Cairo Governorate
View of Cairo from Cairo tower
View of Cairo from Cairo tower
Flag of Cairo Governorate
Official logo of Cairo Governorate
Cairo Governorate on the map of Egypt
Cairo Governorate on the map of Egypt
Country Egypt
SeatCairo (capital)
 • GovernorKhaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez[1]
 • Total3,085 km2 (1,191 sq mi)
 (January 2023)[2]
 • Total10,203,693
 • Density3,300/km2 (8,600/sq mi)
 • TotalEGP 1,876 billion
(US$ 120 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
ISO 3166 codeEG-C
HDI (2021)0.779[4]
high · 4th
Websiteبوابة محافظة القاهرة
Historical population
1937 1,312,096—    
1947 2,090,654+59.3%
1957 2,877,195+37.6%
1966 4,220,000+46.7%
1976 5,084,463+20.5%
1986 6,052,836+19.0%
1996 6,800,991+12.4%
2006 7,902,085+16.2%
2014 9,102,232+15.2%
2018 9,655,000+6.1%
2023 10,203,693+5.7%

Cairo Governorate (Arabic: محافظة القاهرة) is one of the 27 governorates of Egypt. It is formed of the city of Cairo, both the national capital of Egypt and the governorate's, in addition to five satellite cities: the New Administrative Capital - set to become the seat of national government, New Cairo, Shourok, Badr, Capital Gardens, and 15th of May. These cities form almost half of the Greater Cairo metropolitan area by population.

As one of three city-states in Egypt, where the Cairo governor is also the head of the city.[8] This rightfully creates much confusion and synonymity between the Governorate of Cairo, and the city, though officially they are two semidistinct levels of local government, and as with other governorates, the governor is appointed by the president.


Parts of the governorate - the Helwan district and the satellite cities, were spun off in April 2008 to form the Helwan Governorate, only to be reincorporated into the Cairo Governorate in April 2011.

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into the city of Cairo, and the unallocated desert hinter land (al-zahir al-sahrawi).

Cairo city is subdivided into four Areas (manatiq) headed by a deputy governor each, and 38 Districts (ahya', sing. Hayy) with their own governor appointed heads.[9] Some districts are represented by one police station (qism, plr. aqsam), while others may be subdivided by two or more.

The Northern Area divided into 8 Districts:

Shubra, Al-Zawiya al-Hamra, Hadayek al-Kobba, Rod al-Farg, al-Sharabiya, al-Sahel, al-Zaytoun, and Al-Amiriya

The Eastern Area divided into 9 Districts:

Misr al-Gadidah (Heliopolis), Al-Nozha, Nasr City East (Sharq Madinet Nasr), Nasr City West (Gharb Madinet Nasr), al-Salam Awwal, al-Salam Thani, al-Matariya, and al-Marg.

The Western Area divided into 9 Districts:

Manshiyat Nasser, Al-Wayli, Wasat al-Qahira (Qism: Al-Darb al-Ahmar, al-Gamaliyya, al-Hussein), Boulaq, Gharb El-Qahira (Zamalek, Garden City, Down Town), Abdeen, Al-Azbakiya, al-Muski, and Bab El-Shaaria.

The Southern Area divided into 12 Districts:

Masr El-Qadima (Old Cairo), al-Khalifa, al-Moqattam, al-Basatin, Dar El-Salam, El-Sayeda Zeinab, al-Tebin, Helwan, al-Ma'sara, al-Maadi, Tora, and 15th may City.

In addition to Cairo City, there are five satellite cities that are under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Housing, Utilities and Urban Communities who chairs the New Urban Communities Authority that directly controls them (planning, land sales, zoning), while the governorate departments (muduriyat) control police and select public services (education, health, subsidised food).[10] The more populated ones are subdivided into qisms, while the ones still under construction are yet to have governorate representation. These cities are:

New Cairo (Qism 1,2,3)

Badr (Qism)

15th of May (Qism)

New Administrative Capital (Under construction)

Capital Gardens (Under construction)

As of January 2023, the municipal divisions had a total estimated population as of 10,203,693.[2]

Mosque in Al-Darb al-Ahmar District of Cairo, Egypt
District Subdivisions (qism)
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
1st Settlement قسم التجمع الأول ثان القاهرة 'Al Tagmou Al Khames Than Al Qahira 96,996 Kism (fully urban)
5th Settlement قسم التجمع الخامس أول القاهرة 'Al Tagmou Al Khames Aoal Al Qahira 145,286 Kism (fully urban)
15 May City قسم 15 مايو 15 Māyū 100,074 Kism (fully urban)
Abdeen قسم عابدين 'Ābidīn 40,450 Kism (fully urban)
El Darb El Ahmar قسم الدرب الأحمر Al-Darb Al-Aḥmar[11] 62,563 Kism (fully urban)
Al Qatamia قسم القطامية ثالث القاهرة الجديدة Al Qatamia Thalth Al Qahira Al Jadida 75,810 Kism (fully urban)
Ain Shams قسم عين شمس 'Ain Schams 657,226 Kism (fully urban)
Amreya قسم الاميريه Al-Amīriīah 163,206 Kism (fully urban)
Azbakeya قسم الأزبكية Al-Azbakiyah 21,148 Kism (fully urban)
El Basatin قسم البساتين Al-Basātīn 529,875 Kism (fully urban)
El Gamaliya قسم الجمالية Al-Jamāliyah 38,908 Kism (fully urban)
El Khalifa قسم الخليفة Al-Khalīfah 112,568 Kism (fully urban)
Maadi قسم المعادي Al-Ma'ādī 94,777 Kism (fully urban)
El Marg قسم المرج Al-Marj 854,284 Kism (fully urban)
El Masara قسم المعصره Al-Ma'ṣarah 288,880 Kism (fully urban)
El Matareya قسم المطرية Al-Maṭariyah 644,436 Kism (fully urban)
El Mokattam قسم المقطم Al-Muqaṭṭam 239,750 Kism (fully urban)
El Muski قسم الموسكي Al-Mūskī 16,715 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 1 قسم أول القاهرة الجديدة Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 1 136,271 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 2 قسم ثان القاهرة الجديدة Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 2 90,960 Kism (fully urban)
New Cairo 3 قسم ثالث القاهره الجديده Al-Qāhirah al-Jadīdah 3 71,112 Kism (fully urban)
El Weili قسم الوايلي Al-Waylī 84,843 Kism (fully urban)
El Nozha قسم النزهة An-Nuzhah 247,377 Kism (fully urban)
El Sahel قسم الساحل Al-sahel 338,488 Kism (fully urban)
El Sharabiya قسم الشرابية Ash-Sharābiyah 200,272 Kism (fully urban)
El Shorouk قسم الشروق Ash-Shurūq 93,349 Kism (fully urban)
El Salam 1 قسم أول السلام As-Salām 1 514,187 Kism (fully urban)
El Salam 2 قسم ثان السلام As-Salām 2 164,465 Kism (fully urban)
El Sayeda Zeinab قسم السيدة زينب As-Sayyidah Zaynab 145,805 Kism (fully urban)
El Tebbin قسم التبين At-Tibbīn 77,075 Kism (fully urban)
El Zaher قسم الظاهر Aẓ-Ẓāhir 76,898 Kism (fully urban)
Zamalek قسم الزمالك Az-Zamālik 14,993 Kism (fully urban)
El Zawya El Hamra قسم الزاوية الحمراء Az-Zāwiyah al-Ḥamrā' 340,371 Kism (fully urban)
Zeitoun قسم الزيتون Az-Zaytūn 186,357 Kism (fully urban)
Bab El Sharia قسم باب الشعرية Bāb ash-Sha'riyah 49,923 Kism (fully urban)
Bulaq قسم بولاق Būlāq 51,515 Kism (fully urban)
Dar El Salam قسم دار السلام Dār as-Salām 562,222 Kism (fully urban)
Hadayek El Qobbah قسم حدائق القبة Hada'iq al-Qubbah 338,126 Kism (fully urban)
Helwan قسم حلوان Ḥulwān 557,620 Kism (fully urban)
Nasr City 1 قسم اول مدينة نصر Madīnat an-Naṣr 1 678,970 Kism (fully urban)
Nasr City 2 قسم ثان مدينة نصر Madīnat an-Naṣr 2 77,191 Kism (fully urban)
Badr City قسم بدر Madīnat Badr 33,456 Kism (fully urban)
Heliopolis قسم مصر الجديدة Miṣr al-Jādidah 143,475 Kism (fully urban)
Old Cairo (Fustat) قسم مصر القديمة Miṣr al-Qadīmah 267,746 Kism (fully urban)
Manshiyat Naser قسم منشأة ناصر Munsha'āt Nāṣr 276,366 Kism (fully urban)
Qasr El Nil قسم قصر النيل Qaṣr an-Nīl 10,596 Kism (fully urban)
Rod El Farag قسم روض الفرج Rūd al-Faraj 155,817 Kism (fully urban)
Shubra قسم شبرا Shubrā 82,061 Kism (fully urban)
Tura قسم طره Ṭurah 245,644 Kism (fully urban)



On 30 August 2018, Khaled Abdel-Aal Abdel-Hafez was appointed governor of Cairo Governorate.[12]


Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[15]

Due to its congestion and overcrowded streets, Cairo is not attractive to investors. UN-Habitat is promoting alternative methods of transportation with the aim of relieving these issues.[16]

Projects and programs

In a program that began on 28 August 2012 (through 2018), the European Union invested 40 million Euros on upgrading the infrastructure of informal areas in Cairo Governorate.[17]

See also


  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "ﻰﻓ ﻡﺎــﺳﻗﻸﻟ ﻯﺭﻳﺩﻘﺗﻟﺍ ﻥﺎــﻛﺳﻟﺍ ﺩﺩـــﻋ" (PDF). (in Arabic). Retrieved 1 April 2023.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 20 February 2023.
  5. ^ "EGYPT Administrative Division". 8 January 2012. Archived from the original on 20 February 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  6. ^ United Nations 1960 Demographic Yearbook (PDF). United Nations. p. 289. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  7. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries. McFarland & Company, Inc. p. 115.
  8. ^ "Entities". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  9. ^ "Areas". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  10. ^ "Managing public services in the New Cities - Tadamun". Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  11. ^ Johnstone, Harry (21 March 2018). "Alive with artisans: Cairo's al-Darb al-Ahmar district – a photo essay". The Guardian. Photography by Christopher Wilton-Steer.
  12. ^ "Cairo Governor". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  13. ^ "Former Governors". Cairo Governorate. Retrieved 23 December 2022.
  14. ^ Mohsen Semeika (9 July 2016). وزير التموين و6 محافظين جدد يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس (صور). Al-Masry Al-Youm (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 4 November 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  15. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Egypt-Urban Issues". UN-Habitat Egypt. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Upgrading Informal Areas in the Greater Cairo Region". European Union External Action. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2017.

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