.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Ukrainian. (September 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Ukrainian Wikipedia article at [[:uk:Макух Василь Омелянович]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|uk|Макух Василь Омелянович)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Vasyl Makukh
Васи́ль Омеля́нович Ма́кух
Born14 November 1927
Died6 November 1968 (aged 40)
Known forSelf-immolation in protest of Soviet policy in Ukraine

Vasyl Omelianovych Makukh (Ukrainian: Васи́ль Омеля́нович Ма́кух; 14 November 1927, Lwów Voivodeship, Second Polish Republic – 6 November 1968, Kyiv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union) was a Soviet veteran of World War II, political prisoner and Ukrainian activist, and member of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. Having been conscripted into the Red Army, in November 1944 Makukh defected and joined the nationalist Ukrainian Insurgent Army. In February 1946 he was wounded and captured after a shootout with Soviet and Polish border guards at the Soviet-Polish border (today Poland–Ukraine border). On 15 February 1946, Makukh was taken to the district precinct of the KGB (soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs) in Velyki Mosty and later to Lviv Prison No. 4 (known as "Brygidki"). On 11 July 1946, the Military Tribunal of Lviv garrison sentenced him to 10 years of hard labour (katorga) with five years of detention ("civil rights restriction") plus the confiscation of all his property. Makukh served his sentence in Dubravlag (Mordovia) and other GULAG camps in Siberia.[1] On 18 July 1955, he was freed and exiled to a local settlement, where he met a woman who had also served 10 years imprisonment. In 1956, both managed to return to Ukraine, and being forbidden to return to their own region, they settled in Dnipropetrovsk (today Dnipro), where they married and Makukh worked as a schoolteacher.

On November 5, 1968, he committed suicide by self-immolation on Khreshchatyk, Kyiv's main street, in protest against the Soviet rule of Ukraine, against russification[2] as well as the Soviet invasion in Czechoslovakia.[3][4][5][6] Before his death, Makukh shouted 'Long live free Ukraine!'[6] He died the next day. On 6 November 1968 the prosecutor's office of the Leninsky District of Kyiv city opened a criminal case against him because of the suicide, the outcome of which was never made known.[citation needed]

See also


  1. ^ Цензор.НЕТ (2015-11-06). "5 ноября 1968 года на Крещатике член УПА Василий Макух сжег себя, протестуя против агрессии СССР в Чехословакии. ФОТО+ВИДЕО". Цензор.НЕТ (in Russian). Retrieved 2023-06-27.
  2. ^ The Ukrainian who set himself on fire protesting the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia Euromaidan Press
  3. ^ "For our and your freedom!" - The feat of Vasyl Makukh Museum “Jewish Memory and Holocaust in Ukraine"
  4. ^ Пеленська, Оксана (6 November 2017). "Український герой – палаючий смолоскип Василь Макух". Радіо Свобода (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2018-11-11.
  5. ^ "Smuga sadzy". rp.pl. 2013-03-16. Archived from the original on 2013-11-01. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
  6. ^ a b "Makukh, Vasyl". Internet Encyclopaedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 16 July 2015.