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Menoufia Governorate
Flag of Menoufia Governorate
Official logo of Menoufia Governorate
Monufia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Monufia Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 30°31′N 30°59′E / 30.52°N 30.99°E / 30.52; 30.99
Country Egypt
SeatShibin El Kom
Government
 • GovernorIbrahim Bolamon[1]
Area
 • Total2,543.03 km2 (981.87 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2023)[2]
 • Total4,707,584
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
GDP
 • TotalEGP 157 billion
(US$ 10 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2021)0.752[4]
high · 6th
Websitewww.monofeya.gov.eg

Monufia Governorate (Arabic: محافظة المنوفية Muḥāfaẓah Al Monofeya  IPA: [elmenoˈfejjæ, -monoˈ-]) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the northern part of the country in the Nile Delta, to the south of Gharbia Governorate and to the north of Cairo. The governorate is named after Menouf, an ancient city which was the capital of the governorate until 1826. The current governor (as of 2018) is Said Mohammed Mohammed Abbas.[5]

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into municipal divisions, with a total estimated population as of January 2023 of 4,707,584. In some instances there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[2]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(July 2017 Est.)
Type
El Bagour مركز الباجور Al-Bājūr 436,371 Markaz
Ashmoun مركز أشمون Ashmūn 920,871 Markaz
El Shohada مركز الشهداء Ash-Shuhadā' 377,133 Markaz
Birket el Sab مركز بركة السبع Birkat as-Sab' 338,111 Markaz
Sadat City مركز و مدينة السادات Madīnat as-Sādāt 196,666 Markaz
Menouf قسم مدينة منوف Minūf 129,179 Kism (fully urban)
Menouf مركز منوف Minūf 475,641 Markaz
Quweisna مركز قويسنا Quwaysinā 537,968 Markaz
Shibin el Kom قسم شبين الكوم Shibīn al-Kawm 275,347 Kism (fully urban)
Shibin el Kom مركز شبين الكوم Shibīn al-Kawm 516,990 Markaz
Sers El Lyan قسم سرس الليان Sirs al-Layyānah 80,327 Kism (fully urban)
Tala مركز تلا Talā 422,980 Markaz

Population

According to population estimates in 2015, the majority of residents in the governorate lived in rural areas, with an urbanization rate of only 20.6%. Out of an estimated 3,941,293 people residing in the governorate, 3,128,460 people lived in rural areas as opposed to only 812,833 in urban areas.[6]

Cities

The capital of the Monufia Governorate is the city of Shibin El Kom. The main cities of the governorate are Quesna, Tala, Bagour, Menouf, Ashmoun and Sers El Lyan. It is mainly an agricultural governorate.[7]

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[8]

History

In 1826, Mohammed Ali transferred the capital of Monufia from Menouf to Shibin El Kom as the latter fell exactly in the center of the governorate. Other than Shibin El Kom, the governorate had four other administrative divisions which are Quesna, Tala, Menouf and Talawy. In 1942, El Shohada became a new administrative division and included parts from Shibin El Kom and Tala. In 1947, Bagour was created to encompass regions from Menouf, Talawy, Quesna and Shibin El Kom. In 1955, five villages were taken from Tala and redistributed to Tanta. In 1960, Berket El Sabe'e (Lake of the Lion) was established and consisted of former towns and villages of Tala, Quesna and Shibin El Kom. In 1975, Sers El Lyan became a city rather than a village after it was separated from Menouf. In 1991, Sadat City was annexed to Monufia, being its only region west of the Rosetta branch. In the final round of the 2012 Egyptian presidential election, Monufia had the highest voter turnout rate of all governorates (61.5%) as well as the most overwhelming support for candidate Ahmed Shafik (71.5%).

Agriculture

The governorate is famous for the production of crops like cotton, maize and wheat as well as vegetable crops such as potatoes and green beans of which a large part is exported. Agricultural land is irrigated with water from the Rosetta and Damietta branches of the Nile. Agriculture is generally the main activity of the population due to the fertile land in the Nile Delta.[9]

Notable residents

Projects

In 1981, the Basic Village Service Program (BVS), under the auspices of USAID, had several water, road, and other projects, going on in several markazes in the Monufia Governorate.[12]

In 2018, the National Agricultural Animal Health Services (NAAHS) was formed by the Ministry of Agriculture in order to care for the rising number of infected horses and donkeys in the Shibin El-Kom area. This was sparked by the tragedy.

References

  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. ^ a b "عـــدد السكــان التقديرى للأقســام فى 1 / 1 2" (PDF). Retrieved 2 April 2023.
  3. ^ "GDP BY GOVERNORATE", mped.gov.eg
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2023-02-20.
  5. ^ "Governor's Bio". monofeya.gov. Archived from the original on 2018-04-16. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  6. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Cities". Monofeya Gov Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-05-01. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  8. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Al-Minūfiyyah GOVERNORATE, EGYPT". britannica.
  10. ^ Omar Fayed TFF Profile
  11. ^ About Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University
  12. ^ "Egypt: The Basic Village Services Program" (PDF). USAID. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-10-19. Retrieved 19 October 2016.