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Operation Madago Raya
Part of War on terror, Terrorism in Indonesia

Mobile Brigade Corps personnel at Poso Pesisir District, Poso Regency on 8 April 2016
Date10 January 2016 – 29 September 2022
(8 years, 5 months, 3 weeks and 3 days)

Indonesian victory

  • Death of Santoso and capture of Basri
  • End of the Santoso-Basri faction
  • Ali Kalora elected as leader
  • Death of Ali Kalora
  • Most members of East Indonesia Mujahideen were either killed or captured
  • Operation still continues
 Indonesia East Indonesia Mujahideen (2016–22):
Commanders and leaders
Units involved

Indonesian National Armed Forces

East Indonesia Mujahideen

  • Santoso-Basri faction (until 14 September 2016)
  • Ali Kalora faction (2010–21)

≈3,000 from

18[3] (July 2016)
14[4] (August 2016)
11 (September 2016)
10 (October 2016)
9 (November 2016)
7 (May 2017)
10 (December 2018)
14 (January 2019)
9 (March 2019)
10 (November 2019)
15 (April 2020)
11 (November 2020)
9 (March 2021)
6 (July 2021)
3 (September 2021)
1 (May 2022)
0 (September 2022)
Casualties and losses
18 casualties (15 soldiers, 3 police officer) 51 killed
19 surrender and captured
8 civilians killed[5][6]

Operation Madago Raya (Indonesian: Operasi Madago Raya),[7] previously known as Operation Tinombala, is a joint police–military operation conducted by the Indonesian National Police and the Indonesian Armed Forces to capture and/or eliminate members of Mujahidin Indonesia Timur (MIT), an Indonesian terrorist group which supports ISIL and was commanded by Santoso. In 2016, the Indonesian military and police succeeded in killing Santoso, but the then Chief of the National Police Tito Karnavian continued the operation to ensure the region's safety from the remaining members of the group.[8] Central Sulawesi governor Longki Djanggola praised the operation for its relatively humane methods, since several leaders of the group were successfully captured alive. Only 19 militants were, however, captured alive, while more than 40 were killed.[9]

As of October 2022, the operation extended until December 2022,[10] and the operation is currently undergoing phasing out phase.[11] Starting from January 2023, the operation's objective changed to restoring civil order and rehabilitating society from the damage caused by the group and its operation.[12]


The operation was commenced by the Indonesian government to eradicate the MIT and prevent them from spreading terror to Indonesian and foreign citizens in Central Sulawesi. The operation, a continuation of both Operation Camar Maleo I & II, began in early March 2016 and is still ongoing.[13] In 2014, MIT pledged their allegiance to ISIL and became a terrorist group. Their main figurehead was Santoso, though after his death and the arrests of other leaders, the remaining eleven members hid in the jungles surrounding Poso, Central Sulawesi. On 17 February 2021, the operation was renamed to Operation Madago Raya.[14]


Indonesian Army and Mobile Brigade Corps personnel in Poso Regency during Operation Tinombala, 17 March 2016
The arrival of 150 new TNI personnel from the Marine Corps in January 2016 who replaced TNI personnel who were withdrawn after 5 months on duty in the MIT hunt.

On 18 July 2016, Indonesian forces shot and killed MIT leader Santoso on Operation Alpha 29.[15] [16]

On 14 September 2016, Andika Eka Putra, one of the remaining members of the MIT, was killed.[17]

On 19 September 2016, Sobron was killed by Operation Tinombala's Task Force.[18]

On 16 May 2017, two MIT militants were killed in a gunfight with Indonesian forces in Poso. One Indonesian soldier was wounded.[19]

On 3 August 2017, a farmer was killed after he was attacked by a terrorist in Parigi Moutong Regency.[20]

On October 27 2020, Indonesian officials admitted that Indonesia had deported four Uighurs who were arrested in 2015, because they were suspected of joining the MIT, the deportation was carried out in September 2020 after the Chinese government was willing to pay the detainees fines.[21]

On 1 March 2021, a gunfight occurred between the Indonesian Army and East Indonesia Mujahideen in the Andole Mountain area, Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi. As a result, two militants and one soldier died.[22]

On 11 July 2021, a gunfight occurred between the Indonesian Army and East Indonesia Mujahideen in the Batu Mountain area, Parigi Moutong Regency. As a result, two militants died.[23]

On 17 July 2021, a gunfight occurred between the Indonesian Army and East Indonesia Mujahideen, Parigi Moutong Regency. As a result, one militants died.[24]

On 18 September 2021, a gunfight occurred between the Indonesian Army and East Indonesia Mujahideen in Torue District, Parigi Moutong Regency. As a result, two militants died including Ali Kalora, leader of the East Indonesia Mujahideen.[25]

On 29 September 2022, a gunfight occurred between Detachment 88 and East Indonesia Mujahideen's last member in Kilo, Poso, Central Sulawesi. As a result last member of the militant group died. Even though the last member of East Indonesia Mujahideen have been killed, Operation Madago Raya still continued, Kombes Didik Supranoto said that the operation still continued in order to keep the community safe and to avoid the formation of a similar terrorist organization again.[26][27]


As of May 19, 2022, the number of militants killed during the operation was of 49. Forty-one of those killed were East Indonesia Mujahideen members, while six were members of the Turkistan Islamic Party and the rest coming from other parts of Indonesia. At least 19 more were arrested.[28]


  1. ^ "Pangkogabwilhan II Cek Situasi Wilayah di Poso Melalui Udara dalam Operasi Tinombala 2020". tni-au.mil.id (in Indonesian). 30 December 2020. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Panglima TNI ungkap Satgas Tinombala buru Santoso pakai drone TNI AU". July 16, 2016. (in Indonesian)
  3. ^ "Mabes Polri: Masih Ada 18 Orang Anggota Santoso". Kriminalitas.com. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
  4. ^ "Satgas Tinombala Dilempar Bom, Langsung Balas, Dor! Dor! Ibrohim Tewas". JPNN. Retrieved 2016-08-19.
  5. ^ Harahap, Lia (29 November 2020). "Kronologi Satu Keluarga di Sigi Dibunuh Anggota MIT". merdeka.com. Archived from the original on 8 April 2022. Retrieved 2020-12-04.
  6. ^ "Sederet Fakta Dugaan Pembunuhan 4 Petani oleh Kelompok Teroris Ali Kalora". Tempo.Co (in Indonesian). 14 May 2021. Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 2021-05-14.
  7. ^ Persada, Syailendra (2021-02-17). "Polri Ganti Nama Satgas Tinombala menjadi Operasi Madago Raya". Tempo. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  8. ^ Wedhaswary, Inggried Dwi, ed. (26 January 2016). "Operasi Tinombala Targetkan Tangkap Santoso dalam Waktu 60 Hari". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  9. ^ Sangadji, Ruslan (September 20, 2016). "Only 11 MIT members remain at large: Task force". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2023-03-25.
  10. ^ Musabar, Rangga (2022-10-07). Masrafi, Laode (ed.). "Operasi Madago Raya Tahap IV dilanjutkan hingga akhir Desember". Antara News Palu. Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  11. ^ Koswaraputra, Dandy (2022-10-04). "Polri akhiri Operasi Madago Raya secara bertahap pasca-penumpasan MIT". Benar News (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2022-11-27.
  12. ^ Liputan6.com (2023-01-01). "Tugas Satgas Madago Raya Berikutnya Usai Teror MIT Tamat di 2022". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-07-04.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Sangadji, Ruslan (April 3, 2017). "Operation Tinombala gets three-month extension". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  14. ^ Taufan, Sabik Aji (2021-02-17). Pradewo, Bintang (ed.). "Operasi Tinombala Berganti Nama Jadi Operasi Madago Raya". JawaPos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  15. ^ Kapoor, Kanupriya (18 July 2016). Heinrich, Mark (ed.). "Indonesian forces kill militants, suspect most-wanted man among them". Reuters. Archived from the original on 19 July 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  16. ^ Jones, Sidney (21 July 2016). "Santoso dead: Now for the next chapter". Lowy Institute for International Policy. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  17. ^ Sangadji, Ruslan (September 14, 2016). "MIT member found dead in Poso's Puna River". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  18. ^ Chan, Francis (19 September 2016). "Indonesian Militant Suspected to be from ISIS Linked Terror Group in Poso Killed". The Straits Times. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  19. ^ Sangadji, Ruslan (May 16, 2017). "Two suspected Poso terrorists killed in shootout". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2023-03-25.
  20. ^ Salim, Hanz Jimenez (2017-08-04). "Turun Gunung, Kelompok Santoso Tembak Mati Petani". liputan6.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-03-25.
  21. ^ "Empat Mantan Narapidana Terorisme Uighur di Indonesia Dideportasi ke Cina".
  22. ^ "Kontak Tembak Dua DPO MIT Tewas dan Satu Anggota Satgas Meninggal" (in Indonesian). March 2, 2021.
  23. ^ "Kontak Tembak Terjadi di Parigi Moutong, 2 Teroris MIT Poso Tewas". kumparan (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-01-08.
  24. ^ "Baku Tembak di Sulteng, Satu Terduga Teroris MIT Tewas". nasional (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-01-08.
  25. ^ "Pimpinan Teroris Poso Ali Kalora Dipastikan Tewas". nasional (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-01-08.
  26. ^ Alfons, Matius. "Satgas Madago Raya Tembak Mati Teroris Terakhir Mujahidin Indonesia Timur". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2023-01-08.
  27. ^ "Anak Buah Terakhir Ali Kalora Tewas, Operasi Satgas Madago Raya Berlanjut". medcom.id. 5 October 2022. Retrieved 2023-01-08.
  28. ^ Burase, Amar (20 January 2016). Loppies, Sukma Nugraha (ed.). "Polisi Merilis 17 Nama Baru Teroris Poso". Tempo. Retrieved 2016-01-20.