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Luxor Governorate
Flag of Luxor Governorate
Official logo of Luxor Governorate
Luxor Governorate on the map of Egypt
Luxor Governorate on the map of Egypt
Coordinates: 25°41′N 32°39′E / 25.683°N 32.650°E / 25.683; 32.650
Country Egypt
SeatLuxor (capital)
 • GovernorMustafa Mohamed Alhem Khaled[1]
 • Total460 km2 (180 sq mi)
 (January 2023)[4]
 • Total1,388,666
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
 • TotalEGP 47 billion
(US$ 3.0 billion)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
HDI (2021)0.708[6]
high · 17th

Luxor Governorate (Arabic: محافظة الأقصر) has been one of Egypt's governorates since 7 December 2009, when former president Hosni Mubarak announced its separation from the Qena Governorate.[7] It is located 635 km south of Cairo. It lies in Upper Egypt along the Nile. Luxor is the capital of the Luxor governorate, other important cities and tourist centers include Esna and Armant.


Despite the governorate being one of the top destinations for tourists in Egypt,[3] the poverty rate is more than 60% in this governorate but recently some social safety networks have been provided in the form of financial assistance and job opportunities. The funding has been coordinated by the country's Ministry of Finance and with assistance from international organizations.[8]

Municipal divisions

The governorate is divided into the following municipal divisions with a total estimated population as of January 2023 of 1,388,666. In some instances, there is a markaz and a kism with the same name.[4]

Municipal Divisions
Anglicized name Native name Arabic transliteration Population
(January 2023 Est.)
Qurna مركز القرنه Al-Qarnah 180,120 Markaz
Luxor قسم الأقصر Al-Uqṣur 280,525 Kism (fully urban)
Luxor مركز الأقصر Al-Uqṣur 182,158 Markaz
Armant مركز أرمنت Armant 193,337 Markaz
Esna مركز إسنا Isnā 472,175 Markaz
Thebes (Tiba) مركز طيبة Ṭībah 80,351 Markaz


The emblem of Luxor represents the bust of Tutankhamun on board an Ancient Egyptian canoe boat, cruising in the Nile, with an obelisk and the sunlight in the background.


The governorate's total area is 2960 km2, representing 0.24% of the country's area.


At the 2012 census, the population of the area which in 2009 was formed into the new Luxor Governorate was 1,064,000 people. 47.4% of them lived in urban areas, while 52.6% lived in rural areas. The annual population growth rate is 18.2 per thousand. Population estimates from 2015 put the same figure at 1,147,058 with an urbanization rate of 37.8%.[9]

Industrial zones

According to the Egyptian Governing Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI), in affiliation with the Ministry of Investment (MOI), the following industrial zones are located in this governorate:[10]


  1. ^ "رسمياً.. المحافظون الجدد ونوابهم يؤدون اليمين الدستورية أمام الرئيس". Almasry Alyoum (in Arabic). 30 August 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-08-31. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  2. ^ "Luxor Governorate". sis.gov.eg. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Governorate in brief". luxor.gov.eg.
  4. ^ a b https://www.capmas.gov.eg/Admin/Pages%20Files/202331512347%D8%B9%D8%AF%D8%AF%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%86%20%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89%20%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%88%D9%89%20%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%83%D8%B2%20%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%85%20%D9%81%D9%89%201%D9%80%201%D9%80%202023.pdf. Retrieved 3 April 2023. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "GDP BY GOVERNORATE", mped.gov.eg
  6. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Table - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2023-02-20.
  7. ^ Luxor announced Egypt's 29th governorate Archived 2010-02-13 at the Wayback Machine, report of Daily News Egypt of 7 December 2009.
  8. ^ "Social Solidarity Ministry to provide citizens with disabilities financial support". Egypt Independent. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-10-19. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Industrial Zones of Governorate". Ministry of Investment Egypt. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 23 November 2018.