89,834 67
Frýdek-Místek 1,208 214,669 72
Karviná 356 242,166 17
Nový Jičín 882 151,814 54
Opava 1,116 175,042 77
Ostrava-City 332 316,149 13

See also

References

  1. ^ "Změny hranic okresů k 1. 1. 2007". czso.cz (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  2. ^ a b "Obecně o novém zákonu č. 51/2020 Sb". mvcr.cz (in Czech). Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  3. ^ "Small Lexicon of Municipalities of the Czech Republic – 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-12-15.
  4. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2023". Czech Statistical Office. 2023-05-23.