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Fujiko Fujio
Abiko (top) and Fujimoto (bottom)
Abiko (top) and Fujimoto (bottom)
Native name
藤子 不二雄
BornHiroshi Fujimoto (藤本 弘)
Motoo Abiko
(安孫子 素雄)
Fujimoto: (1933-12-01)December 1, 1933 in Takaoka, Toyama, Japan
Abiko: (1934-03-10)March 10, 1934 in Himi, Toyama, Japan
DiedFujimoto: September 23, 1996(1996-09-23) (aged 62) in Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan
Abiko: April 6, 2022(2022-04-06) (aged 88) in Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan
Pen nameFujiko Fujio (common,1953–1988)
Fujiko F. Fujio (Fujimoto,1989–)
Fujiko Fujio A (Abiko,1988–)
OccupationManga artists
Years active1951–1987 (act under one name)
–1996 (F,A act in each)
–2022 (Only A)
Notable works
Notable awards
Fujiko Fujio's Activities & Pen name for new releases

Fujiko Fujio (藤子 不二雄) was a manga writing duo formed by Japanese manga artists Hiroshi Fujimoto (藤本 弘, Fujimoto Hiroshi, December 1, 1933 – September 23, 1996) and Motoo Abiko (安孫子 素雄, Abiko Motoo, March 10, 1934 – April 6, 2022). Professional debut in 1951 (under the authors' names "Abiko Motoo, Fujimoto Hiroshi"). Used the Fujiko Fujio name from 1953 until dissolution of the partnership in 1987, upon Fujimoto's illness. The pair was best known for their popular comedies, including Obake no Q-Tarō, Ninja Hattori-kun, Kaibutsu-kun, Perman, Kiteretsu Daihyakka, and Doraemon, which is officially recognized as a cultural icon of modern Japan.[1] Some of their influences have included Osamu Tezuka as well as international cartoons and comic books.

Pen name

From their debut, they collaborated and wrote individually under one pen name. But after 1988 they published under separate names.

Fujiko Fujio

Used from July 1953 to around January 1988.

All works (collaboration, one person's work) published under one pen name "Fujiko Fujio".

Fujiko F. Fujio

Pen name used by Fujimoto since 1989.

The above is notation without symbols.

The official notation is Fujiko・F・Fujio (藤子・F・不二雄, Fujiko Efu Fujio).

Fujiko Fujio A

Pen name used by Abiko since 1988.

The above is notation without symbols.

The official notation is Fujiko Fujio Ⓐ (藤子不二雄Ⓐ, Fujiko Fujio Ē).

As a reminder, "Fujiko A. Fujio" is a non-existent name notation. If it exists, it is a misunderstanding or typo.[2]

Pen name (or author name) of each era
AD Fujimoto collaboration Abiko
1951(Dec)- "Abiko Motoo, Fujimoto Hiroshi"
1952(Nov)- Ashizuka Fujio
Fujiko Fujio
1988(Feb)- Fujiko Fujio F Fujiko Fujio A
1989(Jan)- Fujiko F. Fujio "Fujiko F. Fujio" or
"Fujiko Fujio A" or
"Fujiko F. Fujio , Fujiko Fujio A"


Hiroshi Fujimoto and Motoo Abiko were both from Toyama Prefecture. Fujimoto was born on December 1, 1933, and Abiko on March 10, 1934. Abiko transferred to Fujimoto's elementary school in Takaoka City and happened to see Fujimoto drawing in a notebook. The two became lifelong friends, and during the early years of their friendship kept their illustrations hidden from friends and classmates out of embarrassment.

In junior high school they were greatly influenced by Osamu Tezuka and his manga series Shin Takarajima. Fujimoto built a homemade episcope and together they wrote a piece for it called Tenküma, which was their first collaborative work. They started submitting work to periodicals such as Manga Shōnen and opened a joint savings account through Japan Post to which they both contributed funds and which they used to purchase art supplies. They divided all income and expenses equally between each other, a practice they continued throughout the life of their partnership.

In high school they made their publishing debut, Tenshi no Tama-chan being adopted for serialization by Mainichi Shogakusei Shimbun in 1951. That same year they paid a visit to Tezuka's residence in Takarazuka, Hyōgo and showed him illustrations for their work titled Ben Hur. Tezuka complimented the two, some years later commenting that he knew then they were going to be major figures in the manga industry. Abiko and Fujimoto treasured the meeting with the respected Tezuka, and kept the Ben Hur illustrations for their entire lives. It was at this time they decided to make their partnership permanent, initially adopting the name Tezuka Fujio out of respect, later changing this to Azhizuka Fujio when they perceived adoption of the Tezuka name as too close to that of their idol.

Because both Fujimoto and Abiko were eldest sons respectively, they decided to take company jobs after graduating from high school in 1952. Fujimoto found employment with a confectionery company, and Abiko began working for the Toyama Newspaper Company. However, Fujimoto quit within a matter of days. Fujimoto then dedicated his time to submitting work to periodicals, with Abiko assisting him on the weekends. Their first serial as Ashizuka Fujio was terminated in a few episodes, followed by success with the post-apocalyptic science fiction series Utopia: The Last World War (UTOPIA—最後の世界大戦, UTOPIA: Saigo no Sekai Taisen).

They elected to move to Tokyo in 1954 as professional manga artists at Fujimoto's urging, Abiko only reluctantly as he had steady employment at the Toyama Newspaper Company. Their first place of residence was a two-tatami mat room at the second floor of a watch shop. They eventually moved to the Tokiwa-sō apartment complex when Tezuka offered them a room that he was moving out of.[3] Together with Hiroo Terada and several other manga artists of the period, they formed a collaborative group called "New Manga Party" (新漫画党, Shin Manga-To). At the apartment complex where the group was based, they enjoyed a period of productivity that had Fujimoto and Abiko carry up to six serials a month for publication. Additionally, Abiko contributed to Tezuka's works as an artist assistant, such as drawing a blizzard on the last page of Jungle Emperor.[3]

The workload proved excessive, and in 1955 on return to Toyama for Japanese New Year the pair missed all the deadlines for their serials. The loss of credibility with publishers hurt Fujimoto and Abiko for a year. During the Tokiwa-sō era, they purchased a television set in Akihabara and made independent films with an 8mm camera. By 1959 they left Tokiwa-sō and moved to Kawasaki in Kanagawa Prefecture. In the 1960s Fujimoto and Abiko founded Fujiko Studio Co., Ltd., a joint manga production company. Fujimoto found time to get married in 1962, at the age of 28.

In 1963 Fujimoto and Abiko established Studio Zero with Shin'ichi Suzuki, Shotaro Ishimori, Jirō Tsunoda and Kiyoichi Tsunoda. Later Fujio Akatsuka joined, and at its peak the studio employed about 80 people. The studio produced several animated series and stood in for Mushi Production for an episode of Astro Boy.[4] For Fujimoto and Abiko these were some of their most productive years, resulting in series such as Obake no Q-Tarō which eventually were made into anime series on television. Abiko got married in 1966 at the age of 32. Fujimoto concentrated on titles for children, with a particular interest in science fiction.

In 1968, Abiko started making manga for a more mature audience, with titles such as Kuroi Salesman. In the 1970s, Abiko focused on both adult and boys manga. The style was full of black humor.

In the 1970s, Fujimoto focused on both adult and childhood manga. His style was notable for its sense of wonder.

Doraemon was created in 1969. Since around 1974, its popularity has skyrocketed among Japanese children. CoroCoro Comic released its first issue in 1977 to showcase the works of Fujiko Fujio. With syndication of Doraemon on TV Asahi in 1979, a surge of popularity saw up to a dozen collaborative and solo works by Fujimoto and Abiko picked up for publication and syndication throughout the 1980s. Doraemon is the only work by the duo to ever get an official release in English-speaking countries, most notably the United States. However, English dubs of work such as Perman and Ninja Hattori-kun aired in Asia.

In 1987, citing creative differences,[citation needed] Fujimoto and Abiko ended their long partnership to concentrate on solo projects. From now on, Abiko would work at Fujiko Studio K.K. and Fujimoto in Fujiko F. Fujio Pro K.K.

Abiko adopted the pen name Fujiko Fujio A.[5]

Fujimoto adopted the pen name Fujiko F. Fujio.[6]

According to Abiko,[citation needed] the cause for the dissolution of the partnership was due to Fujimoto discovering he had stomach cancer in 1986 (Since it was not announced, neither Fujimoto nor Abiko knew the exact name of the disease), and both Fujimoto and Abiko had a desire to settle copyright and financial issues before the other died.

Fujimoto died of liver failure at a hospital in Shinjuku on September 23, 1996.[7]

A documentary was aired on TV Asahi on February 19, 2006, chronicling the life and times of Fujiko F. Fujio.

A Fujiko F. Fujio museum opened in Kawasaki, Kanagawa on September 3, 2011, which features a reproduction of Fujio's studio and a display of their artwork.[8]

Abiko died at his home in Kawasaki on April 6, 2022.[9]


Fujiko Fujio
Fujiko F. Fujio
Fujiko Fujio A


Fujiko Fujio's works (Collaboration)

English Title [note 1] Japanese Title Year
Angel Tama-chan [note 2][note 3] Tenshi no Tama-chan
Drifting for 40,000 years [note 2][note 4] 4 Man-nen hyōryū
UTOPIA: The Final World War [note 4] UTOPIA: Saigo no Sekai Taisen
(UTOPIA 最後の世界大戦)
Prince of the Sea [note 2] Umi no Ōji
Invisible Racing Car [note 2] Kieru Kaisokusha
Little Ghost Q-Taro Obake no Q-Tarō
Wakatono (わかとの) 1964–1965
Great Dog Tintin [note 2] Meiken Tantan
Beret Shin-chan [note 2] Berē no Shin-chan
Jirokichi (ジロキチ) 1965–1966
Gloves Te-chan [note 2] (1966) Tebukuro Tetchan
Perman (1966)[13] Pāman
Chintara Kami-chan (チンタラ神ちゃん) 1967
New Little Ghost Q-Taro Shin Obake no Q-Tarō [note 5]
1971–1973, 1976
Senbe Senbē

Fujiko Fujio's works (Fujimoto alone)

English Title [note 1] Japanese Title Year
Gloves Te-chan [note 2] (1960) Tebukuro Tetchan
Go! Roboket [jp] [note 2] Susume Roboket
21 Emon : The 21st Century Kid 21 Emon
1967–1969, 1981
Super-san (One-shot) (スーパーさん) 1968
Plum Star Denka [note 6] Umeboshi Denka
Mojacko Mojakō
Doraemon (ドラえもん) 1969–1988
(Rocky Rackat! [note 7])
(ポコニャン) 1970–1978
Bonom: Sokonuke-san [note 8] (One-shot) (ボノム =底ぬけさん=) 1970
Dojita Dojiro's Lucks (One-shot) Dojita Dojirō no Kōun
Adventures of Dobinson Dobinson Hyōryūki
Old Bachelor (One-shot) Jijinuki
Self Meeting (One-shot) Jibun Kaigi
Jungle Kurobe Jungle Kurobē
Pajamaman [jp] (パジャママン) 1973–1974
Mokkoro-Kun (モッコロくん) 1973–1975
Bakeru-kun (バケルくん) 1974–1976, 1984
Nostaljii (One-shot) Nosutarujī
Kiteretsu Kiteretsu Daihyakka
Zo-kun and Risu-chan Zō-kun to Risu-chan
Mikio and MIKIO Mikio to MIKIO
Red-Haired Anko (One-shot) Akage no Anko
(赤毛のアン子)[note 9]
Fourth dimension hat P-Poko [note 2] 4 Jigen Bō P-Poko
33,000 Square Meters (One-shot) 3 Man 3 Zen Hēbē
Lone War of the Worlds (One-shot) Hitoribotchi no Uchū Sensō
Ultra-Super-Deluxeman (One-shot) (ウルトラ・スーパー・デラックスマン) 1975
Bellavo Berabō
U-bow U-Bō
Minister Bowbow Baubau Daijin
Captain Bon (きゃぷてんボン) 1976
Mami the Psychic [14] Esper Mami
Alien Report: Sample A and B (One-shot) Uchūjin Report: Sample A to B
(宇宙人レポート サンプルAとB)
Middle-aged Superman Mr. Saenai Chūnen Superman Saenai-shi
That idiot aims for the wilderness (One-shot) Ano Baka wa Kōya wo Mezasu
Time Patrol Bon T. P. Bon
His Time Machine (One-shot) Aitsu no Time Machine
Mira-cle-1 Mira-kuru-1
One Day... (One-shot) Aru Hi...
Worldscope (One-shot) Shikaikyō
Perman (1983)[15] Pāman
Chu-Poko Chū-Poko
Toppi the Space Puppy Chūken Toppi
Chimpui (チンプイ) 1985–1988

Fujiko Fujio's works (Abiko alone)

English Title [note 1] Japanese Title Year
My name is X-kun [note 2] Wagana wa X-kun
1957–1958, 1959–1962
Silver Cross (シルバー・クロス) 1960–1963
Galaxy Captain [note 2] Ginga Senchō
Big 1 (ビッグ・1) 1962
Prince Ciscon Shisukon Ōji
Futa-kun Fūta-kun
Ninja Hattori Ninja Hattori-kun
1964–1968, 1981–1988
Three Z Men (スリーZメン) 1964–1965
Tako-kun in my house [note 2] Bokunchi no Tako-kun
The Monster Kid Kaibutsu-kun
1965–1969, 1972, 1980–1982
Masked X-kun [note 2] Mask no X-kun
Manganica (マンガニカ) 1967–1971
Monster Boy Wakatono [note 10] Kaijin Wakatono
The Black Salesman (One shot) KUROI SEeRUSUMAN
Biriken (ビリ犬) 1969
The Black Salesman (Serialization) KUROi SEeRUSUMAN
Kurobe Kurobē
Masked Taro [note 2] Kamen Tarō
Madmen team [note 2] Kyōjin gun
(狂人軍[note 11])
Uncle HiTLer HitTORAa Oji San
1969, 1971
Mumako (夢魔子) 1970
Gekiga Mao Zedong Gekiga Mō Takutō Den
Phantom Hen-dayou [note 2] Maboroshi Hendayū
Mr. Nameless [note 2] Mumei-kun
Kappa Kappo Kappa no Kappo
Mataro is Coming!! Matarō ga Kuru!!
Mr. Tour Conductor [note 2] Tenjō-san
Nonsense man [note 10] Zare Otoko
(戯れ男 [note 12])
Love Thief Ai Nusubito
Katsuagemaru Extortion Company Katsuagemaru Yusuri Shōkai
Sasurai-kun Sasurai-kun
Saru the ProGolfer [14] ProGolfer Saru
1974–1980, 1982–1988
Love Traveler Ai Tazunebito
Old man Bo-Taro [note 2] Oyaji Bōtarō
Miss Dracula (ミス・ドラキュラ) 1975–1980
I am Assistant Chief Ore Kakarichō Hosa
Black Company Henkiro Black Shōkai Henkirō
Manga Michi (まんが道) 1977–1982, 1986–1988
Parman's days Parman no Hibi
Shonen Jidai [16]
(Childhood Days)
Shōnen Jidai
Futa-kun NOW! (フータくん NOW!) 1982–1983
Parman's Reserved Seat Parman no Shiteiseki
Dream Tunnel Yume Tonneru
Ninja Hattori + Perman Ninja Hattori-kun + Pāman
1983–1985[note 13]
Ultra B (ウルトラB) 1984–1988

Fujiko F. Fujio's works (Fujimoto)

English Title [note 1] Japanese Title Year
Doraemon (ドラえもん) 1988–1997
Chimpui (チンプイ) 1988–1991
Memories of the Future Mirai no Omoide
Alien Mr. Andro (One-shot) Ijin Andoro-shi

Fujiko Fujio A's works (Abiko)

English Title [note 1] Japanese Title Year
Ninja Hattori Ninja Hattori-kun
Saru the ProGolfer [14] ProGolfer Saru
1988, 1989
Manga Michi (まんが道) 1988
Ultra B (ウルトラB) 1988–1989
Biriken (ビリ犬) 1988–1989
Takamori Runs Takamori ga Hashiru
Biriken All Trading Company [note 2] Biriken Nandemo Shōkai
Parasol Henbe Parasol Hembē
The Laughing Salesman WARAu SEeRUSUMAN
Love... When I knew it...
:Youth of Maga Michio
[note 2]
Ai... Shirisomeshi Koro ni...
:Maga Michio no Seishun

— 満賀道雄の青春
1989, 1990, 1995–2013
Sudden Death (サドンデス) 1991–1992
Prince Demokin (プリンスデモキン) 1991–1999
(憂夢, Yūmu)
PARMAN's days PARMAN no Hibi
Drifting Around The World [18] World Hyōryūki
Kirito Come!! Kirito ga Kita!!
Parman's Days of Dream and Roses Parman no Yume to Bara no Hibi
The Salesman Returns KAEtTEKITA SEeRUSUMAN
1996, 1998–2000
Moguro Fukujiro's work Moguro Fukujirō no Shigoto
Yojimbo Yōjinbō
Hoa!! Koike-san (ホアー!! 小池さん) 1998–2001
SARU (サル) 1998–2005
The Dancing Salesman ODORU SEeRUSUMAN
2001, 2003–2006
PARman’s Passionate Days PARman no Jōnetsuteki na Hibi
Life Proverb Funny "MAN" Encyclopedia [note 2] Jinsei Kotowaza Omoshiro "Man" Jiten
The Monster Kid (One-shot) Kaibutsu-kun


  1. ^ a b c d e Official title or literal or parallel translation.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Literal translation
  3. ^ Pen name is Abiko Motoo, Fujimoto Hiroshi.
  4. ^ a b Pen name is Ashizuka Fujio.
  5. ^ When serialized in a magazine, Obake no Q-Taro. "New" is attached only to books and animations.
  6. ^ Literal translation. Umeboshi is a parody of Salted plum and planet name. Denka is main character's name, means His Highness.
  7. ^ TV anime series title.
  8. ^ Sokonuke-san means Mr. Bottomless.
  9. ^ Re-titled Anko Ōi ni Ikaru (アン子 大いに怒る) in later short story compilations.
  10. ^ a b Free translation
  11. ^ Parody of Yomiuri Giants (巨人軍, Kyojin gun)
  12. ^ Parody of Nonsense (戯言, Zaregoto)
  13. ^ Manga serialization started in November 1983(Corocoro Comic).



  1. ^ "Doraemon named 'anime ambassador'". Japan Today. March 17, 2008. Archived from the original on September 26, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
  2. ^ "JASPARに海外集団的権利を委託している国内漫画作家リスト". Archived from the original on July 28, 2023. Retrieved July 28, 2023.
  3. ^ a b "Fujiko Fujio (A) Talks about Life at Tokiwa-so". January 19, 2008. Archived from the original on July 16, 2023. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
  4. ^ "The Lost Astro Boy Episode |". Archived from the original on January 2, 2024. Retrieved January 11, 2024.
  5. ^ Power (2009), p. 39–40.
  6. ^ Power (2009), p. 84.
  7. ^ "史上初の大調査 著名人100人が最後に頼った病院 あなたの病院選びは間違っていませんか". 現代ビジネス. August 17, 2011. Archived from the original on April 3, 2022. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  8. ^ "Anime star Doraemon to have own museum". The Independent. August 29, 2011. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
  9. ^ "富山新聞「藤子不二雄Ⓐさん、命日は4月6日」". Archived from the original on May 2, 2023. Retrieved June 12, 2023.
  10. ^ "小学館漫画賞: 歴代受賞者". Shogakukan.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ a b c "映画産業団体連合会(映画の日)". Archived from the original on September 28, 2023. Retrieved July 29, 2023.
  12. ^ "手塚治虫文化賞マンガ大賞". Archived from the original on June 28, 2022. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
  13. ^ Perman(1983) is Fujimoto's solo work.
  14. ^ a b c "Tv asahi Buyer's Catalogue". Archived from the original on September 1, 2018. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  15. ^ Perman(1966) is a collaboration.
  16. ^ "Shonen Jidai (1990) - IMDb". IMDb. Archived from the original on August 1, 2023. Retrieved August 1, 2023.
  17. ^ An English word on the cover of a Japanese book.
  18. ^ Listed in the table of contents of Japanese books.