29°21′48″N 30°44′45″E / 29.36333°N 30.74583°E / 29.36333; 30.74583

Faiyum Governorate
Faiyum oasis
Flag of Faiyum Governorate
Official logo of Faiyum Governorate
Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
Faiyum Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatFaiyum (capital)
 • GovernorEssam Saad Ibrahim Ahmed[1]
 • Total6,068 km2 (2,343 sq mi)
 • Total4,047,387
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • TotalEGP 134 billion
(US$ 8.5 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2021)0.702[5]
high · 18th

Faiyum Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الفيوم Muḥāfāzah Al Fayyūm) is one of the governorates of Egypt in the middle of the country. Its capital is the city of Faiyum, located about 81 mi (130 km) south west of Cairo. It has a population of 3,848,708 (2020).[6]


pA-y-m (Faiyum)
in hieroglyphs

The name Faiyum comes from Coptic  ̀Ⲫⲓⲟⲙ /Ⲡⲉⲓⲟⲙ efiom/peiom (whence the proper name Ⲡⲁⲓⲟⲙ payoum), meaning the Sea or the Lake, which in turn comes from late Egyptian pA y-m of the same meaning, a reference to the nearby Lake Moeris.


The rate of poverty is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[7]

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions for administrative purposes, with a total estimated population as of January 2023 of 4,047,387. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[3]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
Al Shawashna مركز الشواشنة Al-Shawashnah 257,768 Markaz
Faiyum مركز الفيوم Al-Fayyūm 625,249 Markaz
Faiyum 1 قسم أول الفيوم Al-Fayyūm 1 281,676 Kism (fully urban)
Faiyum 2 قسم ثان الفيوم Al-Fayyūm 2 248,210 Kism (fully urban)
Ibsheway مركز إبشواى Ibshawāy 467,862 Markaz
Itsa مركز إطسا Iṭsā 797,962 Markaz
New Faiyum مدينة الفيوم الجديدة Madīnat al-Fayyūm al-Jadīdah 442 New City
Sinnuris مركز سنورس Sinnūris 714,085 Markaz
Tamiya مركز طامية Ṭāmiyah 502,444 Markaz
Yousef El Seddik مركز يوسف الصديق Yūsuf aṣ-Ṣiddīq incl. Ash-Shawāshnah 151,689 Markaz


Landscape northwards of lake Moeris

The governorate of Faiyum includes:


Boy of Nazla, one of the pottery production sites at Faiyum

According to population estimates from 2015 the majority of residents in the governorate live in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 22.5%. Out of an estimated 3,170,150 people residing in the governorate, 2,456,368 people lived in rural areas and only 713,782 lived in urban areas.[8][9]

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[10]

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. ^ "Fayoum Governorate". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  3. ^ a b https://www.capmas.gov.eg/Admin/Pages%20Files/202331512347%D8%B9%D8%AF%D8%AF%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%86%20%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89%20%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%89%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%83%D8%B2%20%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%85%20%D9%81%D9%89%201%D9%80%201%D9%80%202023.pdf. Retrieved 2 April 2023. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "GDP BY GOVERNORATE", mped.gov.eg
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2023-02-20.
  6. ^ "Population Estimates By Governorate ( Urban /Rural ) 19/11/2020". www.capmas.gov.eg. Retrieved 19 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  9. ^ "GeoHive - Egypt population statistics". Archived from the original on 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  10. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  11. ^ Yasser, Nayera (April 30, 2015). "Amna Elshandaweely and Nada Elsonbaty pave 'Road to Fayoum'". Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  12. ^ "The Fayoum Portraits". Per Ankh Trading. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.