The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.[1][2]

The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours),[3] San Marino (37.5 hours),[4] Belgium (38 hours),[5] United Kingdom (38 hours),[3] Ireland (39 hours)[3] and Monaco (39 hours).[6] Most minimum wages are fixed at a monthly rate, but some countries set their minimum wage at an hourly rate or annual rate.

Minimum wages by country

Net income

The map below shows monthly adult minimum (after tax, social charges & deductions) income; some countries have a lower rate for under-25-year-olds.

Purple above €1,000
Light blue €500 to €1,000
Yellow €250 to €499
Red below €250

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage.

Gross income

The map below shows monthly (before tax, social charges & deductions) minimum adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under-25-year-olds.

Purple above €1500
Light blue €700 to €1500
Yellow €400 to €699
Red below €400

Countries marked on the map in dark red do not have a minimum wage.

The disparity between the gross and net income ratios, across countries, is given by the differences in national tax systems.

Minimum wages by country

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross (EUR) Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[7]
 Albania 263[8][9] Steady 297[10] 34,000 Lek[11][12] Month 195.40 Lek[13] 1.81[14] 4.88 0.0087[15] 1 October 2022
 Andorra 1286[16] Increase 1286 €1,286.13[17] Month €7.42[17] 7.91[18] 12.71 1 1 January 2023
 Belarus 180[19][20] Increase 207[21] Rbls 554.00[22] Month Rbls 3.65[19] 1.45[23] 3.47 0.3739[24] 1 January 2023
 Belgium 1320[25] Increase 1955 €1,954.99[26] Month €11.87[26] 12.59[27] 15.34 1 1 December 2022
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 305 (FBiH)[28][29]

332 (RS)[30][31]

Increase 460
(FBiH)[30][32]

Steady 482
(RS)[33][34]

KM 620.00[28]
(FBiH, net before tax)

KM 650.00[35][36]
(RS, net before tax)

Month KM 3.58 (FBiH)

KM 3.75 (RS)

1.94 (FBiH)[37]

2.04 (RS)[38]

5.02 (FBiH)

5.26 (RS)

0.5118[39] 1 Jan 2023 /

1 May 2022

 Bulgaria 309[40] Increase 399[40] 780 Lev[41] Month 4.50 Lev 2.46[42] 5.58 0.5113[43] 1 January 2023
 Croatia 560[44] Increase 700[44] 5,274.15 kn[45] / €700.00[44] Month €4.04 4.21[46] 9.09 1[47] 1 January 2023
 Czech Republic 640[48][49] Increase 720[50] 17,300 [51] Month 103.80 Kč[51] 4.59[52] 7.46 0.0416[53] 1 January 2023
 Estonia 690[54] Increase 725[2][55] €725.00[2][55] Month €4.32 4.21[56] 7.18 1 1 January 2023
 France 1353[57] Increase 1709 €1,709.28[58] Month €11.27[57] 11.95[59] 15.83 1 1 January 2023
 Germany 1486[60] Steady 2080[61] €2,080[62][63] Month €12.00[64] 12.41[65] 16.74 1 1 October 2022
 Greece 707[66]
(12-month)
Steady 832[2] €713 / €831.83 (12-month basis)[67][68] Month €4.80 5.00[69] 8.86 1 1 May 2022
 Hungary 390[70][71] / 498[72] Increase 586[73] /
748 (skilled)[74]
232,000 Ft /[75]
296,400 Ft (skilled)
Month 1,338 Ft 3.58[76] 8.37 0.0025[77] 1 January 2023
 Ireland 1724[78] Increase 1910 €1,909.70 (39 h/week)[79] Month €11.30[79] 11.70[80] 15.15 1 1 January 2023
 Latvia 544[81][82] Increase 620[2][83] €620.00[2][83] Month €3.58 3.49[84] 6.72 1 1 January 2023
 Lithuania 633[85] Increase 840[85] €840.00[85] Month €4.85 4.72[86] 9.84 1 1 January 2023
 Luxembourg 2099 / 2428[87] Increase 2390 /
2868 (skilled)
€2,389.72 /[88][89]
€2,867.66 (skilled)
Month €13.81[88][89] 14.26[90] 16.08 1 1 January 2023
 Malta 751[91] Increase 835 €835.16[92][93] Month €4.82 5.02[94] 8.75 1 1 January 2023
 Moldova 158[95][96] Increase 197[97] 4,000 Lei[98] Month 23.67 Lei[98] 1.24[99] 3.41 0.0492[100] 1 January 2023
 Monaco 1747[101] Increase 1905 €1,904.63[102][103] Month €11.27[103] 11.99[104] 1 1 January 2023
 Montenegro 450[105][106] Steady 532[2] €532.54[2] Month €3.07 2.95[107] 8.58 1 1 January 2022
 Netherlands 1774[108] Increase 1934 €1,934.40[109] Month €11.16 11.61[110] 14.36 1 1 January 2023
 North Macedonia 318[111] Increase 469[112][113] 19,600 DEN (net)[114][115] Month 166.67 DEN 2.87[116] 8.07 0.0162[117] 1 March 2023
 Poland 579[118][119] Increase 746[2][120] 3,490 [121] Month 22.80 zł[121] 5.17[122] 10.72 0.2130[123] 1 January 2023
 Portugal 789[124]
(12-month)
Increase 887[124] €760 / €886.67 (12-month basis)[124] Month €5.12 5.30[125] 9.05 1 1 January 2023
 Romania 385[126][127] Increase 609[126][127] 3,000 Lei[126][128] Month 18.145 Lei[129] 3.95[130] 9.42 0.2027[131] 1 January 2023
 Russia 184[132][133]

275[132][134]
266[132][135]

Decrease 211 (Fed.)[136]

Decrease 316 (Mow)[137]
Decrease 306 (SPb)[138]

16,242  (Federal)[139][140] /

24,284  (Moscow, public sec.)[141]
23,500  (St. Petersburg)[142]

Month 93.70 ₽

140.10 ₽
135.58 ₽

1.29[143]

1.93[144]
1.87[145]

2.85

4.26
4.12

0.0130[146] 1 Jan 2023 /

1 Jan 2023 /
1 Oct 2022

 San Marino 1296[147] Steady 1583 €1,582.57[148] Month €10.43[147] 10.78[149] 16.66 1 1 January 2022
 Serbia 341[150] Increase 463[151][152] 40,020 DIN (net)[153] Month 230.00 DIN (net)[153] 2.07[154] 5.12 (net) 0.0085[155] 1 January 2023
 Slovakia 569[156] Increase 700[2][157] €700.00[2][157] Month €4.023[158] 3.97[159] 7.51 1 1 January 2023
 Slovenia 878[160][161] Increase 1203 €1,203.36[160] Month €6.92[160] 7.48[162] 12.08 1 1 February 2023
 Spain 1132[163][164]
(12-month)
Steady 1260[2] €1,080 / €1,260 (12-month basis)[2][165] Month €7.82[166] 8.506[167] 13.18 1 1 January 2023
 Ukraine 139[168][169] Decrease 173[170] 6,700[171][172] Month ₴40.46[171] 1.10[173] 4.36 0.0258[174] 1 January 2023
 United Kingdom 1696[175][176] Increase 1938[177] £1,715.83 (38 h/week)[178] Month £10.42[178] 12.42[179] 14.74 1.1294[180] 1 April 2023

Minimum wages by country (other countries)

Countries that have main territories in Asia, with small or no territories in Europe:

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross (EUR) Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[7]
 Armenia 180[181] Increase 245[182][183] ֏75,000 (net)[184][185] Month ֏450 (net)[185] 1.15[186] 2.72 0.0024[187] 1 January 2023
 Azerbaijan 174[188][189] Increase 190[190] 345[191] Month ₼1.99 1.17[192] 3.12 0.5503[193] 1 January 2023
 Cyprus 788 / 837[194] Increase 885 / 940 €885.00 (basic) /[195]
€940.00 (skilled)
Month €5.10 4.90[196] 9.04 1 1 January 2023
 Georgia 6[197][198] /

110[199]

Steady 7 (private)[200] /

Increase 137 (public)[201]

20.00 (private sect.)[202][203][204]/

385.00 (public sect.)[205][206]

Month ₾0.13

₾2.54

0.05[197]

0.96[197]

0.13

2.48

0.3558[207] 19 Jun 1999 /

1 Jan 2023

 Kazakhstan 111[208][209] Increase 141[210] 70,000[211] Month ₸403.85[212] 0.86[213] 2.21 0.0020[214] 1 January 2023
 Turkey 430[215] Increase 505[216] 10,008[217] Month ₺57.74 3.09[218] 9.13 0.0505[219] 1 January 2023

Minimum wages by country (other territories)

The following list includes states with limited recognition:

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross (EUR) Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[7]
 Kosovo 250[220] Steady 264 €264.00[221] Month €1.5[220] 1.59[222] 4.36 1 14 April 2022
 TRNC 586[223][224] Increase 674[225] 13,563[226][223] Month ₺78.25 4.17[227] 0.0497[228] 1 January 2023

Countries with no minimum wage

In some countries, minimum wage has been replaced with another system to provide an income.

See Guaranteed minimum income and Basic income.

For comparison

Further information: List of US states by minimum wage

Country Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) Gross (EUR) Local currency (Local) (EUR) (USD, PPP)[7]
 USA 1061 avg.[230][231] Decrease 1191[2][232] $1,256.67[233]
(40-hour workweek)
$7.25[233] 6.87[234] 7.25 0.9477[235] 24 July 2009

See also

References

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  17. ^ a b "Inspecció de Treball // Salari mínim i festius nacionals i parroquials // Salari mínim interprofessional". treball.ad (in Catalan). Government of Andorra."CIRCULAR INFORMATIVA SALARI MÍNIM (a partir del dia 1 de gener del 2023) ("INFORMATION CIRCULAR MINIMUM WAGE (as of January 1, 2023)")" (PDF) (in Catalan). 30 November 2022. Retrieved 27 December 2022. (Translation) ...the minimum salary from January 1, 2023 for any salaried person over 15 years is:
    • Hourly wage: €7.42
    • Daily wage: €59.36
    • Monthly salary: €1,286.13
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  29. ^ "596 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible Mark (BAM) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  30. ^ a b "Kalkulatori - Profi Nova". profinova.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 30 December 2022. FBiH Salary structure:
    1) Amount of salary on hand (amount paid to the employee)
    2) + income tax
    3) Net salary or basis for tax calculation (1+2)
    4) + contribution from salary (PIO, Health, Unemployment = 31% of gross salary)
    5) Gross salary (3+4)
    (Translation)
  31. ^ "648.37 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible Mark (BAM) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  32. ^ "898.55 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible Mark (BAM) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  33. ^ "Novosti – Povećana najniža plata na 650 KM ("News – The lowest salary has been increased to 650 KM")". KontoProm.com (in Bosnian). 23 May 2022. Retrieved 24 November 2022. As of May 1, the lowest salary is 650 KM in net amount, or 942.03 KM in gross amount. The decision was published in Sl.Gl. 45/22. (Translation)
  34. ^ "942.03 Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible Mark (BAM) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
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  36. ^ "Службени гласник РС, број 45/22 ("Official Gazette of the RS, number 45/22")" (PDF). savezsindikatars.org (in Serbian). Government of Republika Srpska. 19 May 2022. Retrieved 24 November 2022. I. In the Decision on the lowest salary in the Republic of Srpska for 2022 ("Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska", no 1/22) in point 'I', the number: "590.00" is replaced by number: "650.00".
    II. This decision enters into force on the following day from its publication in the "Official Gazette of the Republic of Srpska", and will be applied to the calculation of wages from May 1, 2022.
    (Translation)
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  79. ^ a b "Minimum wage". citizensinformation.ie. Citizens Information Board. 16 November 2022. Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  80. ^ "11.30 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 29 November 2022.
  81. ^ "Changes in taxation, effective as of 1 January, 2022". GrantThornton.lv. 1 January 2022. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  82. ^ "Salary calculator 2021/2022". kalkulatori.lv. Retrieved 14 October 2022.
  83. ^ a b "Saeima Supportz Proposal to Increase Minimal Wages in Latvia Next Year". bnn-news.com. Baltic News Network. 13 October 2022. Retrieved 13 October 2022.
  84. ^ "3.58 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 14 October 2022.
  85. ^ a b c "Lithuania presents its 2023 budget. Here's how it may affect you". lrt.lt. 8 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  86. ^ "4.85 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 10 October 2022.
  87. ^ "Calculate your salary in Luxembourg". Calculatrice.lu. Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  88. ^ a b "Minimum Wage - Luxemburg". WageIndicator.org. Archived from the original on 1 September 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  89. ^ a b "L'accord tripartite est officiellement signé ("The tripartite agreement is officially signed")". Wort.lu (in French). Virgule - Actualités En Français (Mediahuis Luxembourg). 28 September 2022. Retrieved 29 November 2022. From January 1, 2023, the minimum social wage will increase by 3.3%. (Translation)
  90. ^ "13.81 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 29 November 2022.
  91. ^ "Malta Tax & Salary Calculator". MaltaSalary.com. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  92. ^ "National Minimum Wage". dier.gov.mt. Government of Malta. 21 January 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  93. ^ "Budget 2023: Workers to receive extra €9.90 per week cost-of-living adjustment". timesofmalta.com. Times of Malta. 24 October 2022. Retrieved 28 November 2022. Workers will receive an extra €9.90 a week from January as part of an automatically-calculated cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) which is intended to combat the impacts of inflation. [...] It is awarded to all employees and is paid by employers as part of their workers' salary.
  94. ^ "4.82 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 28 November 2022.
  95. ^ "Calculator salarii brut – net – total 2022". Salarii.md (in Romanian). Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  96. ^ "3203.2 Moldovan Leu (MDL) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  97. ^ "4000 Moldovan Leu (MDL) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  98. ^ a b "Majorarea salariului minim pe țară: Începând cu 2023, acesta va constitui 4 mii de lei". Agora.md (in Romanian). 18 November 2022. Retrieved 19 November 2022. Starting with January 1, 2023, the minimum salary per country is established in the amount of 4,000 lei per month for a full work schedule of 169 hours (on average per month), which represents 23.67 lei per hour. (Translation)
  99. ^ "23.67 Moldovan Leu (MDL) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  100. ^ "Convert Moldovan Leu (MDL) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  101. ^ "Cotisations ("Contributions")". caisses-sociales.mc (in French). Monaco Social Funds (CSM). 1 October 2022."Calcul du bulletin de salaire à partir des montants nets ("Calculation of the payslip from the net amounts")". Retrieved 28 December 2022. Net salary Hourly wage*: 9.7758 // Number of normal hours*: 169 →
    Total gross earnings to be declared: €1,904.63
    Compensation of 5% on wages equal to the minimum: 95.23
    NET TO PAY: 1,747.34
    (Translation)
  102. ^ "Circulaire n° 2022-12 du 2 août 2022 relative au S.M.I.C. Salaire Minimum Interprofessionnel de Croissance applicable à compter du 1er août 2022. ("Circular n° 2022-12 of August 2, 2022 relating to the SMIC Minimum Interprofessional Growth Salary applicable from August 1, 2022.")". journaldemonaco.gouv.mc (in French). Journal de Monaco - Official Bulletin of the Principality of Monaco. 12 August 2022. Retrieved 17 December 2022.
  103. ^ a b "SMIC à Monaco : augmentation au 1er janvier 2023 ("SMIC in Monaco: increase on 1 January 2023")". belaieff-yvan.com (in French). Yvan BELAIEFF, Accountant approved by the Prince's Government. 16 December 2022. Retrieved 28 December 2022. SMIC Minimum Interprofessional Growth Wage applicable from 1 January 2023:
    • hourly wage: €11.27
    • weekly salary (for 39 hours): €439.53
    • monthly salary (for 39 hours per week or 169 hours per month): €1,904.63
    (Translation)
  104. ^ "11.27 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 28 December 2022.
  105. ^ "Taxes in Montenegro: a Complete Guide for Expats in 2022". internationalwealth.info. 11 February 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  106. ^ "Salary in Montenegro in 2022". wagecentre.com. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  107. ^ "3.0723 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 26 September 2022.
  108. ^ "Dutch Income Tax Calculator". thetax.nl. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  109. ^ "Netherland: Minimum Wage Will Increase by 10% From January 1, 2023". SchengenVisaInfo.com. 21 November 2022. Retrieved 28 November 2022. The Dutch government has announced that from January 1 next year, the minimum wage for employees will increase by 10.15 per cent. In addition, the same also revealed that the government is implementing an additional increase of 8.05 per cent on top of the six-month adjustment for the first time since its launching in 1969. As a result, the minimum wage for full-time workers will increase from €1,756.20 to €1,934.40 gross per month.
  110. ^ "11.16 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 28 November 2022.
  111. ^ "19600 Macedonian Denar (MKD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  112. ^ "Калкулатор за пресметка на плата за 2022 ("Salary calculation calculator for 2022")". MojaPlata.mk (in Macedonian). Retrieved 25 December 2022.
  113. ^ "28890 Macedonian Denar (MKD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  114. ^ "Ковачевски: Минимална плата 18.000 денари, ветено-исполнето ("Kovachevski: Minimum salary 18,000 denars, promised-fulfilled")". vlada.mk (in Macedonian). Government of the Republic of North Macedonia. 7 February 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  115. ^ "Минималната плата ќе се зголеми во март 2023 ("The minimum wage will increase in March 2023")". MojaPlata.mk (in Macedonian). 23 December 2022. Retrieved 25 December 2022. The Vice Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, during his visit to "Klan TV", said that from March 2023 the government increases the minimum wage to MKD 19,600. (Translation)
  116. ^ "166.67 Macedonian Denar (MKD) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  117. ^ "Convert Macedonian Denar (MKD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  118. ^ "3 490.00 zł brutto – sprawdź ile to netto – Od Lipca 2022 r. (Polski Ład 2.0)". zarobki.pracuj.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 16 October 2022.
  119. ^ "2709 Polish Zloty (PLN) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 4 January 2023.
  120. ^ "3490 Polish Zloty (PLN) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 4 January 2023.
  121. ^ a b "The minimum salary in 2023 is higher than previously proposed. The government adopted the regulation". gov.pl. Ministry of Family and Social Policy (Poland). 13 September 2022. Retrieved 16 October 2022.
  122. ^ "22.8 Polish Zloty (PLN) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 15 December 2022.
  123. ^ "Convert Polish Zloty (PLN) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 15 December 2022.
  124. ^ a b c "Salário mínimo em Portugal em 2022 (e 2023)". Economias.pt (in Portuguese). 18 October 2022. Retrieved 28 November 2022. The national minimum wage is 705 euros and will rise to 760 euros in 2023. It is the minimum wage that any company is obliged to pay its workers in Portugal. [...] The minimum wage is just base pay. It does not include food subsidy, daily allowances or salary increases for shift work, night work or schedule exemption. [...] Anyone who starts receiving the minimum wage, of 760 euros, will receive a net minimum wage of 676.40 euros. [...] Greece, Spain and Slovenia, in addition to Portugal, pay 14 salaries per year. (Translation)
  125. ^ "5.12 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 28 November 2022.
  126. ^ a b c "Minimum wages 01.01.2023: Gross-3000 RON / Net-1898 RON (200 RON - they are not taxable)". startupcafe.ro (in Romanian). 1 January 2023. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
  127. ^ a b "Calcul Salariu Net. Actualizat 2023". calculator-salarii.ro (in Romanian). Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  128. ^ "Salariul minim de 3.000 de lei în 2023, din care 200 de lei vor fi scutiți de taxe ("The minimum wage of 3,000 lei in 2023, of which 200 lei will be exempt from taxes")". adevarul.ro (in Romanian). Adevărul. 24 November 2022. Retrieved 25 November 2022. At the same time, it has been established that the minimum wage for the Construction sector will increase to 4,000 Lei also from January 1, 2023. (Translation)
  129. ^ "E oficial! Ministerul Muncii propune creșterea salariului minim brut la 3.000 de lei începând de la 1 ianuarie 2023". Economica.net (in Romanian). 17 November 2022. Retrieved 25 November 2022. Starting with January 1, 2023, the gross minimum basic salary per country guaranteed in payment, [...] is set in money, without including increments and other additions, at the amount of 3,000 lei per month, for a normal work schedule of 165.333 hours per month on average, representing 18.145 lei/hour. (Translation)
  130. ^ "18.145 Romanian leu (RON) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 11 January 2023.
  131. ^ "Convert Romanian leu (RON) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 11 January 2023.
  132. ^ a b c "Калькулятор зарплаты по окладу ("Salary calculator")". assistentus.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  133. ^ "14131 Russian Rouble (RUB) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  134. ^ "21127 Russian Rouble (RUB) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  135. ^ "20445 Russian Rouble (RUB) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  136. ^ "16242 Russian Rouble (RUB) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  137. ^ "24284 Russian Rouble (RUB) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  138. ^ "23500 Russian Rouble (RUB) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  139. ^ "МРОТ в 2023 году может составить 16 242 рубля ("The minimum wage in 2023 may be 16,242 rubles")". duma.gov.ru (in Russian). The State Duma. 26 October 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022. Deputies of the State Duma adopted in the first reading a draft law that proposes to establish a minimum wage from January 1, 2023 in the amount of 16,242 rubles per month. To date, the minimum wage is 15,279 rubles. Thus, an increase of 6.3% is envisaged. (Translation)
  140. ^ "Сколько будет МРОТ с 1 января 2023 года в России и по регионам ("How much will the minimum wage be from January 1, 2023 in Russia and by region")". BanksToday.net (in Russian). Банки Сегодня. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022. In most regions of Russia, the amount established at the federal level is valid. For example, the minimum wage in the Sverdlovsk region in 2023 will be the same 16,242 rubles as in most subjects of the Federation. See the table below for regions where the size differs from the federal one. (Translation)
  141. ^ "Сколько будет МРОТ с 1 января 2023 года в России и по регионам ("How much will the minimum wage be from January 1, 2023 in Russia and by region")". BanksToday.net (in Russian). Банки Сегодня. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022. The capital has its own minimum wage. So, the minimum wage in Moscow in 2023 will be 24,284 rubles. Compared to the previous value (23,508 rubles from mid-2022), the increase does not look so significant. [...] The minimum wage is also being raised in the Moscow Region - in 2023 it will amount to 17,930 rubles. In both cases, this applies only to those employees who receive a salary from the state (that is, state employees and officials). For private companies and individual entrepreneurs, there is the federal minimum wage of 16,242 rubles. (Translation)
  142. ^ "Сколько будет МРОТ с 1 января 2023 года в России и по регионам ("How much will the minimum wage be from January 1, 2023 in Russia and by region")". BanksToday.net (in Russian). Банки Сегодня. 23 November 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022. The minimum wage in St. Petersburg was raised quite recently - from October 1, 2022. The minimum wage at that time was 23,500 rubles. The indicator exceeded the subsistence minimum for the able-bodied population in the Northern capital (15,779 rubles) by 33%. It can be assumed that the same amount will remain in 2023, since a reduction in the minimum wage is unacceptable, the established amount is prescribed in the regional agreement for 2022-2023. (Translation)
  143. ^ "93.7 Russian Rouble (RUB) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  144. ^ "140.1 Russian Rouble (RUB) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  145. ^ "135.58 Russian Rouble (RUB) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  146. ^ "Convert Russian Rouble (RUB) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  147. ^ a b "San Marino Salary Calculator 2022/23". icalculator.info. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  148. ^ "Average and Minimum Salary in San Marino". checkinprice.com. Check in Price – Travel Economics for Expats and Travelers. 25 January 2022. Retrieved 28 November 2022. The minimum salary in San Marino is one of the highest in the world. Currently, the minimum salary in San Marino is of €1,582.57 gross per month as of 2022.
  149. ^ "10.43 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 28 November 2022.
  150. ^ "40020 Serbian dinar (RSD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  151. ^ "Calculators for salaries and other incomes in Serbia". aktivasistem.com. AKTIVA sistem (Accounting - Law - Administration). Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  152. ^ "54337 Serbian dinar (RSD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  153. ^ a b Lara Maksimović, Senior Associate, PR Legal (4 October 2022). "Increase of the Minimum Salary from January 1, 2023". ceelegalmatters.com. CEE Legal Matters. Retrieved 23 November 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  154. ^ "230 Serbian dinar (RSD) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  155. ^ "Convert Serbian dinar (RSD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  156. ^ "Minimum wage in Slovakia will increase from January 1, 2023". accace.com. 17 December 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  157. ^ a b "Trade unions and employers clinch agreement to boost minimum wage". The Slovak Spectator. 15 July 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  158. ^ "Minimum wage amounts in 2023". VGD. 18 July 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  159. ^ "4.023 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  160. ^ a b c "Minimalna plača 2023 neto bruto je znana / neto minimalna plača 2023 bo višja za 100€ glede na prejšnje leto". blog.uporabnastran.si (in Slovenian). 12 January 2023. Retrieved 12 January 2023. The minimum wage in 2023 is known and will probably apply to wage payments in February 2023. [...] This means that the net minimum wage in 2023 is €878.48 [...] in the gross amount will be €1,203.36. [...] As written on the Finance portal, the gross hourly rate will rise from €6.17 to €6.92 (Translation)
  161. ^ "Salary Calculator Slovenia - Data d.o.o." data.si. Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  162. ^ "6.92 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 12 January 2023.
  163. ^ "CincoDías – Calculadora Sueldo Neto ("FiveDays – Net Salary calculator")". cincodias.elpais.com (in Spanish). El País Economía. Retrieved 28 November 2022.
  164. ^ "Retención IRPF 2022: ¿Cuánto me tienen que retener en mi nómina? ("Personal Income Tax Withholding 2022: How much do I have to withhold on my payroll?")". bankinter.com (in Spanish). Bankinter. 9 May 2022. Retrieved 28 November 2022. ...remember that salaries up to €14,000 [per year] are exempt from personal income tax (Translation)
  165. ^ https://elpais.com/economia/2023-01-31/el-gobierno-acuerda-con-los-sindicatos-subir-el-salario-minimo-un-8-hasta-los-1080-euros-mensuales.html
  166. ^ "Real Decreto 152/2022, de 22 de febrero, por el que se fija el salario mínimo interprofesional para 2022". boe.es (in Spanish). 21 January 2023. Retrieved 21 January 2023. De acuerdo con el artículo 8.5 del Real Decreto 1620/2011, de 14 de noviembre, por el que se regula la relación laboral de carácter especial del servicio del hogar familiar, que toma como referencia para la determinación del salario mínimo de las empleadas y empleados de hogar que trabajen por horas, en régimen externo, el fijado para las personas trabajadoras eventuales y temporeras y que incluye todos los conceptos retributivos, el salario mínimo de dichas empleadas y empleados de hogar será de 7,82 euros por hora efectivamente trabajada.
  167. ^ "7.82 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 21 January 2023.
  168. ^ "Income tax calculator Ukraine". ua.talent.com. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  169. ^ "5394 Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  170. ^ "6700 Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  171. ^ a b "Минимальная зарплата в Украине ("Minimum wage in Ukraine")". index.minfin.com.ua (in Ukrainian). Ministry of Finance of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 29 December 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  172. ^ "Мінімальна зарплата та прожитковий мінімум 2023: які зміняться податки та штрафи для підприємців ("Minimum wage and living wage 2023: what will change in taxes and fines for entrepreneurs")". biz.ligazakon.net (in Ukrainian). Дія Сіті. 30 October 2022. Retrieved 26 November 2022. (Translation) Cost of living from January 1, 2023 [UAH]:
    • general: 2,589
    • children: 2,272-2,833
    • able-bodied persons: 2,684
    • persons who have lost their ability to work: 2,093
  173. ^ "40.46 Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  174. ^ "Convert Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  175. ^ "The Salary Calculator - Take-Home Tax Calculator". thesalarycalculator.co.uk. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  176. ^ "1502 British Pound (GBP) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  177. ^ "1715.83 British Pound (GBP) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  178. ^ a b "National Minimum Wage and National Living Wage rates - GOV.UK". gov.uk. Government of the United Kingdom. Archived from the original on 17 August 2013. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  179. ^ "10.42 British Pound (GBP) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  180. ^ "Convert British Pound (GBP) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  181. ^ "75000 Armenian dram (AMD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  182. ^ "Salary Calculator (2023)". triple-c.am. Triple Consulting. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  183. ^ "102013 Armenian dram (AMD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  184. ^ "ARMENIA TO RAISE PENSIONS, MINIMUM WAGE AND MATERNITY BENEFITS". bm.ge. Business Media Georgia. 1 July 2022. Retrieved 27 September 2022. Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said at a government meeting on Thursday: „We plan to raise pensions starting January 1, 2023. [...] The minimum wage will also be raised from current 68,000 drams ($ 170) to 75,000 drams ($ 186)"
  185. ^ a b "ՀԱՅԱՍՏԱՆԻ ԻՐԱՎԱԿԱՆ ՏԵՂԵԿԱՏՎԱԿԱՆ ՀԱՄԱԿԱՐԳ ("LEGAL INFORMATION SYSTEM OF ARMENIA")". arlis.am (in Armenian)."ԱԺ,07.12.2022,ՀՕ-501-Ն. ՀՀ ՕՐԵՆՔԸ «ՆՎԱԶԱԳՈՒՅՆ ԱՄՍԱԿԱՆ ԱՇԽԱՏԱՎԱՐՁԻ ՄԱՍԻՆ» ՕՐԵՆՔՈՒՄ ՓՈՓՈԽՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ ԿԱՏԱՐԵԼՈՒ ՄԱՍԻՆ ("NA, 07.12.2022, HO-501-N. RA LAW ON CHANGES IN THE LAW "ON MINIMUM MONTHLY WAGE"")". ARLIS. 22 December 2022. Retrieved 5 January 2023. In Article 1 of the Law HO-66-N of December 17, 2003 "On Minimum Monthly Wage" [...], the number "68,000" shall be replaced by the number "75,000".
    Article 2. Establish the minimum amount of the hourly rate for employees who are paid on a commission or hourly basis: 1) in case of [...] 40-hour working week: 450 drams.
    Article 4. Taxes paid from wages, social or other mandatory payments defined by law, additions, premiums, bonuses and additional payments are not included in the minimum amounts[...]
    Article 5. This law shall enter into force on January 1, 2023
    (Translation)
  186. ^ "450 Armenian dram (AMD) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  187. ^ "Convert Armenian dram (AMD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  188. ^ "Faydalı // Kalkulyatorlar // Əməkhaqqından tutulmaların hesablanması // Muzdlu işçilər üçün ("Useful // Calculators // Calculation of deductions from wages // For salaried employees")". taxes.gov.az (in Azerbaijani). Ministry of Science and Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  189. ^ "315.88 Azerbaijani manat (AZN) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 8 January 2023.
  190. ^ "345 Azerbaijani manat (AZN) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 8 January 2023.
  191. ^ "Minimum əməkhaqqı 345 manat oldu. Bu, gəlirlərə və xərclərə necə təsir edəcək? ("The minimum wage was 345 manats. How will this affect revenues and expenses?")" (in Azerbaijani). BBC News Azerbaijan. 5 January 2023. Retrieved 8 January 2023. „The amount of the minimum monthly wage should be set at 345 manats from January 1, 2023," reads the order published on the president.az website. (Translation)
  192. ^ "1.99 Azerbaijani manat (AZN) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 8 January 2023.
  193. ^ "Convert Azerbaijani manat (AZN) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 8 January 2023.
  194. ^ "Cyprus Income Tax-Net Salary". taxapp.cy. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  195. ^ "Historic minimum wage set at €940 after six months of employment". Cyprus Mail. 31 August 2022. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
  196. ^ "5.10 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 27 September 2022.
  197. ^ a b c "Georgia Salary Calculator 2022/23". icalculator.info. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  198. ^ "6.04 U.S. Dollar (USD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  199. ^ "116.21 U.S. Dollar (USD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  200. ^ "20 Georgian lari (GEL) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  201. ^ "385 Georgian lari (GEL) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  202. ^ "Salary in Georgia in 2022". wagecentre.com. Retrieved 22 November 2022. According to the local government, the official minimum wage in Georgia in 2022 is 20 Georgian lari ($7) per month for private sector employees and 350 Georgian lari ($115) per month for civil servants. At the same time, the food basket and retirement pension in the country is 180 GEL per month ($60).
  203. ^ "საქართველოს პრეზიდენტის / ბრძანებულება №351 / 1999 წლის 4 ივნისი / ქ. თბილისი / მინიმალური ხელფასის ოდენობის შესახებ ("President of Georgia / Decree No. 351 / June 4, 1999 / St. Tbilisi / About the amount of the minimum wage")". matsne.gov.ge (in Georgian). Legislative Herald of Georgia – Ministry of Justice of Georgia. 19 June 1999. Retrieved 22 December 2022. For the purpose of state regulation of labor remuneration under market conditions, [...] for all enterprises and organizations operating in the territory of Georgia, regardless of their ownership and organizational-legal form, approve:
    1. Minimum salary in the amount of 20 GEL.
    (Translation)
  204. ^ "Minimum wage in Georgia - pros and cons". jam-news.net. JAMnews. 31 October 2022. Retrieved 22 November 2022. In Georgia, there is an ongoing debate about whether the minimum wage should be set by law. According to the law, which was adopted in the late '90s and has not been changed since then, the amount is 20 lari [about $7]. It is obvious that this is rather a symbolic number. [...] Setting a minimum wage cannot solve labor market problems, says Paata Sheshelidze, president of the New School of Economics: "The unofficial minimum wage today can be considered 300-350 lari [about $109-126]. In the event of rapid economic growth, the situation will change, and it will become very difficult for an employer to find even low-skilled employees who are ready to work for less than 1,000 lari," says Sheshelidze.
  205. ^ "2023 წლის იანვარიდან საჯარო მოხეელეების ხელფასი 10%-ით, პოლიციელების, ჯარისკაცების და უსაფრთხოების სამსახურის თანამშრომლების ხელფასი კი 20%-ით გაიზრდება ("From January 2023, the salary of civil servants will increase by 10%, and the salary of policemen, soldiers and security service employees will increase by 20%.")". interpressnews.ge (in Georgian). InterPressNews. 30 September 2022. Retrieved 23 November 2022. In January 2023, the salary for all civil servants will increase by 10% and this increase will continue in the following years. We have identified policemen, soldiers and the security service, and their salaries will be increased by 20% for all employees from January - Prime Minister Irakli Gharibashvili announced this at the inauguration of the government. (Translation)
  206. ^ "2023 წლის პირველი იანვრიდან, ექიმებისა და ექთნებისთვის მინიმალური საათობრივი ანაზღაურება დაწესდება ("Starting January 1, 2023, minimum hourly wages for doctors and nurses will be established")". 1tv.ge (in Georgian). GBP First Channel. 21 November 2022. Retrieved 22 November 2022. According to the information of the Ministry of IDPs, Labor, Health and Social Protection of Georgia, from January 1, 2023, minimum hourly wages will be established for doctors and nurses. In particular, the minimum salary for doctors is 7 GEL per hour (1,260 GEL per month), and for nurses: 4.4 GEL per hour (792 GEL per month). (Translation)
  207. ^ "Convert Georgian lari (GEL) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  208. ^ "Income tax calculator Kazakhstan". kz.talent.com. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  209. ^ "55440 Kazakhstani tenge (KZT) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  210. ^ "70000 Kazakhstani tenge (KZT) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  211. ^ "Қазақстанда ең төменгі жалақы 2023 жылдан бастап өседі ("The minimum wage in Kazakhstan will increase from 2023")". www.inform.kz (in Kazakh). Kazinform. 5 September 2022. Retrieved 22 November 2022. In accordance with the instructions of the Head of State in his address to the people of Kazakhstan on September 1 of this year, the minimum wage will increase from 60,000 to 70,000 tenge starting from January 1, 2023, KazInform reports. (Translation)
  212. ^ "Annual / Monthly / Weekly / Hourly Converter". kz.talent.com. Retrieved 22 November 2022.
  213. ^ "403.85 Kazakhstani tenge (KZT) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  214. ^ "Convert Kazakhstani tenge (KZT) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  215. ^ "8506.8 Turkish lira (TRY) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 23 December 2022.
  216. ^ "10008 Turkish lira (TRY) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 23 December 2022.
  217. ^ "2022 Yılı Ocak Ayına Göre Net Asgari Ücret Ortalama Yüzde 100 Arttı ("Net Minimum Wage Increased by 100 Percent on Average Compared to January 2022")". csgb.gov.tr (in Turkish). Ministry of Labour and Social Security (Turkey). 22 December 2022. Retrieved 23 December 2022. The minimum wage to be applied for 2023 has been determined as 10,008.00 TL in gross and 8,506.80 TL in net. (Translation)
  218. ^ "57.74 Turkish lira (TRY) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 23 December 2022.
  219. ^ "Convert Turkish lira (TRY) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 23 December 2022.
  220. ^ a b "Në Kosovë, paga minimale bëhet 250 euro neto" (in Albanian). 13 April 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  221. ^ "Minimum Wage – Kosovo". 14 April 2022. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  222. ^ "1.5 Euro (EUR) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 22 December 2022.
  223. ^ a b "KKTC'de 2023 için asgari ücret 11 bin 800 Türk lirası olarak belirlendi ("The minimum wage in the TRNC for 2023 was determined as 11 thousand 800 Turkish liras.")". yenisafak.com (in Turkish). 3 January 2023. Retrieved 10 January 2023. Minister of Labor and Social Security Hasan Taçoy stated that the minimum wage to be applied in the country in 2023 was determined as 11 thousand 800 net and 13 thousand 563 Turkish liras gross. (Translation)
  224. ^ "11800 Turkish lira (TRY) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 10 January 2023.
  225. ^ "13563 Turkish lira (TRY) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 10 January 2023.
  226. ^ "22/1975 Asgari Ücretler Yasası ("22/1975 Minimum Wages Act")". csgb.gov.ct.tr (in Turkish). Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus - The Ministry of Labor and Social Security. Retrieved 22 December 2022. The last minimum wage in the TRNC will be 9,885.- Turkish lira (Gross) as of July 01, 2022. (Translation)
  227. ^ "78.25 Turkish lira (TRY) to U.S. Dollar (USD)". WorldForexRates. 10 January 2023.
  228. ^ "Convert Turkish lira (TRY) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 10 January 2023.
  229. ^ "Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2017". www.state.gov. Archived from the original on 21 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  230. ^ "Salary after Tax Calculator - United States (US)". salaryaftertax.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  231. ^ "1120 U.S. Dollar (USD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  232. ^ "1256.67 U.S. Dollar (USD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  233. ^ a b "Federal Minimum Wage for 2021, 2022". Minimum-Wage.org. Retrieved 5 January 2023.
  234. ^ "7.25 U.S. Dollar (USD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.
  235. ^ "Convert U.S. Dollar (USD) to Euro (EUR)". WorldForexRates. 5 January 2023.