Nanopunk refers to an emerging subgenre of science fiction that is still very much in its infancy in comparison to its ancestor-genre, cyberpunk,[1][2] and some of its other derivatives.[3]

The genre is especially similar to biopunk,[4] but describes a world where nanites and bio-nanotechnologies are widely in use and nanotechnologies are the predominant technological forces in society.

The genre is mainly concerned with the artistic, psychological,[2] and societal impact of nanotechnology, rather than aspects of the technology which itself is still in its infancy. Unlike cyberpunk, which can be distinguished by a gritty and low-life yet technologically advanced character, nanopunk can have a darker dystopian character that might examine potential risks by nanotechnology as well as a more optimistic outlook that might emphasize potential uses of nanotechnology.[5][4]



Film and television



Video games

See also


  1. ^ Cochran, Tanya R.; Ginn, Sherry; Zinder, Paul (2014). The Multiple Worlds of Fringe: Essays on the J.J. Abrams Science Fiction Series. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-7864-7567-4. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Newitz, Annalee (17 January 2008). "io9 Talks to Kathleen Ann Goonan About Nanopunk and Jazz". Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Nanopunk, Definition and Examples of Nanotechnology Based Nanopunk Speculative Science Fiction". AZoNano. June 12, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Nanopunk Science Fiction". Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
  5. ^ Huereca, Rafael Miranda. "The evolution of cyberpunk into postcyberpunk - The role of cognitive cyberspaces, wetware networks and nanotechnology in science fiction" (PDF). Retrieved 19 May 2015. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Sohn, Stephen Hong (2008). "Alien/Asian: Imagining the Racialized Future" (PDF). MELUS. The Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States. 33 (4). doi:10.1093/melus/33.4.5. Retrieved 19 May 2015.[dead link]
  7. ^
  8. ^ Johnson, Reed (December 22, 2003). "A quantum leap". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 24, 2021.
  9. ^ Newitz, Annalee (December 22, 2006). "Underrated SF Classic: Linda Nagata's "Tech Heaven" (review)". Wired News.
  10. ^ Heikkilä, Ville (November 2013). Restoration of identity from space in Alastair Reynolds's Chasm City (PDF) (MA thesis). University of Tampere. Retrieved 19 May 2015.