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Crescent Star Party

Partai Bulan Bintang
AbbreviationPBB
General ChairmanYusril Ihza Mahendra
Secretary-GeneralB. M. Wibowo Hardiwardoyo
Founded17 July 1998; 22 years ago (17 July 1998)
HeadquartersSouth Jakarta, Indonesia
Youth wingCrescent Star Youth
Crescent Star Hizbullah Brigade (de facto paramilitary)
Women's wingMuslimat Bulan Bintang (Crescent Star Muslim Women)
IdeologyIslamism[1]
Nationalist Islamism[2]
Ballot number19
DPR seats
0 / 575
Provincial DPRD seats
8 / 2,207
Website
http://partaibulanbintang.com/

The Crescent Star Party (Indonesian: Partai Bulan Bintang) is a political party in Indonesia.

History

The party's origins go back to the banning of the Masyumi Party by President Sukarno in 1960. After the ban, supporters and followers of the party established the Crescent Star Family (Keluarga Bulan Bintang) to continue to press for the implementation of Sharia law and Islamic teaching in Indonesia. Following the fall of Sukarno and the transition to the New Order, members of the organization wanted to revive the Masyumi Party, but this was not allowed by the new regime. In the 1970s, in a meeting in Malang, a new party called Parmusi (Partai Muslimin Indonesia, Muslim Party of Indonesia) was formed. It came fourth in the 1971 elections. In 1973, the party was forced to merge with other Islamic parties into the United Development Party. With the fall of Suharto in 1998, supporters of Masyumi decided to establish a new party. The original plan was to use Masyumi name again, but after consideration, they settled on the Crescent Star Party. The party's first leader was Yusril Ihza Mahendra, a lawyer and speechwriter to President Suharto.[3]

Electoral record

The party stood in the 1999 elections, winning 1.9% of the vote and 13 seats in the People's Representative Council. Yusril was appointed justice and law minister. In mid-2000 internal conflict broke out in the party over Yusril's acceptance of financial assistance from former president Jusuf Habibie. It ended with party member Hartono Mardjono establishing a rival Crescent Star Party. After losing a court case, Hartono then established he Indonesian Islamic Party (Partai Islam Indonesia), but this failed to qualify for the 2004 elections. In these elections, the Crescent Star Party won 2.6% of the popular vote and 11 seats. Yusril was later replaced by Malem Sambat Kaban.[4][5] In the 2009 legislative election, the party won 1.8 percent of the votes, less than the 2.5 percent electoral threshold, meaning it lost all its seats in the People's Representative Council.[6]

Party platform

The party wants to realize an Islamic way of life. Its mission is to build a society and nation that is developed, highly independent in nature, intelligent, just, democratic and that will play a role in bringing about world peace based on the values of Islam.[1]

Election results

Legislative election results

Election Ballot number Total seats won Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Party leader
1999 22
13 / 500
2,049,708 1.94%[7] Increase13 seats, Governing coalition Yusril Ihza Mahendra
2004 3
11 / 550
2,970,487 2.62%[8] Decrease2 seats, Governing coalition Yusril Ihza Mahendra
2009 27
0 / 560
1,864,642 1.79%[8] Decrease11 seats, Governing coalition Malem Sambat Kaban
2014 14
0 / 560
1,825,750 1.46%[9] Steady 0 seats, Opposition Malem Sambat Kaban
2019 19
0 / 575
1,099,848 0.79%[10] Steady 0 seats, Governing coalition Yusril Ihza Mahendra

Presidential election results

Election Ballot number Candidate Running mate 1st round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome 2nd round
(Total votes)
Share of votes Outcome
2004 4 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Jusuf Kalla 39,838,184 33.57% Runoff 69,266,350 60.62% Elected Green tickY
2009 2 Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Boediono 73,874,562 60.80% Elected Green tickY
2014 1 Prabowo Subianto[11] Hatta Rajasa 62,576,444 46.85% Lost Red XN
2019 01 Joko Widodo[12] Ma'ruf Amin 85,607,362 55.50% Elected Green tickY

Note: Bold text suggests the party's member

References

  1. ^ a b Sejarah Singkat ("Short History") PBB website, archived from the original on 15 April 2014, retrieved 13 April 2014
  2. ^ Al-Hamdi, Ridho. (2017). Moving towards a Normalised Path: Political Islam in Contemporary Indonesia. JURNAL STUDI PEMERINTAHAN (JOURNAL OF GOVERNMENT & POLITICS). Vol. 8 No. 1, February 2017. p.53, p.57, p.62.
  3. ^ Partai-Partai Politik Indonesia: Ideologi dan Program 2004-2009 (Indonesian Political Parties: Ideologies and Programs 2004-2009 Kompas (1999) ISBN 979-709-121-X pp53-55
  4. ^ Partai-Partai Politik Indonesia: Ideologi dan Program 2004-2009 (Indonesian Political Parties: Ideologies and Programs 2004-2009 Kompas (1999) ISBN 979-709-121-X pp164-166
  5. ^ Profil Partai Politik (Profile of Political Parties), Kompas newspaper 14 July 2008 pp. 52-56
  6. ^ The Jakarta Post 10 May 2009 Democratic Party controls 26% of parliamentary seats
  7. ^ "Pemilu 1999 - KPU" (in Indonesian). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Bab V - Hasil Pemilu - KPU" (PDF) (in Indonesian). Komisi Pemilihan Umum Republik Indonesia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 April 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  9. ^ "KPU sahkan hasil pemilu, PDIP nomor satu" (in Indonesian). BBC. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  10. ^ Zunita Putri (21 May 2019). "KPU Tetapkan Hasil Pileg 2019: PDIP Juara, Disusul Gerindra-Golkar". Detik.com. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  11. ^ Fathiyah Wardah (19 May 2014). "6 Parpol Dukung Pasangan Prabowo-Hatta dalam Pilpres". Voice of America Indonesia (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  12. ^ Abba Gabrillin (27 January 2019). "Hasil Rakornas, PBB Resmi Dukung Jokowi-Ma'ruf Amin". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 27 January 2019.