Vladimir Lvovich Gershuni
Владимир Львович Гершуни
Born(1930-03-18)18 March 1930
Died17 September 1994(1994-09-17) (aged 64)
NationalityRussian
CitizenshipSoviet Union (1930–1991) → Russia (1991–1994)
Occupationwriting poetry, publishing samizdat
Known forhuman rights activism
Movementdissident movement in the Soviet Union

Vladimir Lvovich Gershuni (Russian: Влади́мир Льво́вич Гершу́ни, 18 March 1930, Moscow – 17 September 1994, Moscow) was a Soviet dissident and poet. He was a nephew of Grigory Gershuni, a founder of the Socialist Revolutionary Party. He grew up in Soviet children's homes.[1]

Childhood and First Arrest

In 1949, during his first year at university, Gershuni was arrested on charges of creating an underground youth organization and was sentenced to 10 years in the camps. Released in 1954, he worked as a bricklayer.

Dissident activities and forced psychiatric treatment

In the 1960s, he joined the human rights movement in the Soviet Union, signed a number of collective letters, and participated in collecting materials for Alexander Solzhenitsyn's The Gulag Archipelago, being himself one of the 255 witnesses consulted by the author. In 1969, he was re-arrested, declared insane and sent for compulsory treatment in the Orel special psychiatric hospital. He was released in 1974.

Vladimir Gershuni's grave
Vladimir Gershuni's grave

In 1978, a member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists Dr. Gerard Low-Beer visited Moscow and examined nine Soviet political dissidents, including Gershuni, and came to the conclusion that they have no signs of mental illness, which would require mandatory treatment currently or in the past.[2]

Third arrest

In the 1970s, Gershuni resumed his dissident activities as co-editor of the samizdat magazine Poiski (Quest or Investigations, 1976–1978), and was one of the founders in 1979 of "SMOT", the Free Interprofessional Association of Workers. Simultaneously, he published humorous miniatures in the Soviet press under the pseudonym V. Lvov. In 1982, for the third time, Gershuni was arrested. This time he was charged with publishing a SMOT newsletter and placed in specialized psychiatric hospitals, first Blagoveshchensk in the Soviet Far East, then Talgar in the Almaty Region of Kazakhstan.

Like other political prisoners held in psychiatric hospitals, he was not released until 3 December 1987.[3]

References

  1. ^ "Dissident authors, biographical and bibliographical articles", Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2004, No 60 [in Russian].
  2. ^ Abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union: hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Rights and International Organizations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, first session, September 20, 1983. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1984. p. 75.
  3. ^ https://vesti-iz-sssr.com/2016/11/30/osvobozhdenie-politzekov-i-primenenie-amnisitii-1987-23-1/