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Careerism is the propensity to pursue career advancement, power, and prestige outside of work performance.[1][2]

Cultural environment

Cultural factors influence how careerists view their occupational goals. How an individual interprets the term "career" can distinguish between extreme careerists and those who can leave their career at the door when they come home at night.

Schein[3] identifies three important aspects of cultural environments and careerism:

The term "career" was once[when?] used for the purposes of status. Career was thought of[by whom?] as a long-term job opportunity, that many, in fact would hold until retirement. In the United States especially after World War II, those who were lucky enough[4] to find a career would stay with the same organization for decades. A career was seen as an upper middle class, professional service, identified as the work of a doctor, lawyer, investor, banker or teacher. "Occupations" were seen as lower-class human services jobs, such as those of a taxi driver, clerk, secretary, or waste manager. These "jobs" were not held in the high regard that "careers" were.[citation needed]

In the 2000s, the average American does not stay with the same company, business or organization until retirement.[citation needed]

In regard to commitment, an individual must rely and commit to the occupational setting, the family setting, and to his own setting.[citation needed] Careerist must determine what is the most important factor in their lives.[dubiousdiscuss] To the career extremist, it is the occupational setting. Some organizations require the individual to be in "work-mode" at all times, while others believe that family time is more important. Most Latin American countries value family and personal time, whereas the United States pushes for a stronger workforce in regard to careerism.[citation needed] In the United States this is mainly because of the push for education.[citation needed] Currently[when?] the United States ranks 10th among industrial countries for percentage of adults with college degrees. With this push in education many people have better careers and are then able to have the choice of family matters, personal matter, or career matters. Even though in the United States careerism is very important, family life is also a huge part of the culture. Many people start their families even while in school, then they begin their careers. Recently[when?] the importance of family matters and career matters has evolved and is becoming more and more tied together.[citation needed]

Cultures exert pressure and determine what career motives are acceptable and how their success is measured. Vyacheslav Molotov noted the role of careerism in the Soviet government in the 1930s: "Сыграл свою роль наш партийный карьеризм" [Party-oriented careerism played out its own role].[5]

Extreme careerists measure success by acknowledgements through praise and material possessions, whether it be a new office, a raise or a congratulations in front of an individual's colleagues: notice is success. In the U.S. there is an extreme drive of personal success[citation needed] and those who are ambitious are the ones who gain the power in an organization.[citation needed]

See also

Sources and references

  1. ^ Chiaburu, Dan S.; Muñoz, Gonzalo J.; Gardner, Richard G. (2013). "How to Spot a Careerist Early On: Psychopathy and Exchange Ideology as Predictors of Careerism". Journal of Business Ethics. 118 (3): 473–486. doi:10.1007/s10551-012-1599-5. S2CID 144684712.
  2. ^ Griffin, Ricky W. (2004). Dark side of organizational behavior. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  3. ^ Culture as an Environmental Context for Careers.Edgar H. Schein Journal of Occupational Behaviour, Vol. 5, No. 1, A Special Issue on Environment and Career (Jan., 1984), pp. 71-81
  4. ^ "How have careers changed in the 21st century | ResumePerk |". Retrieved 2024-05-22.
  5. ^ Чуев, Феликс. "Член политбюро ЦК ВКП(б) Молотов". Retrieved 2015-04-08.