Feast in the House of Simon the Pharisee by Rubens, c. 1618. Simon the Pharisee is sometimes identified as Simon the Leper.[1]

The names Simon (Greek Σίμων) and Simeon (Greek Συμεών) appear 71 times and 8 times in the New Testament, respectively.[2] Simon (or its variant Simeon) was a very common given name in the historical period and region of Jesus, but surnames were still very rare.[3] It is therefore not always clear which person these names refer to, and whether some refer to the same person or distinct characters, which has led to confusion. Therefore, Christian authors and modern scholars have given these men nicknames based on their known attributes.[1][4]

F.P. Dutripon's Latin Bible concordance (Paris 1838) identified 14 people named Simon and 5 named Simeon in the Bible, 10 and 3 of whom featured in the New Testament, respectively.[note 1][4] Dutch Franciscan Martialis Vreeswijk (1925) argued that Dutripon should have equated Simon, brother of Jesus and Simon the Zealot, as well as Simon the Pharisee and Simon the Leper, resulting in 8 unique New Testament Simons.[4][6] In Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000, 2019) Edwin C. Hostetter identified four Simeons and W. Edward Glenny found nine Simons in the New Testament books, counting Sim(e)on Peter twice.[7][8] John F. MacArthur (2004) stated: '[Besides Simon Peter], there are eight other Simons mentioned in the New Testament (...)', excluding the Simeons.[9] Jennifer Smith (2014) listed 10 possibly unique Sim(e)ons in total.[1]

The following Simons and Simeons can be found in the New Testament:[note 1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Dutripon's list of New Testament Simeons (p. 1281):
    1. Simeon I. Filius secundus Jacob ex Lia (...), Apoc. 7-7.
    2. Simeon IV. Homo in Jerusalem cui nomen Simeon, Luc. 2-35.
    3. Simeon V. Filius Juda, pater Levi, in genealogia Jesu Christi secundum Lucam, Luc. 3-30.
    Dutripon's list of New Testament Simons (p. 1283–4):
    1. Simon V. Cognomen sancti Petri.
    2. Simon VI. Discipulus Jesi Christi. Vocatur Cananæus [aut] Zelotes.
    3. Simon VII. Frater Jesu Christi, id est, filius Mariæ sororis beatæ Virginis.
    4. Simon VIII. Ex civitate Nahim, Pharisæus.
    5. Simon IX. Cyrenæus appellabatur, quia Cyrene natus.
    6. Simon X. Qui dicitur Leprosus (...). Quidam auctores eumdem faciunt cum Simone Pharisæo.
    7. Simon XI. Pater Judæ proditoris.
    8. Simon XII. (...) dicebatur magus.
    9. Simon XIII. Dictus coriarius.
    10. Simon XIV. Hic dicitur Niger.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Smith, Jennifer (2014). The Fly in the Ointment: The Mysteries of Mary Magdalene. Lulu.com. p. 102–105. ISBN 9781304873811. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ Bible Gateway search results for Simon
    Bible Gateway search results for Simeon
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Losch, Richard R. (2008). All the People in the Bible: An A-Z Guide to the Saints, Scoundrels, and Other Characters in Scripture. Cambridge: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 403–406. ISBN 9780802824547. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Vreeswijk, Martialis (1925). Simon (in Dutch). Tilburg: H. Gianotten. p. 5–7. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  5. ^ Dutripon, François Pascal (1838). Concordantiae Bibliorum sacrorum Vulgatae editionis ad recognitionem jussu Sixti 5. pontif. max (in Latin). Paris: Belin-Mandar. p. 1281–4. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  6. ^ Molenaar, Maurits S.C.M. (1926). "'t Geestelik boek. Simon door Fr. Martialis Vreeswijk, O.F.M. (review)". Roeping (in Dutch). De Zuid-Nederlandse boekhandel, Tilburg. 4: 47–50. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Hostetter, Edwin C. (2000). "Simeon". Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. p. 1223. ISBN 9789053565032. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Glenny, W. Edward (2009). "Simon". Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 2478–2479. ISBN 9781467460460. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k MacArthur, John F. (2004). 1 Peter MacArthur New Testament Commentary. Chicago: Moody Publishers. p. 4. ISBN 9781575676401. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  10. ^ "Acts 15. Nieuwe Bijbelvertaling". debijbel.nl (in Dutch). Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap. 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2021.