Korean name
Revised Romanizationkkakdugi

Kkakdugi (Korean깍두기) or diced radish kimchi is a variety of kimchi in Korean cuisine. Usually, Korean radish (called mu in Korean) is used, but other vegetables or fruits can also be used. Kkakduk-kkakduk is an ideophone related to dicing/cubing. Kimchi made with radish that are not diced into cubes are not called kkakdugi. Kkakdugi is a popular banchan (side dish) enjoyed by Koreans and others.

Origin and history

The origin of kkakdugi is mentioned in a cookbook named Joseon yorihak (조선요리학 朝鮮料理學, literally "Korean Gastronomy") written by Hong Seon-pyo (홍선표) in 1940. According to the book, kkakdugi was created by Princess Sukseon (숙선옹주, 淑善翁主), a daughter of King Jeongjo (r. 1776–1800) and the wife of Hong Hyeon-ju (홍현주, 洪顯周), a high-ranking government officer titled as Yeongmyeongwi (영명위, 永明慰). When a matter for congratulation happened to the royal court, members of the royal family gathered to have a feast, and the princess presented a new dish made with diced radish to the king. He highly praised it and asked her about the dish's name. She replied that the dish did not have a name because she had accidentally made it, but found that it tasted good, so she brought in the new dish to the court. The king replied that the dish would be named kkakdugi because cutting food into cubes is called ggakduk sseolgi (깍둑썰기) in Korean. At that time, kkakdugi was called gakdokgi (각독기 刻毒氣, literally "removing the harshness"), from 각(刻) (gak, "to harm, damage") + 독(毒) (dok, "substance harmful to health or life") + 기(氣) (-gi, "energy, feeling, element"), and then became spread among the common people.[1]


Kkakdugi consists of radish cut into small cubes. The radish is flavored with salt, red chili powder, spring onions, and ginger.[2]

The radish and the other ingredients are mixed together and then traditionally stored in a jangdok (장독) or onggi (Korean옹기; Hanja), both names which refer to a large earthenware pot. Fermentation takes about two weeks in a cool, and dry place.[2]

Kkakdugi is served cold and is usually consumed when the radish is crisp. Kkakdugi, along with other types of kimchi, is a popular dish in Korea and is believed to share many of the health benefits of kimchi, due to the fermentation process.

Kkakdugi made of persimmon


There are several main types of kkakdugi, which are all fairly similar in their ingredients and preparation:[3]

Food pairings

Korean soups such as seolleongtang (beef soup), galbitang (galbi, or beef rib soup), samgyetang (ginseng chicken soup) are considered "good friends" for kkakdugi.[8]

The taste of the kkakdugi overpowers the taste of stew itself and gets rid of the distinctive smell of the stew. Additionally, radish is very good for digestion. When eating meat in stew, kkakdugi is believed to aid in digestion.[9]

See also


  1. ^ Kang Jeyun (강제윤) (12 January 2004). 막 버무린 깍두기에 밥 한그릇 뚝딱 (in Korean). OhmyNews. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Brief information about kkakdugi" (in Korean). Munhwa Ilbo (Newspaper) Kimchi EXPO 2007. Archived from the original on 24 November 2006.
  3. ^ "Gul kkakdugi(굴깍두기)" (in Korean). Naver/Doosan Encyber.
  4. ^ 굴깍두기 (in Korean). Chosun. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  5. ^ 무 활용 음식 (in Korean). Dictionary of Korean Culture. Archived from the original on 13 April 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  6. ^ "Myeongtae seodeori kkakdugi (명태서더리깍두기)" (in Korean). Naver/Doosan Encyber.
  7. ^ 숙깍두기 (in Korean). Korean Food RDA. Archived from the original on 19 June 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  8. ^ Hi Soo Shin Hepinstall; Sonya Hepinstall (2001). Growing Up in a Korean Kitchen: A Cookbook. Ten Speed Press. p. 100. ISBN 1-58008-281-5. Retrieved 18 May 2008. ((cite book)): |work= ignored (help)
  9. ^ "Good match: Seolleongtang and Kkagdugi (궁합: 설렁탕과 깍두기)" (in Korean). Daegu Schools Nutritionist Association. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2008.