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Job hunting, job seeking, or job searching is the act of looking for employment, due to unemployment, underemployment, discontent with a current position, or a desire for a better position.[1]

As of 2010, less than 10% of U.S. jobs are filled through online ads.[2]


Contacting as many people as possible is a highly effective way to find a job. It is estimated that 50% or higher of all jobs are found through networking.[3]

Job recruiters and decision makers are increasingly using online social networking sites to gather information about job applicants, according to a mid-2011 Jobvite survey of 800 employers in the US.[4] Likewise, job seekers are beginning to use social networking sites to advertise their skills and post resumes.[5] In 2014, using these social media networks has led to 1 of 6 job seekers finding employment.[6]

A study by Microsoft suggests that job seekers need to begin to pay more attention to what employers and recruiters want in their pre-interview information gathering process and be able to deliver those aspects which essentially are different from their qualifications on résumé, and specific to the built organizational culture for their strategic outcomes.[7]


Economists use the term "frictional unemployment" to mean unemployment resulting from the time and effort that must be expended before an appropriate job is found. This type of unemployment is always present in the economy.[8] Search theory is the economic theory that studies the optimal decision of how much time and effort to spend searching, and which offers to accept or reject (in the context of a job hunt, or likewise in other contexts like searching for a low price).

See also


  1. ^ Wanberg, Connie R.; Ali, Abdifatah A.; Csillag, Borbala (21 January 2020). "Job Seeking: The Process and Experience of Looking for a Job". Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior. 7 (1): 315–337. doi:10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-012119-044939.
  2. ^ Hinshaw, David. "The dangers of online job hunting". Boston Metro, 13 September 2010, p. 16. References uncited studies.
  3. ^ Vilorio, Dennis (Spring 2011). "Focused jobseeking: A measured approach to looking for work" (PDF). Occupational Outlook Quarterly. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Social Recruiting Survey 2011". Jobvite. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  5. ^ Schepp, Brad (2012). How to Find a Job on LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter and Google+ (PDF). McGraw-Hill. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  6. ^ "Digital Job Search". Washington State University. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Online Reputation in a Connected World" (PDF). Cross-Tab Marketing Services. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
  8. ^ "Frictional Unemployment". Investopedia. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.