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The following is a list of Bulgarian military equipment of World War II which includes artillery, vehicles and vessels. During World War II Bulgaria was a neutral country until 1 March 1941. Then it allied with the Axis Powers until 9 September 1944 and then it aligned with the Allies for the rest of war.

Melee Weapons

Knives and Bayonets

Sabres

On 01.12.1939 the Bulgarian army had 18 256 sabres and 1 059 field knives.[16] On 15.04.1940 the Bulgarian army had 18 298 sabres.[17]

The Bulgarian Police gradually eliminated during the 1930s the use of the old sabres by the police officers[25] and by 1940s only the mounted police kept their cavalry sabres (402 by 01.12.1940[26]). 500 more cavalry sabres were produced for the police in a workshop in Sofia in 1942 and then 2000 former French army cavalry sabres were supplied in 1943–1944.[27]

Small arms

Pistols and Automatic Pistols

8 444 pistols available on 01.12.1939 with the Bulgarian army[16] 8 711 pistols available on 15.04.1940 with the Bulgarian army.[17]

44 851 pistols were available with the Bulgarian army on 01.09.1944.[34] In 1945 the Soviet deliveries included around 6 000 TT pistol, of which 4 921 are available on 01.01.1946.[19]

The Bulgarian Police had its own supply of pistols. On 01.12.1940 it had 8 002 9mm pistols, 1 034 7.65mm pistols and 215 6.35mm pistols, including 800 ČZ vz. 38, 350 Sauer 38H, 650 Sauer Model 1930, 3 000 Beretta M1923, 120 7.65mm Melior Mod. 1920, Mauser Model 1914, Walther Model 4, 3 924 7.65mm and 9mm Parabellum P-08, etc.[35] Deliveries continued during the war including 1 300 ČZ vz. 38, 120 CZ 36, 1 500 ČZ vz. 27, 520 Parabellum P-08, 5 000 Walther P38, 1 400 Walther PP, 500 Walther PPK, 3 000 Star Model B, etc.[36]

The Bulgarian Partisans were using a wide assortment of pistols. It is estimated they had 3 180 pistols by 09.1944.[37][38]

Submachine guns

By 01.09.1944 the Bulgarian army has 11 033 sub-machine guns (SMG),[34] 1534 of these are lost in the fighting by the end of the year. 01.1945 - 9320 9mm SMG are still available.[41] In 1945 massive soviet arms deliveries included 10 615 SMG - 7.62mm PPSh-41 and PPS-43

The Bulgarian Gendarmerie formed in 1944 to fight the partisans and supplied from the army stocks also used several hundred SMG, mostly MP 40 and MP 41.

The Bulgarian Police was supplied independently from the army and also had SMG. In fact in 1939 only the police had a modest number of SMGs (20 MP-18/1, 70 MP-28/2),[42] while army had none. The deliveries to the police during the war included 300 MP28/2, 2400 MP 41 (1941-1944), 500 Suomi KP/-31 (1942)[43]

The Bulgarian Partisans also used in 1941-1944 a significant number of SMGs (2040 estimated by 09.1944).[37][38] Besides the captured police and army ones, they also used Allied and Soviet supplied ones like PPSh-41 and Thompson submachine gun[44]

By 01.01.1946 the Bulgarian army had 3043 ZK-383, 5440 MP 40, 6152 PPS-43 and 4421 PPSh-41.[19]

Rifles and Carbines

There were also some deliveries of Italian Carcano rifles - 8000 in 1943–1944, former Yugoslav army's Model 24 Mausers - approximately 6–8000.[19] In 1945 the Soviet Union supplied 978 Mosin-Nagant sniper rifles and 5-6000 SVT-40 automatic rifles.[19]

On 01.12.1939 the Bulgarian army had 225 276 rifles Mannlicher and 112 608 carbines Mannlicher and 69 493 rifles Mosin-Nagant.[16]

On 15.04.1940 the Bulgarian army had 228 636 rifles Mannlicher and 103 742 carbines Mannlicher and 62 278 rifles Mosin-Nagant, as well as 8 291 "dragoon carbines".[17]

On 01.09.1944 the Bulgarian army had 219 649 rifles and 227 312 carbines.[34]

On 01.01.1945 the Bulgarian army had 207 800 rifles and 140 000 carbines.[41]

The Bulgarian Police had on 01.12.1940 6 363 Mannlicher Carbines, mostly converted domestically from rifles.[26] In 1940-1944 Mannlicher parts and used rifles and carbines are supplied (4 600 second-hand rifles and carbines and parts for 12 200 more) and the older Carbines in use are slowly discarded. By 31.03.1943 - 8 834 carbines are available with the Police. The number increased to 12 509 carbines and 1000 rifles at the beginning of 1944.[54] In 1941 after the occupation of Yugoslavia and Greece, the Germans supplied to the Bulgarian Police 2 954 former Greek Army Mannlicher–Schönauer mod.1903/14 and 3 530 former Yugoslav army FN Model 24 and Model 30 - Mauser Mod. 1924 and 1929.[55] In 1943 after the Italian units on the Balkans have been disarmed, 28 800 Carcano rifles and carbines have been given to the Bulgarian Police - 18 000 were given to the Municipal Police, 3 300 to the State Police, the others were used as reserve or to arm paramilitary units.[56] In 07.1943 the Bulgarian Police also bought 2600 Mosin–Nagant and supplied these to the Municipal Police.[57] The Municipal Police and the Paramilitary units were also using a wide assortment of older pre-WWI vintage rifles and carbines like Berdan rifle, Mauser, etc.[58]

The Bulgarian Partisans used a wide assortment of older and contemporary rifles and carbines of various origin, estimated to number approximately 7 600 by 09.1944.[37][38]

Grenades and grenade launchers

Bulgaria had a long tradition (since the beginning of 20th century) of producing its own hand grenades[59] This was continued in the Interwar period and during World War II in the State Military Factory at Kazanlak[60]

209 130 grenades were available in 12.1939.[64] 117 694 grenades were available in 04.1940.[65] German supplied hand grenades were also used[60] like:

The Bulgarian Police had its own modest supply of grenades - 1 954 available on 01.12.1940. It was supplied both from the Bulgarian State Military Factory and from German deliveries, as well from captured Allied and Soviet airdrop deliveries to the Bulgarian partisans.[68]

The Bulgarian partisans were using the grenades cited above, its own illegally produced grenades and Allied and Soviet supplied grenades like the British No. 36 Mk. 1 Mills bomb[60]

Soviet Union supplied in 1944-1945 some 300 000 grenades,[60] like RGD-33,[69] RPG-6,[70] etc.

189 375 hand grenades of different types have been used in the war against the Axis in 1944-1945[71]

There was one rifle grenade launcher used in the period:

Recoilless rifles

NA

Flamethrowers

Infantry and dual-purpose machine guns

The Bulgarian Army had 4 252 light machine Guns and 3 296 heavy machine guns on 01.12.1939.[16] On 15.04.1940 there were 5784 light machine guns and 3291 heavy machine guns.[17] By 01.09.1944 the numbers had risen to 10 328 light machine guns and 5 191 heavy machine guns.[34] After the first phase of the war with Germany a number of these were lost and 01.01.1945 the Bulgarian army had 8 555 light machine guns (5 340 8mm Madsen, Zbrojovka and Steyr MG-30 and 3 215 7.92mm MG-34) and 4 605 heavy machine guns (3 505 8mm Maxims and Schwarzlose and 1 012 7.92mm MG-34).[41] The first Soviet deliveries arrived in 1945 and included 762 DP-28, 562 PM M1910 и 37 DShK[81] 1 362 DP-28, 717 PM M1910 and 2 DShK are shown as available on 01.01.1946[19]

The Bulgarian Police had their own modest number of machine-guns, supplied independently from the Army. Thus on 01.12.1940 it had 27 machine guns,[82] both heavy and light - a curious mixture of Maxim gun, Lewis gun, Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine gun and Chauchat - mostly leftover trophies from World War I and/or seized during police actions.[83] 42 additional light machine guns ZB vz. 27 are bought in 1941 and then in 1943 50 heavy machine guns Ckm wz. 30 and 100 Browning wz. 1928 were bought from Germany in 1943 from the trophies from the 1939 Polish Army. Then finally on 09.1943 200 MG-34 were supplied to the police. Thus the Police had on 01.07.1944 50 heavy and 342 light machine guns. Of these the 50 heavy machine guns and 100 MG-34 were transferred to the newly formed Gendarmerie.[84]

The Bulgarian Partisans also had machine-guns. It is estimated they had 54 heavy machine guns and 531 light machine guns by 09.1944, including Soviet and Allied deliveries.[37][38]

Vehicle and aircraft machine guns

Artillery

Infantry mortars

The Bulgarian army used German and Austro-Hungarian supplied mortars in World War I.[118][119] Most of these mortars (380 by the end of World War I[119]) were handed over to the Allied Control Commission after the war with 40 officially remaining as allowed weapons of the much reduced Bulgarian army by the Neuilly treaty. These "Erhardt" mortars[120][121][119] were obsolete by mid-30s, so one of the first delivery priorities for the Bulgarian army in the years before World War 2 was to obtain modern mortars.

The Bulgarian army had 367 mortars on 01.12.1939.[16] This was increased to 479 on 15.04.1940.[17] By 01.09.1944 the availability was increased to 2198 80mm mortars and 800 50mm mortars.[34] On 01.01.1945 the army had 1465 (1595 by other sources[19]) M34 and Rheinmetalls, 380 Brandts and 698 50mm M36.[34] Soviet equipment arrived in 1945 - 278 82mm 82-BM-37 and 90 120mm 120-PM-43 mortar[19]

The Bulgarian partisans also had a few mortars - 9 by 09.1944[37][38]

Heavy mortars & rocket launchers

NA

Field and Mountain artillery

Field Guns

The Bulgarian divisional artillery in World War 2 still retained quick-firing 75mm field pieces of pre-World War I origin that were coming of diverse sources:

Usually in the Bulgarian Army documents this motley of Schnedier and Krupp 75mm guns is simply listed as 75мм полски оръдия ("75mm field guns") or 75мм возими оръдия ("75mm horse-drawn guns"), which makes it difficult to differentiate between the models listed above. It is known that during the World War I until 09.1918 340 of the above-mentioned guns were put out of action (but most were repaired or replaced) and 40 more captured by the Entente forces.[137] 707 75mm field guns were available in 09.1918 just before the Allied Offensive with the number dropping to 487 at 01.01.1919.[138] 248 were officially listed as captured in September 1918 by the Entente forces.[139] Then a number of guns were destroyed by the Allied Control Commission after the war as per the Neuilly treaty restrictions, but some were retained as officially permitted weapons and quite a lot were hidden and later retaken into service. Thus on 01.12.1939 the Bulgarian army still had 412 of these 75mm guns.[16] At the end of 1942 there were 276 75mm "Schneider" and 215 75mm "Krupp" in the Bulgarian army.[140] In 05.1943 there were 394 75mm field guns,[16] in 08.1944 - 474 75mm field guns[141] and in 01.1945 - 421.[41]

There were a number of modernization efforts in 1930-1940s carried out in Bulgaria of these 75mm field guns which involved:

  1. Stanchev and Dobrev Gun Carriage (СД-34) - in 1934-1935 the artillery Engineer Colonel Dimitar Stanchev (Deputy Head of the State Military Factory) and the artillery technician Gocho Dobrev (Head of the Artillery Workshop at the State Military Factory) developed a project for modernizing the gun carriage of the 75mm Krupp field guns[142] (in 1939 Dobrev and another technician Stoyan Minkov developed a similar proposal for the 75mm Schneider field guns[143]). The idea was to use the gun carriage of the 10.5 cm leFH 16 as a model and to implement it on the 75mm guns in the Bulgarian army via replacement at the State Military Factory in Kazanlak. This modernization, carried out gradually from 1936 onwards, allowed to increase the maximum elevation of the guns from 26 to 40-45 degrees and thus to increase the range from 6 to 11 km.[144][145] Initially this modernization created problems with the equilibrators and the hydraulic recoil mechanisms - the absorbers and the recuperators. As these were not replaced in the initial modernized carriages and were estimated for lower degrees, when gun elevation was used at 40-45 degrees with the new carriage, the recoil needed to be finalized by hand. The equilibrators problem was fixed by the artillery engineer Captain Ivan Stefanov along with the artillery technician Chushkov in 1936, but the Recoil mechanisms was finally fixed after trials only in 1942-1943 by a group of artillery engineers (captain Petar Ivanov and Captain Ivan Kisyov) led by Ivan Stefanov.[146]
  2. Converting to towed carriage for motor traction - in 1936 a group of artillery technicians led by Lazar Velitchkov developed special towed carriages for towing 75mm guns with speeds to up to 40 km/h by the then available trucks "Steyr" and "Morris Commercial"[147]
  3. Replacing the worn gun barrels - in 1936-1937 the Artillery Engineer Captain Ivan Stefanov developed a project for the replacement of the barrels of the 75mm field guns, which were in bad condition. After detailed studies and negotiations with Krupp and Rheinmetall in Germany, this project was approved and equipment for a new workshop in the State Military Factory in Kazanlak was acquired in order to allow the replacement of the gun barrels in 1938–1940. In 1936-1944 approximately 400 guns were modernized in the factory with new gun carriages, barrels, equilibrators and recoil mechanisms[148][149]

Each Bulgarian Divisional Artillery Regiment had 1-2 artillery battalions with 12-24 75mm field guns (3-6 batteries) during the World War II.[150]

Mountain Guns and Howitzers

The Bulgarian army had 189 75mm mountain guns on 01.12.1939,[16] including:

48 of the old Schneider and Krupp quick firing mountain guns were still in service in 08.1944[141]

223 75mm mountain guns were available on 15.04.1940.[17]

In 05.1943 there were 200 mountain guns in the Bulgarian army.[127]

Each Bulgarian Divisional Artillery Regiment had 1 artillery battalion with 12 75mm mountain guns (3 batteries) during the World War II. There were also separate artillery battalions (4 batteries with 16 guns in total) on army level (4 in total)[160]

Field Howitzers

During World War I Germany supplied 172[158] of the following models of 105mm field howitzers:

Also a similar model was captured from Romania in 1916-1917:

120 of the above-mentioned types of 105mm field howitzers survived the war (incl. 67 L/12 and 45 L/20 and L/22, etc.)[167] 117 were available in 08.1944,[141] 91 in 01.1945.[41] In 1943-1944 these old 105mm howitzers underwent modernization at the State Military Factory similar to the one of the 75mm field guns and including:

  1. Replacing the worn gun barrels with new ones - starting with the L/20 howitzers, but also on the L/12 ones.[168][149]
  2. Replacing the recoil mechanisms (absorbers and recuperators, springs) with the recoil reduced from 1400mm to 850-1000mm.[149][169]

Howitzers supplied in the Interwar period and during World War II included:

Each Bulgarian Divisional Artillery Regiment had 1-2 artillery battalions with 12-24 105mm or 120mm field howitzers (3-6 batteries) during the World War II.[150] The Army level (Heavy) Artillery Regiments (4 in total) also had 2 battalions with 24 105mm howitzers, as well as 1 battalion in the Motorized Artillery Regiment that was directly subordinated to the Bulgarian High Command. The Army level regiments and the HQ Arty Regiment were using the most modern howitzers available and capable of motorized traction, as these 5 regiments were fully motorized, unlike the divisional artillery regiments, which were (apart from the one in the Armoured Brigade and the one in the Cavalry Division) entirely horse-drawn.[150]

Heavy Artillery

The above guns were used also in World War II, with 22 available in 12.1939,[16] 24 in 08.1944[141] and 23 in 01.1945.[182] In 1935-1937 these were modernized by creating a special towed carriage for motor traction - in 1936 a group of artillery technicians led by Marin Aleksandrov developed special towed carriages from second hand rear axis of discarded trucks "Benz" and "Renault" from WWI for towing by Pavesi tractors.[183][184] Projects for replacing the worn barrels, modernizing the springs and the recoil mechanisms, etc. were also developed, but there is no data that these have been actually carried out.[185]

The Bulgarian army had 5 regiments of heavy artillery - 4 were army ones (each army was supposed to have one, but 5th was never formed) and 1 (formed in 1942 and containing the heaviest calibres available 105mm to 220mm) was directly subordinated to the Bulgarian army High Command. All were motorized, with the army ones having 4 battalions (usually 2 of 105mm and 2 of 150mm) and an ATG battery and the High Command one 5 battalions.[150]

Coastal Artillery

In 12.1939 Bulgaria had 2 battalions of coastal artillery (defending the Black sea ports of Varna and Burgas respectively) with 28 old guns,[188] including:

In 09.1940 Bulgaria acquired from Germany 5 more guns (former naval ones, received in 1942):[219][220]

After the occupation of Aegean Thrace, in 05.1941 a new coastal artillery battalion was formed there.[222] Initially Bulgaria have been loaned from the German Heeres-Küsten-Artillerie-Abteilung 829:

By 1944 the coastal artillery has expanded to 4 artillery regiments - 2 on the Black sea (Varna and Burgas) and 2 on the Aegean sea (Kavala and Dedeagach/Alexandroupolis). In 1943-1944 under the Barbara programme the following guns were supplied from Germany as coastal artillery:

In 05.1944 six Pz. Kpfw.38(t) turrets were supplied from Germany and installed in the Aegean coast defenses.[226] In 09–11.1944 the coastal artillery units along the Aegean retired along with their guns into Bulgaria along the Bulgarian troops. Their guns were distributed to the existing defenses alongside the gulfs of Varna and Burgas on the Black sea. The coastal artillery was also using searchlights - it is known that 2 110mm searchlights were delivered along with the 17 cm SK L/40 guns[221] and 3 150mm searchlights were used on the Black sea coast as well[227]

Anti-tank guns

The Bulgarian army did not have any Anti-tank guns by 1939, only the 20mm Solothurn anti-tank rifles.[16]

Thus the available Ant-tank guns in 08.1944 were 220 75mm PaK 40, 100 75mm Pak 97/38, 404 50mm Pak 38, 450 37mm Skoda and 100 37mm PaK 36.[34] On 01.01.1945 the respective availability was 203 75mm PaK 40, 100 75mm Pak 97/38, 362 50mm Pak 38, 279 37mm Skoda and 90 37mm PaK 36.[41] The Soviet Union delivered in mid-1945 90 45 mm anti-tank gun M1942 (M-42)[77]

Vehicle, Aircraft and Ship guns

Vehicle guns

Ship guns

Aircraft guns

Anti-tank weapons (besides anti-tank guns)

On 01.12.1939 the Bulgarian army had 308 anti-tank rifles (all Solothurns).[16] That number increased to 263 PzB 39 and 302 Solothurns on 01.01.1944,[19] 308 PzB 39 and 276 Solothurns in 08.1944.[34] 260 and 240 respectively were available on 01.01.1945. 293 and 203 on 01.01.1946.[19] In 1945 Soviet deliveries included 300 PTRS-41 and PTRD-41 during the war[242][241] and further deliveries increased the Soviet ATR in the Bulgarian army to 424 by 01.01.1946[19]

Anti-aircraft weapons

By 1935 Bulgaria had only 5 anti-air guns,[244] leftovers from the World War I - 3 8.8 cm Flak 16[245] and 2 7,5 cm Räder B.A.K.[246] These were retained and used during the war for additional air defense of the military factories at Sopot and Kazanlak equipped with an additional optical rangefinder (kommandohilfsgeraet Zeiß).[247]

Light anti-aircraft guns

Heavy anti-aircraft guns

Three sources[254][255] and[256] claim that 76 mm air defense gun M1931 were used from 1946 in the Bulgarian army, but no data for supply of such guns can be found, as after the war Soviet Union was supplying 37mm and 85mm guns. One theory[257] is that these are 12 captured guns, used during the war by the German forces to defend its facilities in Varna on the Black Sea Coast, which were then abandoned during the retreat from Bulgaria.

Searchlights

RangeFinders

Vehicles

Tankettes

Tankettes in the 1930s

Tanks

In 1945 the following tanks were delivered from the Soviet Union to Bulgaria as trophies: 14 Panzer V,[278] 51 Panzer IV, 3 Panzer III,[279] 1 Turan I. 6 more Panzer V were delivered in 1946.[280] All except Panzer IV and Panzer III were scrapped by 1948[265]

Self-propelled guns

In 03.1945 the Soviet 3rd Ukrainian front delivered to the 1st Bulgarian army directly the following trophies: 3 Sturmgeschütz III, 2 Sturmgeschütz IV, 4 Hetzer,[283] 2 40M Nimrod, 2 Semovente 47/32. These formed a separate assault guns battery (the 9 StuGs and Hetzers) and a recon platoon (the Italian and Hungarian vehicles) to the 1st army tank battalion. In addition the Bulgarians captured 1 abandoned Jagdpanzer IV in April 1945.[284][285] In 1945 in total Bulgaria received from the Soviet union the following self-propelled guns: 9 Sturmgeschütz III, 1 StuH, 2 Sturmgeschütz IV, 3 Jagdpanzer IV, 6 Panzer IV/70, 5 Hetzer, 3 Hummel, 2 40M Nimrod, 2 Semovente 47/32. 1 Wespe arrived in 1946.[280] All were scrapped in 1946–1948, except for the Sturmgeschütz IV, Panzer IV/70 and Jagdpanzer IV, which were scrapped in 1958[265] The first Soviet Su-76 arrived in 1946[286] - by 1950 156 were supplied.[287]

Armored cars

In 1945 a limited number of armoured cars is received from the Soviet Union trophies - 1 Sd. Kfz. 260/261, 1 Sd.Kfz. 251 and 1 AB-41.[280] In the first post WW2 years a total of 21 BA-64B were supplied.[265]

Command and reconnaissance

In 06.1940 there were 134 two-axle command and reconnaissance cars.[291] In 10.1941 there were 32 three-axle and 151 two-axle command and reconnaissance cars in the Bulgarian army and 4 three-axle and 1 two-axle command and reconnaissance cars in the Bulgarian Navy.[292] In 10.1943 there were 10 three-axle reconnaissance cars and 2 rescue three-axle cars Tatra in the Bulgarian Air Force.[293] In 05.1944 there were 40 three-axle and 600 two-axle reconnaissance cars in the Bulgarian army[294]

21 command and reconnaissance cars were lost in 09.1944 during the retreat from Macedonia and Serbia[314] 1395 cars (incl. passenger, training, etc.) were available in 10.1944 - 1041 participated in the war against Germany.,[315] 64 two-axle command and reconnaissance cars were lost.[290] 439 light and reconnaissance cars were available in 03.1945 with the 1st Bulgarian army fighting within the 3rd Ukrainian front[316] 6 were lost in 1945[290] 236 two-axle command and reconnaissance cars have been captured as trophies by the Bulgarian army by 15 September 1945.[317]

Trucks

In 06.1938 the Bulgarian army had 405 three-axle (Steyr, Morris, Tatra) and 547 two-axle trucks.[318] In 06.1940 the Bulgarian army had 807 three-axle and 532 two-axle trucks, 8 fuel tankers, 18 radio vehicles, 3 mobile workshops.[291] In 10.1941 the Bulgarian army had 784 three-axle trucks, 1653 two-axle trucks, 15 fuel tankers, 3 bakery trucks, 34 radio trucks, 1 sanitary bus, 19 mobile workshops, 13 special purpose vehicles and 12 passenger buses. At the same trime the Bulgarian air force had 36 three-axle trucks, 164 two-axle trucks, 40 fuel tankers, 8 photo laboratory trucks, 8 radio trucks, 61 mobile workshops, 4 special purpose vehicles.[319] In 10.1943 the Bulgarian Air Force had 154 two-axle trucks, 24 three axle trucks, 19 buses, 6 workshop trucks, 40 petrol cisterns, 2 photo laboratory cars, 4 fire cars.[293] In 05.1944 there were 800 three axle trucks, 3500 military trucks, 1200 mobilized civil trucks, 60 petrol cisterns, 5 fire trucks, 47 workshops, 50 military buses, 343 mobilized civil passenger buses in the Bulgarian army[294]

In 09.1944 158 trucks were lost during the retreat from Serbia and Macedonia.[314] Another 345 were captured as trophies from the Soviet army in Bulgaria when Soviet forces moved into Bulgaria and were not returned.[355] In 10.1944 there were 2669 trucks available with the Bulgarian army. 2061 participated in the war against Germany in 1944, 395 were lost.[356] 1433 trucks were available in 03.1945 with the 1st Bulgarian army fighting within the 3rd Ukrainian front, 14 were lost[357] 368 trucks have been captured as trophies by the Bulgarian army by 15 September 1945[317]

Passenger cars

In 06.1938 there were 253 passenger cars in the Bulgarian army[318] In 06.1940 there were 245 passenger cars in the Bulgarian army[291] In 10.1941 there were 266 passenger cars in the Bulgarian Army and 25 in the Bulgarian Air Force[292] In 10.1943 there were 24 passenger cards in the Bulgarian Air Force.[293] In 05.1944 there were 500 military and 500 mobilized civil cars in the Bulgarian army[294]

19 training and passenger cars were lost in 09.1944 during the retreat from Macedonia and Serbia[314] Another 107 were captured as trophies by the Soviet army in early September during its occupation of Bulgaria and never returned[364] A total of 1395 cars(incl. command and reconnaissance) were available in 10.1944 - 1041 participated in the war against Germany.[315] 63 light passenger cars were lost in October to December 1944.[290] By 15 September 1945 441 light passenger cars were captured as trophies by the Bulgarian army.[317]

Ambulances

In 06.1938 there were 160 ambulances in the Bulgarian army[318] In 06.1940 there were 258 ambulances in the Bulgarian army[291] In 10.1941 there were 263 ambulances in the Bulgarian army and 27 in the Bulgarian Air Force[365] In 05.1944 there were 331 military ambulances and 41 mobilized civil ambulances in the Bulgarian army, as well as 1 surgical bus and 4 X-ray buses[294]

8 ambulances were lost in 09.1944 during the retreat from Macedonia and Serbia[314] Another 62 were captured as trophies by the Soviet army during the brief occupation of northeastern Bulgaria and were never returned.[355] There were 491 ambulances available in 10.1944 with the Bulgarian army - 420 participated in the war against Germany, 52 were lost[356] 275 ambulances were available in 03.1945 with the 1st Bulgarian army fighting within the 3rd Ukrainian front, 1 was lost[357] 40 ambulances have been captured as trophies by the Bulgarian army by 15.09.1945[317]

Motorcycles

In 06.1938 there were 156 motorcycles in the Bulgarian army.[318] In 06.1940 there were 135 motorcycles in the Bulgarian army[291] In 10.1941 there were 97 motorcycles without sidecar and 152 motorcycles with a sidecar in the Bulgarian army and 7 motorcycles without sidecar and 44 with sidecar in the Bulgarian Air Force[365]

172 motorcycles were lost in 09.1944 during the retreat from Serbia and Macedonia.[314] Another 243 were captured as trophies by the Soviet army during the brief occupation of the northeastern part of Bulgaria in 09.1944 and were never returned.[355] There were 1758 motorcycles available in 11.1944 with the Bulgarian army - 1485 participated in the war against Germany, 292 were lost[380] 673 motorcycles were available in 03.1945 with the 1st Bulgarian army fighting within the 3rd Ukrainian front, 21 were lost[357] 350 motorcycles have been captured as trophies by the Bulgarian army by 15.09.1945[317]

Tractors & prime movers

In 06.1938 there were 59 artillery tractors in the Bulgarian army[318]

Later additions included:

In 10.1941 there were 381 artillery tractors in the Bulgarian army and 35 in the Bulgarian air force.[365] In 10.1943 there were 12 tractors in the Bulgarian Air Force[293] In 05.1944 there were 830 tractors in the Bulgarian army[294]

59 tractors were lost in 09.1944 during the retreat from Macedonia and Serbia[314] Another 20 were captured in 09.1944 by the Soviet army during the inavasion and occupation of northeastern Bulgaria.[355] In 10.1944 there were 612 tractors with the Bulgarian army - 532 participated in the war against Germany in 1944, 78 were lost.[356] 272 tractors were available in 03.1945 with the 1st Bulgarian army fighting within the 3rd Ukrainian front, 7 were lost[357] 4 tractors have been captured as trophies by the Bulgarian army by 15.09.1945[317] - 1 Sd.Kfz. 9, 1 Sd.Kfz. 8, 1 Renault UE etc.[399]

Miscellaneous vehicles

Navy ships and war vessels

The Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine of 1919 restricted the already insignificant Bulgarian Navy to 4 torpedo boats (without torpedoes) and 6 patrol boats for police and protection of fisheries needs. The ships could not be over 100t, and should be only lightly armed. Submarines and naval aviation were prohibited.[403] Thus in 1920 the Navy was transformed into a Sea Trade Police Service and River Trade Police Service, both under the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Labour.[403] The Sea Police Service was based in Varna[404] and had:

In 1921 the Bulgarian government bought from France the following ships:

The Navy in the interwar period also had some auxiliary ships, like:

In 1938 with the official lifting of the Neuilly treaty restrictions, Bulgaria begun to slowly modernize its navy. It acquired:

In 1939 Bulgaria also ordered three small U-boat from Germany (413tons, 16/8.5 knots, 5 533mm torpedo tubes) and even paid them in advance in 1942, but never received these.[441]

Bulgaria was also capable of building small boats and the Navy received in 1940s:

In 1942-1944 Bulgaria also produced for the Germany the following ships:

Also as auxiliary ships, the Bulgarian Navy used:

Aircraft

The Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine forbade Bulgaria to have a military aviation and what military aviation equipment existed in Bulgaria was almost totally destroyed by the Allies in 1920. Some aircraft and equipment were hidden by the Bulgarian authorities and later reused, and successive Bulgarian governments managed to keep and expand the existing cadre of pilots and technicians by creating a civil aviation and a nascent aviation industry in the 1920s and the beginning of the 1930s, but it is safe to say that by the mid-1930s, Bulgaria had in practice no military aviation. The existing mixture of planes had very little military value and almost no armament (leftover machine guns and bombs from World War I) was present even to arm those.[465][466][467][468][469]

Bulgaria started to rearm openly in the field of aviation in 1936, although the Neuilly treaty military restrictions were only officially lifted in 1938. Of the countries approached to supply planes, only two actually agreed - Germany and Poland. Thus the Bulgarian aviation in World War II was a mixture of German (and later ex-Czech or ex-French) and Polish planes, supplemented by the local aviation industry, which managed to produce trainers and army cooperation planes.[470][471][472][473][474][475]

Fighters

The first Soviet supplied fighters - 120 Yakovlev Yak-9s arrived in summer of 1945.[522]

Bombers

In 1939 Bulgaria also ordered from Poland 12 (or 15) PZL.37 Łoś and 12 PZL.46 Sum, but the start of the World War II prevented the delivery.[544] The first Soviet supplied bombers - 120 IL-2M3 and 98 Petlyakov Pe-2 arrived in summer 1945.[522]

Reconnaissance

In 1938-1939 Bulgaria also ordered from Poland 60 LWS-3 Mewa with an option to license-build these, but the start of the World War II prevented the delivery.[544] As mentioned above in the bomber section, the Bulgarian Air Force Long Range Reconnaissance Unit was using several Dornier Do-17Ps in 1943–1945.

Multi-Purpose Army Cooperation Planes

Transport and Liaison

Seaplanes

Trainers

Radars

Sound Locators/Direction Finders

Anti-Air Artillery Radar

Air-Defense Early Warning

Missiles and bombs

From 1936 to 04.1943 Bulgaria imported 94 000 airplane bombs of German, Polish and Czech origin.[648] The Polish imported bombs consisted of 1000 12.5 kg and 340 50 kg bombs imported in 1938–1939.[649] As of 1 December 1939 the Bulgarian Air Force had only 9 50 kg bombs, 137 12.5 kg bombs and 5414 "pear-shaped" bombs[650] As of 15 April 1940 the Bulgarian Air Force had 934 100 kg bombs and 179 50 kg bombs.[651]

Cartridges and shells

Cartridges

7 857 533 rifle bullets, 20 508 264 MG bullets and 790 964 pistol bullets of different calibres have been used in the war in 1944–1945.[71]

Shells

Mines, Torpedoes, Depth Charges

Naval Mines

Bulgaria had 312 naval mines in 12.1939[64] and 550 in 04.1940.[658] In the beginning of the war these were mostly the Bulgarian design types Б-36, Б-38 and Б-40, developed jointly by the engineer Mincho Ostrev and the fleet officer Dimitar Dudev in 1936–1938. 274 of these Bulgarian mines were ordered in 1937, 287 more in 1938. These were produced in a machine factory in Ruse and then armed at the Military factory in Kazanlak.[662][663] In 03.1941 additional 700 EMA and 150 UMA mines were delivered from Germany.[663]

Depth Charges

The Bulgarian Navy had 94 depth charges at the beginning of the war.[64][658] These were the German types WBD and WBF. In addition 47 WBF were delivered in 1941.[664] The Bulgarian torpedo boats could carry 8-10 of these each. 98 were available in 1945.[664]

Torpedoes

The Bulgarian Navy had 16 450mm torpedoes at the beginning of the war. These were used by the 8 torpedo tubes available for the old Drazki torpedo boats.[64][658] The other type of torpedoes used were 533mm by the newer torpedo boats. None were available in 12.1939 and 04.1940,[64][658] but 25 were delivered in 11.1941 and 33 available in 1945.[665]

References

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  2. ^ Казазян, Агоп Българско късо хладно оръжие, Военно издателство, София, 2015, стр. 28, 82-83/ Kazazyan, Agop Bulgarian Short Mellee Weapons, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia 2015, pp. 28, 82-83 ISBN 978-954-509-535-1
  3. ^ Казазян, Агоп (2015). Българско късо хладно оръжие (in Bulgarian). Voenno izdatelstvo. ISBN 978-954-509-535-1.
  4. ^ Казазян, Агоп (2015). Българско късо хладно оръжие (in Bulgarian). Voenno izdatelstvo. ISBN 978-954-509-535-1.
  5. ^ Казазян, Агоп Българско късо хладно оръжие, Военно издателство, София, 2015, стр. 40-44, 86-89/ Kazazyan, Agop Bulgarian Short Mellee Weapons, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia 2015, pp. 40-44, 86-89 https://books.google.com/books?id=joq4DAEACAAJ ISBN 978-954-509-535-1
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  8. ^ a b c Цветков Симеон, Поръчки и доставки на леко стрелково оръжие от "Чешка Збройовка" (1938-1944 г.), Известия на Регионален Исторически Музей - Велико Търново, том XXXIII, 2018, стр. 389/Tsvetkov, Simeon, Orders and supplies of light fire arms in Bulgarian army from "Czech Zbrojovka" (1938-1944). Proceedings of the Regional Museum of History - Veliko Tarnovo, vol. XXXIII, 2018, p. 389 https://www.academia.edu/38321010/Поръчки_и_доставки_на_леко_стрелково_оръжие_от_Чешка_Збройовка_1938-1944_г._Orders_and_supplies_of_light_fire_arms_in_Bulgarian_army_from_Czech_Zbrojovka_1938-1944_ Original Bulgarian archive reference citing of the document is: ДВИА, ф. 5, оп. 3, а. е. 142, л. 6, гр.-7
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  10. ^ Казазян, Агоп Българско късо хладно оръжие, Военно издателство, София, 2015, стр. 48-50, 95/ Kazazyan, Agop Bulgarian Short Mellee Weapons, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia 2015, pp. 48-50, 95 https://books.google.com/books?id=joq4DAEACAAJ ISBN 978-954-509-535-1
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  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av Report on the availability of weapons . Original Army archive document - ДВИА ф.5, оп.1, а.е. 76 Available as scans and text here: http://forum.boinaslava.net/showthread.php?t=7595&p=416917&viewfull=1#post416917
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  45. ^ Златев, Златко Оръжейните доставки от Германия за България (юли 1938 - февруари 1941) в: Военноисторически сборник, кн. 4/1996, стр. 83-85// Zlatev, Zlatko Weapons Supply from Germany for Bulgaria (July 1938-February 1941), pp. 83-85 ISSN 0204-4080
  46. ^ Цветков, Симеон, Снабдяването с оръжие на Руската доброволческа армия (1918 – 1921 г.) и България в: Пътят към Ньой - Краят на Българския национален идеал. Сборник с доклади от национална научна среща 13-14 септември 2019 г., стр. 274-290//Tsvetkov, Simeon, Supply of weapons to the Russian Volunteer Army (1918-1921) and Bulgaria in: The Road to Neuilly - the End of the Bulgarian National Ideal. Proceedings of a national scientific meeting September 13–14, 2019., pp. 274-290 https://www.academia.edu/42865317/Снабдяването_с_оръжие_на_Руската_доброволческа_армия_1918_1921_г._и_България
  47. ^ Цветков, Симеон, Руската "Трилинейна пушка" обр. 1891 г. в България и нейната продажба на Финландия и Хърватска през Втората световна война. в: 2022, Известия на Регионален исторически музей - Велико Търново, XXXVII, стр. 197//Tsvetkov, Simeon, The Russian "Mosin" rifle in Bulgaria and its sell to Finland and Croatia during World War II in: 2022, Proceedings of the Regional History Museum - Veliko Tarnovo, XXXVIII, p. 197 https://www.academia.edu/98889284/Руската_Трилинейна_пушка_обр_1891_г_в_България_и_нейната_продажба_на_Финландия_и_Хърватска_през_Втората_световна_война
  48. ^ Спасов, Людмил Врангеловата армия в България 1919-1923 Унив. изд. Св. Климент Охридски, София, 1999. стр. 89-94, 130-146 // Spasov, Lyudmil. The Wrangel Army in Bulgaria 1919-1923, St. Kliment Ohridski University, 1999, Sofia, pp. 89-94, 130-146 ISBN 954-07-0998-9 https://books.google.bg/books/about/Vrangelovata_armii͡a͡_v_Bŭlgarii͡a͡.html?id=65q2AAAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y
  49. ^ Цветков, Симеон, Руската "Трилинейна пушка" обр. 1891 г. в България и нейната продажба на Финландия и Хърватска през Втората световна война. в: 2022, Известия на Регионален исторически музей - Велико Търново, XXXVII, стр. 198//Tsvetkov, Simeon, The Russian "Mosin" rifle in Bulgaria and its sell to Finland and Croatia during World War II in: 2022, Proceedings of the Regional History Museum - Veliko Tarnovo, XXXVIII, p. 198 https://www.academia.edu/98889284/Руската_Трилинейна_пушка_обр_1891_г_в_България_и_нейната_продажба_на_Финландия_и_Хърватска_през_Втората_световна_война
  50. ^ Петров, Людмил Военната икономика на България 1878-1945, Университетско издателство Стопанство, София, 1999 стр. 129 // Petrov, Lyudmil The Military Economy of Bulgaria 1878-1945, Universitetsko Izdatelstvo Stopanstvo, Sofia, 1999, p. 129 ISBN 954-494-349-8 https://books.google.com/books?id=qxMvAQAAIAAJ The cited Bulgarian archive document for the sell is ЦДА, ф. 284, оп. 1, а.е. 7333, л. 1 and а.е 7709, л. 2
  51. ^ Цветков, Симеон, Руската "Трилинейна пушка" обр. 1891 г. в България и нейната продажба на Финландия и Хърватска през Втората световна война. в: 2022, Известия на Регионален исторически музей - Велико Търново, XXXVII, стр. 200-201//Tsvetkov, Simeon, The Russian "Mosin" rifle in Bulgaria and its sell to Finland and Croatia during World War II in: 2022, Proceedings of the Regional History Museum - Veliko Tarnovo, XXXVIII, p. 200-201 https://www.academia.edu/98889284/Руската_Трилинейна_пушка_обр_1891_г_в_България_и_нейната_продажба_на_Финландия_и_Хърватска_през_Втората_световна_война
  52. ^ Цветков, Симеон, Руската "Трилинейна пушка" обр. 1891 г. в България и нейната продажба на Финландия и Хърватска през Втората световна война. в: 2022, Известия на Регионален исторически музей - Велико Търново, XXXVII, стр. 201-202//Tsvetkov, Simeon, The Russian "Mosin" rifle in Bulgaria and its sell to Finland and Croatia during World War II in: 2022, Proceedings of the Regional History Museum - Veliko Tarnovo, XXXVIII, p. 201-202 https://www.academia.edu/98889284/Руската_Трилинейна_пушка_обр_1891_г_в_България_и_нейната_продажба_на_Финландия_и_Хърватска_през_Втората_световна_война
  53. ^ Казазян, Агоп Българско късо хладно оръжие, Военно издателство, София, 2015, стр. 48-50/ Kazazyan, Agop Bulgarian Short Mellee Weapons, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia 2015, pp. 48-50 https://books.google.com/books?id=joq4DAEACAAJ ISBN 978-954-509-535-1
  54. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 75-78/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, pp. 75-78 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  55. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 78-80/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, pp. 78-80 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  56. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 81-82/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, pp. 81-82 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  57. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 82/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, p. 82 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  58. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 4-82/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, pp. 4-82 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  59. ^ Mitev, Dimitar Bulgarian and German hand grenades – history, development, contemporary state, Vol.1, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2008 pp. 25-73 ISBN 978-954-629-012-0, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299497032_Bulgarian_and_German_hand_grenades_-_history_development_contemporary_state_Vol1
  60. ^ a b c d Mitev, Dimitar Bulgarian and German hand grenades – history, development, contemporary state, Vol.1, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2008 p. 130 ISBN 978-954-629-012-0, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299497032_Bulgarian_and_German_hand_grenades_-_history_development_contemporary_state_Vol1
  61. ^ "Handgrenade Odrin". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  62. ^ Mitev, Dimitar Bulgarian and German hand grenades – history, development, contemporary state, Vol.1, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2008 pp. 139-146 ISBN 978-954-629-012-0, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299497032_Bulgarian_and_German_hand_grenades_-_history_development_contemporary_state_Vol1
  63. ^ Mitev, Dimitar Bulgarian and German hand grenades – history, development, contemporary state, Vol.1, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2008 pp. 131-139 ISBN 978-954-629-012-0, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299497032_Bulgarian_and_German_hand_grenades_-_history_development_contemporary_state_Vol1
  64. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Bulgarian military archive - ЦВА, ф.25, оп.2 а.е. 223, л. 13
  65. ^ a b c d Bulgarian military Archive - Report on the armament of the army - 15.04.1940 - ДВИА, ф. 24, оп.3, а.е. 151, л. 29
  66. ^ a b c Николов, Румен Българско-германските военно-икономически отношения 1941-1944, Военно издателство, София, 1991, стр. 149 / Nikolov, Rumen Bulgarian-German Military Economic Relations in 1941-1944, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1991, p. 149 https://books.google.com/books?id=UIC2AAAAIAAJ The cited German archive document (old style) is NAUS, T-77, R. 616, Fr. 802674-802696
  67. ^ Mitev, Dimitar Bulgarian and German hand grenades – history, development, contemporary state, Vol.2, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2011 pp. 100-134 ISBN 978-954-805-559-8, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299496895_Bulgarian_and_German_hand_grenades_-_history_development_contemporary_state_Vol2
  68. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 105-106/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, pp. 105-106 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  69. ^ Mitev, Dimitar Bulgarian and German hand grenades – history, development, contemporary state, Vol.2, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2011 p. 7 ISBN 978-954-805-559-8, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299496895_Bulgarian_and_German_hand_grenades_-_history_development_contemporary_state_Vol2
  70. ^ Mitev, Dimitar Bulgarian and German hand grenades – history, development, contemporary state, Vol.2, Sofia, Bulgaria, 2011 p. 80 ISBN 978-954-805-559-8, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299496895_Bulgarian_and_German_hand_grenades_-_history_development_contemporary_state_Vol2
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Спасов, Светослав, Изграждане и развитие на военната икономика на България, част първа, Военно издателство, София, 2009, стр. 198/Spasov, Svetoslav, Establishment and Development of the Military Economy of Bulgaria, part I, Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 2009, p. 198, ISBN 978-954-509-427-9 The referenced document in the Bulgarian Military Archive is ЦВА, ф.5, оп.3, а.е.189, л.494
  72. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Bulgarian military archive - ЦВА, ф.9, оп.4 а.е. 68, л. 412
  73. ^ Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, p. 92 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  74. ^ Цветков Симеон, Закупуване и доставка на леки картечници „Мадсен“ за българската армия през 1914 – 1915 г., http://museumperushtitsa.com/assets/documents/subpages/83/Закупуване_и_доставка_на_леки_картечници_Мадсен.pdf / Tsvetkov, Simeon, Purchase and Delivery of Light Machine Guns "Madsen" for the Bulgarian Army in 1914-1915, https://www.academia.edu/62950229/Закупуване_и_доставка_на_леки_картечници_Мадсен_за_българската_армия_през_1914_г
  75. ^ Цветков Симеон, Поръчки и доставки на леко стрелково оръжие от "Чешка Збройовка" (1938-1944 г.), Известия на Регионален Исторически Музей - Велико Търново, том XXXIII, 2018, стр. 390-394/Tsvetkov, Simeon, Orders and supplies of light fire arms in Bulgarian army from "Czech Zbrojovka" (1938-1944). Proceedings of the Regional Museum of History - Veliko Tarnovo, vol. XXXIII, 2018, pp. 390-394 https://www.academia.edu/38321010/Поръчки_и_доставки_на_леко_стрелково_оръжие_от_Чешка_Збройовка_1938-1944_г._Orders_and_supplies_of_light_fire_arms_in_Bulgarian_army_from_Czech_Zbrojovka_1938-1944_
  76. ^ a b c Златев, Златко Оръжейните доставки от Германия за България (юли 1938 - февруари 1941) в: Военноисторически сборник, кн. 4/1996, стр. 85// Zlatev, Zlatko Weapons Supply from Germany for Bulgaria (July 1938-February 1941) in: Military History Collection, Vol. 4/1996, p. 85 ISSN 0204-4080
  77. ^ a b "Îðúæåéíè è ïðî÷åå äîñòàâêè çà Áúëãàðñêàòà àðìèÿ 1878-1945 - Ôîðóìè Áîéíà Ñëàâà". Forum.boinaslava.net. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  78. ^ Polski eksport sprzętu wojskowego w okresie międzywojennym : (zarys problematyki) Przegląd Historyczny, 1994, Tom 85, Numer 1-2, p. 105 http://bazhum.muzhp.pl/media//files/Przeglad_Historyczny/Przeglad_Historyczny-r1994-t85-n1_2/Przeglad_Historyczny-r1994-t85-n1_2-s75-113/Przeglad_Historyczny-r1994-t85-n1_2-s75-113.pdf
  79. ^ Въчков, Александър Поръчки на въоръжение от DEUTSCHE WAFFEN –UND MUNITIONSFABRIKEN AG през първата световна война, в: Сборник с доклади от научната конференция „България – Германия. Първата световна война. Поуки за бъдещето“ ВВМУ Никола Йонков Вапцаров Варна, 2018, стр. 115-119 // Vachkov, Alexander Arms Supplies from DEUTSCHE WAFFEN – UND MUNITIONSFABRIKEN AG during the First World War in: Proceedings of the science conference "Bulgaria-Germany. First World War. Lessons Learned" Nicola Vaptsarov Naval Academy, Varna, 2018, pp. 115-119 ISBN 978-619-7428-27-8 http://www.naval-acad.bg/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Pros_WW1_111_120-1.pdf
  80. ^ "Îðúæåéíè è ïðî÷åå äîñòàâêè çà Áúëãàðñêàòà àðìèÿ 1878-1945 - Ôîðóìè Áîéíà Ñëàâà". Forum.boinaslava.net. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  81. ^ a b Институт по военна история - История на зенитната артилерия и зенитно-ракетните войски в Българската армия, Издателство на Министерство на Отбраната, София, 1995, стр. 102 / Institute of Military History - History of the Anti-Aircraft Artillery and the Anti-Aircraft Missile Troops in the Bulgarian army, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na Otbaranata, Sofia, 1994, p. 102
  82. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 63/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, p. 63 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  83. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 90-94/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, pp. 90-94 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  84. ^ Казазян Агоп, Оръжието на българския полицай 1878-1944, ИК "Свят.Наука", София, 1998, стр. 94-100/Kazazyan, Agop, The Weapons of the Bulgarian Policeman 1878-1944, Svyat-Nauka, Sofia, 1998, pp. 94-100 ISBN 954-8223-47-3 https://books.google.bg/books?id=1JUJywEACAAJ&dq
  85. ^ Matev, Kaloyan, Armored Vehicles 1935-1945, Knigomania, Sofia, 2006, pp. 11-13, 103
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  87. ^ Todorov, Iliya, The Ships of the Bulgarian Navy 1879-2002, Air Group 2000, Sofia, 2003, pp. 74-77
  88. ^ a b Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, p. 43 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
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  90. ^ a b c d Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 82-83 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
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  93. ^ a b Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, p. 227 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
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  98. ^ a b Matev, Kaloyan, The Armoured Forces of the Bulgarian Army 1936-45, Helion, 2015, pp. 135-138
  99. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, p. 108 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  100. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, p. 180 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
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  123. ^ a b c Петров, Людмил. Проблеми на военната политика на България 1934-1939. Военно издателство, София, 1990, стр. 109//Petrov, Lyudmil. Problems of the Military Policy of Bulgaria 1934-1939. Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1990, p. 109 https://books.google.com/books?id=J-a8NAEACAAJ
  124. ^ a b Златев, Златко Оръжейните доставки от Германия за България (юли 1938 - февруари 1941) в: Военноисторически сборник, кн. 4/1996, стр. 82// Zlatev, Zlatko Weapons Supply from Germany for Bulgaria (July 1938-February 1941) in: Military History Collection, Vol. 4/1996, p. 82 ISSN 0204-4080
  125. ^ a b c Златев, Златко Оръжейните доставки от Германия за България (юли 1938 - февруари 1941) в: Военноисторически сборник, кн. 4/1996, стр. 83// Zlatev, Zlatko Weapons Supply from Germany for Bulgaria (July 1938-February 1941) in: Military History Collection, Vol. 4/1996, p. 83 ISSN 0204-4080
  126. ^ Петров, Людмил. Проблеми на военната политика на България 1934-1939. Военно издателство, София, 1990, стр. 93//Petrov, Lyudmil. Problems of the Military Policy of Bulgaria 1934-1939. Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1990, p. 93
  127. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Петров, Людмил Военната икономика на България 1878-1945, Университетско издателство Стопанство, София, 1999 стр. 126 // Petrov, Lyudmil The Military Economy of Bulgaria 1878-1945, Universitetsko Izdatelstvo Stopanstvo, Sofia, 1999, p. 126 ISBN 954-494-349-8 https://books.google.bg/books?id=qxMvAQAAIAAJ&q
  128. ^ "Schneider-Canet 75mm 1904". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  129. ^ История на българската артилерия, Военно издателство, София, 1977, стр. 82-86//History of the Bulgarian Artillery, Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1977, pp. 82-86
  130. ^ "Schneider-Canet 75mm 1907_Serbia". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  131. ^ a b Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 34-36//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 34-36 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  132. ^ "Schneider-Canet 75mm 1906_Greek". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  133. ^ a b c d e Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 35//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 35 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  134. ^ "Krupp 75mm 1904_Romania". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  135. ^ "Krupp 75mm 1903_Turkey". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  136. ^ "Krupp 75mm 1911_Turkey". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  137. ^ a b c d e f g Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 32//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 32 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  138. ^ a b c Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 23//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 23 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  139. ^ a b c Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 33//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 33 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  140. ^ a b c d e Петров, Людмил, Организация, въоръжаване и комплектуване на българската армия през Втората световна война 1939-1944, Иван Сапунджиев, София, 2010, стр. 364. Цитираният архивен документ е ЦВА, ф. 22, оп. 3, а.е. 368, л. 214//Petrov, Lyudmil, Organization, Armament and Mobilization of the Bulgarian Army in World War II 1939-1944, Ivan Sapundzhiev, Sofia, 2010, p. 364. The cited Bulgarian military archive document is ЦВА, ф. 22, оп. 3, а.е. 368, л. 214
  141. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, p. 80 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  142. ^ Цветков, Веселин, Военноконструкторското дело в пехотата и артилерията на българската армия 1878-1944, Издателство на Министерство на отбраната, София, 1994, стр. 124-125//Tzvetkov, Veselin, The Military R&D Activities in the infantry and the artillery of the Bulgarian Army 1878-1944, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na otbranata, Sofia, 1994, pp. 124-125
  143. ^ a b Стефанов, Иван, Записки на артилерийския инженер - Втора част, в: Военноисторически сборник, 6/1996, стр. 130//Stefanov, Ivan, Memoirs of the artillery engineer - Second part, in: Military History Collection, Vol. 6/1996, p. 130 ISSN 0204-4080
  144. ^ Кълнъков, Никола, Оръжието на българския народ през вековете, Военно издателство, София, 1984, стр. 233//Kylnykov, Nikola, The Weapons of the Bulgarian People through the Centuries, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1984, p. 233
  145. ^ Цветков, Веселин, Военноконструкторското дело в пехотата и артилерията на българската армия 1878-1944, Издателство на Министерство на отбраната, София, 1994, стр. 116//Tzvetkov, Veselin, The Military R&D Activities in the infantry and the artillery of the Bulgarian Army 1878-1944, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na otbranata, Sofia, 1994, p. 116
  146. ^ Стефанов, Иван, Записки на артилерийския инженер - Втора част, в: Военноисторически сборник, 6/1996, стр. 118, 131-132//Stefanov, Ivan, Memoirs of the artillery engineer - Second part, in: Military History Collection, Vol. 6/1996, pp. 118, 131-132 ISSN 0204-4080
  147. ^ Цветков, Веселин, Военноконструкторското дело в пехотата и артилерията на българската армия 1878-1944, Издателство на Министерство на отбраната, София, 1994, стр. 123//Tzvetkov, Veselin, The Military R&D Activities in the infantry and the artillery of the Bulgarian Army 1878-1944, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na otbranata, Sofia, 1994, p. 123
  148. ^ Стефанов, Иван, Записки на артилерийския инженер - Втора част, в: Военноисторически сборник, 6/1996, стр. 117-132//Stefanov, Ivan, Memoirs of the artillery engineer - Second part, in: Military History Collection, Vol. 6/1996, pp. 117-132 ISSN 0204-4080
  149. ^ a b c Кълнъков, Никола, Оръжието на българския народ през вековете, Военно издателство, София, 1984, стр. 234-236//Kylnykov, Nikola, The Weapons of the Bulgarian People through the Centuries, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1984, pp. 234-236
  150. ^ a b c d История на българската артилерия, Военно издателство, София, 1977, стр. 294-295//History of the Bulgarian Artillery, Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1977, pp. 294-295
  151. ^ "Rheinmetall 77mm 1916". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  152. ^ a b c Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 48//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 48 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  153. ^ Петров, Людмил. Проблеми на военната политика на България 1934-1939. Военно издателство, София, 1990, стр. 170//Petrov, Lyudmil. Problems of the Military Policy of Bulgaria 1934-1939. Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1990, p. 170 https://books.google.com/books?id=J-a8NAEACAAJ The cited reference document in the Bulgarian Military Archive is ЦВА, ф. 22, оп. 3, а.е. 368, л. 506-507 и 568
  154. ^ "Krupp 87mm 1886". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  155. ^ Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, p. 69 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  156. ^ "Schneider-Canet 75mm 1907_Gb". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  157. ^ "Skoda 75mm 1915_Gb". Bulgarianartillery.it. Retrieved 2022-02-14.
  158. ^ a b c Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 47//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 47 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  159. ^ Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, pp. 337, 396 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  160. ^ История на българската артилерия, Военно издателство, София, 1977, стр. 294-296//History of the Bulgarian Artillery, Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1977, pp. 294-296
  161. ^ "Krupp 105mm_GbHb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  162. ^ a b Петров, Людмил. Проблеми на военната политика на България 1934-1939. Военно издателство, София, 1990, стр. 170//Petrov, Lyudmil. Problems of the Military Policy of Bulgaria 1934-1939. Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1990, p. 170 https://books.google.com/books?id=J-a8NAEACAAJ
  163. ^ "Krupp 105mm 1898-1908_Hb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  164. ^ "Rheinmetall 105mm 1916_Hb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  165. ^ "Krupp 105mm 1916_Hb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  166. ^ "Krupp 105mm 1912_Hb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  167. ^ Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 32-33//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 32-33 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  168. ^ Стефанов, Иван, Записки на артилерийския инженер - Втора част, в: Военноисторически сборник, 6/1996, стр. 131//Stefanov, Ivan, Memoirs of the artillery engineer - Second part, in: Military History Collection, Vol. 6/1996, p. 131 ISSN 0204-4080
  169. ^ Цветков, Веселин, Военноконструкторското дело в пехотата и артилерията на българската армия 1878-1944, Издателство на Министерство на отбраната, София, 1994, стр. 126-130//Tzvetkov, Veselin, The Military R&D Activities in the infantry and the artillery of the Bulgarian Army 1878-1944, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na otbranata, Sofia, 1994, pp. 126-130
  170. ^ "Schneider-Canet 120mm 1909_Hb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  171. ^ "Schneider-Canet 120mm 1911_Hb_Serbia". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  172. ^ "Schneider-Canet 120mm 1915_Hb_French". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  173. ^ Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, p. 87 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  174. ^ "Identifying a gun - Axis History Forum".
  175. ^ Петров, Людмил. Проблеми на военната политика на България 1934-1939. Военно издателство, София, 1990, стр. 82//Petrov, Lyudmil. Problems of the Military Policy of Bulgaria 1934-1939. Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1990, p. 82 https://books.google.com/books?id=J-a8NAEACAAJ
  176. ^ Спасов, Людмил, Дейността на българските правителства за въоръжаване на войската 1919-1939 в: Военноисторически сборник, 1984/6, стр. 63-64/Spasov, Lyudmil, The Activities of the Bulgarian Governments for Arming the Military Forces 1919-1939, in Military History Collection, 1984 Vol.6, pp. 63-64
  177. ^ Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, pp. 80, 102, 337 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  178. ^ "OBUSIER DE 105 GP - Quartermaster Section". www.quartermastersection.com.
  179. ^ Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, pp. 69, 395 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  180. ^ "Krupp 105mm 1905_Turkey". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  181. ^ "Krupp 105mm 1914". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  182. ^ a b c Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, p. 338 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  183. ^ a b Цветков, Веселин, Военноконструкторското дело в пехотата и артилерията на българската армия 1878-1944, Издателство на Министерство на отбраната, София, 1994, стр. 123-124//Tzvetkov, Veselin, The Military R&D Activities in the infantry and the artillery of the Bulgarian Army 1878-1944, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na otbranata, Sofia, 1994, pp. 123-124
  184. ^ a b Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, see picture on p. 395 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  185. ^ Стефанов, Иван, Записки на артилерийския инженер - Втора част, в: Военноисторически сборник, 6/1996, стр. 121-132//Stefanov, Ivan, Memoirs of the artillery engineer - Second part, in: Military History Collection, Vol. 6/1996, pp. 121-132 ISSN 0204-4080
  186. ^ пасов, Людмил, Дейността на българските правителства за въоръжаване на войската 1919-1939 в: Военноисторически сборник, 1984/6, стр. 65/Spasov, Lyudmil, The Activities of the Bulgarian Governments for Arming the Military Forces 1919-1939, in Military History Collection, 1984 Vol.6, p. 65
  187. ^ a b "Schneider-Canet 120mm 1897". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  188. ^ a b Петров, Людмил. Проблеми на военната политика на България 1934-1939. Военно издателство, София, 1990, стр. 171//Petrov, Lyudmil. Problems of the Military Policy of Bulgaria 1934-1939. Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1990, p. 171 https://books.google.com/books?id=J-a8NAEACAAJ The cited reference document in the Bulgarian Military Archive is ЦВА, ф. 25, оп. 2, а.е. 223, л. 11-13
  189. ^ A photo of their use in 1944 can be found in: Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, p. 378 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  190. ^ "Krupp 150mm 1905_Hb_Turkey". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  191. ^ a b Отчет от бившия началник на Артилерията в Действащата армия ген.-майор Славчев за дейността на Управлението на Артилерията през 1915–1918 г., София, 1919, ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 23 и 33//Report from the former Artillery Commander in the Field Army Major-General Slavtchev on the activities of the Artillery Department during 1915-1918, Sofia, 1919, the reference in the Bulgarian archives is ДВИА, ф. 40, оп. 2, а.е. 1257, л. 23 и 33 The main body of the report (the first 22 pages) is published online here: http://archives.bg/wars/thumbnail_lists_isda/image=9_10308962_001_d&path=isda
  192. ^ a b c Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, pp. 80, 338 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  193. ^ "Krupp 150mm 1913_sFHb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  194. ^ "Krupp 150mm 1913_lange sFHb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  195. ^ "Skoda 150mm 1914_Hb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  196. ^ Златев, Златко Оръжейните доставки от Германия за България (юли 1938 - февруари 1941) в: Военноисторически сборник, кн. 4/1996, стр. 82-85// Zlatev, Zlatko Weapons Supply from Germany for Bulgaria (July 1938-February 1941) in: Military History Collection, Vol. 4/1996, pp. 82-85 ISSN 0204-4080
  197. ^ "Schneider 152mm 1910_Hb". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  198. ^ a b Matev Kaloyan Red Wind over the Balkans, Helion, 2019, pp. 69, 80, 338 https://books.google.com/books?id=4okajgEACAAJ
  199. ^ "Schneider-Canet 100mm Naval". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  200. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 13 и 55/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 13, 55
  201. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 40, 42, 46/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 40, 42, 46
  202. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 39-40 и 44, 46/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 39-40, 44, 46
  203. ^ "Krupp 150mm 1891_two guns turret". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  204. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 41 и 55/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 41, 55
  205. ^ "Krupp 150mm 1892". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  206. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 39, 42 и 44/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 39, 42, 44
  207. ^ "Krupp 150mm KiRl". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  208. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 40, 47 и 55/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 40, 47, 55
  209. ^ "Canet 152mm_coastal gun". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  210. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 36 и 55-56/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 36, 55-56
  211. ^ "Krupp 210mm 1888". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  212. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 36, 42, 44, 46 и 56/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 36, 42, 44, 46, 56
  213. ^ "Russian 228mm 1892_mortar". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  214. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 36, 41 и 46/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 36, 41, 46
  215. ^ "Schneider-Canet 240mm 1906". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  216. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 13-16 и 55/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 13-16, 55
  217. ^ "Obuchov 254mm_coastal gun". Retrieved 26 November 2022.
  218. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 35 и 55/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 35, 55
  219. ^ Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 48/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, p. 48
  220. ^ Стефанов, Иван, Записки на артилерийския инженер - Втора част, в: Военноисторически сборник, 6/1996, стр. 132//Stefanov, Ivan, Memoirs of the artillery engineer - Second part, in: Military History Collection, Vol. 6/1996, p. 132 ISSN 0204-4080
  221. ^ a b c Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 48-49/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, pp. 48-49
  222. ^ a b Велев Пeтко, Морската артилерия на България, 1879 - 1970 г., Галера, Варна, 2000 стр. 50/Velev Petko, The Naval Artillery of Bulgaria 1879-1970, Galera, Varna, 2000, p. 50
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  382. ^ "Einheits-LKW".
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  388. ^ "FAMO Rübezahl".
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  394. ^ "Faun Zr".
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  468. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, pp. 23-32, 63-73 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  469. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 156-174/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 156-174 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
  470. ^ Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
  471. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  472. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  473. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, and Vol. 2, MMP Books, 2019. ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  474. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 156-174/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 175-510 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
  475. ^ a b c Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, pp. 8-11 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
  476. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, pp. 78-97 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  477. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 175-180/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 175-180 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
  478. ^ a b Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 133-141, also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  479. ^ a b Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 14-17, 19, 23 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  480. ^ a b Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, pp. 115-135 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  481. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 175-176/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 175-176 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
  482. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 133-134, also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  483. ^ Polski eksport sprzętu wojskowego w okresie międzywojennym : (zarys problematyki) Przegląd Historyczny, 1994, Tom 85, Numer 1-2, p. 107 http://bazhum.muzhp.pl/media//files/Przeglad_Historyczny/Przeglad_Historyczny-r1994-t85-n1_2/Przeglad_Historyczny-r1994-t85-n1_2-s75-113/Przeglad_Historyczny-r1994-t85-n1_2-s75-113.pdf
  484. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 14-30 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  485. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 175-181/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 175-181 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
  486. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 15-20, 24 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
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  488. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, pp. 148-210 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  489. ^ Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, pp. 9-115 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
  490. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 178-288, 352-499/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 178-288, 352-499 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
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  492. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 17-46, 62, 74-77 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  493. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, pp. 251-294 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
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  495. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 206-257/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 206-257 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
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  497. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 20-36, 62, 74-77 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  498. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 2, MMP Books, 2019, pp. 147-168 ISBN 978-83-65958-19-8
  499. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 21, 34, 53-55 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  500. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 174-175, 213-214 also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
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  504. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 2, MMP Books, 2019, pp. 170-173 ISBN 978-83-65958-19-8
  505. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 2, MMP Books, 2019, pp. 169-238 ISBN 978-83-65958-19-8
  506. ^ Миланов, Йордан, Въздушните войски на България през войните 1912-1945г., Еър Груп 2000, София 2008, стр. 260-499/Milanov, Yordan, The Air Forces of Bulgaria in the Wars 1912-1945, Air Group 2000, Sofia 2008, pp. 260-499 ISBN 978-954-752-125-4
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  512. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 2, MMP Books, 2019, pp. 241-247 ISBN 978-83-65958-19-8
  513. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 2, MMP Books, 2019, pp. 96-99 ISBN 978-83-65958-19-8
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  516. ^ Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Hot Skies of the Cold War, Helion, 2020, p. i ISBN 978-1-912866-91-5
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  518. ^ Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, pp. 39-133 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
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  526. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 14-20, 67, 71 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
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  625. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 135, 287, 292 also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  626. ^ a b Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 14-15, 19-20, 23, 25, 27-28, 30, 85-86 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  627. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 136 also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  628. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, p. 85 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  629. ^ a b Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, p. 10 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
  630. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, pp. 211-226 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  631. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 17, 19, 23, 25, 85-86 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  632. ^ Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, pp. 9, 12, 17 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
  633. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, p. 88 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  634. ^ a b Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 286-287 also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  635. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 297 also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  636. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 21, 23, 25, 28, 30, 85, 88 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  637. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 135, 149, 286-287, 290, 292, 297 also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  638. ^ Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, pp. 10, 39, 129 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
  639. ^ Bernad, Denes, Bulgarian Fighter Colors 1919-1948, Vol. 1, MMP Books, 2018, pp. 227-250 ISBN 978-83-65958-18-1
  640. ^ Недялков, Димитър, История на Българската военна авиация, Военно издателство, София, 2012, стр. 145, 148, 286-287, 292, also available in English as: Nedyalkov, Dimitar, The history of Bulgarian air power, Albatros MDV Ltd., 2013, ISBN 978-9545094712
  641. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 20, 25, 85-86 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  642. ^ Mladenov, Alexander; Andonov, Evgeni; Grozev, Krassimir; The Bulgarian Air Force in the Second World War, Helion, 2018, pp. 10, 13, 17 ISBN 978-1-912390-64-9
  643. ^ Martinez, Eduardo, The Bulgarian Air Force in World War II, Kagero, 2017, pp. 86-88 ISBN 978-83-65437-55-6
  644. ^ Бориславов, Иван, Кирилов, Румен, Самолетите на България Част Първа, Летера Прима, София, 1996, стр. 208; Borislavov Ivan, Kirilov Rumen, The Planes of Bulgaria Part I, Letera Prima, Sofia, 1996, p. 208
  645. ^ Институт по военна история - История на зенитната артилерия и зенитно-ракетните войски в Българската армия, Издателство на Министерство на Отбраната, София, 1995, стр. 103 / Institute of Military History - History of the Anti-Aircraft Artillery and the Anti-Aircraft Missile Troops in the Bulgarian army, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na Otbaranata, Sofia, 1994, p. 103
  646. ^ Институт за военна история при ГЩ на БНА, Военна техника и технически служби в българската войска и в БНА, Военно Издателство, София, 1986, стр. 67-68 // Military History Institute at the General Staff of the Bulgarian People's Army, Military Hardware and Technical Services in the Bulgarian Army and the Bulgarian People's Army, Voenno Izdatelstvo, Sofia, 1986, pp. 67-68
  647. ^ История на радио-техническите войски, Еър Груп 2000, София, 2012, стр. 25//History of the radio-technical troops, Air Group 2000, Sofia, 2012, p. 25 ISBN 978-954-752-140-7
  648. ^ Bulgarian Military Archive, ДВИА, ф.1, оп. 5, а.е. 620, стр. 322
  649. ^ Polski eksport sprzętu wojskowego w okresie międzywojennym : (zarys problematyki) Przegląd Historyczny, 1994, Tom 85, Numer 1-2, p. 109
  650. ^ Bulgarian Military Archive, ДВИА, ф.25, оп. 2, а.е. 223, стр. 13
  651. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Bulgarian military Archive - Report on the armament of the army - 15.04.1940 - ДВИА, ф. 24, оп.3, а.е. 151, л. 30
  652. ^ a b Петров, Людмил Военната икономика на България 1878-1945, Университетско издателство Стопанство, София, 1999 стр. 42-43 // Petrov, Lyudmil The Military Economy of Bulgaria 1878-1945, Universitetsko Izdatelstvo Stopanstvo, Sofia, 1999, pp. 42-43 ISBN 954-494-349-8 https://books.google.bg/books?id=qxMvAQAAIAAJ&q
  653. ^ a b c d e Bulgarian military archive - ЦВА, ф.23, оп.1 а.е. 16, л. 102-108
  654. ^ Цветков, Симеон Пистолетите "Зауер" модел "Н", "Валтер" П-38 и "Стар" модел "Б" на въоръжение в Българската армия. Поръчки и доставки. в: Известия на Регионален исторически музей - Велико Търново том. XXXI, 2016 стр. 211// Tsvetkov, Simeon SAUER H, WALTHER P38 and the Star model B Pistols in the Bulgarian Army. Orders and Supplies in: Proceedings of the Regional Museum of History Veliko Tarnovo vol. XXXI, 2016, pp. 211 https://www.academia.edu/31488855/Пистолетите_Зауер_модел_Н_Валтер_П-38_и_Стар_модел_Б_на_въоръжение_в_Българската_армия._Поръчки_и_доставки
  655. ^ Bulgarian military archive - ЦВА, ф.4, оп.1 а.е. 152, л. 654-660
  656. ^ a b c История на служба "Артилерийско въоръжение" в Българската армия 1878-1990, Издателство на Министерство на отбраната "Св. Георги Победоносец", София, 1998, стр. 153//History of the "Artillery armament" service in the Bulgarian Army 1878-1990, Izdatelstvo na Ministerstvo na Otbranata, Sofia, 1998, p. 153. The cited document from the Bulgarian military archive is ЦВА, ф.5, оп.1, а.е. 62, л. 257
  657. ^ Matev, Kaloyan, The Armoured Forces of the Bulgarian Army 1936-45, Helion, 2015, p. 48
  658. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bulgarian military Archive - Report on the armament of the army - 15.04.1940 - ДВИА, ф. 24, оп.3, а.е. 151, л. 31
  659. ^ Българска военна история. Подбрани извори и документи. Том Трети. Военно издателство, София, 1986, стр. 589/Bulgarian Military History. Selected Sources and Documents. Vol. 3. Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, p. 589. The cited document from the Bulgarian military archive is ЦВА, ф.1, оп.5, а.е. 620, л. 230а-231
  660. ^ Стефанов, Иван, Записки на артилерийския инженер - Първа част, в: Военноисторически сборник, 5/1996, стр. 111-113//Stefanov, Ivan, Memoirs of the artillery engineer - First part, in: Military History Collection, Vol. 5/1996, pp. 111-113 ISSN 0204-4080
  661. ^ Спасов, Светослав, Изграждане и развитие на военната икономика на България, част първа, Военно издателство, София, 2009, стр. 139/Spasov, Svetoslav, Establishment and Development of the Military Economy of Bulgaria, part I, Voenno izdatelstvo, Sofia, 2009, p. 139, ISBN 978-954-509-427-9
  662. ^ Прокопиев, Анатоли, Отбрана на морско крайбрежие от българската армия през Втората световна война (1939-1944), Военна академия „Георги Стойков Раковски”, София, 2013, стр. 17 | Prokopiev, Anatoli, Defense of the coastlines by the Bulgarian army in World War II (1939-1944), Military Academy "G.S. Rakovski", Sofia, 2013, p. 17, ISBN 978-954-9348-40-8 Available online at http://rnda.armf.bg/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/Отбрана-на-морско-крайбрежие.pdf Archived 2021-08-07 at the Wayback Machine
  663. ^ a b Даскалов, Петър, България - морският съюзник на Третия райх през Втората световна война 1941-1944, Стено, Варна 2016, стр. 87 / Daskalov, Petar, Bulgaria as a Naval Ally to the Third Reich in World War II 1941-1944, Steno Publishing House, Varna, 2016, p. 87, ISBN 978-954-449-897-9)
  664. ^ a b Даскалов, Петър, България - морският съюзник на Третия райх през Втората световна война 1941-1944, Стено, Варна 2016, стр. 87-88 / Daskalov, Petar, Bulgaria as a Naval Ally to the Third Reich in World War II 1941-1944, Steno Publishing House, Varna, 2016, pp. 87-88, ISBN 978-954-449-897-9)
  665. ^ Даскалов, Петър, България - морският съюзник на Третия райх през Втората световна война 1941-1944, Стено, Варна 2016, стр. 87-88, 282 / Daskalov, Petar, Bulgaria as a Naval Ally to the Third Reich in World War II 1941-1944, Steno Publishing House, Varna, 2016, pp. 87-88, 282, ISBN 978-954-449-897-9)