|Region||Eastern East Timor|
|37,000 (2010 census)|
Distribution of Fataluku in East Timor
Fataluku (also known as Dagaga, Dagoda', Dagada) is a Papuan language spoken by approximately 37,000 people of Fataluku ethnicity in the eastern areas of East Timor, especially around Lospalos. It is a member of the Timor-Alor-Pantar language family, which includes languages spoken both in East Timor and nearby regions of Indonesia. Fataluku's closest relative is Oirata, spoken on Kisar island, in the Moluccas of Indonesia. Fataluku is given the status of a national language under the constitution. Speakers of Fataluku normally have a command of Tetum and/or Indonesian.
It has a considerable amount of Austronesian loanwords, and it has borrowed elements of Sanskrit and Arabic vocabulary via Malay.
|Close||i /i/||u /u/|
|Mid||e /e/||o /o/|
|Nasals||m /m/||n /n/|
|Plosive||p /p/||t /t/||k /k/||' /ʔ/|
|Affricates||voiceless||c /t͡s/²||c /t͡ʃ/¹ ²|
|Fricatives||voiceless||f /f/||s /s/||h /h/|
|voiced||v /β/²||v /v/²||z /z/|
|Flap||v /ⱱ/²||r /ɾ/|
|Semivowel||v /w/²||y /j/|
In the examples below, the letter 'c' and the letter combination 'tx' are pronounced as the 'ch' in the English word 'church'.
Rau ana kapare? / e nicha rau rau / maice ana umpe? "how are you?" Rau "good" Kapare "not good" Hó "yes" Xaparau "thank you" Tali even xaparau "thank you very much" nitawane "you're welcome" Favoruni "please" itu nae tini "excuse me" Ó lai'i "hello" mua toto, ia toto,purupale " take care" Kois ta niat ali fanuhene "see you later" Pronoun Possessive pronoun I : Aniri/Ana My: Ahani You : Eri (singular), Iri (plural) Your: Eheni(sing), Eheniere (plur) We : Iniri (excl), Afiri (inclusive) Our: Inihini (exc), Afihini: (incl) They : Tawari, Márafuri Their: Their Tavarhini, Marafurhini He/She : Tavai, marí, mármocoi His/Her: Tavahini, Marmokoihini It : Iví Its: Ivihini, Tavahini