The first Iranian newspapers appeared in the mid-19th century during the reign of Naser al-Din Shah. More specifically, the first newspaper in Iran, Kaghaz-e Akhbar (The Newspaper), was launched for the government by Mirza Saleh Shirazi in 1837. By 1907 (the era of the Persian Constitutional Revolution), there were 90 newspapers circulating in Iran.
In 1952 under Mohammad Musaddiq's government there were 300 newspapers, including twenty-five dailies. During the 1979 revolution the number of newspapers was 100, of which twenty-three were dailies.
As of 2000 there were 23 Persian dailies, three English dailies and one Arabic daily in the country. In the period between 2000 and 2004 a total of 85 newspapers were closed down in Iran.
Below is a list of newspapers published in Iran.
|Abrar ||Persian||Economic, political, artistic, social and cultural newspapers|
|Alik (daily) ||1931||Armenian||Economic, political, artistic, social and cultural newspapers|
|Abrar-e Varzeshi ||Persian||Sports newspaper|
|Aftab Yazd ||2000||Persian||Political, social, economic, events.|
|Andisheh-ye-No||Persian||currently banned|
|Asr-e Maa ||1991||Persian||political|
|Etemaad-e Melli||Persian||"Official newspaper of the National Trust Party"|
|Ettelaat||1926||English, Persian||"Centrist...Iran's oldest daily, moderate, a newspaper of record"|
|Financial Tribune||2014||English||The only private newspaper in English and also the only none-Persian economic daily in Iran|
|Hamshahri||1992||Persian||"Centrist press...Owned by Tehran Municipality, it is one of the best-selling dailies with a circulation of about 350,000"|
|Hayat-e-No||Persian||currently banned|
|Iran||1995||Persian||"Government newspaper published by the Islamic Republic News Agency. The daily has a circulation of 100,000 and is popular among state officials"|
|Iran Daily||English||"Hardliner press...Pro-government"|
|Iran Weekly Press Digest|
|Iran-e Javan ||Persian||Cultural, artistic, sports, social|
|Iran Front Page ||2014||English||Translation of selected items and front pages of Iranian newspapers to English: politics, society, culture, science, business, art, sports|
|Iran-e Varzeshi||Persian||Sport newspaper|
|Jame-Jam||2002||Persian||"Owned by the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting...hardliner"|
|Javan||Persian||"Hardliner...Right-wing daily affiliated with the Revolutionary Guards"|
|Jomhouri Eslami||1979||Persian||"Hardliner...Closely linked to the Supreme Leader. The paper takes the line of adherence to Khomeini's ideals and has consistently taken a radical position on foreign policy issues and a conservative position on domestic and religious issues."|
|Kalemeh Sabz||Associated with "Green Movement leader, Mir-Hossein Mousavi"|
|Kayhan||1943||English, Persian||"Hardliner...One of the country's oldest daily papers, run after the revolution by the office of the Supreme Leader, who appoints the editor-in-chief, currently Hossein Shariatmadari. Kayhan is state-funded and has a role comparable to "Pravda" under Stalin."|
|Kayhan Al Arabi||1943||Arabic||"Hardliner...One of the country's oldest daily papers, run after the revolution by the office of the Supreme Leader, who appoints the editor-in-chief, currently Hossein Shariatmadari. Kayhan is state-funded and has a role comparable to "Pravda" under Stalin."|
|navad 90 (varzeshi)||Persian||Sport|
|Neshat||1998||Persian||"Aligned with Iran’s reform movement...Neshat’s director and editor in chief were Latif Safari and Mashallah Shamsolvaezi"|
|Payam Ashna||Persian||the first newspaper of Alborz province|
|Resalat||1985||Persian||"Hardliner...Owned by the Resalat Foundation, which has strong links to the traditional bazaar merchants-conservative but in favor of a market economy. It reflects the views of the conservative Islamic Coalition Party and the Islamic Association of Engineers"|
|Ruydadiran (Ruydademrooz) ||Persian||"Social and Economic newspapers. It is a popular daily and nationwide newspaper that is distributed in all provinces of Iran."|
|Sarmayeh||Persian||"Centrist...Economic paper run by a former head of the Tehran Stock Exchange, and shut down in October 2009"|
|Tehran Emrooz||"Centrist...Daily set up by a member of the Guardian Council, and close to Tehran Mayor Mohammad-Bager Ghalibaf"|
|Tous||1998||Persian||"Reformist daily...Published through the Jamee-Rooz publishing company...directed by Mohammad Sadeq Javadi-Hessar with Mashallah Shamsolvaezin as editor in chief." Currently banned|
|Asia News||2001||Persian||Economic Newspaper|
Collaborative network designed to enhance the understanding of Iran's media ecology
This article incorporates information from the Persian Wikipedia.