The Jain symbol that was agreed upon by all Jain sects in 1974.
The Jain symbol that was agreed upon by all Jain sects in 1974.
Jain temple in Antwerp, Belgium

The credit for introducing Jainism to the West goes to a German scholar, Hermann Jacobi, who translated some Jain literature and published it in the series 'Sacred Books of East' in 1884.[1] In Europe, the largest Jain populations are in Britain, with a population of about 25,000 (as of 2006).[2]

Jains living outside India belong to various traditions: Digambara, Shvetambara, Terapanthi, Sthanakvasi, Shrimad Rajchandra are all represented.[3] In many cases, they gather and worship together in spite of sectarian differences.

Jainism in Ireland

The Jain community in Ireland is involved across different occupations. The Jains in Ireland are estimated to be around 1000 people. The majority live in and around Dublin but a few families are spread across other parts of Ireland, including Northern Ireland. Jains in Ireland are a well settled and respected community. Jain Samaj Ireland includes members of all different panths within Jainism.

Jain Samaj Ireland aspires to build a Jain Temple in Ireland and is actively seeking support and guidance from various other Samaj in India and across the world.

Jainism in Germany

There are no Jain temples in Germany. However, there are a few people living in Germany who practice Jainism. To support and practice Jainism, there are a few organizations or associations.

Jainism in Belgium

Main article: Jainism in Belgium

The Jain community in Europe, especially in Belgium, is mostly involved in the diamond business.[4]

The Gujarati Jains in Belgium are estimated to be around 1500 people. The majority live in Antwerp, working in the wholesale diamond business. Belgian Indian Gujarati Jains control two-thirds of the rough diamonds trade and supplied India with roughly 36% of their rough diamonds.[5] A major temple, with a cultural centre, has been built in Antwerp (Wilrijk), the diamond capital.[6] Their spiritual leader is a full-fledged member of the Belgian Council of Religious Leaders, which he joined[clarification needed] on 17 December 2009.[7]

Jainism in the United Kingdom

Main article: Jainism in the United Kingdom

Jain Temple, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire
Jain Temple, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire
The Jain centre on Oxford Street
The Jain centre on Oxford Street
Oshwal Mahajanwadi, Croydon
Oshwal Mahajanwadi, Croydon

As of 2016, there are around 35,000 Jains in the United Kingdom.[8]

One of the first Jain settlers, Champat Rai Jain, was in England during 1892–1897 to study law. He established the Rishabh Jain Lending Library in 1930. Later, he translated several Jain texts into English.[9]

Leicester houses one of the world's few Jain temples outside of India.[10] There is an Institute of Jainology at Greenford, London.[11]

The last decade has seen the growth of the Jain community in Greater London. Currently the Jain Network have a derasar in Colindale and The Mahavir Foundation has a temple at Kenton Road, Kenton. It has consecrated images of Shri Mahavir Swami, Shri Parshvanath, Aadinathji, Shri Simandhar Swami and Shri Munisuvrata Swami. It also has Shri Gautam Swami and Padmavati Mata. There is a separate shrine of Manibhadra Veer, Ghantakarna Mahavir and Nakoda Bhairavji.

Shrimad Rajchandra Mission Dharampur also have UK centres in Leicester, London and Manchester.[12]

Timeline

Photo gallery

See also

References

Jainism A Way of Life by Vinod Kapashi

  1. ^ "Jainism at a Glance". Jainstudy.org. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Religions - Jainism: Jainism at a glance". BBC. 27 August 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  3. ^ Juergensmeyer, Mark (12 October 2006). The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions - Mark Juergensmeyer - Google Boeken. ISBN 9780199727612. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  4. ^ "An Introduction to Jainism: History, Religion, Gods, Scriptures and Beliefs". Kwintessential.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  5. ^ Kapur, Devesh (22 August 2010). Diaspora, Development, and Democracy: The Domestic Impact of International ... - Devesh Kapur - Google Books. ISBN 978-1400835089. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Interdisciplinair Centrum Religiestudie & Interlevensbeschouwelijke Dialoog – Faculteit Theologie en religiewetenschappen KU Leuven" (in Dutch). Kuleuven.be. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Presentation of the Belgian Council of Religious Leaders". Orthodox Archdiocese of Belgium and Exarchate of the Netherlands and Luxemburg. 17 December 2009. Archived from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Religions - Jainism: Jainism at a glance". BBC. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  9. ^ "on www.jainsamaj.org ( Jainism, Ahimsa News, Religion, Non-Violence, Culture, Vegetarianism, Meditation, India. )". Jainsamaj.org. Archived from the original on 18 September 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  10. ^ The Jain Centre, Leicester. Retrieved 29 October 2008.
  11. ^ Kurt Titze, Klaus Bruhn, Jainism: a pictorial guide to the religion of non-violence, p. 264
  12. ^ "Abroad Centres - Shrimad Rajchandra Mission Dharampur". www.shrimadrajchandramission.org. Retrieved 5 May 2016.
  13. ^ BARRISTER CHAMPAT RAI JAIN (1867 - 1942)
  14. ^ "Microsoft Word - The Invention of Jainism _without photo_" (PDF). Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  15. ^ a b c Mehta, Dr. Manish. "Article Archive | 9th Jaina Studies Workshop - Jainism And Modernity - A Manish Mehta Report". Herenow4u.net. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  16. ^ "Jain Samaj Europe". Jaincentre.com. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  17. ^ Anupreksha Jain, Gnayak Jain, Samil Shah (webmaster), Nirav Gudhka (webmaster), Suchita Shah, Sheetal Shah. "Shree Digamber Jain Association". Sdja.co.uk. Retrieved 21 April 2012.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  18. ^ Michael Lambek (2002). A Reader in the Anthropology of Religion. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 9780631221135. Retrieved 21 April 2012.