Red Sea Governorate
Anba Antonios Monastery
Flag of Red Sea Governorate
Official logo of Red Sea Governorate
Red Sea Governorate on the map of Egypt
Red Sea Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 25°32′1″N 33°26′18″E / 25.53361°N 33.43833°E / 25.53361; 33.43833
Country Egypt
SeatHurghada (capital)
 • GovernorAhmed Abdullah Mohammed Abdullah[1]
 • Total203,685 km2 (78,643 sq mi)
 (January 2023)[2]
 • Total400,069
 • Density2.0/km2 (5.1/sq mi)
 • TotalEGP 76 billion
(US$ 4.8 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2021)0.738[4]
high · 10th
Historical population
1937 9,914—    
1947 15,929+60.7%
1957 N/A—    
1966 38,000—    
1976 56,191+47.9%
1986 90,491+61.0%
1996 157,314+73.8%
2006 288,661+83.5%
2017 361,480+25.2%
2018E 366,000+1.3%
2023E 400,069+9.3%

Red Sea Governorate (Arabic: محافظة البحر الأحمر Muḥafaẓah al Baḥr al Aḥmar) is one of the 27 governorates (States) of Egypt. Located between the Nile and the Red Sea in the southeast of the country, its southern border forms part of Egypt's border with Sudan. Its capital and largest city is Hurghada.

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of January 2023 of 400,069. In the case of Red Sea governorate, some are fully urban, some are fully rural, and some are a combination of rural and urban.[6][7]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
Hurghada 1 قسم أول الغردقة Al-Ghurdaqah 1 83,888 Kism (fully urban)
Hurghada 2 قسم ثان الغردقة Al-Ghurdaqah 2 128,713 Kism (fully urban)
El Qusair قسم القصير Al-Quṣayr 53,230 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Shalateen قسم الشلاتين Ash-Shalātīn 13,761 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Halaib قسم حلايب Ḥalāyib 8,312 Kism (fully rural)
Marsa Alam قسم مرسى علم Marsā 'Alam 9,147 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Ras Gharib قسم رأس غارب Ras Ghārib 46,297 Kism (urban and rural parts)
Safaga قسم سفاجا Safājā 56,721 Kism (urban and rural parts)


Administratively, the Red Sea Governorate is bordered in the north by the Suez Governorate, to the east by the Red Sea, and to the west by the governorates of Aswan, Qena, Sohag, Asyut, al-Minya and Beni Suef. In the south it is bordered by Sudan's Red Sea State. It contains the disputed territory of the Halaib Triangle, including the Siyal Islands, and contains the Red Sea Hills, a mountain chain making up the Itbay region of Eastern Egypt and Sudan.


The Red Sea Governate has seen large percentage increases in population in recent decades.

Heavy industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[8]


The coast is a tourist destination. Since the early 1980s, Hurghada has been a popular destination for beach lovers and scuba divers. Tourism is also growing in the southern cities of Al-Qusair, Safaga and Marsa Alam. In addition to the numerous hotels and tourist establishments in the centers are located in Al-Bahr al-Ahmar 2 official nature reserves are to be developed for tourism or. The Wadi al-Gamal National Park (Valley of the camels) at Hamata near the town of Marsa Alam and the Gebel Elba National Park in disputed Halaib Triangle north of the town of Halaib. Besides a strong tourism industry, there is also a large offshore fishing industry. The area, which extends over the province, is rich in minerals, such as in phosphates. The Ras Gharib region contains 70% of Egypt's oil production.


  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 31 August 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  2. ^ a b "ﻋـــﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺳﻛــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺗﻘﺩﻳﺭﻯ ﻟﻸﻗﺳــﺎﻡ" (PDF). (in Arabic). January 2023. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 April 2023. Retrieved 20 August 2023.
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 20 February 2023.
  5. ^ Law, Gwillim (23 November 1999). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 Through 1998. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-6097-7.
  6. ^ "RED SEA". Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Markazes of Egypt". Gwillim Law. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 23 November 2018. Retrieved 23 November 2018.