This list of fictional robots and androids is chronological, and categorised by medium. It includes all depictions of robots, androids and gynoids in literature, television, and cinema; however, robots that have appeared in more than one form of media are not necessarily listed in each of those media. This list is intended for all fictional computers which are described as existing in a humanlike or mobile form. It shows how the concept has developed in the human imagination through history.
The word robot comes from Karel Čapek's play, R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), written in 1920 in Czech and first performed in 1921. Performed in New York 1922 and an English edition published in 1923. In the play, the word refers to artificially created life forms. Named robots in the play are Marius, Sulla, Radius, Primus, Helena, and Damon. The play introduced and popularized the term "robot". Čapek's robots are biological machines that are assembled, as opposed to grown or born.
From 600 BC onward, legends of talking bronze and clay statues coming to life have been a regular occurrence in the works of classical authors such as Homer, Plato, Pindar, Tacitus, and Pliny. In Book 18 of the Iliad, Hephaestus the god of all mechanical arts, was assisted by two moving female statues made from gold – "living young damsels, filled with minds and wisdoms". Another legend has Hephaestus being commanded by Zeus to create the first woman, Pandora, out of clay. The myth of Pygmalion, king of Cyprus, tells of a lonely man who sculpted his ideal woman, Galatea, from ivory, and promptly fell in love with her after the goddess Aphrodite brought her to life.
"The New Frankenstein" by Ernest Edward Kellett (1899), in which an inventor creates an "anti-phonograph" that according to the narrator "can give the appropriate answer to every question I put", and installs in it a robotic female body that "will guide herself, answer questions, talk and eat like a rational being, in fact, perform the part of a society lady." The android proves convincing enough to fool two suitors who wish to marry her.
In Gaston Leroux's La Poupée Sanglante (The Bloody Doll) and La Machine à Assassiner (The Murdering Machine), the lead character, Bénédict Masson, is wrongly accused of murder and guillotined. His brain is later attached to an automaton created by scientist Jacques Cotentin, and Masson goes on to track and punish those who caused his death.
R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) (1921), by Karel Čapek – credited with coining the term "robot". In its original Czech, "robota" means forced labour, and is derived from "rab", meaning "slave." R.U.R. depicts the first elaborate depiction of a machine take-over. Čapek's robots can also be seen as the first androids: they are in fact organic.
Le Singe (The Monkey) (1925), by Maurice Renard and Albert Jean, imagined the creation of artificial lifeforms through the process of "radiogenesis", a sort of human electrocopying or cloning process.
The Metal Giants (1926), by Edmond Hamilton, in which a computer brain who runs on atomic power creates an army of 300-foot-tall robots.
Automata (1929), by S. Fowler Wright, about machines doing the humans' jobs before wiping them out.
The "Professor Jameson" series by Neil R. Jones (early 1930s) featured human and alien minds preserved in robot bodies. It was reprinted in five Ace paperbacks in the late 1960s: The Planet of the Double Sun, The Sunless World, Space War, Twin Worlds and Doomsday on Ajiat.
Jay Score ("J20"), emergency pilot of the Earth-to-Venus freighter Upskadaska City (colloquially called "Upsydaisy") in "Jay Score", a short story by Eric Frank Russell in the May 1941 issue of Astounding Science Fiction (1941)
Astro Boy, series by Osamu Tezuka (published in Japan but available in English), an atomic-powered robot of 100,000 horsepower built to resemble a little boy, most specifically Tobio, the deceased son of Dr. Tenma. When not in school, Astro Boy spent his time dealing with robots & aliens. (1952)
Trurl and Klapaucius, the robot geniuses of The Cyberiad (Cyberiada, 1967; translated by Michael Kandel 1974) – collection of humorous stories about the exploits of Trurl and Klapaucius, "constructors" among robots
Roy Batty, Pris, Rachael and several other Nexus-6 model androids. "Androids, fully organic in nature – the products of genetic engineering – and so human-like that they can only be distinguished by psychological tests; some of them don't even know that they're not human." – Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick (1968)
Diktor, the robotic lover in the comics and film Barbarella (1968)
Mech Eagles from the novel Logan's Run (1967), robotic eagles designed to track and kill people who refuse to die at age 21
Richard Daniel, an intensely loyal, old, un-remodeled robot, belonging to one family for generations, in "All the Traps of Earth" by Clifford Simak. When the last of his entire extended family of owners died, after 200 years, he is required by law to be disassembled; humans who made the law are still threatened by robots who are superior to them in functionality. He is sentient enough to take exception to that policy.
Jenkins, the robot who served generations of the Webster family for nearly a thousand years, then the dogs modified by one of the Websters, dogs capable of reading and speech, who inherited the earth when humans left it by various methods, through all of the stories contained in the collection "City" by Clifford Simak. Humans entered "the sleep", or had their bodies converted to Jovian lifeforms to live on Jupiter.
Personoids, in Stanisław Lem's book Próżnia Doskonała (1971). This is a collection of book reviews of nonexistent books, and was translated into English by Michael Kandel as A Perfect Vacuum (1983). "Personoids do not need any human-like physical body; they are rather an abstraction of functions of human mind, they live in computers."
Arbeitsmaschine and Kampfmaschine, working robots and fighting robots in the German movie Der Herr der Welt (1934) by Harry Piel; the mad scientist Professor Wolf (Walter Franck) is eventually killed by his fighting robot
The Phantom Empire, A 12-chapter Mascot Pictures serial combined the Western, musical and fantasy genres.(1935)
Hymie the Robot, a robot originally created by KAOS an organization of evil, but turned to the side of good and niceness by CONTROL agent Maxwell Smart; first appeared in episode 19, "Back to the Old Drawing Board"
A robot double of Major Fred Sloane in the episode "Day of the Robot" (1974)
A robot double of Oscar Goldman in the episode "Return of the Robot Maker" (1975)
Sasquatch, the robot watchdog of marooned aliens in the episodes "The Secret of Bigfoot – Part 1" (1976), "The Secret of Bigfoot – Part 2" (1976), "The Return of Bigfoot – Part 1" (1976) and "Bigfoot V" (1977)
The Fembots and a robot double of Oscar Goldman in the episode "Kill Oscar – Part II" (1976)
Death Probe, a Soviet Venusian robot probe in the episodes "Death Probe – Part 1" (1977), "Death Probe – Part 2" (1977), "Return of the Death Probe – Part 1" (1978) and "Return of the Death Probe – Part 2" (1978)
The Orbots—Tor, Bort, Bo, Boo, Crunch, and Ohno from Mighty Orbots (1984)
An enemy Bioroid pilot was described by a scientist in the Masters story (1985) of the Robotech science fiction series as a very advanced android with some sort of bio-electric device "as an artificial soul." Robotech adapted this story from Super Dimension Cavalry Southern Cross Japanese animated series (1984), in which these pilots are humans with mechanical implants instead of androids with artificial souls.
T-Bob, a droid developed and owned by Scott Trakker, from the animated television series M.A.S.K., closely resembling R2-D2, and perhaps even a direct successor as an adapted Tx-series Industrial Automaton astromech droid, as implied by the show's storyline.
F.L.U.F.F.I., the Bionic Six's pet/family-member gorilla-bot and Dr. Scarab's Cyphrons
Material for the Robotech II: The Sentinels (1987) and Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles (2007) sequels described a character named Janice Em as a "sexy robot" with an "android body." JANICE is an acronym (according to the voice actress Chase Masterson in the video: The Face behind the Voice mini-documentary) which means: Junctioned Artificial Neuro-Integrated Cybernetic Entity.
There were many robots featured in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, including the Foot Soldier ninjas, Metalhead the robotic turtle, MACC the cowboy robot from the future, the Turtle Terminator, REX-1 the robot cop, Chrome Dome, the Pretendicon, and more.
Alpha and Omega from the TV series The Flash (1990–1991) – Alpha, a government constructed female android (gynoid) assassin that develops a conscience, determines that killing is wrong, and wishes to be free from government control. Omega is a government-built android assassin reprogrammed to find Alpha
The Bots Master, a syndicated animated series about a young inventor named Ziv "ZZ" Zulander with robot friends and inventions, such as the B.O.Y.Z.Z. (Brain Operated Young Zygoetopic Zoids). Along with his younger sister, they fight the Robotic Megafact Corporation and its line of 3A robots. (1993)
Bender the robot, as well as Flexo, Robot Santa, Kwanzaa-Bot, Calculon, Robot Devil, Clamps and other assorted robots including the Epsilon Rho Rho fraternity robots in the animated seriesFuturama (1999)
Tinky Winky, Dipsy, Laa-Laa, Po, the Noo-Noo, the Tubby Toaster, the Tubby Custard Machine, the Tubby Sponge Cases, the Tubby Phone, the Tubby Table, the Tubby Seats and the Tubby Beds from Teletubbies
Paperboy 2000, the paper delivering robot vehicle from the sitcom series Get a Life
Azaka and Kamidake, robot Jurai Guardians who serve and protect Jurai Princess Ayeka, Yukinojo, the robot pilot for Mihoshi's space shuttle, and Zero, an android replicant of the space pirate Ryoko, are the most notable robots in the Tenchi Muyo! TV series.
Ant Drones, Flying Termites, Beetle Drones and various other robots from the Samurai Jack series (2001–2004)
Back-Pack, Gears' main partner from the series Static Shock. It is a semi-independent, sophisticated AI robot that acts as a scouting robot, a computer, machine hacker, code breaker, alarm system, police scanner, tracer, weapons unit and restraining device. Back-Pack gets its name from what it resembles when it "heels", with the body being the bag and its legs the backpack straps. Back-Pack is rather significant because he can link up to Gear's thoughts, giving Gear technopathy (2000–2004)
C.H.E.E.S.E., a backronym for Computerized Humanoid Electronically Enhanced Secret Enforcer, is the main character of a fictional crime/adventure science-fiction television show which aired from Season 6 to Season 7 of Friends.
Super Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann, the largest mecha in anime measuring 52.8 billion light years tall according to the official guide book from GAINAX (仕事魂); after transforming into a drill its length is multiplied 10 times
Isla and other Giftias from Plastic Memories. Giftias are androids that appear and behave nearly identical to humans, even with convincing emotions; however, they have a definite and short lifespan (less than ten years), causing problems for the humans who have established emotional entanglements with them.
Coheed (the Beast), Cambria (The Knowledge), Jesse (The Inferno), Mayo Deftinwolf, and a number of other IRO-Bot "children", who are genetically altered humans with superhuman powers and robotic qualities (i.e., can be taken apart and terminated), from the graphic novel series The Amory Wars written by Coheed and Cambria frontman Claudio Sanchez. The characters and plotlines are also incorporated into the band's music.
The domestico elettrodomestico, one of the more striking robots in Disney comics, looking like a clown, from the comic "Zio Paperone e il domestico elettrodomestico" by Guido Martina and Giuseppe Perego (1967)
Robbie, a recurring robot constructed by inventor Knox in German series Fix und Foxi, first drawn by Massimo Fecchi (1976)
Robots from the planet Des from the Polish series Bogowie z kosmosu (Gods from the Space), written by Arnold Mostowicz and Alfred Górny and illustrated by Bogusław Polch (1978)
Uèr, an "electro-chemical" android capable of human feelings, in the Italian comic book Milady 3000 by Magnus (1980)
Link is an android in a team of human agents in the Italian comics series Agenzia Alfa, published by Sergio Bonelli (1997–present; Nathan Never and Legs Weaver are on the same team, although having series of their own). Link's name could be a tribute to Adam Link. His look has some similarity to Star Trek's Data in an alternate timeline, except for a silver strip of hair on top of his head.
Alpha Hatsuseno, Kokone Takatsu, Maruko Maruko, Director Alpha Koumiishi (female robots) and Nai (a male robot) in the manga series Yokohama Kaidashi Kikou by Hitoshi Ashinano in Kodansha's monthly seinen magazine Afternoon (1994–2006)
Rin Asakura, Bathyscaphe and other robots, cyborgs and space vessels that look like humans in The World of Narue by Tomohiro Marukawa (1999–2012)
Chi and other Persocoms from the manga Chobits (2001–2002)
Lopez, Church and Tex, characters from the Rooster Teeth machinima Red vs. Blue. Only Lopez is a true artificial life-form, as both Church and Tex existed only as ghosts ( later in the series through solid proof showed that they both are AI programs like O'Malley the whole time ). Both characters were blown up during the course of the series, existing from that point onward in robot bodies other than their originals. They possess mechanical bodies similar to Lopez in design.
Little Button Puss, character from Episode #310 of the Comedy Bang! Bang! podcast, played by John Gemberling. Little Button Puss, a.k.a. HPDP69-B, is a promotional robot built by Hewlett-Packard and is the first ever robot created with a fully sentient artificial intelligence, personality, and speaking function. It was designed by HP engineers for the express purpose of sexually pleasing humans. Comedy Bang! Bang! host Scott Aukerman was sent Little Button Puss as part of a promotional advertising campaign for the line of sex-robots. Little Button Puss looks like a metal dog, and has small flesh patches where its genitals are. Elsewhere, it's described as having the appearance of "nickel blue, gun metal". It is verified in the episode that Scott Aukerman lustily removed Little Button Puss's retractable genitals, threw them in a trash can, and then proceeded to use the HPDP69-B for its intended purpose. Afterwards, according to Comedy Bang! Bang! official canon, Aukerman looked back on the incident with shame. A complaint about the HPDP69-B is that for a sex-robot, "it looks too much like a metal dog". In a brief look into its past, Little Button Puss recounts an old romantic relationship with its long lost love, United Flight 93, who "died in the September 11th attacks".
NO-3113 (Pronounced "Noelle"), a "hug-sized" robot in the Dungeons & Dragons podcast The Adventure Zone, created by Clinton, Justin, Travis, and Griffin McElroy. She is a robot created by the scientist Lucas Miller. She is described as looking pieced together from assorted parts with the sequence "NO-3113" written on her side. She floats above the ground and is able to administer healing shots. Later, she upgrades her body into a gorilla-like robot with four arms. It is later revealed that she is a ghost inhabiting the body of robot and was Lucas' first trial in retrieving a human soul from the Astral Plane and putting it inside a fusebox. Her original identity was Noelle Redcheek - a red-haired halfling girl part of a cider-brewing family business.
Ashlotte, a clockwork girl brought to life and powered by magic in Soulcalibur IV
Eve, a playable character in Elsword. She is part of a lost robot race called Nasod, accompanied by Moby and Remy to assist her in fighting she is searching for an El Crystal to help her rebuild her race . She is known as the "Queen of the Nasods" and in one of her class changes she creates other robots named Oberon, Ophelia, and Ferdinand.
King Nasod, code name Adam one of the first Nasod built, a boss in Elsword
Various Nasod models - there are multiple types of Nasod, each specific to the job it was created for each given names ranging from Leviathan and Ignis to Nasod TYPE-N and Nasod TYPE-F; they act as basic mobs or bosses in game.
Zero, the robotic guide to Rose in Elsword in one of Rose's classes; helps Rose create more robots such as G-0 Battleroid, Mecha Volt MX, Sparrow units, Ex-C Viper, Gale Force, and The G-Core
The Reploids of the Mega Man X and Mega Man Zero series, and Mega Man ZX, robots with the ability to think, feel, and make their own decisions, along with Mega Man X, the successor to the original Mega Man and the original basis for most Reploid's designs, and Zero, X's partner and the only Reploid not based on X.
Cait Sith, a fortune-telling robotic cat controlled via remote by a man named Reeve Teusti, from Final Fantasy VII. By extension, Cait Sith rides atop a giant, robotic moogle to which Cait Sith relays commands through a megaphone.
In Star Ocean: The Second Story, the main antagonists, who call themselves the Ten Wise Men, were androids made more than 4 billion years ago to suppress rebel forces opposing an ancient empire. They were then reprogrammed to destroy the universe after the death of their creator's daughter.
Harkness or A3-21, an android designed to hunt down other rogue androids, before finally going rogue himself in the 2008 role-playing game Fallout 3. The character is a reference to the 1982 film Blade Runner
Curie, a Miss Nanny robot from Fallout 4 modified to conduct scientific experiments in secret in Vault-Tec's Vault 81
Atlas and P-Body, the android player-characters in the co-op mode in Portal 2
CL4P-TP also referred to as "ClapTrap" from the Borderlands series
FL4K, a playable character / Vault Hunter from Borderlands 3 as the Beastmaster class. Works with different types of beasts in battle. Self named by shortening a meaningless 512 alphanumeric character name.
The Simbot from The Sims 3: Ambitions, a scrap-built ancestor to the Servo units in the other games in the series, as well as the PlumBots, the highly-customisable, highly evolved descendant of Simbots and Servos featured in The Sims 3: Into The Future