Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid or Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid (literally Helpers of Tawhid Congregation, abbreviated as JAT) is a splinter cell of the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) designated as a terrorist organization by the United Nations and the United States. The latter is most known for perpetrating the 2002 Bali bombings along with Dr. Azahari and Noordin M. Top, both Malaysian terrorist kingpin.[1]

History

Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid was formed by Abu Bakar Baasyir on 27 July 2008 in Solo, Java, Indonesia[2] and has bases across Indonesia including in Aceh and Central Sulawesi.[3]

In September 2011, a JAT suicide bomber detonated explosives in a central Java church, killing himself and wounding dozens of others.[4]

On March 18, 2012, at least one of five armed men killed by Indonesian counter-terrorist forces in Bali was said to be a member of JAT.[5] The men were killed while awaiting the arrival of prostitutes at a local hotel.[6]

In 2012, the U.S. Department of State and the United Nations placed sanctions on the organization and named it as a terrorist group.[4][7][8]

In 2012, the group was thought to have approximately 1,500–2,000 members.[3]

The group remained very active in Indonesia in 2012, and it publicly maintained a website, as of January 2013.[9] Abu Bakar Baasyir's son, Abdul Rohim Ba'asyir was said to be JAT's PR Chairman and had worked for al-Qaeda in Afghanistan in 2002.[3]

In August 2014, the group suffered a split over Abu Bakar Baasyir's pledge of allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS).[3][10] Many members of the group, including top leaders, and Baasyir's sons reportedly disagreed with this decision over ideological reasons and left to form a new group called Jamaah Ansharusy Syariah,[11] led by Mochammad Achwan.

References

  1. ^ Foreign Terrorist Organizations, Bureau of Counterterrorism, September 28, 2012 http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/other/des/123085.htm
  2. ^ Janes, Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid (JAT) (Indonesia), GROUPS - ASIA - ACTIVE, http://articles.janes.com/articles/Janes-World-Insurgency-and-Terrorism/Jamaah-Ansharut-Tauhid-JAT-Indonesia.html
  3. ^ a b c d Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid, The Perpetual threat, Chris Rottenberg, Osgood Center for International Studies, 2012,http://www.osgoodcenter.org/PDF/JAT.pdf
  4. ^ a b CNN, Indonesian group added to U.S. terror list, By Jamie Crawford, http://security.blogs.cnn.com/2012/02/23/indonesian-group-added-to-u-s-terror-list/
  5. ^ Bali shoot-outs nab wanted terror suspect, March 19, 2012, Karlis Salna, AAP South-East Asia Correspondent,http://news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/bali-shootouts-nab-wanted-terror-suspect-20120319-1ve71.html
  6. ^ ASIA:Dead Bali robbers waiting for prostitutes, By Karlis Salna, AAP South-East Asia Correspondent, http://nsiwebscus.cloudapp.net/australia/queensland/darlingdowns/toowoomba/story?cityid=9901bdf5-f527-4b68-852d-149172949fd4&storyid=f65719c8-f95e-4282-b142-e6e17bb1d6d3[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ UN, Security Council Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee Adds, Two Individuals and One Entity to Sanctions List, 12 March 2012, http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2012/sc10577.doc.htm
  8. ^ U.S. Dept of State, Terrorist Designations of Jemmah Anshorut Tauhid, February 23, 2012, http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2012/02/184509.htm
  9. ^ Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid website, accessed 17 January 2013, http://ansharuttauhid.com/
  10. ^ "ISIS Now Has Military Allies in 11 Countries -- NYMag". Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  11. ^ "Sons, top aides abandon Ba'asyir over ISIL, form new jihadist group". The Jakarta Post. 13 August 2014.