solid yeot and liquid mullyeot
Place of originKorea
Main ingredientsbap (cooked rice), yeotgireum (powdered barley malt)
Revised Romanizationyeot

Yeot (Korean) is a variety of hangwa, or Korean traditional confectionery. It can be made in either liquid or solid form, as a syrup, taffy, or candy. Yeot is made from steamed rice, glutinous rice, glutinous sorghum, corn, sweet potatoes, or mixed grains. It is presumed to have been used before the Goryeo period. The steamed ingredients are lightly fermented and boiled in a large pot called a sot for a long time.[1]

Yeot boiled for a shorter time is called jocheong, liquid yeot. This sticky syrup-like jocheong is usually used as a condiment for cooking and for coating other hangwa, or as a dipping sauce for garae tteok.

If boiled for a longer time, the yeot will solidify when chilled, and is called gaeng yeot (갱엿). Gaeng yeot is originally brownish but if stretched (as taffy is prepared), the color lightens. Pan-fried beans, nuts, sesame, sunflower seeds, walnuts, or pumpkin can be added into or covered over the yeot as it chills. Variations of yeot are named for their secondary ingredients, as follows.[2]


The word yeot as slang

See also: Korean profanity

The Korean phrase "eat yeot" (엿 먹어라) has adopted a vulgar meaning in recent years. The phrase is comparable to the English term "fuck you". According to one account, the phrase originated from a middle-school entry exams scandal of 1964. One of the multiple choice questions asked in the exam: "Which of the following ingredients can be used instead of yeot oil (엿기름; barley malt) to make yeot?" The correct answer was diastase, but another one of the multiple choices was Korean radish juice, which many people argued was also a correct answer. The parents of the students whose grades suffered from this result held demonstrations and protests in front of government education bureaus and offices, holding up yeot made with radish juice and yelling to the officials to "eat yeot".[11]

The phallic shape of raw yeot had also led the candy to be used as a euphemism for penis as early as the sixteenth century.[12]


See also


  1. ^ (in Korean) Yeot at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  2. ^ a b (in Korean) Yeot at Britannica Korea
  3. ^ (in Korean) Hwanggolyeot at Doosan Encyclopedia
  4. ^ (in Korean) Kkaeyeot at Doosan Encyclopedia
  5. ^ (in Korean) Dak yeot at Doosan Encyclopedia
  6. ^ (in Korean) Kkwong yeot at Doosan Encyclopedia
  7. ^ (in Korean) Port yeot[permanent dead link] at Haengboki gadeukhan jip (행복이 가득한 집), March 2009
  8. ^ (in Korean) Pork yeot Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine National Academy of Agricultural Science
  9. ^ (in Korean) Haneultari at Doosan Encyclopedia
  10. ^ (in Korean) Garlic yeot at Doosan Encyclopedia
  11. ^ (in Korean) Kim Mi Hyeong (김미형), Man and Language (인간과 언어) p220, PJ Book, Seoul, 2005. ISBN 89-7878-776-2
  12. ^ EXPLAINING WHY THE KOREAN SOCCER TEAM WAS PELTED WITH TOFFEE CANDY, Noonchi Archived July 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine