Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche
Joseph (seated right) and his family,
prior to their voyage on the Titanic
Born
Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche

(1887-05-26)May 26, 1887
DiedApril 15, 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 25)
OccupationEngineer

Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche (May 26, 1886 – April 15, 1912) was a Haitian engineer. He was one of only three passengers of known African ancestry (the other two being his children) on the ill-fated voyage of RMS Titanic.[1][2][3] He put his pregnant French wife and their two daughters onto a lifeboat; they survived, but he did not.[1] Joseph's daughter, Louise Laroche (2 July 1910 – 28 January 1998) was one of the last remaining survivors of the sinking of RMS Titanic.

LaRoche, a three-act opera by Atlanta composer Sharon J. Willis, is based on his life and was part of the 2003 National Black Arts Festival, premiering at the Callanwolde Fine Arts Center on July 18 of that year.[4][5]

Early life

Joseph was born in Cap-Haïtien, Haiti. At the age of 15, Joseph was sent to Beauvais, France to study. After graduating with an engineering degree, he married a French woman named Juliette Lafargue.[1] Due to the racial discrimination of the times, however, he had difficulty finding work.[1] Tired of living off his wine seller father-in-law, he decided to return to Haiti with his growing family. His uncle, Cincinnatus Leconte, the President of Haiti,[1] arranged a job for him as a math teacher.

Simonne Marie Anne Andrée Laroche was born in Paris, France, 1909;[6] followed by her sister, Louise Laroche, born on 2 July 1910.

Voyage

The family planned to leave France in late 1912, but Juliette discovered she was pregnant for a third time, and Joseph decided to hasten their travel arrangements so the child could be born in Haiti.[citation needed]

Joseph's mother purchased first class passage for the family aboard the liner SS France. The Laroches learned of the French Line's policy stipulating that children were required to remain in the nursery and were not permitted to dine with their parents. Disapproving of this policy, they exchanged their tickets for a second-class passage aboard RMS Titanic.[1][4][6]

Titanic was too large for the harbor at Cherbourg, France, and White Star Line tenders transported the passengers boarding from Cherbourg out to the ship aboard SS Nomadic.[6] The family boarded as second-class passengers on April 10, 1912.

Aboard Titanic

Laroche’s mother sent the family tickets to return to Haiti aboard the La France. However, the ocean liner’s policy banning children dining with their parents in the dining room led Laroche to exchange their first class tickets for the La France for second class tickets on the R.M.S. Titanic.[citation needed]

Shortly after Titanic struck the iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on April 14, Joseph woke Juliette and told her that the ship had suffered an accident. He put all of their valuables in his pockets, and he and his wife carried each of their sleeping daughters to the ship's top deck. It is not known for sure which lifeboat Juliette and her daughters boarded, although Juliette remembered a countess being in her lifeboat.[citation needed] There was a countess, Noël Leslie, Countess of Rothes, on board the ship who escaped in lifeboat 8, so it is likely[speculation?] that Juliette, Simonne and Louise all escaped aboard this lifeboat or may had been lifeboat 14. Although Joseph died in the sinking of Titanic, his body was never recovered.[6]

Later in the morning of April 15, Juliette and her daughters were rescued by RMS Carpathia. The two young sisters were hauled up to the deck in burlap bags. On board Carpathia, Juliette found it very hard to get linens which she could use as diapers for her children. Since there were none to spare, Juliette improvised and at the end of each meal she would sit on napkins, conceal them and make diapers out of them after returning to the cabin.[6] Carpathia arrived in New York City, New York on April 18. Since there was no one to meet Juliette and her daughters, Juliette decided not to continue to Haiti. Instead, she returned to her family in Villejuif, France. The family arrived the next month, and it was there that Juliette gave birth to her son. She named her son, Joseph, in honor of his late father.[6]

Louise in later years

In March 1995, Louise stepped aboard Nomadic for the first time since 1912 when it carried her family to Titanic from Cherbourg, France. She was joined by fellow Titanic survivor Millvina Dean.[6] That same year, Louise was present as the Titanic Historical Society dedicated a stone marker in Cherbourg commemorating Titanic passengers who sailed from its port.[7]

Louise Laroche died on 28 January 1998 at the age of 87. At the time of her death only six Titanic survivors remained.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Hughes, Zondra (June 2000). "What Happened To The Only Black Family On The TITANIC". Ebony magazine. Archived from the original on 2010-01-23.
  2. ^ "Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche" (2014) Encyclopedia Titanica (ref: #486, accessed 1 March 2014)
  3. ^ Kent, W. Mae. "Laroche, Joseph Phillipe Lemercier (1889-1912)". BlackPast.org. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  4. ^ a b Gresham, Mark (July 17, 2003). "Women and children first". Creative Loafing. Atlanta.
  5. ^ LaRoche. Extra. Atlanta magazine. July 2003. Retrieved February 18, 2003.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Miss Louise Laroche". Titanic Historical Society. Archived from the original on 18 May 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  7. ^ Mendez, Olivier; "The last French Lady - Mademoiselle Louise Laroche, A Titanic survivor", The Titanic Commutator, Volume 19, number 2, 2nd quarter, August–October 1995, pp. 40—48