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Below are lists of political parties espousing Islamic identity or political Islam in various approaches under the system of Islamic democracy. Islamic democracy refers to a political ideology that seeks to apply Islamic principles to public policy within a democratic framework. Lists are categorized by the ideological affiliation and sorted by the country of origin.

Islamic democratic centrist, liberal, moderate, and progressive

See also: Category:Islamic democratic political parties

This is a list of political parties espousing Islam as its main identity without principal adherence to the particular ideology of political Islam, or taking a theological position of wasat which advocates for politico-religious centrism, Islamic democracy, Third Way, progressivism and liberalism.

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Lower House
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami
বাংলাদেশ জামায়াতে ইসলামী
BJI Shafiqur Rahman 1975 Islamism
Bangladeshi nationalism
Jatiya Sangsad:
0 / 350
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Party of Democratic Action
Bosnian: Stranka demokratske akcije
SDA Bakir Izetbegović 26 May 1990 Bosniak nationalism
Conservatism[1]
Pro-Europeanism[2]
Islamism
Big tent
House of Representatives:
9 / 42
 India Indian Union Muslim League
इण्डियन यूनियन मुस्लिम लीग
IUML K. M. Kader Mohideen 10 March 1948 Social conservatism
Centrism
House of the People
3 / 543
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
ऑल इंडिया मजलिस-ए-इत्तेहादुल मुस्लिमीन
AIMIM Asaduddin Owaisi 12 November 1927 Secularism
Social Justice
House of the People
2 / 543
All India United Democratic Front
सर्व भारत संयुक्त गणतांत्रिक मोर्चा
AIUDF Badruddin Ajmal 2 October 2005 National Inclusiveness
Minority rights
House of the People
1 / 543
Indian Secular Front
भारतीय धर्मनिरपेक्ष मोर्चा
ISF Abbas Siddiqui 21 January 2021 Minority rights House of the People
0 / 543
 Indonesia National Awakening Party
Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
PKB Muhaimin Iskandar 9 July 1998 Pancasila
Pluralism
Nationalism
Islamic democracy
Islamic liberalism
People's Representative Council:
58 / 575
National Mandate Party
Partai Amanat Nasional
PAN Zulkifli Hasan 23 August 1998 Islamic democracy
Religious nationalism[3]
Pancasila
People's Representative Council:
44 / 575
 Iraq Kurdistan Justice Group
كۆمەڵی دادگەری كوردستان
KJP Ali Bapir 2001 Islamic democracy
Kurdish nationalism
Social Justice
Council of Representatives:
3 / 329
 Jordan Islamic Centrist Party
حزب الوسط الاسلامي
ICS Madalla al-Tarawneh December 2001 Islamic democracy
Arab nationalism
Centrism
House of Representatives:
5 / 130
 Libya National Forces Alliance
تحالف القوى الوطنية
NFA Salaheddin El Bishari 2012 Libyan nationalism[4]
Islamic democracy[5]
Big tent[6]
Economic
Liberalism
General National Congress:
39 / 200
 Malaysia United Malays National Organisation[7]
ڤرتوبوهن كبڠساءن ملايو برساتو
UMNO Ahmad Zahid Hamidi 11 May 1946 Ketuanan Melayu
Malay nationalism
National conservatism
House of Representatives:
26 / 222
National Trust Party (Malaysia)
ڤرتي أمانه نڬارا
AMANAH Mohamad Sabu 16 September 2015 Social justice
Progressivism
Islamic modernism
Islamic democracy
House of Representatives:
8 / 222
 Maldives Maldivian Democratic Party
ދިވެހިރައްޔިތުންގެ ޑިމޮކްރެޓިކް ޕާޓީ
MDP Mohamed Nasheed 10 November 2003 Liberal conservatism
Islamic democracy
Parliamentarism
Environmentalism
People's Majlis:
41 / 87
People's National Congress
ޕީޕަލްސް ނެޝަނަލް ކޮންގްރެސް
PNC Dr. Mohamed Muizzu 31 January 2019 Conservatism
Religious nationalism
People's Majlis:
16 / 87
 Pakistan Jamaat-e-islami (Pakistan)
Jmaat e islaami
JI Hafiz Naeem ur Rehman 30 November 1967 Pan-Islamism
Islamic democracy
Anti communism
National Assembly:
0 / 342
 Philippines Lakas–CMD
Lakas–Demokratang Kristiyano at Muslim
LCMD Martin Romualdez 1991 Islamic democracy
Liberal conservatism
Filipino nationalism
Federalism
Parliamentarism
Centrism
Conservatism
18 / 304
 Rwanda Ideal Democratic Party
Parti Démocratique Idéal
PDI Mussa Harerimana 1992 Islamic democracy
Centrism
Chamber of Deputies:
1 / 80
 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Muslim Congress
ශ්‍රී ලංකා මුස්ලිම් කොංග්‍රසය
ஸ்ரீலங்கா முஸ்லீம் காங்கிரஸ்
SLMC Rauff Hakeem 1981 Muslim minority politics Parliament of Sri Lanka:
5 / 225
 Tunisia Ennahda
حركة النهضة
Enhada Rached Ghannouchi 1981 Social conservatism
Economic liberalism
Islamic democracy
52 / 217
 Turkey New Welfare Party
Yeniden Refah Partisi
YENİDEN REFAH Fatih Erbakan 20 July 2001 Milli Görüş
Religious Nationalism
Islamism
Grand National Assembly:
20 / 600
Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
SAADET Temel Karamollaoğlu 23 November 2018 Milli Görüş
Conservatism
Social conservatism
Islamic fundamentalism
Grand National Assembly:
4 / 600
Future Party
Gelecek Partisi
GP Ahmet Davutoğlu 2019 Conservatism
Liberal conservatism
Conservative liberalism
Economic liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Grand National Assembly:
0 / 600
Justice and Development Party
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
AK PARTİ Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 14 August 2001 Conservatism[8]
Social conservatism[9]
National conservatism[10]
Right-wing populism
Neo-Ottomanism
Illiberalism
Economic nationalism
Erdoğanism
Euroscepticism
Grand National Assembly:
287 / 600

Banned parties

 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
 Iran

Non-legislature notable parties

 Algeria
 Bahrain
 Bangladesh
 Egypt
 India
 Indonesia
 Iran
 Iraq
 The Netherlands
 Philippines

Islamist

Sunni

This is a list of political parties espousing Sunni Islamism as its main ideology.

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Lower House
 Algeria Movement of Society for Peace
حركة مجتمع السلم
Hamas Abderrazak Makri 6 December 1990 Sunni Islamism
Islamic democracy
Social conservatism
Economic liberalism[12]
People's National Assembly:
65 / 407
National Construction Movement
حركة مجتمع السلم
NCM Abdelkader Bengrina March 2013 Islamic democracy
Algerian nationalism
People's National Assembly:
39 / 407
Justice and Development Front
جبهة العدالة والتنمية
JDF Abdallah Djaballah 2011 Islamic democracy
Algerian nationalism
People's National Assembly:
2 / 407
 Indonesia Prosperous Justice Party
Partai Keadilan Sejahtera
PKS Ahmad Syaikhu 20 July 1998 Pancasila
Islamism[13]
Islamic fundamentalism[14]
Social conservatism
People's Representative Council:
50 / 575
United Development Party
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan
PPP Muhamad Mardiono 5 January 1973 Pan-Islamism
Pancasila
Conservatism
People's Representative Council:
19 / 575
 Iraq Iraqi Islamic Party
الحزب الاسلامي العراقي
IIP Rashid al-Azzawi 26 April 1960 Islamic democracy
Qutbism
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
7 / 329
Kurdistan Islamic Union
Yekgirtuy Islami Kurdistan
KIU Salaheddine Bahaaeddin 1994 Islamic democracy
Kurdish nationalism
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
4 / 329
Kurdistan Parliament:
5 / 111
Uniters for Reform Coalition
الحراك الشعبي في العراق
Muttahidoon Usama al-Nujayfi December 2012 Regionalism
Islamic democracy
Populism
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
16 / 329
 Jordan Islamic Action Front
جبهة العمل الإسلامي
IAF Hamza Mansour 1992 Islamism
Islamic democracy
House of Representatives:
10 / 130
National Congress Party (Zamzam)
حزب المؤتمر الوطني
Zamzam
زمزم
Rheil Gharaibeh 2016 Islamism
Islamic democracy
House of Representatives:
5 / 130
 Lebanon Islamic Group
الجماعة الإسلامية
JI Azzam Al-Ayyoubi 1964 Sunni Islamism
Pan-Islamism
Social conservatism
Lebanese Parliament:
1 / 128
 Libya Justice and Construction Party
حزب العدالة والبناء
JCP Emad al-Banani 3 March 2012 Islamic democracy
Islamism
General National Congress:
17 / 200
 Malaysia Malaysian Islamic Party
Parti Islam Se-Malaysia
PAS Abdul Hadi Awang 24 November 1951 Islamism
Islamic conservatism
Islamic fundamentalism
Jihadism[15]
Pan-Islamism
Shariaism
House of Representatives:
43 / 222
 Maldives Jumhooree Party
ޖުމްހޫރީ ޕާޓީ
JP Qasim Ibrahim 26 May 2008 Islamic democracy
Nationalism
Social conservatism
People's Majlis:
3 / 87
Progressive Party of Maldives
ޕްރޮގްރެސިވް ޕާރޓީ އޮފް މޯލްޑިވްސް
PPM Vacant 17 October 2011 Islamism
Social conservatism
Maldivian nationalism
People's Majlis:
5 / 87
People's National Congress
ޕީޕަލްސް ނެޝެނަލް ކޮންގްރެސް
PNC Mohamed Muizzu[16] 31 January 2019 Conservatism
Islamism
People's Majlis:
3 / 87
Maldives Development Alliance
މޯލްޑިވްސް ޑިވެލޮޕްމަންޓް އެލަޔަންސް
MDA Ahmed Shiyam Mohamed 20 December 2012 Economic liberalism
Political Islam
People's Majlis:
3 / 87
 Mauritania National Rally for Reform and Development
التجمع الوطني للإصلاح و التنمية
RNRD Mohamed Jemil Ould Mansour 2007 Sunni Islamism
Islamic democracy
Religious conservatism
National Assembly:
14 / 146
 Morocco Justice and Development Party[17]
Parti de la justice et du développement
JDP

PJD

Saadeddine Othmani 1967 Islamic democracy
Social conservatism
Conservatism
Moroccan nationalism
House of Representatives:
13 / 395
 Pakistan
Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (F)
جمیعت علماءِ اسلام
JUI Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman 1945 Islamism
Social conservatism
Religious nationalism
Religious conservatism
National Assembly:
14 / 342
Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan
جماعتِ اسلامی
JIP Siraj ul Haq 26 August 1941 Islamism
Islamic revivalism
Social conservatism
Pan-Islamism
Islamic democracy
Anti-capitalism
Anti-communism
Anti-liberalism
National Assembly:
1 / 342
Sindh Assembly:
1 / 168
 Palestine Islamic Resistance Movement
حركة المقاومة الإسلامية
Hamas Ismail Haniyeh December 10, 1987 Palestinian nationalism
Islamism
Religious nationalism
Anti-Zionism
Legislative Council:
74 / 132
 Somaliland Somaliland National Party
Xisbiga Waddani
Waddani Hersi Ali Haji Hassan 2012 Nationalism
Populism
Islamic democracy
House of Representatives:
31 / 82
 Turkey

Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
SAADET Temel Karamollaoğlu 20 July 2001 Millî Görüş
Islamism
Social conservatism
Religious nationalism
Grand National Assembly:
1 / 600
Great Unity Party
Büyük Birlik Partisi
BBP Mustafa Destici 29 January 1993 Turkish Islamonationalism
Sunni Islamism
Turkish ultranationalism
Social conservatism
Grand National Assembly:
1 / 600
New Welfare Party
Yeniden Refah Partisi
YRP Fatih Erbakan 23 November 2018 Millî Görüş
Islamic fundamentalism
Turkish nationalism
Anti-feminism
Neo Ottomanism
Russophilia
Grand National Assembly:
4 / 600

Banned Sunni parties:

 Afghanistan
 Algeria
 Tajikistan
 Turkey
 Uzbekistan

Non-legislature notable Sunni parties

 Algeria
 Bangladesh
 Egypt
 Indonesia
 Kuwait
 Lebanon
 Libya
 Maldives
 Pakistan
 Syria
 Turkey

Defunct notable Sunni parties

 China East Turkestan
 Indonesia
 Turkey

 Maldives

Shia

This is a list of political parties espousing Shia Islamism as its main ideology.

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Lower House
 Iraq Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq
المجلس الأعلى الإسلامي العراقي
ISCI Humam Hamoudi 1982 Sistanism
Shia Islamism
Islamic democracy
Decentralization
Iraqi nationalism
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
2 / 329
Islamic Dawa Party
حزب الدعوة الاسلامية
IDP Hashim Al-Mosawy 1998 Shia Islamism
Clericalism
Islamic fundamentalism
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
5 / 329
Islamic Virtue Party
ائتلاف الفتح‎
IVP Ammar Tu'ma Abd-Abbas 1991 Islamism
Anti-Zionism
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
9 / 329
State of Law Coalition
إئتلاف دولة القانون
SLC Nouri al-Maliki 2009 Populism
Big tent
Anti-secularism
Statism
Anti-corruption
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
33 / 329
Fatah Alliance
ائتلاف الفتح‎
Fatah Hadi Al-Amiri 2018 Shia Islamism
Big tent
Pro-Iran
Anti-secularism
Anti-corruption
Factions:
Anti-Americanism
Anti-Zionism
Vilayat-e Faqih
Council of Representatives of Iraq:
17 / 329
 Kuwait National Islamic Alliance
التحالف الوطني الإسلامي
NIA Adnan Zahid Abdulsamad 1988 Islamism National Assembly:
1 / 65
 Lebanon Hezbollah
حزب الله
Hezbollah Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah 1985 Islamic nationalism
Pan-Islamism
Anti-Zionism
Anti-imperialism
Shia Jihad
Khomeinism
Anti-West
Antisemitism
Parliament:
13 / 128

Banned Shia parties

 Afghanistan
 Iran

Non-legislature notable Shia parties

 Bahrain
 Belgium
 Kuwait
 Lebanon
 Iran
 Iraq
 Pakistan

Defunct notable Shia parties

 Azerbaijan
 Bahrain

Salafist

This is a list of political parties espousing Salafism as its main ideology.

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Lower House
 Bahrain Al Asalah
جمعية الأصالة الإسلامية
AIS Ghanim Al-Buaneen 5 June 2002 Salafism
Islamism
Council of Representatives:
3 / 40
 Egypt Al-Nour Party
حزب النور
NP Younes Makhioun[21] 12 May 2011 Salafism
Islamism
Wahhabism
Madkhalism
House of Representatives:
7 / 596
 Pakistan Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal
متحدہ مجلسِ عمل
MMA Fazl-ur-Rahman 2002 Islamism
Conservatism
Social conservatism
National Assembly:
15 / 342
 Yemen Al-Islah
التجمع اليمني للإصلاح
YCR Abdullah ibn Husayn al-Ahmar 13 September 1990 Sunni Islamism
Salafism
Tribalism
House of Representatives:
44 / 301

Banned Salafist parties

 Afghanistan

Non-legislature Salafist parties

 Egypt
 Maldives
 Tunisia

Defunct Salafist parties

 East Turkestan

Sufism and Ash'arism

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Lower House
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Tarikat Federation
বাংলাদেশ তরিকত ফেডারেশন
BTF Syed Nazibul Bashar Maizvandary 2005 Secularism
Islamic democracy
Conservatism
Economic liberalism
House of the Nation:
1 / 350
 Lebanon The Association of Islamic Charitable Projects (Al-Ahbash)
جمعية المشاريع الخيرية الإسلامية
AICP Shaykh Hussam Qaraqira 1983 Religious pluralism
Islamic neo-traditionalism
Apolitical
Anti-Salafi
Parliament:
2 / 128
 Sudan National Congress Party
المؤتمر الوطني
NCP Omar al-Bashir 1998 Islamism
Arab nationalism
Sufism
Social conservatism
Authoritarianism
Militarism
Anti-Americanism
Anti-Zionism
Right-wing populism
National Assembly:
323 / 426

Non-legislature parties

 EgyptEgyptian Liberation Party, Victory Party, Voice of Freedom Party, Egyptian Liberation Party[22]

Islamic socialist

This is a list of political parties espousing Islamic Socialism as its main ideology.

Country Logo Name Abbr. Leader Founded Ideology Lower House
 Pakistan Majlis Wahdat-e-Muslimeen
مجلس وحدتِ مسلمین
MWM Allama Raja Nasir Abbas 2 August 2009 Islamic democracy
Islamic socialism
Shi'a–Sunni unity
Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly:
1 / 33
Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf[23]
پاکستان تحريکِ انصاف
PTI Imran Khan 25 April 1996 Islamic democracy
Islamic socialism
Welfare state
Populism
Environmentalism
Social justice
Civic nationalism
National Assembly:
0 / 342

Banned socialist parties

 Libya

Non-legislature socialist parties

 Bangladesh
 Egypt
 Pakistan
 Sudan

Defunct socialist parties

 Indonesia
 Iran
 Mauritania
 Russia
 Somalia
 Syria

See also

References

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  23. ^ Sidrah Moiz Khan "Pakistan's creation pointless if it fails to become Islamic welfare state" "Imran Khan said on Wednesday that Pakistan’s creation had been pointless if the country fails to become an Islamic welfare state" 27 June 2012.