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Mikhail Samuilovich Agursky (Russian: Михаи́л Самуи́лович Агу́рский; 1933 – 21 August 1991), real name Melik Samuilovich Agursky (Russian: Мэ́лик Самуилович Агу́рский), was a Sovietology, Soviet cyberneticist[1] and historian of National Bolshevism.[2] Agursky was a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Mikhail Agursky was the pen name of Melik Agursky. Other variations of the name are Melir (Russian: Мэлир) and Melib (Russian: Мэлиб). He was the son of a famous revolutionary, a historian and party leader Samuel (Shmuel) Haimovich Agursky (1884-1947). In 1955 he married Vera Feodorovna Kondratieva.


Cover of из-под глыб  (From Under the Rubble) a Samizdat book to which Agursky contributed (1974)
Cover of из-под глыб (From Under the Rubble) a Samizdat book to which Agursky contributed (1974)

Mikhail Agursky was born as Melik Samuilovich Agursky (Мэ́лик Самуилович Агу́рский) in Moscow in 1933 to a Jewish family. His father Samuel Agursky was revolutionary and historian.[3] Mikhail Agursky received an education in engineering and defended a dissertation on cybernetics.[4] In 1975 he emigrated to Israel.[5] Agursky became a Fellow of the Soviet and East European Research Center at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His book "The Ideology of National Bolshevism" was published in Paris in 1980.[6] On 21 August 1991 Agursky was found dead on in his hotel room in Moscow.[7]