Elymas
PM 080776b E Madrid n (cropped).jpg
Elymas Struck Blind (La ceguera de Elymas) (Raphael, 1519)
NationalityPaphos, Roman Cyprus
OccupationSorcerer

Elymas /ˈɛlɪməs/, (c. 1st century AD) also known as Bar-Jesus (Ancient Greek: Βαριεσοῦ, Aramaic: Bar-Shuma, Latin: Bariesu), is a Jew described in the Acts of the Apostles, chapter 13,[1] in the New Testament. He is referred to as a mágos, which the King James Bible translates as "sorcerer."

In the Bible

In Acts 13, Paul the Apostle and Barnabas travel to the city of Paphos in Cyprus, where the Roman Proconsul, Sergius Paulus, wishes to hear them speak about Jesus. Elymas, described as a false prophet and a sorcerer, opposes them, whereupon Paul (who is here referred to for the first time by his Roman name) announces that God intends to make Elymas temporarily blind. A cloud of darkness immediately begins blocking his sight;[2] after this Sergius Paulus is converted to Christianity.[3]

According to The Golden Legend, Elymas later stirred up a riot of Jews and pagans in Salamina (Salamis) against Barnabas, resulting in his death.[4]

Name

Acts 13:8 says "Elymas the mágos (for so his name is translated) opposed them". "Elymas" is possibly derived from the Arabic ‘alīm "learned" or "wise", and may be used to translate mágos.[5] Bar-Jesus means "Son of Joshua" or "Son of Jesus" in Aramaic.

Cultural influence

"Elymas the Sorcerer Struck with Blindness" is the title of a famous cartoon by Raphael, which served as the inspiration for woven tapestries in the Vatican.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Acts 13
  2. ^ "Immediately mist and darkness fell upon him, and he went about seeking people to lead him by the hand;" Acts 13:11
  3. ^ "When the proconsul saw what had happened, he believed, for he was amazed at the teaching about the Lord."Acts 13:12
  4. ^ Jacobus de Voragine (2012). "Saint Barnabas, Apostle". The Golden Legend. Translated by William Granger Ryan. Princeton University Press. p. 321. ISBN 978-0-691-15407-7.
  5. ^ Ernest Haenchen, The Acts of the Apostles: A Commentary, Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1971, pg. 398; ISBN 0-664-20919-X
  6. ^ "Raphael Tapestry: The Blinding of Elymas". PAVM: Michigan Chapter. Retrieved 2020-07-20.