Husakism (Czech: husákismus; Slovak: husákizmus) is an ideology connected with the politician Gustáv Husák of Communist Czechoslovakia which has two different meanings and it was first used by Karol Bacílek to denounce the alleged "bourgeois nationalism" of Husák in the 1950s.[1] The later and more frequent use is for the ideology of Husák's "normalization"[2] and federalism,[3] the state ideology of Czechoslovakia from about 1969 to 1989, formulated by Husák, Vasil Biľak and others.[4]


  1. ^ "Dismissals In Slovakia Reflect Still Prevailing "Bourgeois Nationalism"".[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Johnson, Elliott; Walker, David; Gray, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPCZ) / Komunistická Strana Československá (KSČ)". Historical Dictionary of Marxism (2nd ed.). Lanham; Boulder; New York; London: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-4422-3798-8.
  3. ^ Wilczynski, Jozef, ed. (1981). "Czechoslovak Socialist Republic". An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Marxism, Socialism and Communism. The Macmillan Press. p. 135. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-05806-8. ISBN 978-1-349-05806-8.
  4. ^ "Bohumil Pečinka: Listopad 1989 byl kontrarevoluce" [Bohumil Pečinka: November 1989 was a counter-revolution] (in Czech). 1 March 2005. Archived from the original on 2 November 2005.