This is a partial list of Assyriologists. An Assyriologist is a person who specializes in the archaeological, historical, cultural and linguistic study of Assyria and the rest of ancient Mesopotamia (Iraq).
, one of the decipherers of the cuneiform
Thomas Hyde, who attempted to correct from Oriental sources the errors of the Greek and Roman historians
- Joseph Halévy (Ottoman-French, 1827–1917), Orientalist and traveller who crossed Yemen in search of Sabaean inscriptions.
- William W. Hallo (German-American, 1928–2015), professor of Assyriology and Babylonian Literature, and curator of the Babylonian collection at Yale University.
- Richard Hallock ((American, 1906-1980), former editorial secretary of the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary
- Hendrik Arent Hamaker (Dutch, 1789–1835), philologist and Orientalist who worked on Oriental languages.
- Paul Haupt (German-American, 1858–1926), Semitic scholar, one of the pioneers of Assyriology in the United States.
- Hermann Volrath Hilprecht (German-American, 1859–1925), archaeologist who carried out excavations in Iraq.
- Edward Hincks (Irish, 1792–1866), one of the decipherers of Mesopotamian cuneiform.
- Paul Y. Hoskisson (American, born 1943), professor of Ancient scripture who has published research on the Book of Mormon and the Old Testament.
- Thomas Hyde (English, 1636–1703), Orientalist and linguist who mastered Turkish, Arabic, Syriac, Persian, Hebrew and Malay, and coined the word "cuneiform".
Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet, called the "Father of Assyriology"
- Karen Radner (Austrian, born 1972), Professor of Ancient History at the University of Munich.
- Anson Rainey (American, 1930–2011), Professor of ancient Near Eastern cultures and Semitic linguistics, known for the study of the Amarna tablets.
- Hormuzd Rassam (Iraqi, British, 1826–1910), Assyriologist known for archaeological discoveries, including the clay tablets that contained the Epic of Gilgamesh.
- Otto E. Ravn (Danish, 1881–1952), professor at the University of Copenhagen.
- Sir Henry Rawlinson, 1st Baronet (British, 1810–1895), Orientalist who transcribed the Old Persian portion of the trilingual inscriptions in Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian (a later form of Akkadian) written by Darius the Great.
- Erica Reiner (American, 1924–2005), editor of the Chicago Assyrian Dictionary, the basic reference work for understanding the Akkadian language.
- Claudius Rich (British, 1787–1821), traveller and antiquarian scholar who explored the remains of Babylon, and projected a geographical and statistical account of the pashalic of Baghdad.
- Michael Roaf (British, born 1947), archaeologist specializing in ancient Iranian studies and Assyriology.
- Eleanor Robson (British, born 1969), professor of ancient Middle Eastern history at University College London.
- Francesca Rochberg (American, born 1952), historian of science known for her work on the history of Babylonian astronomy.
- Georges Roux (French, 1914–1999), author of popular history books about the Ancient Near East: Ancient Iraq and La Mésopotamie.