dimanganese trioxide, manganese sesquioxide, manganic oxide, manganous oxide
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||157.8743 g/mol|
|Appearance||brown or black crystalline|
|Melting point||888 °C (1,630 °F; 1,161 K) (alpha form) |
940 °C, decomposes (beta form)
|0.00504 g/100 mL (alpha form) |
0.01065 g/100 mL (beta form)
|Solubility||insoluble in ethanol, acetone |
soluble in acid, ammonium chloride
|Ia3 (No. 206)|
a = 942 pm
Std enthalpy of
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|manganese trifluoride, manganese(III) acetate|
|chromium(III) oxide, iron(III) oxide|
|manganese(II) oxide, manganese dioxide|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
(what is ?)
Manganese(III) oxide is a chemical compound with the formula Mn2O3. It occurs in nature as the mineral bixbyite (recently changed to bixbyite-(Mn)) and is used in the production of ferrites and thermistors.
Heating MnO2 in air at below 800 °C produces α-Mn2O3 (higher temperatures produce Mn3O4). γ-Mn2O3 can be produced by oxidation followed by dehydration of manganese(II) hydroxide. Many preparations of nano-crystalline Mn2O3 have been reported, for example syntheses involving oxidation of MnII salts or reduction of MnO2.
Manganese(III) oxide is formed by the redox reaction in an alkaline cell:
Manganese(III) oxide Mn2O3 must not be confused with MnOOH manganese(III) oxyhydroxide. Contrary to Mn2O3, MnOOH is a compound that decomposes at about 300 °C to form MnO2.
Mn2O3 is unlike many other transition metal oxides in that it does not adopt the corundum (Al2O3) structure. Two forms are generally recognized, α-Mn2O3 and γ-Mn2O3, although a high pressure form with the CaIrO3 structure has been reported too.
α-Mn2O3 has the cubic bixbyite structure, which is an example of a C-type rare earth sesquioxide (Pearson symbol cI80, space group Ia3, #206). The bixbyite structure has been found to be stabilised by the presence of small amounts of Fe3+, pure Mn2O3 has an orthorhombic structure (Pearson symbol oP24, space group Pbca, #61). α-Mn2O3 undergoes antiferromagnetic transition at 80 K. 
γ-Mn2O3 has a structure related to the spinel structure of Mn3O4 where the oxide ions are cubic close packed. This is similar to the relationship between γ-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4. γ-Mn2O3 is ferrimagnetic with a Néel temperature of 39 K.
ε-Mn2O3 takes on a rhombohedral ilmenite structure (the first binary compound known to do so), wherein the manganese cations divided equally into oxidation states 2+ and 4+. ε-Mn2O3 is antiferromagnetic with a Néel temperature of 210 K.