The tomb of Malikussaleh in Beuringen village, Samudra District, North Aceh
The tomb of Malikussaleh in Beuringen village, Samudra District, North Aceh

Malikussaleh (Arabic: الملك الصالح, ALA-LC: al-Malik al-Ṣālih; Acehnese: Malik ul Saleh, Malikus Saleh; literal meaning: "the pious king" / "the pious ruler") is an Acehnese who established the first Muslim state of Samudera Pasai in the year 1267. His original name was Mara Silu, Merah Silu, or Meurah Silu. It was said he saw an ant as big as a cat, he caught it and ate it. He named the place Samudera, meaning ocean in Sanskrit (samudra). King Mara Silu later converted to Islam, given an Ayyubid name of al-Malik al-Ṣālih. He married neighbour Perlak (Peureulak) Kingdom's daughter and had two sons. According to Hikayat Raja-raja Pasai, he met the Islamic prophet Muhammad in dream thus accepts conversion of Islam. Another source claimed a prince Malik from Aceh sailed across the sea to Beruas (Gangga Negara) and established a sultanate there.

Islam's arrival

According to Islamic Council of Victoria ICV Archived 19 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine, historians argue "that by the beginning of the 9th century Arab merchants and sailors, (and other Muslims) had begun to dominate Nanhai (Guangzhou) or Southeast Asian Trade." However, Malik's tomb is the oldest evidence known of the establishment in Southeast Asia,[1] indicating his death in 1297.[2]: 202 

See also

References

  1. ^ Ira M. Lapidus, A History of Islamic Societies, 2002, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. 384
  2. ^ Cœdès, George (1968). The Indianized states of Southeast Asia. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 9780824803681. Archived from the original on 21 February 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2015.