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Gopal Ganesh Agarkar
गोपाळ गणेश आगरकर
Born(1856-07-14)14 July 1856
Died17 June 1895(1895-06-17) (aged 38)
Nationality British India
EducationDeccan College (B.A.), (M.A.)
Occupation(s)Educationalist, writer, editor, social reformer
Known forFounder of the Deccan Education Society
SpouseYashodabai Agarkar

Gopal Ganesh Agarkar (14 July 1856 – 17 June 1895) (pronunciation) was a social reformer, educationist, and thinker from Bombay Presidency, British India.

At one time a close associate of Bal Gangadhar Tilak, he co-founded educational institutes such as the New English School, the Deccan Education Society and Fergusson College along with Tilak, Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi, V. S. Apte, V. B. Kelkar, M. S. Gole and N. K. Dharap.[citation needed] He was the first editor of the weekly Kesari newspaper and founder and editor of a periodical, Sudharak. He was the second principal of Fergusson College, serving in that post from August 1892 until his death.

A locality in Andheri, Mumbai is named after him as Agarkar Chowk.

Early life

Gopal Ganesh Agarkar was born on 14 July 1856 in Tembhu, a village in Karad taluk, Satara district, Maharashtra.[1][2]

Agarkar was schooled in Karad and later worked as a clerk in a court there. In 1878, he received his B. A. degree, and in 1880 was awarded an M.A.[citation needed]

Social activism and later life

He was the first editor of Kesari, a prominent Marathi-language weekly newspaper founded by Lokmanya Tilak in 1880–1881. Ideological differences with Tilak caused him later to leave. They disagreed on the primacy of political reform versus social reform, with Agarkar believing that the need for social reform was more immediate. He started his own periodical, Sudharak, in which he campaigned against the injustices of untouchability and the caste system. Agarkar abhorred blind adherence to and glorification of tradition and the past. He supported widow remarriage.[3] From 1892 to 1895 he was the principal of Ferguson College.

Agarkar suffered from severe asthma throughout his life and succumbed to it on 17 June 1895.



  1. ^ Mohammad Shabbir Khan (1992). Tilak and Gokhale: A Comparative Study of Their Socio-politico-economic Programmes of Reconstruction. APH Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 9788170244783. In another important aspect the second year was also significant as in the rank of faculty members, Gopal Ganesh Agarkar (1856-1859) joined. Agarkar was a brilliant Chitpavan Brahmin, M.A. at the Deccan College when Tilak met him first.
  2. ^ Richard I. Cashman (25 September 2018). The Myth of the Lokamanya: Tilak and Mass Politics in Maharashtra. University of California Press. p. 222. ISBN 978-0520303805.
  3. ^ Tarique, Mohammad. Modern Indian History. Tata McGraw-Hill. p. 8.10. ISBN 978-0-07-066030-4. Retrieved 24 October 2010.

Further reading