Ivan Dziuba
Дзюба Іван Михайлович
Ivan Dziuba (2004).jpg
Dziuba in 2004
Personal details
Born
Ivan Mikhailovych Dziuba

(1931-07-26)26 July 1931
Mykolaivka, Volnovakha Raion, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Died22 February 2022(2022-02-22) (aged 90)
Kyiv, Ukraine
NationalityUkrainian
AwardsHero of Ukraine

Ivan Mykhailovych Dziuba (Ukrainian: Іва́н Миха́йлович Дзю́ба; 26 July 1931 – 22 February 2022) was a Ukrainian literary critic, social activist, dissident, Hero of Ukraine, academic of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the second Minister of Culture of Ukraine (1992—1994),[1] and head of the Committee for Shevchenko National Prize (1999–2001).[2]

He was the Co-Chief of Editorial Board of the Encyclopaedia of Modern Ukraine.

He was the editor in chief of the magazine The Contemporary (Сучасність) and during the 1990s, a member of the editorial boards of scientific magazines "Київська старовина", "Слово і час", "Євроатлантика" and others.

Biography

Official photo of Dziuba after his arrest
Official photo of Dziuba after his arrest

Born into a peasant family, until 17 years of age Dziuba spoke only in Russian language.[3]

In 1932, his family, fleeing from the famine, moved from their home village to the nearby workers' village Novotroyits'ke for a short time. Later, they moved to Olenevski Quarry (now Dokuchaievsk), where Dziuba finished secondary school № 1.

He graduated from Donetsk Pedagogical Institute, and pursued postgraduate studies in the Shevchenko Institute of Literature. His work was first published in 1959.[4]

In the 1970s, he was subjected to political persecutions for the views he expressed in some publications.

In the end of 1965 Dziuba wrote his work Internationalism or Russification? (London, 1968, and "Motherland" magazine (ukr. "Вітчизна"), 1990, No. 5-7), dealing with the problems threatening national relations in socialist society, which he sent to the Communist authorities. A special commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine inspected the text and decided that it was "lampoons on the Soviet reality, the national policy of the CPSU and the practice of communist construction in the USSR." Authorities accused Dziuba of undermining Soviet friendship of peoples, and fueling hatred between the Ukrainian and Russian peoples. In 1972 he was sentenced to 5 years in prison and 5 years in exile. Later he asked for pardon and after 18 months in prison Dziuba was pardoned and hired to work at the newspaper of Antonov Serial Production Plant.[4] After the change of political situation in the Soviet Union and transition to the independent Ukraine Dziuba became popular. He became co-founder of the People's Movement of Ukraine.[1] From 1991 Dziuba was the head publisher of the Suchasnist Magazine.

Laureate of the Shevchenko Prize, O. Biletsky Prize, Antonovich Fund International Prize, Volodymyr Vernadsky Prize.

Dziuba died in Kyiv on 22 February 2022, at the age of 90.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "In memoriam: Donbas dissident Dziuba, jailed by USSR for challenging Russian imperialism". Euromaidan Press. 23 February 2022. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  2. ^ "PREMINUO JE, TRAGEDIJA". espreso.co.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  3. ^ Ivan Dziuba: In Europe there are no countries that do not have own universal encyclopedias... Except for Ukraine (Іван Дзюба: В Європі немає держав, які не мають універсальних енциклопедій... Крім України). Ukrayina Moloda.
  4. ^ a b "Помер літературознавець і дисидент Іван Дзюба | DW | 22.02.2022". DW.COM (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Помер літературознавець, дисидент, Герой України Іван Дзюба". Radio Svoboda. 22 February 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.

Further reading

Bibliography

Cultural offices Preceded byVolodymyr Yavorivsky Shevchenko National Prize Committee Chair 1999 – 2005 Succeeded byRoman Lubkivsky Government offices Preceded byLarysa Khorolets Minister of Culture 1992 – 1994 Succeeded byDmytro Ostapenkoas Minister of Culture and Arts